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-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/CONTRIBUTORS129
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/LEGAL12
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/Makefile18
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/NOTES296
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/PROJECTS111
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/README22
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/alloc.c136
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/c_ksh.c1409
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/c_sh.c889
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/c_test.c564
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/c_test.h53
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/c_ulimit.c206
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/edit.c833
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/edit.h56
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/emacs.c2176
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/eval.c1340
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/exec.c1444
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/expand.h106
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/expr.c596
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/history.c981
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/io.c444
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/jobs.c1668
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/ksh.15563
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/lex.c1675
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/lex.h122
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/mail.c196
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/main.c838
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/misc.c1153
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/path.c266
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/sh.12220
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/sh.h608
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/shf.c998
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/shf.h79
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/syn.c897
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/table.c249
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/table.h191
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/trap.c423
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/tree.c700
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/tree.h145
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/tty.c59
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/tty.h21
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/var.c1209
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/version.c10
-rw-r--r--bin/ksh/vi.c2132
44 files changed, 33243 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/bin/ksh/CONTRIBUTORS b/bin/ksh/CONTRIBUTORS
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d23fc88
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/CONTRIBUTORS
@@ -0,0 +1,129 @@
+$OpenBSD: CONTRIBUTORS,v 1.10 2006/02/06 16:47:07 jmc Exp $
+
+This is a partial history of this shell gleened from old change logs and
+readmes (most of which are still in the misc directory) and the source
+code. Hopefully it is correct and no contributors have been left out
+(file a bug report if you spot a problem :-)).
+
+Release history:
+ * Eric Gisin (egisin@math.uwaterloo.ca), created pdksh, using
+ Charles Forsyth's public domain V7 shell as a base; also used parts
+ of the BRL shell (written by Doug A Gwyn, Doug Kingston, Ron Natalie,
+ Arnold Robbins, Lou Salkind, and others?, circa '87; the parts used in
+ pdksh included getopts, test builtin, ulimit, tty setting/getting, emacs
+ editing, and job control; the test builtin was based on code by Erik
+ Baalbergen).
+ '87..'89 ?
+ Released versions: .. 3.2
+ * John R MacMillan (@yonge.csri.toronto.edu:chance!john@sq.sq.com)
+ takes over as maintainer
+ dates?
+ Released versions: 3.3 (?)
+ * Simon J. Gerraty (sjg@zen.void.oz.au) takes over as maintainer
+ Nov '91..July '94 ?
+ Released versions: 4.0 .. 4.9
+ * Michael Rendell (michael@cs.mun.ca) takes over as maintainer
+ July, 1994
+ Released versions: 5.0 .. 5.2
+
+Major contributions:
+ * John R MacMillan (@yonge.csri.toronto.edu:chance!john@sq.sq.com), ?:
+ cleaned up configuration, many bug fixes (see misc/Changes.jrm).
+ * Simon Gerraty, (sjg@zen.void.oz.au), Nov '91..?: much improved emacs mode
+ ala at&t ksh, 386bsd port, sigaction routines for non-POSIX systems
+ (see misc/ChangeLog.sjg and misc/ReadME.sjg).
+ * Peter Collinson (pc@hillside.co.uk), July '92: added select, at&t ksh
+ style history file, original csh-style {} globbing, BSD/386 port,
+ misc bug fixes.
+ * Larry Bouzane (larry@compusult.nf.ca), Mar '89..'93: re-wrote job control,
+ added async job notification, added CDPATH and other cd fixes, misc bug
+ fixes.
+ * John Rochester (jr@cs.mun.ca), '87: wrote vi command line editor; various
+ bug fixes/enhancements.
+ * Jeff Sparkes (jsparkes@bnr.ca), Mar '89..Mar '90: added arrays,
+ merged John Rochester's vi code into pdksh, misc bug fixes.
+ * Michael Haardt (u31b3hs@POOL.Informatik.RWTH-Aachen.DE), Sept '94:
+ organized man page, filled in many of its copious blank spots; added
+ KSH ifdefs.
+ * Dale DePriest (daled@cadence.com): ported to OS/2 (initially based on
+ port of pdksh4.9 to OS/2 by Kai Rommel (rommel@ars.muc.de)); maintains
+ OS/2 port; misc bug fixes.
+
+Other contributors:
+ * Piercarlo Grandi (pcg@aber.ac.uk), Dec '93: fixes for linux port
+ * Neil Smithline (Neil.Smithline@eng.sun.com), Aug '92: emacs-style
+ filename completion.
+ * Mike Jetzer [mlj] (jetzer@studsys.mscs.mu.edu), ?;Nov '94: fixes for vi
+ mode (see misc/Changes.mlj), added v to vi, fixes for history; fixed
+ command redoing in vi; fixes to vi globbing.
+ * Robert J Gibson: mailbox checking code that was adapted for pdksh by
+ John R. MacMillan.
+ * ? (guy@demon.co.uk), ?: promptlen() function.
+ * J.T. Conklin (jtc@cygnus.com): POSIXized test builtin; miscellaneous
+ fixes/enhancements.
+ * Sean Hogan (sean@neweast.ca): fixes for ICS 3.0 Unix, found and helped
+ fix numerous problems.
+ * Gordan Larson (hoh@approve.se): fix to compile sans VI, ksh.1 typo.
+ * Thomas Gellekum (thomas@ghpc8.ihf.rwth-aachen.de): fixes for Makefile
+ typos, fixed CLK_TCK for FreeBSD, man page fixes.
+ * Ed Ferguson (Ed.Ferguson@dseg.ti.com): fix to compile sans VI.
+ * Brian Campbell (brianc@qnx.com): fixes to compile under QNX and
+ to compile with dmake.
+ * (guy@netapp.com), Oct '94: patch to use gmacs flag.
+ * Andrew Moore (alm@netcom.com): reported many bugs, fixes.
+ * William Bader (wbader@CSEE.Lehigh.Edu): fix to compile on SCO Unix
+ (struct winsize).
+ * Mike Long (mike.long@analog.com): makefile fix - use $manext, not 1.
+ * Art Mills (aem@hpbs9162.bio.hp.com): bug fix for vi file completion in
+ command mode.
+ * Tory Bollinger (tboll@authstin.ibm.com): allow ~ in vi mode to take
+ a count.
+ * Frank Edwards (<crash@azhrei.EEC.COM>): added macros to vi (@char).
+ * Fritz Heinrichmeyer (<Fritz.Heinrichmeyer@FernUni-Hagen.de>): fixes
+ to allow compile under Linux 1.4.3.
+ * Gabor Zahemszky (<zgabor@CoDe.hu>): SVR3_PGRP vs SYSV_PGRP, many
+ bug reports and man page fixes.
+ * Dave Kinchlea (<kinch@julian.uwo.ca>): DEFAULT_ENV patches.
+ * Paul Borman (<prb@bsdi.com>): j_exit: send HUP, then CONT; HUP fg process.
+ * DaviD W. Sanderson (<dws@ssec.wisc.edu>): patches to allow { .. } instead
+ of in .. esac in case statements.
+ * ? (<ra@rhi.hi.is>): partial patches to handle SIGWINCH for command line
+ editing.
+ * Jason Tyler (<jason@nc.bhpese.oz.au>): fixes for bugs in fc.
+ * Stefan Dalibor (<Stefan.Dalibor@informatik.uni-erlangen.de>): fix for
+ COLUMNS never being set in x_init().
+ * Arnon Kanfi (<arnon@gilly.datatools.com>): fix for prompt.
+ * Marc Olzheim (<marcolz@stack.nl>): patches to ifdef KSH the mail check
+ code and aliases; enum patches for old K&R compilers; handle missing dup2.
+ * Lars Hecking (<lhecking@nmrc.ucc.ie>): fixes so shell compiles as sh
+ again.
+ * Bill Kish (<kish@browncow.com>): added prompt delimiter hack for
+ hidden characters (eg, escape codes).
+ * Andrew S. Townley (<atownley@informix.com>): fixes for NeXT machines:
+ get a controlling if one needed, use correct profile.
+ * Eric J. Chet (<ejc@bazzle.com>): fix for core dump in . (quitenv() called
+ too soon).
+ * Greg A. Woods <woods@most.weird.com>: fix to make ^[_ in emacs work
+ as in at&t ksh.
+ * George Robbins <grr@shandakor.tharsis.com>: fix for sh mode to
+ keep exec'd file descriptors open.
+ * George White <gwhite@bodnext.bio.dfo.ca>: fix here-doc problem under OS/2
+ (memory allocated incorrectly).
+ * David E. Wexelblat <dwex@DataFocus.com>: fix to avoid memory overrun
+ in aresize(); fix to not print un-named options.
+ * Clifford Wolf (<clifford@clifford.at>): fix memory overrun in aresize();
+ fixed sys_siglist[] problem.
+ * Theo de Raadt (<deraadt@cvs.openbsd.org>): allow ". /dev/null".
+ * Eric Youngdale (<ericy@datafocus.com>): flag field incorrectly changed
+ in exec.c(flushcom).
+ * Todd. C Miller (Todd C. Miller <Todd.Miller@courtesan.com>): fix
+ for coredump in jobs.
+ * Kevin Schoedel <schoedel@kw.igs.net>: fix for word location in file
+ completion.
+ * Martin Lucina <mato@kotelna.sk>: fix for argument parsing in exit command,
+ fix for KSH_CHECK_H_TYPE.
+ * Mark Funkenhauser <mark@interix.com>: added $LINENO support.
+ * Corinna Vinschen <Corinna@Vinschen.de> and Steven Hein <ssh@sgi.com>:
+ port to cyngin environment on win95/winnt.
+ * Martin Dalecki <dalecki@cs.net.pl>: changes for 8 bit emacs mode.
+ * Dave Hillman <daveh@gte.net>: patch for bug in test -nt.
diff --git a/bin/ksh/LEGAL b/bin/ksh/LEGAL
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..78880a9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/LEGAL
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+$OpenBSD: LEGAL,v 1.2 2003/07/17 20:59:43 deraadt Exp $
+
+pdksh is provided AS IS, with NO WARRANTY, either expressed or implied.
+
+The vast majority of the code that makes pdksh is in the public domain.
+The exceptions are:
+ sigact.c and sigact.h
+ [REMOVED]
+ aclocal.m4
+ [REMOVED]
+
+That's it. Short and simple.
diff --git a/bin/ksh/Makefile b/bin/ksh/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8b38bfd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+# $OpenBSD: Makefile,v 1.33 2016/03/30 06:38:40 jmc Exp $
+
+.TOPDIR?=../..
+
+PROG= ksh
+SRCS= alloc.c c_ksh.c c_sh.c c_test.c c_ulimit.c edit.c emacs.c eval.c \
+ exec.c expr.c history.c io.c jobs.c lex.c mail.c main.c \
+ misc.c path.c shf.c syn.c table.c trap.c tree.c tty.c var.c \
+ version.c vi.c
+
+DEFS= -Wall
+CFLAGS+=${DEFS} -I. -I${.CURDIR} -I${.CURDIR}/../../lib/libopenbsd/gen
+MAN= ksh.1 sh.1
+
+LINKS= ${BINDIR}/ksh ${BINDIR}/rksh
+LINKS+= ${BINDIR}/ksh ${BINDIR}/sh
+
+include ${.TOPDIR}/mk/bsd.prog.mk
diff --git a/bin/ksh/NOTES b/bin/ksh/NOTES
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5fc1080
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/NOTES
@@ -0,0 +1,296 @@
+$OpenBSD: NOTES,v 1.14 2016/01/29 11:50:40 tb Exp $
+
+General features of at&t ksh88 that are not (yet) in pdksh:
+ - exported aliases and functions (not in ksh93).
+ - set -t.
+ - signals/traps not cleared during functions.
+ - trap DEBUG, local ERR and EXIT traps in functions.
+ - ERRNO parameter.
+ - doesn't have posix file globbing (eg, [[:alpha:]], etc.).
+ - use of an `agent' to execute unreadable/setuid/setgid shell scripts
+ (don't ask).
+ - read/select aren't hooked in to the command line editor
+ - the last command of a pipeline is not run in the parent shell
+
+Known bugs (see also BUG-REPORTS and PROJECTS files):
+ Variable parsing, Expansion:
+ - some specials behave differently when unset (eg, IFS behaves like
+ " \t\n") others lose their special meaning. IFS/PATH taken care of,
+ still need to sort out some others (eg, TMOUT).
+ Parsing,Lexing:
+ - line numbers in errors are wrong for nested constructs. Need to
+ keep track of the line a command started on (can use for LINENO
+ parameter as well).
+ - a $(..) expression nested inside double quotes inside another $(..)
+ isn't parsed correctly (eg, $(echo "foo$(echo ")")") )
+ Commands,Execution:
+ - setting special parameters that have side effects when
+ changed/restored (ie, HISTFILE, OPTIND, RANDOM) in front
+ of a command (eg, HISTFILE=/foo/bar echo hi) effects the parent
+ shell. Note that setting other (not so special) parameters
+ does not effect the parent shell.
+ - `echo hi | exec cat -n' causes at&t to exit, `exec echo hi | cat -n'
+ does not. pdksh exits for neither. Don't think POSIX requires
+ an exit, but not sure.
+ - `echo foo | read bar; echo $bar' prints foo in at&t ksh, nothing
+ in pdksh (ie, the read is done in a separate process in pdksh).
+ Misc:
+
+Known problems not caused by ksh:
+ - after stoping a job, emacs/vi is not re-entered. Hitting return
+ prints the prompt and everything is fine again. Problem (often
+ involving a pager like less) is related to order of process
+ scheduling (shell runs before `stop'ed (sub) processes have had a chance
+ to clean up the screen/terminal).
+
+Known differences between pdksh & at&t ksh (that may change)
+ - vi:
+ - `^U': at&t: kills only what has been inserted, pdksh: kills to
+ start of line
+ - at&t ksh login shells say "Warning: you have running jobs" if you
+ try to exit when there are running jobs. An immediate second attempt
+ to exit will kill the jobs and exit. pdksh does not print a warning,
+ nor does it kill running jobs when it exits (it does warn/kill for
+ stopped jobs).
+ - TMOUT: at&t prints warning, then waits another 60 seconds. If on screwed
+ up serial line, the output could cause more input, so pdksh just
+ prints a message and exits. (Also, in at&t ksh, setting TMOUT has no
+ effect after the sequence "TMOUT=60; unset TMOUT", which could be
+ useful - pdksh may do this in the future).
+ - in pdksh, if the last command of a pipeline is a shell builtin, it is
+ not executed in the parent shell, so "echo a b | read foo bar" does not
+ set foo and bar in the parent shell (at&t ksh will).
+ This may get fixed in the future, but it may take a while.
+ - in pdksh, set +o lists the options that are currently set, in at&t ksh
+ it is the same as set -o.
+ - in pdksh emacs mode, ^T does what gnu emacs does, not what at&t ksh
+ does.
+ - in ksh93, `. name' calls a function (defined with function) with POSIX
+ semantics (instead of ksh semantics). in pdksh, . does not call
+ functions.
+ - test: "test -f foo bar blah" is the same as "test -f foo" (the extra
+ arguments, of which there must be at least 2, are ignored) - pdksh
+ generates an error message (unexpected operator/operand "bar") as it
+ should. Sometimes used to test file globs (e.g., if test -f *.o; ...).
+ - if the command 'sleep 5 && /bin/echo blah' is run interactively and
+ is the sleep is stopped (^Z), the echo is run immediately in pdksh.
+ In at&t ksh, the whole thing is stopped.
+ - LINENO:
+ - in ksh88 variable is always 1 (can't be changed) in interac mode;
+ in pdksh it changes.
+ - Value of LINENO after it has been set by the script in one file
+ is bizarre when used in another file.
+
+Known differences between pdksh & at&t ksh (that are not likely to change)
+ - at&t ksh seems to catch or ignore SIGALRM - pdksh dies upon receipt
+ (unless it's traped of course)
+ - typeset:
+ - at&t ksh overloads -u/-l options: for integers, means unsigned/long,
+ for strings means uppercase/lowercase; pdksh just has the
+ upper/lower case (which can be useful for integers when base > 10).
+ unsigned/long really should have their own options.
+ - at&t ksh can't have justified integer variables
+ (eg, typeset -iR5 j=10), pdksh can.
+ - in pdksh, number arguments for -L/-R/-Z/-i must follow the option
+ character, at&t allows it at the end of the option group (eg,
+ at&t ksh likes "typeset -iu5 j", pdksh wants "typeset -i5 -u j"
+ or "typeset -ui5 j"). Also, pdksh allows "typeset -i 5 j" (same
+ as "typeset -i5 j"), at&t ksh does not allow this.
+ - typeset -R: pdksh strips trailing space type characters (ie,
+ uses isspace()), at&t ksh only skips blanks.
+ - at&t ksh allows attributes of read-only variables to be changed,
+ pdksh allows only the export attribute to be set.
+ - (some) at&t ksh allows set -A of readonly variables, pdksh does not.
+ - at&t ksh allows command assignments of readonly variables (eg, YY=2 cat),
+ pdksh does not.
+ - at&t ksh does not exit scripts when an implicit assignment to an integer
+ variable fails due to an expression error: eg,
+ echo 2+ > /tmp/x
+ unset x; typeset -i x
+ read x < /tmp/x
+ echo still here
+ prints an error and then prints "still here", similarly for
+ unset x; typeset -i x
+ set +A x 1 2+ 3
+ echo still here
+ and
+ unset x y; typeset -i x y; set +A y 10 20 30
+ set +A x 1 1+y[2+] 3
+ echo still here
+ pdksh exits a script in all the above cases. (note that both shells
+ exit for:
+ unset x; typeset -i x
+ for x in 1 2+ 3; do echo x=$x; done
+ echo still here
+ ).
+ - at&t ksh seems to allow function calls inside expressions
+ (eg, typeset -i x='y(2)') but they do not seem to be regular functions
+ nor math functions (eg, pow, exp) - anyone known anything about this?
+ - `set -o nounset; unset foo; echo ${#foo}`: at&t ksh prints 0; pdksh
+ generates error. Same for ${#foo[*]} and ${#foo[@]}.
+ - . file: at&t ksh parses the whole file before executing anything,
+ pdksh executes as it parses. This means aliases defined in the file
+ will affect how pdksh parses the file, but won't affect how at&t ksh
+ parses the file. Also means pdksh will not parse statements occurring
+ after a (executed) return statement.
+ - a return in $ENV in at&t ksh will cause the shell to exit, while in
+ pdksh it will stop executing the script (this is consistent with
+ what a return in .profile does in both shells).
+ - at&t ksh does file globbing for `echo "${foo:-"*"}"`, pdksh does not
+ (POSIX would seem to indicate pdksh is right).
+ - at&t ksh thinks ${a:##foo} is ok, pdksh doesn't.
+ - at&t does tilde expansion on here-document delimiters, pdksh does
+ not. eg.
+ $ cat << ~michael
+ ~michael
+ $
+ works for pdksh, not for at&t ksh (POSIX seems to agree with pdksh).
+ - in at&t ksh, tracked aliases have the export flag implicitly set
+ and tracked aliases and normal aliases live in the same name space
+ (eg, "alias" will list both tracked and normal aliases).
+ in pdksh, -t does not imply -x (since -x doesn't do anything yet), and
+ tracked/normal aliases live in separate name spaces.
+ in at&t ksh, alias accepts + options (eg, +x, +t) - pdksh does not.
+ in pdksh, alias has a -d option to allow examination/changing of
+ cached ~ entries, also unalias has -d and -t options (unalias -d
+ is useful if the ~ cache gets out of date - not sure how at&t deals
+ with this problem (it does cache ~ entries)).
+ - at&t ksh will stop a recursive function after about 60 calls; pdksh
+ will not since the limit is arbitrary and can't be controlled
+ by the user (hit ^C if you get in trouble).
+ - the wait command (with and without arguments) in at&t ksh will wait for
+ stopped jobs when job control is enabled. pdksh doesn't.
+ - at&t ksh automatically sets the bgnice option for interactive shells;
+ pdksh does not.
+ - in at&t ksh, "eval `false`; echo $?" prints 1, pdksh prints 0 (which
+ is what POSIX says it should). Same goes for "wait `false`; echo $?".
+ (same goes for "set `false`; echo $?" if posix option is set - some
+ scripts that use the old getopt depend on this, so be careful about
+ setting the posix option).
+ - in at&t ksh, print -uX and read -uX are interrperted as -u with no
+ argument (defaults to 1 and 0 respectively) and -X (which may or
+ may not be a valid flag). In pdksh, -uX is interpreted as file
+ descriptor X.
+ - in at&t ksh, some signals (HUP, INT, QUIT) cause the read to exit, others
+ (ie, everything else) do not. When it does cause exiting, anything read
+ to that point is used (usually an empty line) and read returns with 0
+ status. pdksh currently does similar things, but for TERM as well and
+ the exit status is 128+<signal-number> - in future, pdksh's read will
+ do this for all signals that are normally fatal as required by POSIX.
+ (POSIX does not require the setting of variables to null so applications
+ shouldn't rely on this).
+ - in pdksh, ! substitution done before variable substitution; in at&t ksh
+ it is done after substitution (and therefore may do ! substitutions on
+ the result of variable substitutions). POSIX doesn't say which is to be
+ done.
+ - pwd: in at&t ksh, it ignores arguments; in pdksh, it complains when given
+ arguments.
+ - the at&t ksh does not do command substition on PS1, pdksh does.
+ - ksh93 allows ". foo" to run the function foo if there is no file
+ called foo (go figure).
+ - field splitting (IFS): ksh88/ksh93 strip leading non-white space IFS
+ chars, pdksh (and POSIX, I think) leave them intact. e.g.
+ $ IFS="$IFS:"; read x; echo "<$x>"
+ ::
+ prints "<>" in at&t ksh, "<::>" in pdksh.
+ - command completion: at&t ksh will do completion on a blank line (matching
+ all commands), pdksh does not (as this isn't very useful - use * if
+ you really want the list).
+ - co-processes: if ksh93, the write portion of the co-process output is
+ closed when the most recently started co-process exits. pdksh closes
+ it when all the co-processes using it have exited.
+ - pdksh accepts empty command lists for while and for statements, while
+ at&t ksh (and sh) don't. Eg., pdksh likes
+ while false ; do done
+ but ksh88 doesn't like it.
+ - pdksh bumps RANDOM in parent after a fork, at&t ksh bumps it in both
+ parent and child:
+ RANDOM=1
+ echo child: `echo $RANDOM`
+ echo parent: $RANDOM
+ will produce "child: 16838 parent: 5758" in pdksh, while at&t ksh
+ will produce "child: 5758 parent: 5758".
+
+Oddities in ksh (pd & at&t):
+ - array references inside (())/$(()) are strange:
+ $(( x[2] )) does the expected, $(( $x[2] )) doesn't.
+ - `typeset -R3 X='x '; echo "($X)"` produces ( x) - trailing
+ spaces are stripped.
+ - typeset -R turns off Z flag.
+ - both shells have the following mis-feature:
+ $ x='function xx {
+ cat -n <<- EOF
+ here we are in xx
+ EOF
+ }'
+ $ (eval "$x"; (sleep 2; xx) & echo bye)
+ [1] 1234
+ bye
+ $ xx: /tmp/sh1234.1: cannot open
+ - bizarre special handling of alias/export/readonly/typeset arguments
+ $ touch a=a; typeset a=[ab]; echo "$a"
+ a=[ab]
+ $ x=typeset; $x a=[ab]; echo "$a"
+ a=a
+ $
+ - both ignore SIGTSTP,SIGTTIN,SIGTTOU in exec'd processes when talking
+ and not monitoring (at&t ksh kind of does this). Doesn't really make
+ sense.
+ (Note that ksh.att -ic 'set +m; check-sigs' shows TSTP et al aren't
+ ignored, while ksh.att -ic 'set +m^J check-sigs' does... very strange)
+ - when tracing (set -x), and a command's stderr is redirected, the trace
+ output is also redirected. so "set -x; echo foo 2> /tmp/O > /dev/null"
+ will create /tmp/foo with the lines "+ > /dev/null" and "+ echo foo".
+ - undocumented at&t ksh feature: FPATH is searched after PATH if no
+ executable is found, even if typeset -uf wasn't used.
+
+POSIX sh questions (references are to POSIX 1003.2-1992)
+ - arithmetic expressions: how are empty expressions treated?
+ (eg, echo $(( ))). at&t ksh (and now pdksh) echo 0.
+ Same question goes for `test "" -eq 0' - does this generate an error
+ or, if not, what is the exit code?
+ - should tilde expansion occur after :'s in the word part of ${..=..}?
+ (me thinks it should)
+ - if a signal is received during the execution of a built-in,
+ does the builtin command exit or the whole shell?
+ - is it legal to execute last command of pipeline in current
+ execution environment (eg, can "echo foo | read bar" set
+ bar?)
+ - what action should be taken if there is an error doing a dup due
+ to system limits (eg, not enough feil destriptors): is this
+ a "redirection error" (in which case a script will exit iff the
+ error occured while executing a special built-in)?
+ IMHO, shell should exit script. Couldn't find a blanket statement
+ like "if shell encounters an unexpected system error, it shall
+ exit non-interactive scripts"...
+
+POSIX sh bugs (references are to POSIX 1003.2-1992)
+ - in vi insert mode, ^W deletes to beginning of line or to the first
+ blank/punct character (para at line 9124, section 3). This means
+ "foo ^W" will do nothing. This is inconsistent with the vi
+ spec, which says delete preceding word including and interceding
+ blanks (para at line 5189, section 5).
+ - parameter expansion, section 3.6.2, line 391: `in each case that a
+ value of word is needed (..), word shall be subjected to tilde
+ expansion, parameter expansion, ...'. Various expansions should not
+ be performed if parameter is in double quotes.
+ - the getopts description says assigning OPTIND a value other than 1
+ produces undefined results, while the rationale for getopts suggests
+ saving/restoring the OPTIND value inside functions (since POSIX
+ functions don't do the save/restore automatically). Restoring
+ OPTIND is kind of dumb since getopts may have been in the middle
+ of parsing a group of flags (eg, -abc).
+ - unclear whether arithmetic expressions (eg, $((..))) should
+ understand C integer constants (ie, 0x123, 0177). at&t ksh doesn't
+ and neither does pdksh.
+ - `...` definition (3.6.3) says nothing about backslash followed by
+ a newline, which sh and at&t ksh strip out completely. e.g.,
+ $ show-args `echo 'X
+ Y'`
+ Number of args: 1
+ 1: <XY>
+ $
+ POSIX would indicate the backslash-newline would be preserved.
+ - does not say how "cat << ''" is to be treated (illegal, read 'til
+ blank line, or read 'til eof). at&t ksh reads til eof, bourne shell
+ reads 'til blank line. pdksh reads 'til blank line.
diff --git a/bin/ksh/PROJECTS b/bin/ksh/PROJECTS
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0be0e85
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/PROJECTS
@@ -0,0 +1,111 @@
+$OpenBSD: PROJECTS,v 1.8 2015/09/14 09:42:33 nicm Exp $
+
+Things to be done in pdksh (see also the NOTES file):
+
+ * builtin utilities:
+ pdksh has most if not all POSIX/at&t ksh builtins, but they need to
+ be checked that they conform to POSIX/at&t manual. Part of the
+ process is changing the builtins to use the ksh_getopt() routine.
+
+ The following builtins, which are defined by POSIX, haven't been
+ examined:
+ eval
+
+ The first pass has been done on the following commands:
+ . : alias bg break cd continue echo exec exit export false fc fg
+ getopts jobs kill pwd read readonly return set shift time trap true
+ umask unalias unset wait
+
+ The second pass (ie, believed to be completely POSIX) has been done on
+ the following commands:
+ test
+
+ (ulimit also needs to be examined to check that it fits the posix style)
+
+ * test suite
+ Ideally, as the builtin utilities are being POSIXized, short tests
+ should be written to be used in regression testing. The tests
+ directory contains some tests, but many more need to be written.
+
+ * internationalization
+ Need to handle with the LANG and LC_* environment variables. This
+ involves changes to ensure <ctype.h> macros are being used (currently
+ uses its own macros in many places), figuring out how to deal with
+ bases (for integer arithmetic, eg, 12#1A), and (the nasty one) doing
+ string look ups for error messages, etc.. It probably isn't worth
+ translating strings to other languages yet as the code is likely
+ to change a lot in the near future, but it would be good to have the
+ code set up so string tables can be used.
+
+ * trap code
+ * add the DEBUG trap.
+ * fix up signal handling code. In particular, fatal vs tty signals,
+ have signal routine to call to check for pending/fatal traps, etc.
+
+ * parsing
+ * the time keyword needs to be hacked to accept options (!) since
+ POSIX says it shall accept the -p option and must skip a -- argument
+ (end of options). Yuck.
+
+ * lexing
+ the lexing may need a re-write since it currently doesn't parse $( .. ),
+ $(( .. )), (( ... )) properly.
+ * need to ignore contents of quoted strings (and escaped chars?)
+ inside $( .. ) and $(( .. )) when counting parentheses.
+ * need to put bounds check on states[] array (if it still exists after
+ the re-write)
+
+ * variables
+ * The "struct tbl" that is currently used for variables needs work since
+ more information (eg, array stuff, fields) are needed for variables
+ but not for the other things that use "struct tbl".
+ * Arrays need to be implemented differently: currently does a linear
+ search of a linked list to find element i; the linked list is not
+ freed when a variable is unset.
+
+ * functions
+ finish the differences between function x and x(): trap EXIT, traps
+ in general, treatment of OPTIND/OPTARG,
+
+ * history
+ There are two versions of the history code, COMPLEX_HISTORY and
+ EASY_HISTORY, which need to be merged. COMPLEX does at&t style history
+ where the history file is written after each command and checked when
+ ever looking through the history (in case another shell has added
+ something). EASY simply reads the history file at startup and writes
+ it before exiting.
+ * re-write the COMPLEX_HISTORY code so mmap() not needed (currently
+ can't be used on machines without mmap()).
+ * Add multiline knowledge to COMPLEX_HISTORY (see EASY_HISTORY
+ stuff).
+ * change COMPLEX_HISTORY code so concurrent history files are
+ controlled by an option (set -o history-concurrent?). Delete
+ the EASY_HISTORY code.
+ * bring history code up to POSIX standards (see POSIX description
+ of fc, etc.).
+
+ * documentation
+ Some sort of tutorial with examples would be good. Texinfo is probably
+ the best medium for this. Also, the man page could be converted to
+ texinfo (if the tutorial and man page are put in the same texinfo
+ page, they should be somewhat distinct - i.e., the tutorial should
+ be a separate thread - but there should be cross references between the
+ two).
+
+ * miscellaneous
+ * POSIX specifies what happens when various kinds of errors occur
+ in special built-ins commands vs regular commands (builtin or
+ otherwise) (see POSIX.2:3.8.1). Some of this has been taken
+ care of, but more needs doing.
+
+ * remove static limits created by fixed sized arrays
+ (eg, ident[], heres[], PATH, buffer size in emacs/vi code)
+
+ * merge the emacs and vi code (should reduce the size of the shell and
+ make maintenance easier); handle SIGWINCH while editing a line.
+ [John Rochester is working on the merge]
+
+ * add POSIX globbing (eg, [[:alnum:]]), see POSIX.2:2.8.3.2.
+
+ * teach shf_vfprintf() about long long's (%lld); also make %p use
+ long longs if appropriate.
diff --git a/bin/ksh/README b/bin/ksh/README
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9487c49
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/README
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+$OpenBSD: README,v 1.15 2015/12/05 19:40:45 mmcc Exp $
+
+Last updated Jul '99 for pdksh-5.2.14.
+
+PD-ksh is a mostly complete AT&T ksh look-alike (see NOTES file for a list
+of things not supported). Work is mostly finished to make it fully
+compatible with both POSIX and AT&T ksh (when the two don't conflict).
+
+PDksh was being maintained by Michael Rendell (michael@cs.mun.ca),
+who took over from Simon J. Gerraty (sjg@zen.void.oz.au) at the later's
+suggestion.
+
+Files of interest:
+ CONTRIBUTORS short history of pdksh, people who contributed, etc.
+ NOTES lists of known bugs in pdksh, at&t ksh, and posix.
+ PROJECTS list of things that need to be done in pdksh.
+ LEGAL A file detailing legal issues concerning pdksh.
+
+
+BTW, THE MOST FREQUENTLY REPORTED BUG IS
+ echo hi | read a; echo $a # Does not print hi
+I'm aware of this and there is no need to report it.
diff --git a/bin/ksh/alloc.c b/bin/ksh/alloc.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c8f2251
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/alloc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,136 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: alloc.c,v 1.15 2016/06/01 10:29:20 espie Exp $ */
+
+/* Public domain, like most of the rest of ksh */
+
+/*
+ * area-based allocation built on malloc/free
+ */
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+
+struct link {
+ struct link *prev;
+ struct link *next;
+};
+
+Area *
+ainit(Area *ap)
+{
+ ap->freelist = NULL;
+ return ap;
+}
+
+void
+afreeall(Area *ap)
+{
+ struct link *l, *l2;
+
+ for (l = ap->freelist; l != NULL; l = l2) {
+ l2 = l->next;
+ free(l);
+ }
+ ap->freelist = NULL;
+}
+
+#define L2P(l) ( (void *)(((char *)(l)) + sizeof(struct link)) )
+#define P2L(p) ( (struct link *)(((char *)(p)) - sizeof(struct link)) )
+
+void *
+alloc(size_t size, Area *ap)
+{
+ struct link *l;
+
+ /* ensure that we don't overflow by allocating space for link */
+ if (size > SIZE_MAX - sizeof(struct link))
+ internal_errorf(1, "unable to allocate memory");
+
+ l = malloc(sizeof(struct link) + size);
+ if (l == NULL)
+ internal_errorf(1, "unable to allocate memory");
+ l->next = ap->freelist;
+ l->prev = NULL;
+ if (ap->freelist)
+ ap->freelist->prev = l;
+ ap->freelist = l;
+
+ return L2P(l);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Copied from calloc().
+ *
+ * This is sqrt(SIZE_MAX+1), as s1*s2 <= SIZE_MAX
+ * if both s1 < MUL_NO_OVERFLOW and s2 < MUL_NO_OVERFLOW
+ */
+#define MUL_NO_OVERFLOW (1UL << (sizeof(size_t) * 4))
+
+void *
+areallocarray(void *ptr, size_t nmemb, size_t size, Area *ap)
+{
+ /* condition logic cloned from calloc() */
+ if ((nmemb >= MUL_NO_OVERFLOW || size >= MUL_NO_OVERFLOW) &&
+ nmemb > 0 && SIZE_MAX / nmemb < size) {
+ internal_errorf(1, "unable to allocate memory");
+ }
+
+ return aresize(ptr, nmemb * size, ap);
+}
+
+void *
+aresize(void *ptr, size_t size, Area *ap)
+{
+ struct link *l, *l2, *lprev, *lnext;
+
+ if (ptr == NULL)
+ return alloc(size, ap);
+
+ /* ensure that we don't overflow by allocating space for link */
+ if (size > SIZE_MAX - sizeof(struct link))
+ internal_errorf(1, "unable to allocate memory");
+
+ l = P2L(ptr);
+ lprev = l->prev;
+ lnext = l->next;
+
+ l2 = realloc(l, sizeof(struct link) + size);
+ if (l2 == NULL)
+ internal_errorf(1, "unable to allocate memory");
+ if (lprev)
+ lprev->next = l2;
+ else
+ ap->freelist = l2;
+ if (lnext)
+ lnext->prev = l2;
+
+ return L2P(l2);
+}
+
+void
+afree(void *ptr, Area *ap)
+{
+ struct link *l, *l2;
+
+ if (!ptr)
+ return;
+
+ l = P2L(ptr);
+
+ for (l2 = ap->freelist; l2 != NULL; l2 = l2->next) {
+ if (l == l2)
+ break;
+ }
+ if (l2 == NULL)
+ internal_errorf(1, "afree: %p not present in area %p", ptr, ap);
+
+ if (l->prev)
+ l->prev->next = l->next;
+ else
+ ap->freelist = l->next;
+ if (l->next)
+ l->next->prev = l->prev;
+
+ free(l);
+}
diff --git a/bin/ksh/c_ksh.c b/bin/ksh/c_ksh.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f29a3e1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/c_ksh.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1409 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: c_ksh.c,v 1.50 2016/03/21 13:35:00 tb Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * built-in Korn commands: c_*
+ */
+
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+
+int
+c_cd(char **wp)
+{
+ int optc;
+ int physical = Flag(FPHYSICAL);
+ int cdnode; /* was a node from cdpath added in? */
+ int printpath = 0; /* print where we cd'd? */
+ int rval;
+ struct tbl *pwd_s, *oldpwd_s;
+ XString xs;
+ char *xp;
+ char *dir, *try, *pwd;
+ int phys_path;
+ char *cdpath;
+ char *fdir = NULL;
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, "LP")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'L':
+ physical = 0;
+ break;
+ case 'P':
+ physical = 1;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+ if (Flag(FRESTRICTED)) {
+ bi_errorf("restricted shell - can't cd");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ pwd_s = global("PWD");
+ oldpwd_s = global("OLDPWD");
+
+ if (!wp[0]) {
+ /* No arguments - go home */
+ if ((dir = str_val(global("HOME"))) == null) {
+ bi_errorf("no home directory (HOME not set)");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ } else if (!wp[1]) {
+ /* One argument: - or dir */
+ dir = wp[0];
+ if (strcmp(dir, "-") == 0) {
+ dir = str_val(oldpwd_s);
+ if (dir == null) {
+ bi_errorf("no OLDPWD");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ printpath++;
+ }
+ } else if (!wp[2]) {
+ /* Two arguments - substitute arg1 in PWD for arg2 */
+ int ilen, olen, nlen, elen;
+ char *cp;
+
+ if (!current_wd[0]) {
+ bi_errorf("don't know current directory");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ /* substitute arg1 for arg2 in current path.
+ * if the first substitution fails because the cd fails
+ * we could try to find another substitution. For now
+ * we don't
+ */
+ if ((cp = strstr(current_wd, wp[0])) == NULL) {
+ bi_errorf("bad substitution");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ ilen = cp - current_wd;
+ olen = strlen(wp[0]);
+ nlen = strlen(wp[1]);
+ elen = strlen(current_wd + ilen + olen) + 1;
+ fdir = dir = alloc(ilen + nlen + elen, ATEMP);
+ memcpy(dir, current_wd, ilen);
+ memcpy(dir + ilen, wp[1], nlen);
+ memcpy(dir + ilen + nlen, current_wd + ilen + olen, elen);
+ printpath++;
+ } else {
+ bi_errorf("too many arguments");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ Xinit(xs, xp, PATH, ATEMP);
+ /* xp will have a bogus value after make_path() - set it to 0
+ * so that if it's used, it will cause a dump
+ */
+ xp = NULL;
+
+ cdpath = str_val(global("CDPATH"));
+ do {
+ cdnode = make_path(current_wd, dir, &cdpath, &xs, &phys_path);
+ if (physical)
+ rval = chdir(try = Xstring(xs, xp) + phys_path);
+ else {
+ simplify_path(Xstring(xs, xp));
+ rval = chdir(try = Xstring(xs, xp));
+ }
+ } while (rval < 0 && cdpath != NULL);
+
+ if (rval < 0) {
+ if (cdnode)
+ bi_errorf("%s: bad directory", dir);
+ else
+ bi_errorf("%s - %s", try, strerror(errno));
+ afree(fdir, ATEMP);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Clear out tracked aliases with relative paths */
+ flushcom(0);
+
+ /* Set OLDPWD (note: unsetting OLDPWD does not disable this
+ * setting in at&t ksh)
+ */
+ if (current_wd[0])
+ /* Ignore failure (happens if readonly or integer) */
+ setstr(oldpwd_s, current_wd, KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+
+ if (Xstring(xs, xp)[0] != '/') {
+ pwd = NULL;
+ } else
+ if (!physical || !(pwd = get_phys_path(Xstring(xs, xp))))
+ pwd = Xstring(xs, xp);
+
+ /* Set PWD */
+ if (pwd) {
+ char *ptmp = pwd;
+ set_current_wd(ptmp);
+ /* Ignore failure (happens if readonly or integer) */
+ setstr(pwd_s, ptmp, KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+ } else {
+ set_current_wd(null);
+ pwd = Xstring(xs, xp);
+ /* XXX unset $PWD? */
+ }
+ if (printpath || cdnode)
+ shprintf("%s\n", pwd);
+
+ afree(fdir, ATEMP);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+c_pwd(char **wp)
+{
+ int optc;
+ int physical = Flag(FPHYSICAL);
+ char *p, *freep = NULL;
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, "LP")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'L':
+ physical = 0;
+ break;
+ case 'P':
+ physical = 1;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+ if (wp[0]) {
+ bi_errorf("too many arguments");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ p = current_wd[0] ? (physical ? get_phys_path(current_wd) : current_wd) :
+ NULL;
+ if (p && access(p, R_OK) < 0)
+ p = NULL;
+ if (!p) {
+ freep = p = ksh_get_wd(NULL, 0);
+ if (!p) {
+ bi_errorf("can't get current directory - %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ shprintf("%s\n", p);
+ afree(freep, ATEMP);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+c_print(char **wp)
+{
+#define PO_NL BIT(0) /* print newline */
+#define PO_EXPAND BIT(1) /* expand backslash sequences */
+#define PO_PMINUSMINUS BIT(2) /* print a -- argument */
+#define PO_HIST BIT(3) /* print to history instead of stdout */
+#define PO_COPROC BIT(4) /* printing to coprocess: block SIGPIPE */
+ int fd = 1;
+ int flags = PO_EXPAND|PO_NL;
+ char *s;
+ const char *emsg;
+ XString xs;
+ char *xp;
+
+ if (wp[0][0] == 'e') { /* echo command */
+ int nflags = flags;
+
+ /* A compromise between sysV and BSD echo commands:
+ * escape sequences are enabled by default, and
+ * -n, -e and -E are recognized if they appear
+ * in arguments with no illegal options (ie, echo -nq
+ * will print -nq).
+ * Different from sysV echo since options are recognized,
+ * different from BSD echo since escape sequences are enabled
+ * by default.
+ */
+ wp += 1;
+ if (Flag(FPOSIX)) {
+ if (*wp && strcmp(*wp, "-n") == 0) {
+ flags &= ~PO_NL;
+ wp++;
+ }
+ } else {
+ while ((s = *wp) && *s == '-' && s[1]) {
+ while (*++s)
+ if (*s == 'n')
+ nflags &= ~PO_NL;
+ else if (*s == 'e')
+ nflags |= PO_EXPAND;
+ else if (*s == 'E')
+ nflags &= ~PO_EXPAND;
+ else
+ /* bad option: don't use
+ * nflags, print argument
+ */
+ break;
+ if (*s)
+ break;
+ wp++;
+ flags = nflags;
+ }
+ }
+ } else {
+ int optc;
+ const char *options = "Rnprsu,";
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, options)) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'R': /* fake BSD echo command */
+ flags |= PO_PMINUSMINUS;
+ flags &= ~PO_EXPAND;
+ options = "ne";
+ break;
+ case 'e':
+ flags |= PO_EXPAND;
+ break;
+ case 'n':
+ flags &= ~PO_NL;
+ break;
+ case 'p':
+ if ((fd = coproc_getfd(W_OK, &emsg)) < 0) {
+ bi_errorf("-p: %s", emsg);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ break;
+ case 'r':
+ flags &= ~PO_EXPAND;
+ break;
+ case 's':
+ flags |= PO_HIST;
+ break;
+ case 'u':
+ if (!*(s = builtin_opt.optarg))
+ fd = 0;
+ else if ((fd = check_fd(s, W_OK, &emsg)) < 0) {
+ bi_errorf("-u: %s: %s", s, emsg);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (!(builtin_opt.info & GI_MINUSMINUS)) {
+ /* treat a lone - like -- */
+ if (wp[builtin_opt.optind] &&
+ strcmp(wp[builtin_opt.optind], "-") == 0)
+ builtin_opt.optind++;
+ } else if (flags & PO_PMINUSMINUS)
+ builtin_opt.optind--;
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+ }
+
+ Xinit(xs, xp, 128, ATEMP);
+
+ while (*wp != NULL) {
+ int c;
+ s = *wp;
+ while ((c = *s++) != '\0') {
+ Xcheck(xs, xp);
+ if ((flags & PO_EXPAND) && c == '\\') {
+ int i;
+
+ switch ((c = *s++)) {
+ /* Oddly enough, \007 seems more portable than
+ * \a (due to HP-UX cc, Ultrix cc, old pcc's,
+ * etc.).
+ */
+ case 'a': c = '\007'; break;
+ case 'b': c = '\b'; break;
+ case 'c': flags &= ~PO_NL;
+ continue; /* AT&T brain damage */
+ case 'f': c = '\f'; break;
+ case 'n': c = '\n'; break;
+ case 'r': c = '\r'; break;
+ case 't': c = '\t'; break;
+ case 'v': c = 0x0B; break;
+ case '0':
+ /* Look for an octal number: can have
+ * three digits (not counting the
+ * leading 0). Truly burnt.
+ */
+ c = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
+ if (*s >= '0' && *s <= '7')
+ c = c*8 + *s++ - '0';
+ else
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
+ case '\0': s--; c = '\\'; break;
+ case '\\': break;
+ default:
+ Xput(xs, xp, '\\');
+ }
+ }
+ Xput(xs, xp, c);
+ }
+ if (*++wp != NULL)
+ Xput(xs, xp, ' ');
+ }
+ if (flags & PO_NL)
+ Xput(xs, xp, '\n');
+
+ if (flags & PO_HIST) {
+ Xput(xs, xp, '\0');
+ source->line++;
+ histsave(source->line, Xstring(xs, xp), 1);
+ Xfree(xs, xp);
+ } else {
+ int n, len = Xlength(xs, xp);
+ int opipe = 0;
+
+ /* Ensure we aren't killed by a SIGPIPE while writing to
+ * a coprocess. at&t ksh doesn't seem to do this (seems
+ * to just check that the co-process is alive, which is
+ * not enough).
+ */
+ if (coproc.write >= 0 && coproc.write == fd) {
+ flags |= PO_COPROC;
+ opipe = block_pipe();
+ }
+ for (s = Xstring(xs, xp); len > 0; ) {
+ n = write(fd, s, len);
+ if (n < 0) {
+ if (flags & PO_COPROC)
+ restore_pipe(opipe);
+ if (errno == EINTR) {
+ /* allow user to ^C out */
+ intrcheck();
+ if (flags & PO_COPROC)
+ opipe = block_pipe();
+ continue;
+ }
+ /* This doesn't really make sense - could
+ * break scripts (print -p generates
+ * error message).
+ *if (errno == EPIPE)
+ * coproc_write_close(fd);
+ */
+ return 1;
+ }
+ s += n;
+ len -= n;
+ }
+ if (flags & PO_COPROC)
+ restore_pipe(opipe);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+c_whence(char **wp)
+{
+ struct tbl *tp;
+ char *id;
+ int pflag = 0, vflag = 0, Vflag = 0;
+ int ret = 0;
+ int optc;
+ int iam_whence = wp[0][0] == 'w';
+ int fcflags;
+ const char *options = iam_whence ? "pv" : "pvV";
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, options)) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'p':
+ pflag = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'v':
+ vflag = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'V':
+ Vflag = 1;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+
+ fcflags = FC_BI | FC_PATH | FC_FUNC;
+ if (!iam_whence) {
+ /* Note that -p on its own is dealt with in comexec() */
+ if (pflag)
+ fcflags |= FC_DEFPATH;
+ /* Convert command options to whence options. Note that
+ * command -pV and command -pv use a different path search
+ * than whence -v or whence -pv. This should be considered
+ * a feature.
+ */
+ vflag = Vflag;
+ } else if (pflag)
+ fcflags &= ~(FC_BI | FC_FUNC);
+
+ while ((vflag || ret == 0) && (id = *wp++) != NULL) {
+ tp = NULL;
+ if (!iam_whence || !pflag)
+ tp = ktsearch(&keywords, id, hash(id));
+ if (!tp && (!iam_whence || !pflag)) {
+ tp = ktsearch(&aliases, id, hash(id));
+ if (tp && !(tp->flag & ISSET))
+ tp = NULL;
+ }
+ if (!tp)
+ tp = findcom(id, fcflags);
+ if (vflag || (tp->type != CALIAS && tp->type != CEXEC &&
+ tp->type != CTALIAS))
+ shprintf("%s", id);
+ switch (tp->type) {
+ case CKEYWD:
+ if (vflag)
+ shprintf(" is a reserved word");
+ break;
+ case CALIAS:
+ if (vflag)
+ shprintf(" is an %salias for ",
+ (tp->flag & EXPORT) ? "exported " : "");
+ if (!iam_whence && !vflag)
+ shprintf("alias %s=", id);
+ print_value_quoted(tp->val.s);
+ break;
+ case CFUNC:
+ if (vflag) {
+ shprintf(" is a");
+ if (tp->flag & EXPORT)
+ shprintf("n exported");
+ if (tp->flag & TRACE)
+ shprintf(" traced");
+ if (!(tp->flag & ISSET)) {
+ shprintf(" undefined");
+ if (tp->u.fpath)
+ shprintf(" (autoload from %s)",
+ tp->u.fpath);
+ }
+ shprintf(" function");
+ }
+ break;
+ case CSHELL:
+ if (vflag)
+ shprintf(" is a%s shell builtin",
+ (tp->flag & SPEC_BI) ? " special" : "");
+ break;
+ case CTALIAS:
+ case CEXEC:
+ if (tp->flag & ISSET) {
+ if (vflag) {
+ shprintf(" is ");
+ if (tp->type == CTALIAS)
+ shprintf("a tracked %salias for ",
+ (tp->flag & EXPORT) ?
+ "exported " : "");
+ }
+ shprintf("%s", tp->val.s);
+ } else {
+ if (vflag)
+ shprintf(" not found");
+ ret = 1;
+ }
+ break;
+ default:
+ shprintf("%s is *GOK*", id);
+ break;
+ }
+ if (vflag || !ret)
+ shprintf("\n");
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* Deal with command -vV - command -p dealt with in comexec() */
+int
+c_command(char **wp)
+{
+ /* Let c_whence do the work. Note that c_command() must be
+ * a distinct function from c_whence() (tested in comexec()).
+ */
+ return c_whence(wp);
+}
+
+/* typeset, export, and readonly */
+int
+c_typeset(char **wp)
+{
+ struct block *l;
+ struct tbl *vp, **p;
+ int fset = 0, fclr = 0, thing = 0, func = 0, local = 0, pflag = 0;
+ const char *options = "L#R#UZ#fi#lprtux"; /* see comment below */
+ char *fieldstr, *basestr;
+ int field, base, optc, flag;
+
+ switch (**wp) {
+ case 'e': /* export */
+ fset |= EXPORT;
+ options = "p";
+ break;
+ case 'r': /* readonly */
+ fset |= RDONLY;
+ options = "p";
+ break;
+ case 's': /* set */
+ /* called with 'typeset -' */
+ break;
+ case 't': /* typeset */
+ local = 1;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ fieldstr = basestr = NULL;
+ builtin_opt.flags |= GF_PLUSOPT;
+ /* at&t ksh seems to have 0-9 as options, which are multiplied
+ * to get a number that is used with -L, -R, -Z or -i (eg, -1R2
+ * sets right justify in a field of 12). This allows options
+ * to be grouped in an order (eg, -Lu12), but disallows -i8 -L3 and
+ * does not allow the number to be specified as a separate argument
+ * Here, the number must follow the RLZi option, but is optional
+ * (see the # kludge in ksh_getopt()).
+ */
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, options)) != -1) {
+ flag = 0;
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'L':
+ flag = LJUST;
+ fieldstr = builtin_opt.optarg;
+ break;
+ case 'R':
+ flag = RJUST;
+ fieldstr = builtin_opt.optarg;
+ break;
+ case 'U':
+ /* at&t ksh uses u, but this conflicts with
+ * upper/lower case. If this option is changed,
+ * need to change the -U below as well
+ */
+ flag = INT_U;
+ break;
+ case 'Z':
+ flag = ZEROFIL;
+ fieldstr = builtin_opt.optarg;
+ break;
+ case 'f':
+ func = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'i':
+ flag = INTEGER;
+ basestr = builtin_opt.optarg;
+ break;
+ case 'l':
+ flag = LCASEV;
+ break;
+ case 'p':
+ /* posix export/readonly -p flag.
+ * typeset -p is the same as typeset (in pdksh);
+ * here for compatibility with ksh93.
+ */
+ pflag = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'r':
+ flag = RDONLY;
+ break;
+ case 't':
+ flag = TRACE;
+ break;
+ case 'u':
+ flag = UCASEV_AL; /* upper case / autoload */
+ break;
+ case 'x':
+ flag = EXPORT;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (builtin_opt.info & GI_PLUS) {
+ fclr |= flag;
+ fset &= ~flag;
+ thing = '+';
+ } else {
+ fset |= flag;
+ fclr &= ~flag;
+ thing = '-';
+ }
+ }
+
+ field = 0;
+ if (fieldstr && !bi_getn(fieldstr, &field))
+ return 1;
+ base = 0;
+ if (basestr && !bi_getn(basestr, &base))
+ return 1;
+
+ if (!(builtin_opt.info & GI_MINUSMINUS) && wp[builtin_opt.optind] &&
+ (wp[builtin_opt.optind][0] == '-' ||
+ wp[builtin_opt.optind][0] == '+') &&
+ wp[builtin_opt.optind][1] == '\0') {
+ thing = wp[builtin_opt.optind][0];
+ builtin_opt.optind++;
+ }
+
+ if (func && ((fset|fclr) & ~(TRACE|UCASEV_AL|EXPORT))) {
+ bi_errorf("only -t, -u and -x options may be used with -f");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (wp[builtin_opt.optind]) {
+ /* Take care of exclusions.
+ * At this point, flags in fset are cleared in fclr and vise
+ * versa. This property should be preserved.
+ */
+ if (fset & LCASEV) /* LCASEV has priority over UCASEV_AL */
+ fset &= ~UCASEV_AL;
+ if (fset & LJUST) /* LJUST has priority over RJUST */
+ fset &= ~RJUST;
+ if ((fset & (ZEROFIL|LJUST)) == ZEROFIL) { /* -Z implies -ZR */
+ fset |= RJUST;
+ fclr &= ~RJUST;
+ }
+ /* Setting these attributes clears the others, unless they
+ * are also set in this command
+ */
+ if (fset & (LJUST | RJUST | ZEROFIL | UCASEV_AL | LCASEV |
+ INTEGER | INT_U | INT_L))
+ fclr |= ~fset & (LJUST | RJUST | ZEROFIL | UCASEV_AL |
+ LCASEV | INTEGER | INT_U | INT_L);
+ }
+
+ /* set variables and attributes */
+ if (wp[builtin_opt.optind]) {
+ int i;
+ int rval = 0;
+ struct tbl *f;
+
+ if (local && !func)
+ fset |= LOCAL;
+ for (i = builtin_opt.optind; wp[i]; i++) {
+ if (func) {
+ f = findfunc(wp[i], hash(wp[i]),
+ (fset&UCASEV_AL) ? true : false);
+ if (!f) {
+ /* at&t ksh does ++rval: bogus */
+ rval = 1;
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (fset | fclr) {
+ f->flag |= fset;
+ f->flag &= ~fclr;
+ } else
+ fptreef(shl_stdout, 0,
+ f->flag & FKSH ?
+ "function %s %T\n" :
+ "%s() %T\n", wp[i], f->val.t);
+ } else if (!typeset(wp[i], fset, fclr, field, base)) {
+ bi_errorf("%s: not identifier", wp[i]);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ return rval;
+ }
+
+ /* list variables and attributes */
+ flag = fset | fclr; /* no difference at this point.. */
+ if (func) {
+ for (l = genv->loc; l; l = l->next) {
+ for (p = ktsort(&l->funs); (vp = *p++); ) {
+ if (flag && (vp->flag & flag) == 0)
+ continue;
+ if (thing == '-')
+ fptreef(shl_stdout, 0, vp->flag & FKSH ?
+ "function %s %T\n" : "%s() %T\n",
+ vp->name, vp->val.t);
+ else
+ shprintf("%s\n", vp->name);
+ }
+ }
+ } else {
+ for (l = genv->loc; l; l = l->next) {
+ for (p = ktsort(&l->vars); (vp = *p++); ) {
+ struct tbl *tvp;
+ int any_set = 0;
+ /*
+ * See if the parameter is set (for arrays, if any
+ * element is set).
+ */
+ for (tvp = vp; tvp; tvp = tvp->u.array)
+ if (tvp->flag & ISSET) {
+ any_set = 1;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Check attributes - note that all array elements
+ * have (should have?) the same attributes, so checking
+ * the first is sufficient.
+ *
+ * Report an unset param only if the user has
+ * explicitly given it some attribute (like export);
+ * otherwise, after "echo $FOO", we would report FOO...
+ */
+ if (!any_set && !(vp->flag & USERATTRIB))
+ continue;
+ if (flag && (vp->flag & flag) == 0)
+ continue;
+ for (; vp; vp = vp->u.array) {
+ /* Ignore array elements that aren't
+ * set unless there are no set elements,
+ * in which case the first is reported on */
+ if ((vp->flag&ARRAY) && any_set &&
+ !(vp->flag & ISSET))
+ continue;
+ /* no arguments */
+ if (thing == 0 && flag == 0) {
+ /* at&t ksh prints things
+ * like export, integer,
+ * leftadj, zerofill, etc.,
+ * but POSIX says must
+ * be suitable for re-entry...
+ */
+ shprintf("typeset ");
+ if ((vp->flag&INTEGER))
+ shprintf("-i ");
+ if ((vp->flag&EXPORT))
+ shprintf("-x ");
+ if ((vp->flag&RDONLY))
+ shprintf("-r ");
+ if ((vp->flag&TRACE))
+ shprintf("-t ");
+ if ((vp->flag&LJUST))
+ shprintf("-L%d ", vp->u2.field);
+ if ((vp->flag&RJUST))
+ shprintf("-R%d ", vp->u2.field);
+ if ((vp->flag&ZEROFIL))
+ shprintf("-Z ");
+ if ((vp->flag&LCASEV))
+ shprintf("-l ");
+ if ((vp->flag&UCASEV_AL))
+ shprintf("-u ");
+ if ((vp->flag&INT_U))
+ shprintf("-U ");
+ shprintf("%s\n", vp->name);
+ if (vp->flag&ARRAY)
+ break;
+ } else {
+ if (pflag)
+ shprintf("%s ",
+ (flag & EXPORT) ?
+ "export" : "readonly");
+ if ((vp->flag&ARRAY) && any_set)
+ shprintf("%s[%d]",
+ vp->name, vp->index);
+ else
+ shprintf("%s", vp->name);
+ if (thing == '-' && (vp->flag&ISSET)) {
+ char *s = str_val(vp);
+
+ shprintf("=");
+ /* at&t ksh can't have
+ * justified integers.. */
+ if ((vp->flag &
+ (INTEGER|LJUST|RJUST)) ==
+ INTEGER)
+ shprintf("%s", s);
+ else
+ print_value_quoted(s);
+ }
+ shprintf("\n");
+ }
+ /* Only report first `element' of an array with
+ * no set elements.
+ */
+ if (!any_set)
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+c_alias(char **wp)
+{
+ struct table *t = &aliases;
+ int rv = 0, rflag = 0, tflag, Uflag = 0, pflag = 0, prefix = 0;
+ int xflag = 0;
+ int optc;
+
+ builtin_opt.flags |= GF_PLUSOPT;
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, "dprtUx")) != -1) {
+ prefix = builtin_opt.info & GI_PLUS ? '+' : '-';
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'd':
+ t = &homedirs;
+ break;
+ case 'p':
+ pflag = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'r':
+ rflag = 1;
+ break;
+ case 't':
+ t = &taliases;
+ break;
+ case 'U':
+ /*
+ * kludge for tracked alias initialization
+ * (don't do a path search, just make an entry)
+ */
+ Uflag = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'x':
+ xflag = EXPORT;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+ if (!(builtin_opt.info & GI_MINUSMINUS) && *wp &&
+ (wp[0][0] == '-' || wp[0][0] == '+') && wp[0][1] == '\0') {
+ prefix = wp[0][0];
+ wp++;
+ }
+
+ tflag = t == &taliases;
+
+ /* "hash -r" means reset all the tracked aliases.. */
+ if (rflag) {
+ static const char *const args[] = {
+ "unalias", "-ta", NULL
+ };
+
+ if (!tflag || *wp) {
+ shprintf("alias: -r flag can only be used with -t"
+ " and without arguments\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ ksh_getopt_reset(&builtin_opt, GF_ERROR);
+ return c_unalias((char **) args);
+ }
+
+ if (*wp == NULL) {
+ struct tbl *ap, **p;
+
+ for (p = ktsort(t); (ap = *p++) != NULL; )
+ if ((ap->flag & (ISSET|xflag)) == (ISSET|xflag)) {
+ if (pflag)
+ shf_puts("alias ", shl_stdout);
+ shf_puts(ap->name, shl_stdout);
+ if (prefix != '+') {
+ shf_putc('=', shl_stdout);
+ print_value_quoted(ap->val.s);
+ }
+ shprintf("\n");
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (; *wp != NULL; wp++) {
+ char *alias = *wp;
+ char *val = strchr(alias, '=');
+ char *newval;
+ struct tbl *ap;
+ int h;
+
+ if (val)
+ alias = str_nsave(alias, val++ - alias, ATEMP);
+ h = hash(alias);
+ if (val == NULL && !tflag && !xflag) {
+ ap = ktsearch(t, alias, h);
+ if (ap != NULL && (ap->flag&ISSET)) {
+ if (pflag)
+ shf_puts("alias ", shl_stdout);
+ shf_puts(ap->name, shl_stdout);
+ if (prefix != '+') {
+ shf_putc('=', shl_stdout);
+ print_value_quoted(ap->val.s);
+ }
+ shprintf("\n");
+ } else {
+ shprintf("%s alias not found\n", alias);
+ rv = 1;
+ }
+ continue;
+ }
+ ap = ktenter(t, alias, h);
+ ap->type = tflag ? CTALIAS : CALIAS;
+ /* Are we setting the value or just some flags? */
+ if ((val && !tflag) || (!val && tflag && !Uflag)) {
+ if (ap->flag&ALLOC) {
+ ap->flag &= ~(ALLOC|ISSET);
+ afree(ap->val.s, APERM);
+ }
+ /* ignore values for -t (at&t ksh does this) */
+ newval = tflag ? search(alias, path, X_OK, NULL) :
+ val;
+ if (newval) {
+ ap->val.s = str_save(newval, APERM);
+ ap->flag |= ALLOC|ISSET;
+ } else
+ ap->flag &= ~ISSET;
+ }
+ ap->flag |= DEFINED;
+ if (prefix == '+')
+ ap->flag &= ~xflag;
+ else
+ ap->flag |= xflag;
+ if (val)
+ afree(alias, ATEMP);
+ }
+
+ return rv;
+}
+
+int
+c_unalias(char **wp)
+{
+ struct table *t = &aliases;
+ struct tbl *ap;
+ int rv = 0, all = 0;
+ int optc;
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, "adt")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'a':
+ all = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'd':
+ t = &homedirs;
+ break;
+ case 't':
+ t = &taliases;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+ for (; *wp != NULL; wp++) {
+ ap = ktsearch(t, *wp, hash(*wp));
+ if (ap == NULL) {
+ rv = 1; /* POSIX */
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (ap->flag&ALLOC) {
+ ap->flag &= ~(ALLOC|ISSET);
+ afree(ap->val.s, APERM);
+ }
+ ap->flag &= ~(DEFINED|ISSET|EXPORT);
+ }
+
+ if (all) {
+ struct tstate ts;
+
+ for (ktwalk(&ts, t); (ap = ktnext(&ts)); ) {
+ if (ap->flag&ALLOC) {
+ ap->flag &= ~(ALLOC|ISSET);
+ afree(ap->val.s, APERM);
+ }
+ ap->flag &= ~(DEFINED|ISSET|EXPORT);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return rv;
+}
+
+int
+c_let(char **wp)
+{
+ int rv = 1;
+ long val;
+
+ if (wp[1] == NULL) /* at&t ksh does this */
+ bi_errorf("no arguments");
+ else
+ for (wp++; *wp; wp++)
+ if (!evaluate(*wp, &val, KSH_RETURN_ERROR, true)) {
+ rv = 2; /* distinguish error from zero result */
+ break;
+ } else
+ rv = val == 0;
+ return rv;
+}
+
+int
+c_jobs(char **wp)
+{
+ int optc;
+ int flag = 0;
+ int nflag = 0;
+ int rv = 0;
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, "lpnz")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'l':
+ flag = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'p':
+ flag = 2;
+ break;
+ case 'n':
+ nflag = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'z': /* debugging: print zombies */
+ nflag = -1;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+ if (!*wp) {
+ if (j_jobs(NULL, flag, nflag))
+ rv = 1;
+ } else {
+ for (; *wp; wp++)
+ if (j_jobs(*wp, flag, nflag))
+ rv = 1;
+ }
+ return rv;
+}
+
+#ifdef JOBS
+int
+c_fgbg(char **wp)
+{
+ int bg = strcmp(*wp, "bg") == 0;
+ int rv = 0;
+
+ if (!Flag(FMONITOR)) {
+ bi_errorf("job control not enabled");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, null) == '?')
+ return 1;
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+ if (*wp)
+ for (; *wp; wp++)
+ rv = j_resume(*wp, bg);
+ else
+ rv = j_resume("%%", bg);
+ /* POSIX says fg shall return 0 (unless an error occurs).
+ * at&t ksh returns the exit value of the job...
+ */
+ return (bg || Flag(FPOSIX)) ? 0 : rv;
+}
+#endif
+
+struct kill_info {
+ int num_width;
+ int name_width;
+};
+static char *kill_fmt_entry(void *arg, int i, char *buf, int buflen);
+
+/* format a single kill item */
+static char *
+kill_fmt_entry(void *arg, int i, char *buf, int buflen)
+{
+ struct kill_info *ki = (struct kill_info *) arg;
+
+ i++;
+ if (sigtraps[i].name)
+ shf_snprintf(buf, buflen, "%*d %*s %s",
+ ki->num_width, i,
+ ki->name_width, sigtraps[i].name,
+ sigtraps[i].mess);
+ else
+ shf_snprintf(buf, buflen, "%*d %*d %s",
+ ki->num_width, i,
+ ki->name_width, sigtraps[i].signal,
+ sigtraps[i].mess);
+ return buf;
+}
+
+
+int
+c_kill(char **wp)
+{
+ Trap *t = NULL;
+ char *p;
+ int lflag = 0;
+ int i, n, rv, sig;
+
+ /* assume old style options if -digits or -UPPERCASE */
+ if ((p = wp[1]) && *p == '-' &&
+ (digit(p[1]) || isupper((unsigned char)p[1]))) {
+ if (!(t = gettrap(p + 1, true))) {
+ bi_errorf("bad signal `%s'", p + 1);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ i = (wp[2] && strcmp(wp[2], "--") == 0) ? 3 : 2;
+ } else {
+ int optc;
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, "ls:")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'l':
+ lflag = 1;
+ break;
+ case 's':
+ if (!(t = gettrap(builtin_opt.optarg, true))) {
+ bi_errorf("bad signal `%s'",
+ builtin_opt.optarg);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ i = builtin_opt.optind;
+ }
+ if ((lflag && t) || (!wp[i] && !lflag)) {
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out,
+ "usage: kill [-s signame | -signum | -signame] { job | pid | pgrp } ...\n"
+ " kill -l [exit_status ...]\n");
+ bi_errorf(NULL);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (lflag) {
+ if (wp[i]) {
+ for (; wp[i]; i++) {
+ if (!bi_getn(wp[i], &n))
+ return 1;
+ if (n > 128 && n < 128 + NSIG)
+ n -= 128;
+ if (n > 0 && n < NSIG && sigtraps[n].name)
+ shprintf("%s\n", sigtraps[n].name);
+ else
+ shprintf("%d\n", n);
+ }
+ } else if (Flag(FPOSIX)) {
+ p = null;
+ for (i = 1; i < NSIG; i++, p = " ")
+ if (sigtraps[i].name)
+ shprintf("%s%s", p, sigtraps[i].name);
+ shprintf("\n");
+ } else {
+ int mess_width = 0, w, i;
+ struct kill_info ki = {
+ .num_width = 1,
+ .name_width = 0,
+ };
+
+ for (i = NSIG; i >= 10; i /= 10)
+ ki.num_width++;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < NSIG; i++) {
+ w = sigtraps[i].name ? strlen(sigtraps[i].name) :
+ ki.num_width;
+ if (w > ki.name_width)
+ ki.name_width = w;
+ w = strlen(sigtraps[i].mess);
+ if (w > mess_width)
+ mess_width = w;
+ }
+
+ print_columns(shl_stdout, NSIG - 1,
+ kill_fmt_entry, (void *) &ki,
+ ki.num_width + ki.name_width + mess_width + 3, 1);
+ }
+ return 0;
+ }
+ rv = 0;
+ sig = t ? t->signal : SIGTERM;
+ for (; (p = wp[i]); i++) {
+ if (*p == '%') {
+ if (j_kill(p, sig))
+ rv = 1;
+ } else if (!getn(p, &n)) {
+ bi_errorf("%s: arguments must be jobs or process IDs",
+ p);
+ rv = 1;
+ } else {
+ /* use killpg if < -1 since -1 does special things for
+ * some non-killpg-endowed kills
+ */
+ if ((n < -1 ? killpg(-n, sig) : kill(n, sig)) < 0) {
+ bi_errorf("%s: %s", p, strerror(errno));
+ rv = 1;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ return rv;
+}
+
+void
+getopts_reset(int val)
+{
+ if (val >= 1) {
+ ksh_getopt_reset(&user_opt,
+ GF_NONAME | (Flag(FPOSIX) ? 0 : GF_PLUSOPT));
+ user_opt.optind = user_opt.uoptind = val;
+ }
+}
+
+int
+c_getopts(char **wp)
+{
+ int argc;
+ const char *options;
+ const char *var;
+ int optc;
+ int ret;
+ char buf[3];
+ struct tbl *vq, *voptarg;
+
+ if (ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, null) == '?')
+ return 1;
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+ options = *wp++;
+ if (!options) {
+ bi_errorf("missing options argument");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ var = *wp++;
+ if (!var) {
+ bi_errorf("missing name argument");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (!*var || *skip_varname(var, true)) {
+ bi_errorf("%s: is not an identifier", var);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (genv->loc->next == NULL) {
+ internal_errorf(0, "c_getopts: no argv");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ /* Which arguments are we parsing... */
+ if (*wp == NULL)
+ wp = genv->loc->next->argv;
+ else
+ *--wp = genv->loc->next->argv[0];
+
+ /* Check that our saved state won't cause a core dump... */
+ for (argc = 0; wp[argc]; argc++)
+ ;
+ if (user_opt.optind > argc ||
+ (user_opt.p != 0 &&
+ user_opt.p > strlen(wp[user_opt.optind - 1]))) {
+ bi_errorf("arguments changed since last call");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ user_opt.optarg = NULL;
+ optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &user_opt, options);
+
+ if (optc >= 0 && optc != '?' && (user_opt.info & GI_PLUS)) {
+ buf[0] = '+';
+ buf[1] = optc;
+ buf[2] = '\0';
+ } else {
+ /* POSIX says var is set to ? at end-of-options, at&t ksh
+ * sets it to null - we go with POSIX...
+ */
+ buf[0] = optc < 0 ? '?' : optc;
+ buf[1] = '\0';
+ }
+
+ /* at&t ksh does not change OPTIND if it was an unknown option.
+ * Scripts counting on this are prone to break... (ie, don't count
+ * on this staying).
+ */
+ if (optc != '?') {
+ user_opt.uoptind = user_opt.optind;
+ }
+
+ voptarg = global("OPTARG");
+ voptarg->flag &= ~RDONLY; /* at&t ksh clears ro and int */
+ /* Paranoia: ensure no bizarre results. */
+ if (voptarg->flag & INTEGER)
+ typeset("OPTARG", 0, INTEGER, 0, 0);
+ if (user_opt.optarg == NULL)
+ unset(voptarg, 0);
+ else
+ /* This can't fail (have cleared readonly/integer) */
+ setstr(voptarg, user_opt.optarg, KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+
+ ret = 0;
+
+ vq = global(var);
+ /* Error message already printed (integer, readonly) */
+ if (!setstr(vq, buf, KSH_RETURN_ERROR))
+ ret = 1;
+ if (Flag(FEXPORT))
+ typeset(var, EXPORT, 0, 0, 0);
+
+ return optc < 0 ? 1 : ret;
+}
+
+#ifdef EMACS
+int
+c_bind(char **wp)
+{
+ int optc, rv = 0, macro = 0, list = 0;
+ char *cp;
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, "lm")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'l':
+ list = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'm':
+ macro = 1;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+ if (*wp == NULL) /* list all */
+ rv = x_bind(NULL, NULL, 0, list);
+
+ for (; *wp != NULL; wp++) {
+ cp = strchr(*wp, '=');
+ if (cp != NULL)
+ *cp++ = '\0';
+ if (x_bind(*wp, cp, macro, 0))
+ rv = 1;
+ }
+
+ return rv;
+}
+#endif
+
+/* A leading = means assignments before command are kept;
+ * a leading * means a POSIX special builtin;
+ * a leading + means a POSIX regular builtin
+ * (* and + should not be combined).
+ */
+const struct builtin kshbuiltins [] = {
+ {"+alias", c_alias}, /* no =: at&t manual wrong */
+ {"+cd", c_cd},
+ {"+command", c_command},
+ {"echo", c_print},
+ {"*=export", c_typeset},
+#ifdef HISTORY
+ {"+fc", c_fc},
+#endif /* HISTORY */
+ {"+getopts", c_getopts},
+ {"+jobs", c_jobs},
+ {"+kill", c_kill},
+ {"let", c_let},
+ {"print", c_print},
+ {"pwd", c_pwd},
+ {"*=readonly", c_typeset},
+ {"=typeset", c_typeset},
+ {"+unalias", c_unalias},
+ {"whence", c_whence},
+#ifdef JOBS
+ {"+bg", c_fgbg},
+ {"+fg", c_fgbg},
+#endif
+#ifdef EMACS
+ {"bind", c_bind},
+#endif
+ {NULL, NULL}
+};
diff --git a/bin/ksh/c_sh.c b/bin/ksh/c_sh.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4e40c46
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/c_sh.c
@@ -0,0 +1,889 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: c_sh.c,v 1.59 2016/03/04 15:11:06 deraadt Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * built-in Bourne commands
+ */
+
+#include <sys/resource.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/time.h>
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+
+static void p_time(struct shf *, int, struct timeval *, int, char *, char *);
+
+/* :, false and true */
+int
+c_label(char **wp)
+{
+ return wp[0][0] == 'f' ? 1 : 0;
+}
+
+int
+c_shift(char **wp)
+{
+ struct block *l = genv->loc;
+ int n;
+ long val;
+ char *arg;
+
+ if (ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, null) == '?')
+ return 1;
+ arg = wp[builtin_opt.optind];
+
+ if (arg) {
+ evaluate(arg, &val, KSH_UNWIND_ERROR, false);
+ n = val;
+ } else
+ n = 1;
+ if (n < 0) {
+ bi_errorf("%s: bad number", arg);
+ return (1);
+ }
+ if (l->argc < n) {
+ bi_errorf("nothing to shift");
+ return (1);
+ }
+ l->argv[n] = l->argv[0];
+ l->argv += n;
+ l->argc -= n;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+c_umask(char **wp)
+{
+ int i;
+ char *cp;
+ int symbolic = 0;
+ mode_t old_umask;
+ int optc;
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, "S")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'S':
+ symbolic = 1;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ cp = wp[builtin_opt.optind];
+ if (cp == NULL) {
+ old_umask = umask(0);
+ umask(old_umask);
+ if (symbolic) {
+ char buf[18];
+ int j;
+
+ old_umask = ~old_umask;
+ cp = buf;
+ for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
+ *cp++ = "ugo"[i];
+ *cp++ = '=';
+ for (j = 0; j < 3; j++)
+ if (old_umask & (1 << (8 - (3*i + j))))
+ *cp++ = "rwx"[j];
+ *cp++ = ',';
+ }
+ cp[-1] = '\0';
+ shprintf("%s\n", buf);
+ } else
+ shprintf("%#3.3o\n", old_umask);
+ } else {
+ mode_t new_umask;
+
+ if (digit(*cp)) {
+ for (new_umask = 0; *cp >= '0' && *cp <= '7'; cp++)
+ new_umask = new_umask * 8 + (*cp - '0');
+ if (*cp) {
+ bi_errorf("bad number");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ } else {
+ /* symbolic format */
+ int positions, new_val;
+ char op;
+
+ old_umask = umask(0);
+ umask(old_umask); /* in case of error */
+ old_umask = ~old_umask;
+ new_umask = old_umask;
+ positions = 0;
+ while (*cp) {
+ while (*cp && strchr("augo", *cp))
+ switch (*cp++) {
+ case 'a':
+ positions |= 0111;
+ break;
+ case 'u':
+ positions |= 0100;
+ break;
+ case 'g':
+ positions |= 0010;
+ break;
+ case 'o':
+ positions |= 0001;
+ break;
+ }
+ if (!positions)
+ positions = 0111; /* default is a */
+ if (!strchr("=+-", op = *cp))
+ break;
+ cp++;
+ new_val = 0;
+ while (*cp && strchr("rwxugoXs", *cp))
+ switch (*cp++) {
+ case 'r': new_val |= 04; break;
+ case 'w': new_val |= 02; break;
+ case 'x': new_val |= 01; break;
+ case 'u': new_val |= old_umask >> 6;
+ break;
+ case 'g': new_val |= old_umask >> 3;
+ break;
+ case 'o': new_val |= old_umask >> 0;
+ break;
+ case 'X': if (old_umask & 0111)
+ new_val |= 01;
+ break;
+ case 's': /* ignored */
+ break;
+ }
+ new_val = (new_val & 07) * positions;
+ switch (op) {
+ case '-':
+ new_umask &= ~new_val;
+ break;
+ case '=':
+ new_umask = new_val |
+ (new_umask & ~(positions * 07));
+ break;
+ case '+':
+ new_umask |= new_val;
+ }
+ if (*cp == ',') {
+ positions = 0;
+ cp++;
+ } else if (!strchr("=+-", *cp))
+ break;
+ }
+ if (*cp) {
+ bi_errorf("bad mask");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ new_umask = ~new_umask;
+ }
+ umask(new_umask);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+c_dot(char **wp)
+{
+ char *file, *cp;
+ char **argv;
+ int argc;
+ int i;
+ int err;
+
+ if (ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, null) == '?')
+ return 1;
+
+ if ((cp = wp[builtin_opt.optind]) == NULL)
+ return 0;
+ file = search(cp, path, R_OK, &err);
+ if (file == NULL) {
+ bi_errorf("%s: %s", cp, err ? strerror(err) : "not found");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Set positional parameters? */
+ if (wp[builtin_opt.optind + 1]) {
+ argv = wp + builtin_opt.optind;
+ argv[0] = genv->loc->argv[0]; /* preserve $0 */
+ for (argc = 0; argv[argc + 1]; argc++)
+ ;
+ } else {
+ argc = 0;
+ argv = NULL;
+ }
+ i = include(file, argc, argv, 0);
+ if (i < 0) { /* should not happen */
+ bi_errorf("%s: %s", cp, strerror(errno));
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return i;
+}
+
+int
+c_wait(char **wp)
+{
+ int rv = 0;
+ int sig;
+
+ if (ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, null) == '?')
+ return 1;
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+ if (*wp == NULL) {
+ while (waitfor(NULL, &sig) >= 0)
+ ;
+ rv = sig;
+ } else {
+ for (; *wp; wp++)
+ rv = waitfor(*wp, &sig);
+ if (rv < 0)
+ rv = sig ? sig : 127; /* magic exit code: bad job-id */
+ }
+ return rv;
+}
+
+int
+c_read(char **wp)
+{
+ int c = 0;
+ int expand = 1, history = 0;
+ int expanding;
+ int ecode = 0;
+ char *cp;
+ int fd = 0;
+ struct shf *shf;
+ int optc;
+ const char *emsg;
+ XString cs, xs;
+ struct tbl *vp;
+ char *xp = NULL;
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, "prsu,")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'p':
+ if ((fd = coproc_getfd(R_OK, &emsg)) < 0) {
+ bi_errorf("-p: %s", emsg);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ break;
+ case 'r':
+ expand = 0;
+ break;
+ case 's':
+ history = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'u':
+ if (!*(cp = builtin_opt.optarg))
+ fd = 0;
+ else if ((fd = check_fd(cp, R_OK, &emsg)) < 0) {
+ bi_errorf("-u: %s: %s", cp, emsg);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+ if (*wp == NULL)
+ *--wp = "REPLY";
+
+ /* Since we can't necessarily seek backwards on non-regular files,
+ * don't buffer them so we can't read too much.
+ */
+ shf = shf_reopen(fd, SHF_RD | SHF_INTERRUPT | can_seek(fd), shl_spare);
+
+ if ((cp = strchr(*wp, '?')) != NULL) {
+ *cp = 0;
+ if (isatty(fd)) {
+ /* at&t ksh says it prints prompt on fd if it's open
+ * for writing and is a tty, but it doesn't do it
+ * (it also doesn't check the interactive flag,
+ * as is indicated in the Kornshell book).
+ */
+ shellf("%s", cp+1);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* If we are reading from the co-process for the first time,
+ * make sure the other side of the pipe is closed first. This allows
+ * the detection of eof.
+ *
+ * This is not compatible with at&t ksh... the fd is kept so another
+ * coproc can be started with same output, however, this means eof
+ * can't be detected... This is why it is closed here.
+ * If this call is removed, remove the eof check below, too.
+ * coproc_readw_close(fd);
+ */
+
+ if (history)
+ Xinit(xs, xp, 128, ATEMP);
+ expanding = 0;
+ Xinit(cs, cp, 128, ATEMP);
+ for (; *wp != NULL; wp++) {
+ for (cp = Xstring(cs, cp); ; ) {
+ if (c == '\n' || c == EOF)
+ break;
+ while (1) {
+ c = shf_getc(shf);
+ if (c == '\0')
+ continue;
+ if (c == EOF && shf_error(shf) &&
+ shf->errno_ == EINTR) {
+ /* Was the offending signal one that
+ * would normally kill a process?
+ * If so, pretend the read was killed.
+ */
+ ecode = fatal_trap_check();
+
+ /* non fatal (eg, CHLD), carry on */
+ if (!ecode) {
+ shf_clearerr(shf);
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ if (history) {
+ Xcheck(xs, xp);
+ Xput(xs, xp, c);
+ }
+ Xcheck(cs, cp);
+ if (expanding) {
+ expanding = 0;
+ if (c == '\n') {
+ c = 0;
+ if (Flag(FTALKING_I) && isatty(fd)) {
+ /* set prompt in case this is
+ * called from .profile or $ENV
+ */
+ set_prompt(PS2, NULL);
+ pprompt(prompt, 0);
+ }
+ } else if (c != EOF)
+ Xput(cs, cp, c);
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (expand && c == '\\') {
+ expanding = 1;
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (c == '\n' || c == EOF)
+ break;
+ if (ctype(c, C_IFS)) {
+ if (Xlength(cs, cp) == 0 && ctype(c, C_IFSWS))
+ continue;
+ if (wp[1])
+ break;
+ }
+ Xput(cs, cp, c);
+ }
+ /* strip trailing IFS white space from last variable */
+ if (!wp[1])
+ while (Xlength(cs, cp) && ctype(cp[-1], C_IFS) &&
+ ctype(cp[-1], C_IFSWS))
+ cp--;
+ Xput(cs, cp, '\0');
+ vp = global(*wp);
+ /* Must be done before setting export. */
+ if (vp->flag & RDONLY) {
+ shf_flush(shf);
+ bi_errorf("%s is read only", *wp);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (Flag(FEXPORT))
+ typeset(*wp, EXPORT, 0, 0, 0);
+ if (!setstr(vp, Xstring(cs, cp), KSH_RETURN_ERROR)) {
+ shf_flush(shf);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ shf_flush(shf);
+ if (history) {
+ Xput(xs, xp, '\0');
+ source->line++;
+ histsave(source->line, Xstring(xs, xp), 1);
+ Xfree(xs, xp);
+ }
+ /* if this is the co-process fd, close the file descriptor
+ * (can get eof if and only if all processes are have died, ie,
+ * coproc.njobs is 0 and the pipe is closed).
+ */
+ if (c == EOF && !ecode)
+ coproc_read_close(fd);
+
+ return ecode ? ecode : c == EOF;
+}
+
+int
+c_eval(char **wp)
+{
+ struct source *s;
+ int rv;
+
+ if (ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, null) == '?')
+ return 1;
+ s = pushs(SWORDS, ATEMP);
+ s->u.strv = wp + builtin_opt.optind;
+ if (!Flag(FPOSIX)) {
+ /*
+ * Handle case where the command is empty due to failed
+ * command substitution, eg, eval "$(false)".
+ * In this case, shell() will not set/change exstat (because
+ * compiled tree is empty), so will use this value.
+ * subst_exstat is cleared in execute(), so should be 0 if
+ * there were no substitutions.
+ *
+ * A strict reading of POSIX says we don't do this (though
+ * it is traditionally done). [from 1003.2-1992]
+ * 3.9.1: Simple Commands
+ * ... If there is a command name, execution shall
+ * continue as described in 3.9.1.1. If there
+ * is no command name, but the command contained a command
+ * substitution, the command shall complete with the exit
+ * status of the last command substitution
+ * 3.9.1.1: Command Search and Execution
+ * ...(1)...(a) If the command name matches the name of
+ * a special built-in utility, that special built-in
+ * utility shall be invoked.
+ * 3.14.5: Eval
+ * ... If there are no arguments, or only null arguments,
+ * eval shall return an exit status of zero.
+ */
+ exstat = subst_exstat;
+ }
+
+ rv = shell(s, false);
+ afree(s, ATEMP);
+ return (rv);
+}
+
+int
+c_trap(char **wp)
+{
+ int i;
+ char *s;
+ Trap *p;
+
+ if (ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, null) == '?')
+ return 1;
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+ if (*wp == NULL) {
+ for (p = sigtraps, i = NSIG+1; --i >= 0; p++) {
+ if (p->trap != NULL) {
+ shprintf("trap -- ");
+ print_value_quoted(p->trap);
+ shprintf(" %s\n", p->name);
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Use case sensitive lookup for first arg so the
+ * command 'exit' isn't confused with the pseudo-signal
+ * 'EXIT'.
+ */
+ s = (gettrap(*wp, false) == NULL) ? *wp++ : NULL; /* get command */
+ if (s != NULL && s[0] == '-' && s[1] == '\0')
+ s = NULL;
+
+ /* set/clear traps */
+ while (*wp != NULL) {
+ p = gettrap(*wp++, true);
+ if (p == NULL) {
+ bi_errorf("bad signal %s", wp[-1]);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ settrap(p, s);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+c_exitreturn(char **wp)
+{
+ int how = LEXIT;
+ int n;
+ char *arg;
+
+ if (ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, null) == '?')
+ return 1;
+ arg = wp[builtin_opt.optind];
+
+ if (arg) {
+ if (!getn(arg, &n)) {
+ exstat = 1;
+ warningf(true, "%s: bad number", arg);
+ } else
+ exstat = n;
+ }
+ if (wp[0][0] == 'r') { /* return */
+ struct env *ep;
+
+ /* need to tell if this is exit or return so trap exit will
+ * work right (POSIX)
+ */
+ for (ep = genv; ep; ep = ep->oenv)
+ if (STOP_RETURN(ep->type)) {
+ how = LRETURN;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (how == LEXIT && !really_exit && j_stopped_running()) {
+ really_exit = 1;
+ how = LSHELL;
+ }
+
+ quitenv(NULL); /* get rid of any i/o redirections */
+ unwind(how);
+ /* NOTREACHED */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+c_brkcont(char **wp)
+{
+ int n, quit;
+ struct env *ep, *last_ep = NULL;
+ char *arg;
+
+ if (ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, null) == '?')
+ return 1;
+ arg = wp[builtin_opt.optind];
+
+ if (!arg)
+ n = 1;
+ else if (!bi_getn(arg, &n))
+ return 1;
+ quit = n;
+ if (quit <= 0) {
+ /* at&t ksh does this for non-interactive shells only - weird */
+ bi_errorf("%s: bad value", arg);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Stop at E_NONE, E_PARSE, E_FUNC, or E_INCL */
+ for (ep = genv; ep && !STOP_BRKCONT(ep->type); ep = ep->oenv)
+ if (ep->type == E_LOOP) {
+ if (--quit == 0)
+ break;
+ ep->flags |= EF_BRKCONT_PASS;
+ last_ep = ep;
+ }
+
+ if (quit) {
+ /* at&t ksh doesn't print a message - just does what it
+ * can. We print a message 'cause it helps in debugging
+ * scripts, but don't generate an error (ie, keep going).
+ */
+ if (n == quit) {
+ warningf(true, "%s: cannot %s", wp[0], wp[0]);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ /* POSIX says if n is too big, the last enclosing loop
+ * shall be used. Doesn't say to print an error but we
+ * do anyway 'cause the user messed up.
+ */
+ if (last_ep)
+ last_ep->flags &= ~EF_BRKCONT_PASS;
+ warningf(true, "%s: can only %s %d level(s)",
+ wp[0], wp[0], n - quit);
+ }
+
+ unwind(*wp[0] == 'b' ? LBREAK : LCONTIN);
+ /* NOTREACHED */
+}
+
+int
+c_set(char **wp)
+{
+ int argi, setargs;
+ struct block *l = genv->loc;
+ char **owp = wp;
+
+ if (wp[1] == NULL) {
+ static const char *const args [] = { "set", "-", NULL };
+ return c_typeset((char **) args);
+ }
+
+ argi = parse_args(wp, OF_SET, &setargs);
+ if (argi < 0)
+ return 1;
+ /* set $# and $* */
+ if (setargs) {
+ owp = wp += argi - 1;
+ wp[0] = l->argv[0]; /* save $0 */
+ while (*++wp != NULL)
+ *wp = str_save(*wp, &l->area);
+ l->argc = wp - owp - 1;
+ l->argv = areallocarray(NULL, l->argc+2, sizeof(char *), &l->area);
+ for (wp = l->argv; (*wp++ = *owp++) != NULL; )
+ ;
+ }
+ /* POSIX says set exit status is 0, but old scripts that use
+ * getopt(1), use the construct: set -- `getopt ab:c "$@"`
+ * which assumes the exit value set will be that of the ``
+ * (subst_exstat is cleared in execute() so that it will be 0
+ * if there are no command substitutions).
+ */
+ return Flag(FPOSIX) ? 0 : subst_exstat;
+}
+
+int
+c_unset(char **wp)
+{
+ char *id;
+ int optc, unset_var = 1;
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, "fv")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'f':
+ unset_var = 0;
+ break;
+ case 'v':
+ unset_var = 1;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+ for (; (id = *wp) != NULL; wp++)
+ if (unset_var) { /* unset variable */
+ struct tbl *vp = global(id);
+
+ if ((vp->flag&RDONLY)) {
+ bi_errorf("%s is read only", vp->name);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ unset(vp, strchr(id, '[') ? 1 : 0);
+ } else { /* unset function */
+ define(id, NULL);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void
+p_time(struct shf *shf, int posix, struct timeval *tv, int width, char *prefix,
+ char *suffix)
+{
+ if (posix)
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "%s%*lld.%02ld%s", prefix ? prefix : "",
+ width, (long long)tv->tv_sec, tv->tv_usec / 10000, suffix);
+ else
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "%s%*lldm%02lld.%02lds%s", prefix ? prefix : "",
+ width, (long long)tv->tv_sec / 60,
+ (long long)tv->tv_sec % 60,
+ tv->tv_usec / 10000, suffix);
+}
+
+int
+c_times(char **wp)
+{
+ struct rusage usage;
+
+ (void) getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &usage);
+ p_time(shl_stdout, 0, &usage.ru_utime, 0, NULL, " ");
+ p_time(shl_stdout, 0, &usage.ru_stime, 0, NULL, "\n");
+
+ (void) getrusage(RUSAGE_CHILDREN, &usage);
+ p_time(shl_stdout, 0, &usage.ru_utime, 0, NULL, " ");
+ p_time(shl_stdout, 0, &usage.ru_stime, 0, NULL, "\n");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * time pipeline (really a statement, not a built-in command)
+ */
+int
+timex(struct op *t, int f, volatile int *xerrok)
+{
+#define TF_NOARGS BIT(0)
+#define TF_NOREAL BIT(1) /* don't report real time */
+#define TF_POSIX BIT(2) /* report in posix format */
+ int rv = 0;
+ struct rusage ru0, ru1, cru0, cru1;
+ struct timeval usrtime, systime, tv0, tv1;
+ int tf = 0;
+ extern struct timeval j_usrtime, j_systime; /* computed by j_wait */
+
+ gettimeofday(&tv0, NULL);
+ getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &ru0);
+ getrusage(RUSAGE_CHILDREN, &cru0);
+ if (t->left) {
+ /*
+ * Two ways of getting cpu usage of a command: just use t0
+ * and t1 (which will get cpu usage from other jobs that
+ * finish while we are executing t->left), or get the
+ * cpu usage of t->left. at&t ksh does the former, while
+ * pdksh tries to do the later (the j_usrtime hack doesn't
+ * really work as it only counts the last job).
+ */
+ timerclear(&j_usrtime);
+ timerclear(&j_systime);
+ rv = execute(t->left, f | XTIME, xerrok);
+ if (t->left->type == TCOM)
+ tf |= t->left->str[0];
+ gettimeofday(&tv1, NULL);
+ getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &ru1);
+ getrusage(RUSAGE_CHILDREN, &cru1);
+ } else
+ tf = TF_NOARGS;
+
+ if (tf & TF_NOARGS) { /* ksh93 - report shell times (shell+kids) */
+ tf |= TF_NOREAL;
+ timeradd(&ru0.ru_utime, &cru0.ru_utime, &usrtime);
+ timeradd(&ru0.ru_stime, &cru0.ru_stime, &systime);
+ } else {
+ timersub(&ru1.ru_utime, &ru0.ru_utime, &usrtime);
+ timeradd(&usrtime, &j_usrtime, &usrtime);
+ timersub(&ru1.ru_stime, &ru0.ru_stime, &systime);
+ timeradd(&systime, &j_systime, &systime);
+ }
+
+ if (!(tf & TF_NOREAL)) {
+ timersub(&tv1, &tv0, &tv1);
+ if (tf & TF_POSIX)
+ p_time(shl_out, 1, &tv1, 5, "real ", "\n");
+ else
+ p_time(shl_out, 0, &tv1, 5, NULL, " real ");
+ }
+ if (tf & TF_POSIX)
+ p_time(shl_out, 1, &usrtime, 5, "user ", "\n");
+ else
+ p_time(shl_out, 0, &usrtime, 5, NULL, " user ");
+ if (tf & TF_POSIX)
+ p_time(shl_out, 1, &systime, 5, "sys ", "\n");
+ else
+ p_time(shl_out, 0, &systime, 5, NULL, " system\n");
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+
+ return rv;
+}
+
+void
+timex_hook(struct op *t, char **volatile *app)
+{
+ char **wp = *app;
+ int optc;
+ int i, j;
+ Getopt opt;
+
+ ksh_getopt_reset(&opt, 0);
+ opt.optind = 0; /* start at the start */
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &opt, ":p")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'p':
+ t->str[0] |= TF_POSIX;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ errorf("time: -%s unknown option", opt.optarg);
+ case ':':
+ errorf("time: -%s requires an argument",
+ opt.optarg);
+ }
+ /* Copy command words down over options. */
+ if (opt.optind != 0) {
+ for (i = 0; i < opt.optind; i++)
+ afree(wp[i], ATEMP);
+ for (i = 0, j = opt.optind; (wp[i] = wp[j]); i++, j++)
+ ;
+ }
+ if (!wp[0])
+ t->str[0] |= TF_NOARGS;
+ *app = wp;
+}
+
+/* exec with no args - args case is taken care of in comexec() */
+int
+c_exec(char **wp)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ /* make sure redirects stay in place */
+ if (genv->savefd != NULL) {
+ for (i = 0; i < NUFILE; i++) {
+ if (genv->savefd[i] > 0)
+ close(genv->savefd[i]);
+ /*
+ * For ksh keep anything > 2 private,
+ * for sh, let them be (POSIX says what
+ * happens is unspecified and the bourne shell
+ * keeps them open).
+ */
+ if (!Flag(FSH) && i > 2 && genv->savefd[i])
+ fcntl(i, F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC);
+ }
+ genv->savefd = NULL;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+c_suspend(char **wp)
+{
+ if (wp[1] != NULL) {
+ bi_errorf("too many arguments");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (Flag(FLOGIN)) {
+ /* Can't suspend an orphaned process group. */
+ pid_t parent = getppid();
+ if (getpgid(parent) == getpgid(0) ||
+ getsid(parent) != getsid(0)) {
+ bi_errorf("can't suspend a login shell");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ j_suspend();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* dummy function, special case in comexec() */
+int
+c_builtin(char **wp)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+extern int c_test(char **wp); /* in c_test.c */
+extern int c_ulimit(char **wp); /* in c_ulimit.c */
+
+/* A leading = means assignments before command are kept;
+ * a leading * means a POSIX special builtin;
+ * a leading + means a POSIX regular builtin
+ * (* and + should not be combined).
+ */
+const struct builtin shbuiltins [] = {
+ {"*=.", c_dot},
+ {"*=:", c_label},
+ {"[", c_test},
+ {"*=break", c_brkcont},
+ {"=builtin", c_builtin},
+ {"*=continue", c_brkcont},
+ {"*=eval", c_eval},
+ {"*=exec", c_exec},
+ {"*=exit", c_exitreturn},
+ {"+false", c_label},
+ {"*=return", c_exitreturn},
+ {"*=set", c_set},
+ {"*=shift", c_shift},
+ {"*=times", c_times},
+ {"*=trap", c_trap},
+ {"+=wait", c_wait},
+ {"+read", c_read},
+ {"test", c_test},
+ {"+true", c_label},
+ {"ulimit", c_ulimit},
+ {"+umask", c_umask},
+ {"*=unset", c_unset},
+ {"suspend", c_suspend},
+ {NULL, NULL}
+};
diff --git a/bin/ksh/c_test.c b/bin/ksh/c_test.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b48e4c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/c_test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,564 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: c_test.c,v 1.23 2015/12/14 13:59:42 tb Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * test(1); version 7-like -- author Erik Baalbergen
+ * modified by Eric Gisin to be used as built-in.
+ * modified by Arnold Robbins to add SVR3 compatibility
+ * (-x -c -b -p -u -g -k) plus Korn's -L -nt -ot -ef and new -S (socket).
+ * modified by Michael Rendell to add Korn's [[ .. ]] expressions.
+ * modified by J.T. Conklin to add POSIX compatibility.
+ */
+
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+#include "c_test.h"
+
+/* test(1) accepts the following grammar:
+ oexpr ::= aexpr | aexpr "-o" oexpr ;
+ aexpr ::= nexpr | nexpr "-a" aexpr ;
+ nexpr ::= primary | "!" nexpr ;
+ primary ::= unary-operator operand
+ | operand binary-operator operand
+ | operand
+ | "(" oexpr ")"
+ ;
+
+ unary-operator ::= "-a"|"-r"|"-w"|"-x"|"-e"|"-f"|"-d"|"-c"|"-b"|"-p"|
+ "-u"|"-g"|"-k"|"-s"|"-t"|"-z"|"-n"|"-o"|"-O"|"-G"|
+ "-L"|"-h"|"-S"|"-H";
+
+ binary-operator ::= "="|"=="|"!="|"-eq"|"-ne"|"-ge"|"-gt"|"-le"|"-lt"|
+ "-nt"|"-ot"|"-ef"|
+ "<"|">" # rules used for [[ .. ]] expressions
+ ;
+ operand ::= <any thing>
+*/
+
+#define T_ERR_EXIT 2 /* POSIX says > 1 for errors */
+
+struct t_op {
+ char op_text[4];
+ Test_op op_num;
+};
+static const struct t_op u_ops [] = {
+ {"-a", TO_FILAXST },
+ {"-b", TO_FILBDEV },
+ {"-c", TO_FILCDEV },
+ {"-d", TO_FILID },
+ {"-e", TO_FILEXST },
+ {"-f", TO_FILREG },
+ {"-G", TO_FILGID },
+ {"-g", TO_FILSETG },
+ {"-h", TO_FILSYM },
+ {"-H", TO_FILCDF },
+ {"-k", TO_FILSTCK },
+ {"-L", TO_FILSYM },
+ {"-n", TO_STNZE },
+ {"-O", TO_FILUID },
+ {"-o", TO_OPTION },
+ {"-p", TO_FILFIFO },
+ {"-r", TO_FILRD },
+ {"-s", TO_FILGZ },
+ {"-S", TO_FILSOCK },
+ {"-t", TO_FILTT },
+ {"-u", TO_FILSETU },
+ {"-w", TO_FILWR },
+ {"-x", TO_FILEX },
+ {"-z", TO_STZER },
+ {"", TO_NONOP }
+};
+static const struct t_op b_ops [] = {
+ {"=", TO_STEQL },
+ {"==", TO_STEQL },
+ {"!=", TO_STNEQ },
+ {"<", TO_STLT },
+ {">", TO_STGT },
+ {"-eq", TO_INTEQ },
+ {"-ne", TO_INTNE },
+ {"-gt", TO_INTGT },
+ {"-ge", TO_INTGE },
+ {"-lt", TO_INTLT },
+ {"-le", TO_INTLE },
+ {"-ef", TO_FILEQ },
+ {"-nt", TO_FILNT },
+ {"-ot", TO_FILOT },
+ {"", TO_NONOP }
+};
+
+static int test_stat(const char *, struct stat *);
+static int test_eaccess(const char *, int);
+static int test_oexpr(Test_env *, int);
+static int test_aexpr(Test_env *, int);
+static int test_nexpr(Test_env *, int);
+static int test_primary(Test_env *, int);
+static int ptest_isa(Test_env *, Test_meta);
+static const char *ptest_getopnd(Test_env *, Test_op, int);
+static int ptest_eval(Test_env *, Test_op, const char *,
+ const char *, int);
+static void ptest_error(Test_env *, int, const char *);
+
+int
+c_test(char **wp)
+{
+ int argc;
+ int res;
+ Test_env te;
+
+ te.flags = 0;
+ te.isa = ptest_isa;
+ te.getopnd = ptest_getopnd;
+ te.eval = ptest_eval;
+ te.error = ptest_error;
+
+ for (argc = 0; wp[argc]; argc++)
+ ;
+
+ if (strcmp(wp[0], "[") == 0) {
+ if (strcmp(wp[--argc], "]") != 0) {
+ bi_errorf("missing ]");
+ return T_ERR_EXIT;
+ }
+ }
+
+ te.pos.wp = wp + 1;
+ te.wp_end = wp + argc;
+
+ /*
+ * Handle the special cases from POSIX.2, section 4.62.4.
+ * Implementation of all the rules isn't necessary since
+ * our parser does the right thing for the omitted steps.
+ */
+ if (argc <= 5) {
+ char **owp = wp;
+ int invert = 0;
+ Test_op op;
+ const char *opnd1, *opnd2;
+
+ while (--argc >= 0) {
+ if ((*te.isa)(&te, TM_END))
+ return !0;
+ if (argc == 3) {
+ opnd1 = (*te.getopnd)(&te, TO_NONOP, 1);
+ if ((op = (Test_op) (*te.isa)(&te, TM_BINOP))) {
+ opnd2 = (*te.getopnd)(&te, op, 1);
+ res = (*te.eval)(&te, op, opnd1,
+ opnd2, 1);
+ if (te.flags & TEF_ERROR)
+ return T_ERR_EXIT;
+ if (invert & 1)
+ res = !res;
+ return !res;
+ }
+ /* back up to opnd1 */
+ te.pos.wp--;
+ }
+ if (argc == 1) {
+ opnd1 = (*te.getopnd)(&te, TO_NONOP, 1);
+ /* Historically, -t by itself test if fd 1
+ * is a file descriptor, but POSIX says its
+ * a string test...
+ */
+ if (!Flag(FPOSIX) && strcmp(opnd1, "-t") == 0)
+ break;
+ res = (*te.eval)(&te, TO_STNZE, opnd1,
+ NULL, 1);
+ if (invert & 1)
+ res = !res;
+ return !res;
+ }
+ if ((*te.isa)(&te, TM_NOT)) {
+ invert++;
+ } else
+ break;
+ }
+ te.pos.wp = owp + 1;
+ }
+
+ return test_parse(&te);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generic test routines.
+ */
+
+Test_op
+test_isop(Test_env *te, Test_meta meta, const char *s)
+{
+ char sc1;
+ const struct t_op *otab;
+
+ otab = meta == TM_UNOP ? u_ops : b_ops;
+ if (*s) {
+ sc1 = s[1];
+ for (; otab->op_text[0]; otab++)
+ if (sc1 == otab->op_text[1] &&
+ strcmp(s, otab->op_text) == 0 &&
+ ((te->flags & TEF_DBRACKET) ||
+ (otab->op_num != TO_STLT && otab->op_num != TO_STGT)))
+ return otab->op_num;
+ }
+ return TO_NONOP;
+}
+
+int
+test_eval(Test_env *te, Test_op op, const char *opnd1, const char *opnd2,
+ int do_eval)
+{
+ int res;
+ int not;
+ struct stat b1, b2;
+
+ if (!do_eval)
+ return 0;
+
+ switch ((int) op) {
+ /*
+ * Unary Operators
+ */
+ case TO_STNZE: /* -n */
+ return *opnd1 != '\0';
+ case TO_STZER: /* -z */
+ return *opnd1 == '\0';
+ case TO_OPTION: /* -o */
+ if ((not = *opnd1 == '!'))
+ opnd1++;
+ if ((res = option(opnd1)) < 0)
+ res = 0;
+ else {
+ res = Flag(res);
+ if (not)
+ res = !res;
+ }
+ return res;
+ case TO_FILRD: /* -r */
+ return test_eaccess(opnd1, R_OK) == 0;
+ case TO_FILWR: /* -w */
+ return test_eaccess(opnd1, W_OK) == 0;
+ case TO_FILEX: /* -x */
+ return test_eaccess(opnd1, X_OK) == 0;
+ case TO_FILAXST: /* -a */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0;
+ case TO_FILEXST: /* -e */
+ /* at&t ksh does not appear to do the /dev/fd/ thing for
+ * this (unless the os itself handles it)
+ */
+ return stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0;
+ case TO_FILREG: /* -r */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 && S_ISREG(b1.st_mode);
+ case TO_FILID: /* -d */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 && S_ISDIR(b1.st_mode);
+ case TO_FILCDEV: /* -c */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 && S_ISCHR(b1.st_mode);
+ case TO_FILBDEV: /* -b */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 && S_ISBLK(b1.st_mode);
+ case TO_FILFIFO: /* -p */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 && S_ISFIFO(b1.st_mode);
+ case TO_FILSYM: /* -h -L */
+ return lstat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 && S_ISLNK(b1.st_mode);
+ case TO_FILSOCK: /* -S */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 && S_ISSOCK(b1.st_mode);
+ case TO_FILCDF:/* -H HP context dependent files (directories) */
+ return 0;
+ case TO_FILSETU: /* -u */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 &&
+ (b1.st_mode & S_ISUID) == S_ISUID;
+ case TO_FILSETG: /* -g */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 &&
+ (b1.st_mode & S_ISGID) == S_ISGID;
+ case TO_FILSTCK: /* -k */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 &&
+ (b1.st_mode & S_ISVTX) == S_ISVTX;
+ case TO_FILGZ: /* -s */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 && b1.st_size > 0L;
+ case TO_FILTT: /* -t */
+ if (opnd1 && !bi_getn(opnd1, &res)) {
+ te->flags |= TEF_ERROR;
+ res = 0;
+ } else {
+ /* generate error if in FPOSIX mode? */
+ res = isatty(opnd1 ? res : 0);
+ }
+ return res;
+ case TO_FILUID: /* -O */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 && b1.st_uid == ksheuid;
+ case TO_FILGID: /* -G */
+ return test_stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 && b1.st_gid == getegid();
+ /*
+ * Binary Operators
+ */
+ case TO_STEQL: /* = */
+ if (te->flags & TEF_DBRACKET)
+ return gmatch(opnd1, opnd2, false);
+ return strcmp(opnd1, opnd2) == 0;
+ case TO_STNEQ: /* != */
+ if (te->flags & TEF_DBRACKET)
+ return !gmatch(opnd1, opnd2, false);
+ return strcmp(opnd1, opnd2) != 0;
+ case TO_STLT: /* < */
+ return strcmp(opnd1, opnd2) < 0;
+ case TO_STGT: /* > */
+ return strcmp(opnd1, opnd2) > 0;
+ case TO_INTEQ: /* -eq */
+ case TO_INTNE: /* -ne */
+ case TO_INTGE: /* -ge */
+ case TO_INTGT: /* -gt */
+ case TO_INTLE: /* -le */
+ case TO_INTLT: /* -lt */
+ {
+ long v1, v2;
+
+ if (!evaluate(opnd1, &v1, KSH_RETURN_ERROR, false) ||
+ !evaluate(opnd2, &v2, KSH_RETURN_ERROR, false)) {
+ /* error already printed.. */
+ te->flags |= TEF_ERROR;
+ return 1;
+ }
+ switch ((int) op) {
+ case TO_INTEQ:
+ return v1 == v2;
+ case TO_INTNE:
+ return v1 != v2;
+ case TO_INTGE:
+ return v1 >= v2;
+ case TO_INTGT:
+ return v1 > v2;
+ case TO_INTLE:
+ return v1 <= v2;
+ case TO_INTLT:
+ return v1 < v2;
+ }
+ }
+ case TO_FILNT: /* -nt */
+ {
+ int s2;
+ /* ksh88/ksh93 succeed if file2 can't be stated
+ * (subtly different from `does not exist').
+ */
+ return stat(opnd1, &b1) == 0 &&
+ (((s2 = stat(opnd2, &b2)) == 0 &&
+ b1.st_mtime > b2.st_mtime) || s2 < 0);
+ }
+ case TO_FILOT: /* -ot */
+ {
+ int s1;
+ /* ksh88/ksh93 succeed if file1 can't be stated
+ * (subtly different from `does not exist').
+ */
+ return stat(opnd2, &b2) == 0 &&
+ (((s1 = stat(opnd1, &b1)) == 0 &&
+ b1.st_mtime < b2.st_mtime) || s1 < 0);
+ }
+ case TO_FILEQ: /* -ef */
+ return stat (opnd1, &b1) == 0 && stat (opnd2, &b2) == 0 &&
+ b1.st_dev == b2.st_dev && b1.st_ino == b2.st_ino;
+ }
+ (*te->error)(te, 0, "internal error: unknown op");
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/* Nasty kludge to handle Korn's bizarre /dev/fd hack */
+static int
+test_stat(const char *path, struct stat *statb)
+{
+ return stat(path, statb);
+}
+
+/* Routine to handle Korn's /dev/fd hack, and to deal with X_OK on
+ * non-directories when running as root.
+ */
+static int
+test_eaccess(const char *path, int mode)
+{
+ int res;
+
+ res = access(path, mode);
+ /*
+ * On most (all?) unixes, access() says everything is executable for
+ * root - avoid this on files by using stat().
+ */
+ if (res == 0 && ksheuid == 0 && (mode & X_OK)) {
+ struct stat statb;
+
+ if (stat(path, &statb) < 0)
+ res = -1;
+ else if (S_ISDIR(statb.st_mode))
+ res = 0;
+ else
+ res = (statb.st_mode & (S_IXUSR|S_IXGRP|S_IXOTH)) ?
+ 0 : -1;
+ }
+
+ return res;
+}
+
+int
+test_parse(Test_env *te)
+{
+ int res;
+
+ res = test_oexpr(te, 1);
+
+ if (!(te->flags & TEF_ERROR) && !(*te->isa)(te, TM_END))
+ (*te->error)(te, 0, "unexpected operator/operand");
+
+ return (te->flags & TEF_ERROR) ? T_ERR_EXIT : !res;
+}
+
+static int
+test_oexpr(Test_env *te, int do_eval)
+{
+ int res;
+
+ res = test_aexpr(te, do_eval);
+ if (res)
+ do_eval = 0;
+ if (!(te->flags & TEF_ERROR) && (*te->isa)(te, TM_OR))
+ return test_oexpr(te, do_eval) || res;
+ return res;
+}
+
+static int
+test_aexpr(Test_env *te, int do_eval)
+{
+ int res;
+
+ res = test_nexpr(te, do_eval);
+ if (!res)
+ do_eval = 0;
+ if (!(te->flags & TEF_ERROR) && (*te->isa)(te, TM_AND))
+ return test_aexpr(te, do_eval) && res;
+ return res;
+}
+
+static int
+test_nexpr(Test_env *te, int do_eval)
+{
+ if (!(te->flags & TEF_ERROR) && (*te->isa)(te, TM_NOT))
+ return !test_nexpr(te, do_eval);
+ return test_primary(te, do_eval);
+}
+
+static int
+test_primary(Test_env *te, int do_eval)
+{
+ const char *opnd1, *opnd2;
+ int res;
+ Test_op op;
+
+ if (te->flags & TEF_ERROR)
+ return 0;
+ if ((*te->isa)(te, TM_OPAREN)) {
+ res = test_oexpr(te, do_eval);
+ if (te->flags & TEF_ERROR)
+ return 0;
+ if (!(*te->isa)(te, TM_CPAREN)) {
+ (*te->error)(te, 0, "missing closing paren");
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return res;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Binary should have precedence over unary in this case
+ * so that something like test \( -f = -f \) is accepted
+ */
+ if ((te->flags & TEF_DBRACKET) || (&te->pos.wp[1] < te->wp_end &&
+ !test_isop(te, TM_BINOP, te->pos.wp[1]))) {
+ if ((op = (Test_op) (*te->isa)(te, TM_UNOP))) {
+ /* unary expression */
+ opnd1 = (*te->getopnd)(te, op, do_eval);
+ if (!opnd1) {
+ (*te->error)(te, -1, "missing argument");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return (*te->eval)(te, op, opnd1, NULL,
+ do_eval);
+ }
+ }
+ opnd1 = (*te->getopnd)(te, TO_NONOP, do_eval);
+ if (!opnd1) {
+ (*te->error)(te, 0, "expression expected");
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if ((op = (Test_op) (*te->isa)(te, TM_BINOP))) {
+ /* binary expression */
+ opnd2 = (*te->getopnd)(te, op, do_eval);
+ if (!opnd2) {
+ (*te->error)(te, -1, "missing second argument");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return (*te->eval)(te, op, opnd1, opnd2, do_eval);
+ }
+ if (te->flags & TEF_DBRACKET) {
+ (*te->error)(te, -1, "missing expression operator");
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return (*te->eval)(te, TO_STNZE, opnd1, NULL, do_eval);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Plain test (test and [ .. ]) specific routines.
+ */
+
+/* Test if the current token is a whatever. Accepts the current token if
+ * it is. Returns 0 if it is not, non-zero if it is (in the case of
+ * TM_UNOP and TM_BINOP, the returned value is a Test_op).
+ */
+static int
+ptest_isa(Test_env *te, Test_meta meta)
+{
+ /* Order important - indexed by Test_meta values */
+ static const char *const tokens[] = {
+ "-o", "-a", "!", "(", ")"
+ };
+ int ret;
+
+ if (te->pos.wp >= te->wp_end)
+ return meta == TM_END;
+
+ if (meta == TM_UNOP || meta == TM_BINOP)
+ ret = (int) test_isop(te, meta, *te->pos.wp);
+ else if (meta == TM_END)
+ ret = 0;
+ else
+ ret = strcmp(*te->pos.wp, tokens[(int) meta]) == 0;
+
+ /* Accept the token? */
+ if (ret)
+ te->pos.wp++;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static const char *
+ptest_getopnd(Test_env *te, Test_op op, int do_eval)
+{
+ if (te->pos.wp >= te->wp_end)
+ return op == TO_FILTT ? "1" : NULL;
+ return *te->pos.wp++;
+}
+
+static int
+ptest_eval(Test_env *te, Test_op op, const char *opnd1, const char *opnd2,
+ int do_eval)
+{
+ return test_eval(te, op, opnd1, opnd2, do_eval);
+}
+
+static void
+ptest_error(Test_env *te, int offset, const char *msg)
+{
+ const char *op = te->pos.wp + offset >= te->wp_end ?
+ NULL : te->pos.wp[offset];
+
+ te->flags |= TEF_ERROR;
+ if (op)
+ bi_errorf("%s: %s", op, msg);
+ else
+ bi_errorf("%s", msg);
+}
diff --git a/bin/ksh/c_test.h b/bin/ksh/c_test.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8b569e0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/c_test.h
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: c_test.h,v 1.4 2004/12/20 11:34:26 otto Exp $ */
+
+/* Various types of operations. Keeping things grouped nicely
+ * (unary,binary) makes switch() statements more efficient.
+ */
+enum Test_op {
+ TO_NONOP = 0, /* non-operator */
+ /* unary operators */
+ TO_STNZE, TO_STZER, TO_OPTION,
+ TO_FILAXST,
+ TO_FILEXST,
+ TO_FILREG, TO_FILBDEV, TO_FILCDEV, TO_FILSYM, TO_FILFIFO, TO_FILSOCK,
+ TO_FILCDF, TO_FILID, TO_FILGID, TO_FILSETG, TO_FILSTCK, TO_FILUID,
+ TO_FILRD, TO_FILGZ, TO_FILTT, TO_FILSETU, TO_FILWR, TO_FILEX,
+ /* binary operators */
+ TO_STEQL, TO_STNEQ, TO_STLT, TO_STGT, TO_INTEQ, TO_INTNE, TO_INTGT,
+ TO_INTGE, TO_INTLT, TO_INTLE, TO_FILEQ, TO_FILNT, TO_FILOT
+};
+typedef enum Test_op Test_op;
+
+/* Used by Test_env.isa() (order important - used to index *_tokens[] arrays) */
+enum Test_meta {
+ TM_OR, /* -o or || */
+ TM_AND, /* -a or && */
+ TM_NOT, /* ! */
+ TM_OPAREN, /* ( */
+ TM_CPAREN, /* ) */
+ TM_UNOP, /* unary operator */
+ TM_BINOP, /* binary operator */
+ TM_END /* end of input */
+};
+typedef enum Test_meta Test_meta;
+
+#define TEF_ERROR BIT(0) /* set if we've hit an error */
+#define TEF_DBRACKET BIT(1) /* set if [[ .. ]] test */
+
+typedef struct test_env Test_env;
+struct test_env {
+ int flags; /* TEF_* */
+ union {
+ char **wp; /* used by ptest_* */
+ XPtrV *av; /* used by dbtestp_* */
+ } pos;
+ char **wp_end; /* used by ptest_* */
+ int (*isa)(Test_env *, Test_meta);
+ const char *(*getopnd) (Test_env *, Test_op, int);
+ int (*eval)(Test_env *, Test_op, const char *, const char *, int);
+ void (*error)(Test_env *, int, const char *);
+};
+
+Test_op test_isop(Test_env *, Test_meta, const char *);
+int test_eval(Test_env *, Test_op, const char *, const char *, int);
+int test_parse(Test_env *);
diff --git a/bin/ksh/c_ulimit.c b/bin/ksh/c_ulimit.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e44c480
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/c_ulimit.c
@@ -0,0 +1,206 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: c_ulimit.c,v 1.24 2015/12/14 13:59:42 tb Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ ulimit -- handle "ulimit" builtin
+
+ Reworked to use getrusage() and ulimit() at once (as needed on
+ some schizophrenic systems, eg, HP-UX 9.01), made argument parsing
+ conform to at&t ksh, added autoconf support. Michael Rendell, May, '94
+
+ Eric Gisin, September 1988
+ Adapted to PD KornShell. Removed AT&T code.
+
+ last edit: 06-Jun-1987 D A Gwyn
+
+ This started out as the BRL UNIX System V system call emulation
+ for 4.nBSD, and was later extended by Doug Kingston to handle
+ the extended 4.nBSD resource limits. It now includes the code
+ that was originally under case SYSULIMIT in source file "xec.c".
+*/
+
+#include <sys/resource.h>
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+
+#define SOFT 0x1
+#define HARD 0x2
+
+struct limits {
+ const char *name;
+ int resource; /* resource to get/set */
+ int factor; /* multiply by to get rlim_{cur,max} values */
+ char option; /* option character (-d, -f, ...) */
+};
+
+static void print_ulimit(const struct limits *, int);
+static int set_ulimit(const struct limits *, const char *, int);
+
+int
+c_ulimit(char **wp)
+{
+ static const struct limits limits[] = {
+ /* Do not use options -H, -S or -a or change the order. */
+ { "time(cpu-seconds)", RLIMIT_CPU, 1, 't' },
+ { "file(blocks)", RLIMIT_FSIZE, 512, 'f' },
+ { "coredump(blocks)", RLIMIT_CORE, 512, 'c' },
+ { "data(kbytes)", RLIMIT_DATA, 1024, 'd' },
+ { "stack(kbytes)", RLIMIT_STACK, 1024, 's' },
+ { "lockedmem(kbytes)", RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, 1024, 'l' },
+ { "memory(kbytes)", RLIMIT_RSS, 1024, 'm' },
+ { "nofiles(descriptors)", RLIMIT_NOFILE, 1, 'n' },
+ { "processes", RLIMIT_NPROC, 1, 'p' },
+#ifdef RLIMIT_VMEM
+ { "vmemory(kbytes)", RLIMIT_VMEM, 1024, 'v' },
+#endif /* RLIMIT_VMEM */
+ { NULL }
+ };
+ static char options[4 + NELEM(limits) * 2];
+ int how = SOFT | HARD;
+ const struct limits *l;
+ int optc, all = 0;
+
+ if (!options[0]) {
+ /* build options string on first call - yuck */
+ char *p = options;
+
+ *p++ = 'H'; *p++ = 'S'; *p++ = 'a';
+ for (l = limits; l->name; l++) {
+ *p++ = l->option;
+ *p++ = '#';
+ }
+ *p = '\0';
+ }
+ /* First check for -a, -H and -S. */
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, options)) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'H':
+ how = HARD;
+ break;
+ case 'S':
+ how = SOFT;
+ break;
+ case 'a':
+ all = 1;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (wp[builtin_opt.optind] != NULL) {
+ bi_errorf("usage: ulimit [-acdfHlmnpSst] [value]");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Then parse and act on the actual limits, one at a time */
+ ksh_getopt_reset(&builtin_opt, GF_ERROR);
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt, options)) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'a':
+ case 'H':
+ case 'S':
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ default:
+ for (l = limits; l->name && l->option != optc; l++)
+ ;
+ if (!l->name) {
+ internal_errorf(0, "ulimit: %c", optc);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (builtin_opt.optarg) {
+ if (set_ulimit(l, builtin_opt.optarg, how))
+ return 1;
+ } else
+ print_ulimit(l, how);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+ if (all) {
+ for (l = limits; l->name; l++) {
+ shprintf("%-20s ", l->name);
+ print_ulimit(l, how);
+ }
+ } else if (builtin_opt.optind == 1) {
+ /* No limit specified, use file size */
+ l = &limits[1];
+ if (wp[0] != NULL) {
+ if (set_ulimit(l, wp[0], how))
+ return 1;
+ wp++;
+ } else {
+ print_ulimit(l, how);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+set_ulimit(const struct limits *l, const char *v, int how)
+{
+ rlim_t val = 0;
+ struct rlimit limit;
+
+ if (strcmp(v, "unlimited") == 0)
+ val = RLIM_INFINITY;
+ else {
+ long rval;
+
+ if (!evaluate(v, &rval, KSH_RETURN_ERROR, false))
+ return 1;
+ /*
+ * Avoid problems caused by typos that evaluate misses due
+ * to evaluating unset parameters to 0...
+ * If this causes problems, will have to add parameter to
+ * evaluate() to control if unset params are 0 or an error.
+ */
+ if (!rval && !digit(v[0])) {
+ bi_errorf("invalid limit: %s", v);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ val = (rlim_t)rval * l->factor;
+ }
+
+ getrlimit(l->resource, &limit);
+ if (how & SOFT)
+ limit.rlim_cur = val;
+ if (how & HARD)
+ limit.rlim_max = val;
+ if (setrlimit(l->resource, &limit) < 0) {
+ if (errno == EPERM)
+ bi_errorf("-%c exceeds allowable limit", l->option);
+ else
+ bi_errorf("bad -%c limit: %s", l->option,
+ strerror(errno));
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void
+print_ulimit(const struct limits *l, int how)
+{
+ rlim_t val = 0;
+ struct rlimit limit;
+
+ getrlimit(l->resource, &limit);
+ if (how & SOFT)
+ val = limit.rlim_cur;
+ else if (how & HARD)
+ val = limit.rlim_max;
+ if (val == RLIM_INFINITY)
+ shprintf("unlimited\n");
+ else {
+ val /= l->factor;
+ shprintf("%ld\n", (long) val);
+ }
+}
diff --git a/bin/ksh/edit.c b/bin/ksh/edit.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d61c7ba
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/edit.c
@@ -0,0 +1,833 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: edit.c,v 1.53 2016/03/17 23:33:23 mmcc Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * Command line editing - common code
+ *
+ */
+
+#include "config.h"
+#ifdef EDIT
+
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <libgen.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+#include "edit.h"
+#include "tty.h"
+
+X_chars edchars;
+
+static void x_sigwinch(int);
+volatile sig_atomic_t got_sigwinch;
+static void check_sigwinch(void);
+
+static int x_file_glob(int, const char *, int, char ***);
+static int x_command_glob(int, const char *, int, char ***);
+static int x_locate_word(const char *, int, int, int *, int *);
+
+
+/* Called from main */
+void
+x_init(void)
+{
+ /* set to -2 to force initial binding */
+ edchars.erase = edchars.kill = edchars.intr = edchars.quit =
+ edchars.eof = -2;
+ /* default value for deficient systems */
+ edchars.werase = 027; /* ^W */
+
+ if (setsig(&sigtraps[SIGWINCH], x_sigwinch, SS_RESTORE_ORIG|SS_SHTRAP))
+ sigtraps[SIGWINCH].flags |= TF_SHELL_USES;
+ got_sigwinch = 1; /* force initial check */
+ check_sigwinch();
+
+#ifdef EMACS
+ x_init_emacs();
+#endif /* EMACS */
+}
+
+static void
+x_sigwinch(int sig)
+{
+ got_sigwinch = 1;
+}
+
+static void
+check_sigwinch(void)
+{
+ if (got_sigwinch) {
+ struct winsize ws;
+
+ got_sigwinch = 0;
+ if (procpid == kshpid && ioctl(tty_fd, TIOCGWINSZ, &ws) >= 0) {
+ struct tbl *vp;
+
+ /* Do NOT export COLUMNS/LINES. Many applications
+ * check COLUMNS/LINES before checking ws.ws_col/row,
+ * so if the app is started with C/L in the environ
+ * and the window is then resized, the app won't
+ * see the change cause the environ doesn't change.
+ */
+ if (ws.ws_col) {
+ x_cols = ws.ws_col < MIN_COLS ? MIN_COLS :
+ ws.ws_col;
+
+ if ((vp = typeset("COLUMNS", 0, 0, 0, 0)))
+ setint(vp, (long) ws.ws_col);
+ }
+ if (ws.ws_row && (vp = typeset("LINES", 0, 0, 0, 0)))
+ setint(vp, (long) ws.ws_row);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * read an edited command line
+ */
+int
+x_read(char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ x_mode(true);
+#ifdef EMACS
+ if (Flag(FEMACS) || Flag(FGMACS))
+ i = x_emacs(buf, len);
+ else
+#endif
+#ifdef VI
+ if (Flag(FVI))
+ i = x_vi(buf, len);
+ else
+#endif
+ i = -1; /* internal error */
+ x_mode(false);
+ check_sigwinch();
+ return i;
+}
+
+/* tty I/O */
+
+int
+x_getc(void)
+{
+ char c;
+ int n;
+
+ while ((n = blocking_read(STDIN_FILENO, &c, 1)) < 0 && errno == EINTR)
+ if (trap) {
+ x_mode(false);
+ runtraps(0);
+ x_mode(true);
+ }
+ if (n != 1)
+ return -1;
+ return (int) (unsigned char) c;
+}
+
+void
+x_flush(void)
+{
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+}
+
+void
+x_putc(int c)
+{
+ shf_putc(c, shl_out);
+}
+
+void
+x_puts(const char *s)
+{
+ while (*s != 0)
+ shf_putc(*s++, shl_out);
+}
+
+bool
+x_mode(bool onoff)
+{
+ static bool x_cur_mode;
+ bool prev;
+
+ if (x_cur_mode == onoff)
+ return x_cur_mode;
+ prev = x_cur_mode;
+ x_cur_mode = onoff;
+
+ if (onoff) {
+ struct termios cb;
+ X_chars oldchars;
+
+ oldchars = edchars;
+ cb = tty_state;
+
+ edchars.erase = cb.c_cc[VERASE];
+ edchars.kill = cb.c_cc[VKILL];
+ edchars.intr = cb.c_cc[VINTR];
+ edchars.quit = cb.c_cc[VQUIT];
+ edchars.eof = cb.c_cc[VEOF];
+ edchars.werase = cb.c_cc[VWERASE];
+ cb.c_iflag &= ~(INLCR|ICRNL);
+ cb.c_lflag &= ~(ISIG|ICANON|ECHO);
+ /* osf/1 processes lnext when ~icanon */
+ cb.c_cc[VLNEXT] = _POSIX_VDISABLE;
+ /* sunos 4.1.x & osf/1 processes discard(flush) when ~icanon */
+ cb.c_cc[VDISCARD] = _POSIX_VDISABLE;
+ cb.c_cc[VTIME] = 0;
+ cb.c_cc[VMIN] = 1;
+
+ tcsetattr(tty_fd, TCSADRAIN, &cb);
+
+ /* Convert unset values to internal `unset' value */
+ if (edchars.erase == _POSIX_VDISABLE)
+ edchars.erase = -1;
+ if (edchars.kill == _POSIX_VDISABLE)
+ edchars.kill = -1;
+ if (edchars.intr == _POSIX_VDISABLE)
+ edchars.intr = -1;
+ if (edchars.quit == _POSIX_VDISABLE)
+ edchars.quit = -1;
+ if (edchars.eof == _POSIX_VDISABLE)
+ edchars.eof = -1;
+ if (edchars.werase == _POSIX_VDISABLE)
+ edchars.werase = -1;
+ if (memcmp(&edchars, &oldchars, sizeof(edchars)) != 0) {
+#ifdef EMACS
+ x_emacs_keys(&edchars);
+#endif
+ }
+ } else {
+ tcsetattr(tty_fd, TCSADRAIN, &tty_state);
+ }
+
+ return prev;
+}
+
+void
+set_editmode(const char *ed)
+{
+ static const enum sh_flag edit_flags[] = {
+#ifdef EMACS
+ FEMACS, FGMACS,
+#endif
+#ifdef VI
+ FVI,
+#endif
+ };
+ char *rcp;
+ int i;
+
+ if ((rcp = strrchr(ed, '/')))
+ ed = ++rcp;
+ for (i = 0; i < NELEM(edit_flags); i++)
+ if (strstr(ed, options[(int) edit_flags[i]].name)) {
+ change_flag(edit_flags[i], OF_SPECIAL, 1);
+ return;
+ }
+}
+
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
+/* Misc common code for vi/emacs */
+
+/* Handle the commenting/uncommenting of a line.
+ * Returns:
+ * 1 if a carriage return is indicated (comment added)
+ * 0 if no return (comment removed)
+ * -1 if there is an error (not enough room for comment chars)
+ * If successful, *lenp contains the new length. Note: cursor should be
+ * moved to the start of the line after (un)commenting.
+ */
+int
+x_do_comment(char *buf, int bsize, int *lenp)
+{
+ int i, j;
+ int len = *lenp;
+
+ if (len == 0)
+ return 1; /* somewhat arbitrary - it's what at&t ksh does */
+
+ /* Already commented? */
+ if (buf[0] == '#') {
+ int saw_nl = 0;
+
+ for (j = 0, i = 1; i < len; i++) {
+ if (!saw_nl || buf[i] != '#')
+ buf[j++] = buf[i];
+ saw_nl = buf[i] == '\n';
+ }
+ *lenp = j;
+ return 0;
+ } else {
+ int n = 1;
+
+ /* See if there's room for the #'s - 1 per \n */
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
+ if (buf[i] == '\n')
+ n++;
+ if (len + n >= bsize)
+ return -1;
+ /* Now add them... */
+ for (i = len, j = len + n; --i >= 0; ) {
+ if (buf[i] == '\n')
+ buf[--j] = '#';
+ buf[--j] = buf[i];
+ }
+ buf[0] = '#';
+ *lenp += n;
+ return 1;
+ }
+}
+
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */
+/* Common file/command completion code for vi/emacs */
+
+
+static char *add_glob(const char *str, int slen);
+static void glob_table(const char *pat, XPtrV *wp, struct table *tp);
+static void glob_path(int flags, const char *pat, XPtrV *wp,
+ const char *path);
+
+void
+x_print_expansions(int nwords, char *const *words, int is_command)
+{
+ int use_copy = 0;
+ int prefix_len;
+ XPtrV l;
+
+ /* Check if all matches are in the same directory (in this
+ * case, we want to omit the directory name)
+ */
+ if (!is_command &&
+ (prefix_len = x_longest_prefix(nwords, words)) > 0) {
+ int i;
+
+ /* Special case for 1 match (prefix is whole word) */
+ if (nwords == 1)
+ prefix_len = x_basename(words[0], NULL);
+ /* Any (non-trailing) slashes in non-common word suffixes? */
+ for (i = 0; i < nwords; i++)
+ if (x_basename(words[i] + prefix_len, NULL) >
+ prefix_len)
+ break;
+ /* All in same directory? */
+ if (i == nwords) {
+ while (prefix_len > 0 && words[0][prefix_len - 1] != '/')
+ prefix_len--;
+ use_copy = 1;
+ XPinit(l, nwords + 1);
+ for (i = 0; i < nwords; i++)
+ XPput(l, words[i] + prefix_len);
+ XPput(l, NULL);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Enumerate expansions
+ */
+ x_putc('\r');
+ x_putc('\n');
+ pr_list(use_copy ? (char **) XPptrv(l) : words);
+
+ if (use_copy)
+ XPfree(l); /* not x_free_words() */
+}
+
+/*
+ * Do file globbing:
+ * - appends * to (copy of) str if no globbing chars found
+ * - does expansion, checks for no match, etc.
+ * - sets *wordsp to array of matching strings
+ * - returns number of matching strings
+ */
+static int
+x_file_glob(int flags, const char *str, int slen, char ***wordsp)
+{
+ char *toglob;
+ char **words;
+ int nwords;
+ XPtrV w;
+ struct source *s, *sold;
+
+ if (slen < 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ toglob = add_glob(str, slen);
+
+ /*
+ * Convert "foo*" (toglob) to an array of strings (words)
+ */
+ sold = source;
+ s = pushs(SWSTR, ATEMP);
+ s->start = s->str = toglob;
+ source = s;
+ if (yylex(ONEWORD|UNESCAPE) != LWORD) {
+ source = sold;
+ internal_errorf(0, "fileglob: substitute error");
+ return 0;
+ }
+ source = sold;
+ XPinit(w, 32);
+ expand(yylval.cp, &w, DOGLOB|DOTILDE|DOMARKDIRS);
+ XPput(w, NULL);
+ words = (char **) XPclose(w);
+
+ for (nwords = 0; words[nwords]; nwords++)
+ ;
+ if (nwords == 1) {
+ struct stat statb;
+
+ /* Check if file exists, also, check for empty
+ * result - happens if we tried to glob something
+ * which evaluated to an empty string (e.g.,
+ * "$FOO" when there is no FOO, etc).
+ */
+ if ((lstat(words[0], &statb) < 0) ||
+ words[0][0] == '\0') {
+ x_free_words(nwords, words);
+ words = NULL;
+ nwords = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ afree(toglob, ATEMP);
+
+ if (nwords) {
+ *wordsp = words;
+ } else if (words) {
+ x_free_words(nwords, words);
+ *wordsp = NULL;
+ }
+
+ return nwords;
+}
+
+/* Data structure used in x_command_glob() */
+struct path_order_info {
+ char *word;
+ int base;
+ int path_order;
+};
+
+static int path_order_cmp(const void *aa, const void *bb);
+
+/* Compare routine used in x_command_glob() */
+static int
+path_order_cmp(const void *aa, const void *bb)
+{
+ const struct path_order_info *a = (const struct path_order_info *) aa;
+ const struct path_order_info *b = (const struct path_order_info *) bb;
+ int t;
+
+ t = strcmp(a->word + a->base, b->word + b->base);
+ return t ? t : a->path_order - b->path_order;
+}
+
+static int
+x_command_glob(int flags, const char *str, int slen, char ***wordsp)
+{
+ char *toglob;
+ char *pat;
+ char *fpath;
+ int nwords;
+ XPtrV w;
+ struct block *l;
+
+ if (slen < 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ toglob = add_glob(str, slen);
+
+ /* Convert "foo*" (toglob) to a pattern for future use */
+ pat = evalstr(toglob, DOPAT|DOTILDE);
+ afree(toglob, ATEMP);
+
+ XPinit(w, 32);
+
+ glob_table(pat, &w, &keywords);
+ glob_table(pat, &w, &aliases);
+ glob_table(pat, &w, &builtins);
+ for (l = genv->loc; l; l = l->next)
+ glob_table(pat, &w, &l->funs);
+
+ glob_path(flags, pat, &w, path);
+ if ((fpath = str_val(global("FPATH"))) != null)
+ glob_path(flags, pat, &w, fpath);
+
+ nwords = XPsize(w);
+
+ if (!nwords) {
+ *wordsp = NULL;
+ XPfree(w);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Sort entries */
+ if (flags & XCF_FULLPATH) {
+ /* Sort by basename, then path order */
+ struct path_order_info *info;
+ struct path_order_info *last_info = NULL;
+ char **words = (char **) XPptrv(w);
+ int path_order = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ info = areallocarray(NULL, nwords,
+ sizeof(struct path_order_info), ATEMP);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nwords; i++) {
+ info[i].word = words[i];
+ info[i].base = x_basename(words[i], NULL);
+ if (!last_info || info[i].base != last_info->base ||
+ strncmp(words[i], last_info->word, info[i].base) != 0) {
+ last_info = &info[i];
+ path_order++;
+ }
+ info[i].path_order = path_order;
+ }
+ qsort(info, nwords, sizeof(struct path_order_info),
+ path_order_cmp);
+ for (i = 0; i < nwords; i++)
+ words[i] = info[i].word;
+ afree(info, ATEMP);
+ } else {
+ /* Sort and remove duplicate entries */
+ char **words = (char **) XPptrv(w);
+ int i, j;
+
+ qsortp(XPptrv(w), (size_t) nwords, xstrcmp);
+
+ for (i = j = 0; i < nwords - 1; i++) {
+ if (strcmp(words[i], words[i + 1]))
+ words[j++] = words[i];
+ else
+ afree(words[i], ATEMP);
+ }
+ words[j++] = words[i];
+ nwords = j;
+ w.cur = (void **) &words[j];
+ }
+
+ XPput(w, NULL);
+ *wordsp = (char **) XPclose(w);
+
+ return nwords;
+}
+
+#define IS_WORDC(c) !( ctype(c, C_LEX1) || (c) == '\'' || (c) == '"' || \
+ (c) == '`' || (c) == '=' || (c) == ':' )
+
+static int
+x_locate_word(const char *buf, int buflen, int pos, int *startp,
+ int *is_commandp)
+{
+ int p;
+ int start, end;
+
+ /* Bad call? Probably should report error */
+ if (pos < 0 || pos > buflen) {
+ *startp = pos;
+ *is_commandp = 0;
+ return 0;
+ }
+ /* The case where pos == buflen happens to take care of itself... */
+
+ start = pos;
+ /* Keep going backwards to start of word (has effect of allowing
+ * one blank after the end of a word)
+ */
+ for (; (start > 0 && IS_WORDC(buf[start - 1])) ||
+ (start > 1 && buf[start-2] == '\\'); start--)
+ ;
+ /* Go forwards to end of word */
+ for (end = start; end < buflen && IS_WORDC(buf[end]); end++) {
+ if (buf[end] == '\\' && (end+1) < buflen)
+ end++;
+ }
+
+ if (is_commandp) {
+ int iscmd;
+
+ /* Figure out if this is a command */
+ for (p = start - 1; p >= 0 && isspace((unsigned char)buf[p]);
+ p--)
+ ;
+ iscmd = p < 0 || strchr(";|&()`", buf[p]);
+ if (iscmd) {
+ /* If command has a /, path, etc. is not searched;
+ * only current directory is searched, which is just
+ * like file globbing.
+ */
+ for (p = start; p < end; p++)
+ if (buf[p] == '/')
+ break;
+ iscmd = p == end;
+ }
+ *is_commandp = iscmd;
+ }
+
+ *startp = start;
+
+ return end - start;
+}
+
+int
+x_cf_glob(int flags, const char *buf, int buflen, int pos, int *startp,
+ int *endp, char ***wordsp, int *is_commandp)
+{
+ int len;
+ int nwords;
+ char **words;
+ int is_command;
+
+ len = x_locate_word(buf, buflen, pos, startp, &is_command);
+ if (!(flags & XCF_COMMAND))
+ is_command = 0;
+ /* Don't do command globing on zero length strings - it takes too
+ * long and isn't very useful. File globs are more likely to be
+ * useful, so allow these.
+ */
+ if (len == 0 && is_command)
+ return 0;
+
+ nwords = (is_command ? x_command_glob : x_file_glob)(flags,
+ buf + *startp, len, &words);
+ if (nwords == 0) {
+ *wordsp = NULL;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (is_commandp)
+ *is_commandp = is_command;
+ *wordsp = words;
+ *endp = *startp + len;
+
+ return nwords;
+}
+
+/* Given a string, copy it and possibly add a '*' to the end. The
+ * new string is returned.
+ */
+static char *
+add_glob(const char *str, int slen)
+{
+ char *toglob;
+ char *s;
+ bool saw_slash = false;
+
+ if (slen < 0)
+ return NULL;
+
+ toglob = str_nsave(str, slen + 1, ATEMP); /* + 1 for "*" */
+ toglob[slen] = '\0';
+
+ /*
+ * If the pathname contains a wildcard (an unquoted '*',
+ * '?', or '[') or parameter expansion ('$'), or a ~username
+ * with no trailing slash, then it is globbed based on that
+ * value (i.e., without the appended '*').
+ */
+ for (s = toglob; *s; s++) {
+ if (*s == '\\' && s[1])
+ s++;
+ else if (*s == '*' || *s == '[' || *s == '?' || *s == '$' ||
+ (s[1] == '(' /*)*/ && strchr("+@!", *s)))
+ break;
+ else if (*s == '/')
+ saw_slash = true;
+ }
+ if (!*s && (*toglob != '~' || saw_slash)) {
+ toglob[slen] = '*';
+ toglob[slen + 1] = '\0';
+ }
+
+ return toglob;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find longest common prefix
+ */
+int
+x_longest_prefix(int nwords, char *const *words)
+{
+ int i, j;
+ int prefix_len;
+ char *p;
+
+ if (nwords <= 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ prefix_len = strlen(words[0]);
+ for (i = 1; i < nwords; i++)
+ for (j = 0, p = words[i]; j < prefix_len; j++)
+ if (p[j] != words[0][j]) {
+ prefix_len = j;
+ break;
+ }
+ return prefix_len;
+}
+
+void
+x_free_words(int nwords, char **words)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nwords; i++)
+ afree(words[i], ATEMP);
+ afree(words, ATEMP);
+}
+
+/* Return the offset of the basename of string s (which ends at se - need not
+ * be null terminated). Trailing slashes are ignored. If s is just a slash,
+ * then the offset is 0 (actually, length - 1).
+ * s Return
+ * /etc 1
+ * /etc/ 1
+ * /etc// 1
+ * /etc/fo 5
+ * foo 0
+ * /// 2
+ * 0
+ */
+int
+x_basename(const char *s, const char *se)
+{
+ const char *p;
+
+ if (se == NULL)
+ se = s + strlen(s);
+ if (s == se)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Skip trailing slashes */
+ for (p = se - 1; p > s && *p == '/'; p--)
+ ;
+ for (; p > s && *p != '/'; p--)
+ ;
+ if (*p == '/' && p + 1 < se)
+ p++;
+
+ return p - s;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Apply pattern matching to a table: all table entries that match a pattern
+ * are added to wp.
+ */
+static void
+glob_table(const char *pat, XPtrV *wp, struct table *tp)
+{
+ struct tstate ts;
+ struct tbl *te;
+
+ for (ktwalk(&ts, tp); (te = ktnext(&ts)); ) {
+ if (gmatch(te->name, pat, false))
+ XPput(*wp, str_save(te->name, ATEMP));
+ }
+}
+
+static void
+glob_path(int flags, const char *pat, XPtrV *wp, const char *path)
+{
+ const char *sp, *p;
+ char *xp;
+ int staterr;
+ int pathlen;
+ int patlen;
+ int oldsize, newsize, i, j;
+ char **words;
+ XString xs;
+
+ patlen = strlen(pat) + 1;
+ sp = path;
+ Xinit(xs, xp, patlen + 128, ATEMP);
+ while (sp) {
+ xp = Xstring(xs, xp);
+ if (!(p = strchr(sp, ':')))
+ p = sp + strlen(sp);
+ pathlen = p - sp;
+ if (pathlen) {
+ /* Copy sp into xp, stuffing any MAGIC characters
+ * on the way
+ */
+ const char *s = sp;
+
+ XcheckN(xs, xp, pathlen * 2);
+ while (s < p) {
+ if (ISMAGIC(*s))
+ *xp++ = MAGIC;
+ *xp++ = *s++;
+ }
+ *xp++ = '/';
+ pathlen++;
+ }
+ sp = p;
+ XcheckN(xs, xp, patlen);
+ memcpy(xp, pat, patlen);
+
+ oldsize = XPsize(*wp);
+ glob_str(Xstring(xs, xp), wp, 1); /* mark dirs */
+ newsize = XPsize(*wp);
+
+ /* Check that each match is executable... */
+ words = (char **) XPptrv(*wp);
+ for (i = j = oldsize; i < newsize; i++) {
+ staterr = 0;
+ if ((search_access(words[i], X_OK, &staterr) >= 0) ||
+ (staterr == EISDIR)) {
+ words[j] = words[i];
+ if (!(flags & XCF_FULLPATH))
+ memmove(words[j], words[j] + pathlen,
+ strlen(words[j] + pathlen) + 1);
+ j++;
+ } else
+ afree(words[i], ATEMP);
+ }
+ wp->cur = (void **) &words[j];
+
+ if (!*sp++)
+ break;
+ }
+ Xfree(xs, xp);
+}
+
+/*
+ * if argument string contains any special characters, they will
+ * be escaped and the result will be put into edit buffer by
+ * keybinding-specific function
+ */
+int
+x_escape(const char *s, size_t len, int (*putbuf_func) (const char *, size_t))
+{
+ size_t add, wlen;
+ const char *ifs = str_val(local("IFS", 0));
+ int rval = 0;
+
+ for (add = 0, wlen = len; wlen - add > 0; add++) {
+ if (strchr("!\"#$&'()*:;<=>?[\\]`{|}", s[add]) ||
+ strchr(ifs, s[add])) {
+ if (putbuf_func(s, add) != 0) {
+ rval = -1;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ putbuf_func("\\", 1);
+ putbuf_func(&s[add], 1);
+
+ add++;
+ wlen -= add;
+ s += add;
+ add = -1; /* after the increment it will go to 0 */
+ }
+ }
+ if (wlen > 0 && rval == 0)
+ rval = putbuf_func(s, wlen);
+
+ return (rval);
+}
+#endif /* EDIT */
diff --git a/bin/ksh/edit.h b/bin/ksh/edit.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..41b411e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/edit.h
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: edit.h,v 1.11 2016/01/26 17:39:31 mmcc Exp $ */
+
+/* NAME:
+ * edit.h - globals for edit modes
+ *
+ * DESCRIPTION:
+ * This header defines various global edit objects.
+ *
+ * SEE ALSO:
+ *
+ *
+ * RCSid:
+ * $From: edit.h,v 1.2 1994/05/19 18:32:40 michael Exp michael $
+ *
+ */
+
+#define BEL 0x07
+
+/* tty driver characters we are interested in */
+typedef struct {
+ int erase;
+ int kill;
+ int werase;
+ int intr;
+ int quit;
+ int eof;
+} X_chars;
+
+extern X_chars edchars;
+
+/* x_cf_glob() flags */
+#define XCF_COMMAND BIT(0) /* Do command completion */
+#define XCF_FILE BIT(1) /* Do file completion */
+#define XCF_FULLPATH BIT(2) /* command completion: store full path */
+#define XCF_COMMAND_FILE (XCF_COMMAND|XCF_FILE)
+
+/* edit.c */
+int x_getc(void);
+void x_flush(void);
+void x_putc(int);
+void x_puts(const char *);
+bool x_mode(bool);
+int promptlen(const char *, const char **);
+int x_do_comment(char *, int, int *);
+void x_print_expansions(int, char *const *, int);
+int x_cf_glob(int, const char *, int, int, int *, int *, char ***, int *);
+int x_longest_prefix(int , char *const *);
+int x_basename(const char *, const char *);
+void x_free_words(int, char **);
+int x_escape(const char *, size_t, int (*)(const char *, size_t));
+/* emacs.c */
+int x_emacs(char *, size_t);
+void x_init_emacs(void);
+void x_emacs_keys(X_chars *);
+/* vi.c */
+int x_vi(char *, size_t);
diff --git a/bin/ksh/emacs.c b/bin/ksh/emacs.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..51d1ab0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/emacs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,2176 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: emacs.c,v 1.65 2016/01/26 17:39:31 mmcc Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * Emacs-like command line editing and history
+ *
+ * created by Ron Natalie at BRL
+ * modified by Doug Kingston, Doug Gwyn, and Lou Salkind
+ * adapted to PD ksh by Eric Gisin
+ *
+ * partial rewrite by Marco Peereboom <marco@openbsd.org>
+ * under the same license
+ */
+
+#include "config.h"
+#ifdef EMACS
+
+#include <sys/queue.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <locale.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+#include "edit.h"
+
+static Area aedit;
+#define AEDIT &aedit /* area for kill ring and macro defns */
+
+#define CTRL(x) ((x) == '?' ? 0x7F : (x) & 0x1F) /* ASCII */
+#define UNCTRL(x) ((x) == 0x7F ? '?' : (x) | 0x40) /* ASCII */
+
+/* values returned by keyboard functions */
+#define KSTD 0
+#define KEOL 1 /* ^M, ^J */
+#define KINTR 2 /* ^G, ^C */
+
+struct x_ftab {
+ int (*xf_func)(int c);
+ const char *xf_name;
+ short xf_flags;
+};
+
+#define XF_ARG 1 /* command takes number prefix */
+#define XF_NOBIND 2 /* not allowed to bind to function */
+#define XF_PREFIX 4 /* function sets prefix */
+
+/* Separator for completion */
+#define is_cfs(c) (c == ' ' || c == '\t' || c == '"' || c == '\'')
+
+/* Separator for motion */
+#define is_mfs(c) (!(isalnum((unsigned char)c) || \
+ c == '_' || c == '$' || c & 0x80))
+
+/* Arguments for do_complete()
+ * 0 = enumerate M-= complete as much as possible and then list
+ * 1 = complete M-Esc
+ * 2 = list M-?
+ */
+typedef enum {
+ CT_LIST, /* list the possible completions */
+ CT_COMPLETE, /* complete to longest prefix */
+ CT_COMPLIST /* complete and then list (if non-exact) */
+} Comp_type;
+
+/* keybindings */
+struct kb_entry {
+ TAILQ_ENTRY(kb_entry) entry;
+ unsigned char *seq;
+ int len;
+ struct x_ftab *ftab;
+ void *args;
+};
+TAILQ_HEAD(kb_list, kb_entry);
+struct kb_list kblist = TAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(kblist);
+
+/* { from 4.9 edit.h */
+/*
+ * The following are used for my horizontal scrolling stuff
+ */
+static char *xbuf; /* beg input buffer */
+static char *xend; /* end input buffer */
+static char *xcp; /* current position */
+static char *xep; /* current end */
+static char *xbp; /* start of visible portion of input buffer */
+static char *xlp; /* last byte visible on screen */
+static int x_adj_ok;
+/*
+ * we use x_adj_done so that functions can tell
+ * whether x_adjust() has been called while they are active.
+ */
+static int x_adj_done;
+
+static int xx_cols;
+static int x_col;
+static int x_displen;
+static int x_arg; /* general purpose arg */
+static int x_arg_defaulted;/* x_arg not explicitly set; defaulted to 1 */
+
+static int xlp_valid;
+/* end from 4.9 edit.h } */
+static int x_tty; /* are we on a tty? */
+static int x_bind_quiet; /* be quiet when binding keys */
+static int (*x_last_command)(int);
+
+static char **x_histp; /* history position */
+static int x_nextcmd; /* for newline-and-next */
+static char *xmp; /* mark pointer */
+#define KILLSIZE 20
+static char *killstack[KILLSIZE];
+static int killsp, killtp;
+static int x_literal_set;
+static int x_arg_set;
+static char *macro_args;
+static int prompt_skip;
+static int prompt_redraw;
+
+static int x_ins(char *);
+static void x_delete(int, int);
+static int x_bword(void);
+static int x_fword(void);
+static void x_goto(char *);
+static void x_bs(int);
+static int x_size_str(char *);
+static int x_size(int);
+static void x_zots(char *);
+static void x_zotc(int);
+static void x_load_hist(char **);
+static int x_search(char *, int, int);
+static int x_match(char *, char *);
+static void x_redraw(int);
+static void x_push(int);
+static void x_adjust(void);
+static void x_e_ungetc(int);
+static int x_e_getc(void);
+static void x_e_putc(int);
+static void x_e_puts(const char *);
+static int x_comment(int);
+static int x_fold_case(int);
+static char *x_lastcp(void);
+static void do_complete(int, Comp_type);
+static int isu8cont(unsigned char);
+
+/* proto's for keybindings */
+static int x_abort(int);
+static int x_beg_hist(int);
+static int x_comp_comm(int);
+static int x_comp_file(int);
+static int x_complete(int);
+static int x_del_back(int);
+static int x_del_bword(int);
+static int x_del_char(int);
+static int x_del_fword(int);
+static int x_del_line(int);
+static int x_draw_line(int);
+static int x_end_hist(int);
+static int x_end_of_text(int);
+static int x_enumerate(int);
+static int x_eot_del(int);
+static int x_error(int);
+static int x_goto_hist(int);
+static int x_ins_string(int);
+static int x_insert(int);
+static int x_kill(int);
+static int x_kill_region(int);
+static int x_list_comm(int);
+static int x_list_file(int);
+static int x_literal(int);
+static int x_meta_yank(int);
+static int x_mv_back(int);
+static int x_mv_begin(int);
+static int x_mv_bword(int);
+static int x_mv_end(int);
+static int x_mv_forw(int);
+static int x_mv_fword(int);
+static int x_newline(int);
+static int x_next_com(int);
+static int x_nl_next_com(int);
+static int x_noop(int);
+static int x_prev_com(int);
+static int x_prev_histword(int);
+static int x_search_char_forw(int);
+static int x_search_char_back(int);
+static int x_search_hist(int);
+static int x_set_mark(int);
+static int x_stuff(int);
+static int x_stuffreset(int);
+static int x_transpose(int);
+static int x_version(int);
+static int x_xchg_point_mark(int);
+static int x_yank(int);
+static int x_comp_list(int);
+static int x_expand(int);
+static int x_fold_capitalize(int);
+static int x_fold_lower(int);
+static int x_fold_upper(int);
+static int x_set_arg(int);
+static int x_comment(int);
+#ifdef DEBUG
+static int x_debug_info(int);
+#endif
+
+static const struct x_ftab x_ftab[] = {
+ { x_abort, "abort", 0 },
+ { x_beg_hist, "beginning-of-history", 0 },
+ { x_comp_comm, "complete-command", 0 },
+ { x_comp_file, "complete-file", 0 },
+ { x_complete, "complete", 0 },
+ { x_del_back, "delete-char-backward", XF_ARG },
+ { x_del_bword, "delete-word-backward", XF_ARG },
+ { x_del_char, "delete-char-forward", XF_ARG },
+ { x_del_fword, "delete-word-forward", XF_ARG },
+ { x_del_line, "kill-line", 0 },
+ { x_draw_line, "redraw", 0 },
+ { x_end_hist, "end-of-history", 0 },
+ { x_end_of_text, "eot", 0 },
+ { x_enumerate, "list", 0 },
+ { x_eot_del, "eot-or-delete", XF_ARG },
+ { x_error, "error", 0 },
+ { x_goto_hist, "goto-history", XF_ARG },
+ { x_ins_string, "macro-string", XF_NOBIND },
+ { x_insert, "auto-insert", XF_ARG },
+ { x_kill, "kill-to-eol", XF_ARG },
+ { x_kill_region, "kill-region", 0 },
+ { x_list_comm, "list-command", 0 },
+ { x_list_file, "list-file", 0 },
+ { x_literal, "quote", 0 },
+ { x_meta_yank, "yank-pop", 0 },
+ { x_mv_back, "backward-char", XF_ARG },
+ { x_mv_begin, "beginning-of-line", 0 },
+ { x_mv_bword, "backward-word", XF_ARG },
+ { x_mv_end, "end-of-line", 0 },
+ { x_mv_forw, "forward-char", XF_ARG },
+ { x_mv_fword, "forward-word", XF_ARG },
+ { x_newline, "newline", 0 },
+ { x_next_com, "down-history", XF_ARG },
+ { x_nl_next_com, "newline-and-next", 0 },
+ { x_noop, "no-op", 0 },
+ { x_prev_com, "up-history", XF_ARG },
+ { x_prev_histword, "prev-hist-word", XF_ARG },
+ { x_search_char_forw, "search-character-forward", XF_ARG },
+ { x_search_char_back, "search-character-backward", XF_ARG },
+ { x_search_hist, "search-history", 0 },
+ { x_set_mark, "set-mark-command", 0 },
+ { x_stuff, "stuff", 0 },
+ { x_stuffreset, "stuff-reset", 0 },
+ { x_transpose, "transpose-chars", 0 },
+ { x_version, "version", 0 },
+ { x_xchg_point_mark, "exchange-point-and-mark", 0 },
+ { x_yank, "yank", 0 },
+ { x_comp_list, "complete-list", 0 },
+ { x_expand, "expand-file", 0 },
+ { x_fold_capitalize, "capitalize-word", XF_ARG },
+ { x_fold_lower, "downcase-word", XF_ARG },
+ { x_fold_upper, "upcase-word", XF_ARG },
+ { x_set_arg, "set-arg", XF_NOBIND },
+ { x_comment, "comment", 0 },
+ { 0, 0, 0 },
+#ifdef DEBUG
+ { x_debug_info, "debug-info", 0 },
+#else
+ { 0, 0, 0 },
+#endif
+ { 0, 0, 0 },
+};
+
+int
+isu8cont(unsigned char c)
+{
+ return (c & (0x80 | 0x40)) == 0x80;
+}
+
+int
+x_emacs(char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+ struct kb_entry *k, *kmatch = NULL;
+ char line[LINE + 1];
+ int at = 0, submatch, ret, c;
+ const char *p;
+
+ xbp = xbuf = buf; xend = buf + len;
+ xlp = xcp = xep = buf;
+ *xcp = 0;
+ xlp_valid = true;
+ xmp = NULL;
+ x_histp = histptr + 1;
+
+ xx_cols = x_cols;
+ x_col = promptlen(prompt, &p);
+ prompt_skip = p - prompt;
+ x_adj_ok = 1;
+ prompt_redraw = 1;
+ if (x_col > xx_cols)
+ x_col = x_col - (x_col / xx_cols) * xx_cols;
+ x_displen = xx_cols - 2 - x_col;
+ x_adj_done = 0;
+
+ pprompt(prompt, 0);
+ if (x_displen < 1) {
+ x_col = 0;
+ x_displen = xx_cols - 2;
+ x_e_putc('\n');
+ prompt_redraw = 0;
+ }
+
+ if (x_nextcmd >= 0) {
+ int off = source->line - x_nextcmd;
+ if (histptr - history >= off)
+ x_load_hist(histptr - off);
+ x_nextcmd = -1;
+ }
+
+ line[0] = '\0';
+ x_literal_set = 0;
+ x_arg = -1;
+ x_last_command = NULL;
+ while (1) {
+ x_flush();
+ if ((c = x_e_getc()) < 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ line[at++] = c;
+ line[at] = '\0';
+
+ if (x_arg == -1) {
+ x_arg = 1;
+ x_arg_defaulted = 1;
+ }
+
+ if (x_literal_set) {
+ /* literal, so insert it */
+ x_literal_set = 0;
+ submatch = 0;
+ } else {
+ submatch = 0;
+ kmatch = NULL;
+ TAILQ_FOREACH(k, &kblist, entry) {
+ if (at > k->len)
+ continue;
+
+ if (memcmp(k->seq, line, at) == 0) {
+ /* sub match */
+ submatch++;
+ if (k->len == at)
+ kmatch = k;
+ }
+
+ /* see if we can abort search early */
+ if (submatch > 1)
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (submatch == 1 && kmatch) {
+ if (kmatch->ftab->xf_func == x_ins_string &&
+ kmatch->args && !macro_args) {
+ /* treat macro string as input */
+ macro_args = kmatch->args;
+ ret = KSTD;
+ } else
+ ret = kmatch->ftab->xf_func(c);
+ } else {
+ if (submatch)
+ continue;
+ if (at == 1)
+ ret = x_insert(c);
+ else
+ ret = x_error(c); /* not matched meta sequence */
+ }
+
+ switch (ret) {
+ case KSTD:
+ if (kmatch)
+ x_last_command = kmatch->ftab->xf_func;
+ else
+ x_last_command = NULL;
+ break;
+ case KEOL:
+ ret = xep - xbuf;
+ return (ret);
+ break;
+ case KINTR:
+ trapsig(SIGINT);
+ x_mode(false);
+ unwind(LSHELL);
+ x_arg = -1;
+ break;
+ default:
+ bi_errorf("invalid return code"); /* can't happen */
+ }
+
+ /* reset meta sequence */
+ at = 0;
+ line[0] = '\0';
+ if (x_arg_set)
+ x_arg_set = 0; /* reset args next time around */
+ else
+ x_arg = -1;
+ }
+}
+
+static int
+x_insert(int c)
+{
+ char str[2];
+
+ /*
+ * Should allow tab and control chars.
+ */
+ if (c == 0) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ str[0] = c;
+ str[1] = '\0';
+ while (x_arg--)
+ x_ins(str);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_ins_string(int c)
+{
+ return x_insert(c);
+}
+
+static int
+x_do_ins(const char *cp, size_t len)
+{
+ if (xep+len >= xend) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ memmove(xcp+len, xcp, xep - xcp + 1);
+ memmove(xcp, cp, len);
+ xcp += len;
+ xep += len;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+x_ins(char *s)
+{
+ char *cp = xcp;
+ int adj = x_adj_done;
+
+ if (x_do_ins(s, strlen(s)) < 0)
+ return -1;
+ /*
+ * x_zots() may result in a call to x_adjust()
+ * we want xcp to reflect the new position.
+ */
+ xlp_valid = false;
+ x_lastcp();
+ x_adj_ok = (xcp >= xlp);
+ x_zots(cp);
+ if (adj == x_adj_done) { /* has x_adjust() been called? */
+ /* no */
+ for (cp = xlp; cp > xcp; )
+ x_bs(*--cp);
+ }
+
+ x_adj_ok = 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+x_del_back(int c)
+{
+ int col = xcp - xbuf;
+
+ if (col == 0) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ if (x_arg > col)
+ x_arg = col;
+ while (x_arg < col && isu8cont(xcp[-x_arg]))
+ x_arg++;
+ x_goto(xcp - x_arg);
+ x_delete(x_arg, false);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_del_char(int c)
+{
+ int nleft = xep - xcp;
+
+ if (!nleft) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ if (x_arg > nleft)
+ x_arg = nleft;
+ while (x_arg < nleft && isu8cont(xcp[x_arg]))
+ x_arg++;
+ x_delete(x_arg, false);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+/* Delete nc bytes to the right of the cursor (including cursor position) */
+static void
+x_delete(int nc, int push)
+{
+ int i,j;
+ char *cp;
+
+ if (nc == 0)
+ return;
+ if (xmp != NULL && xmp > xcp) {
+ if (xcp + nc > xmp)
+ xmp = xcp;
+ else
+ xmp -= nc;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * This lets us yank a word we have deleted.
+ */
+ if (push)
+ x_push(nc);
+
+ xep -= nc;
+ cp = xcp;
+ j = 0;
+ i = nc;
+ while (i--) {
+ j += x_size((unsigned char)*cp++);
+ }
+ memmove(xcp, xcp+nc, xep - xcp + 1); /* Copies the null */
+ x_adj_ok = 0; /* don't redraw */
+ x_zots(xcp);
+ /*
+ * if we are already filling the line,
+ * there is no need to ' ','\b'.
+ * But if we must, make sure we do the minimum.
+ */
+ if ((i = xx_cols - 2 - x_col) > 0) {
+ j = (j < i) ? j : i;
+ i = j;
+ while (i--)
+ x_e_putc(' ');
+ i = j;
+ while (i--)
+ x_e_putc('\b');
+ }
+ /*x_goto(xcp);*/
+ x_adj_ok = 1;
+ xlp_valid = false;
+ for (cp = x_lastcp(); cp > xcp; )
+ x_bs(*--cp);
+
+ return;
+}
+
+static int
+x_del_bword(int c)
+{
+ x_delete(x_bword(), true);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_mv_bword(int c)
+{
+ (void)x_bword();
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_mv_fword(int c)
+{
+ x_goto(xcp + x_fword());
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_del_fword(int c)
+{
+ x_delete(x_fword(), true);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_bword(void)
+{
+ int nc = 0;
+ char *cp = xcp;
+
+ if (cp == xbuf) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ while (x_arg--) {
+ while (cp != xbuf && is_mfs(cp[-1])) {
+ cp--;
+ nc++;
+ }
+ while (cp != xbuf && !is_mfs(cp[-1])) {
+ cp--;
+ nc++;
+ }
+ }
+ x_goto(cp);
+ return nc;
+}
+
+static int
+x_fword(void)
+{
+ int nc = 0;
+ char *cp = xcp;
+
+ if (cp == xep) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ while (x_arg--) {
+ while (cp != xep && is_mfs(*cp)) {
+ cp++;
+ nc++;
+ }
+ while (cp != xep && !is_mfs(*cp)) {
+ cp++;
+ nc++;
+ }
+ }
+ return nc;
+}
+
+static void
+x_goto(char *cp)
+{
+ if (cp < xbp || cp >= (xbp + x_displen)) {
+ /* we are heading off screen */
+ xcp = cp;
+ x_adjust();
+ } else if (cp < xcp) { /* move back */
+ while (cp < xcp)
+ x_bs((unsigned char)*--xcp);
+ } else if (cp > xcp) { /* move forward */
+ while (cp > xcp)
+ x_zotc((unsigned char)*xcp++);
+ }
+}
+
+static void
+x_bs(int c)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ i = x_size(c);
+ while (i--)
+ x_e_putc('\b');
+}
+
+static int
+x_size_str(char *cp)
+{
+ int size = 0;
+ while (*cp)
+ size += x_size(*cp++);
+ return size;
+}
+
+static int
+x_size(int c)
+{
+ if (c=='\t')
+ return 4; /* Kludge, tabs are always four spaces. */
+ if (iscntrl(c)) /* control char */
+ return 2;
+ if (isu8cont(c))
+ return 0;
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static void
+x_zots(char *str)
+{
+ int adj = x_adj_done;
+
+ if (str > xbuf && isu8cont(*str)) {
+ while (str > xbuf && isu8cont(*str))
+ str--;
+ x_e_putc('\b');
+ }
+ x_lastcp();
+ while (*str && str < xlp && adj == x_adj_done)
+ x_zotc(*str++);
+}
+
+static void
+x_zotc(int c)
+{
+ if (c == '\t') {
+ /* Kludge, tabs are always four spaces. */
+ x_e_puts(" ");
+ } else if (iscntrl(c)) {
+ x_e_putc('^');
+ x_e_putc(UNCTRL(c));
+ } else
+ x_e_putc(c);
+}
+
+static int
+x_mv_back(int c)
+{
+ int col = xcp - xbuf;
+
+ if (col == 0) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ if (x_arg > col)
+ x_arg = col;
+ while (x_arg < col && isu8cont(xcp[-x_arg]))
+ x_arg++;
+ x_goto(xcp - x_arg);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_mv_forw(int c)
+{
+ int nleft = xep - xcp;
+
+ if (!nleft) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ if (x_arg > nleft)
+ x_arg = nleft;
+ while (x_arg < nleft && isu8cont(xcp[x_arg]))
+ x_arg++;
+ x_goto(xcp + x_arg);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_search_char_forw(int c)
+{
+ char *cp = xcp;
+
+ *xep = '\0';
+ c = x_e_getc();
+ while (x_arg--) {
+ if (c < 0 ||
+ ((cp = (cp == xep) ? NULL : strchr(cp + 1, c)) == NULL &&
+ (cp = strchr(xbuf, c)) == NULL)) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ }
+ x_goto(cp);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_search_char_back(int c)
+{
+ char *cp = xcp, *p;
+
+ c = x_e_getc();
+ for (; x_arg--; cp = p)
+ for (p = cp; ; ) {
+ if (p-- == xbuf)
+ p = xep;
+ if (c < 0 || p == cp) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ if (*p == c)
+ break;
+ }
+ x_goto(cp);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_newline(int c)
+{
+ x_e_putc('\r');
+ x_e_putc('\n');
+ x_flush();
+ *xep++ = '\n';
+ return KEOL;
+}
+
+static int
+x_end_of_text(int c)
+{
+ x_zotc(edchars.eof);
+ x_putc('\r');
+ x_putc('\n');
+ x_flush();
+ return KEOL;
+}
+
+static int x_beg_hist(int c) { x_load_hist(history); return KSTD;}
+
+static int x_end_hist(int c) { x_load_hist(histptr); return KSTD;}
+
+static int x_prev_com(int c) { x_load_hist(x_histp - x_arg); return KSTD;}
+
+static int x_next_com(int c) { x_load_hist(x_histp + x_arg); return KSTD;}
+
+/* Goto a particular history number obtained from argument.
+ * If no argument is given history 1 is probably not what you
+ * want so we'll simply go to the oldest one.
+ */
+static int
+x_goto_hist(int c)
+{
+ if (x_arg_defaulted)
+ x_load_hist(history);
+ else
+ x_load_hist(histptr + x_arg - source->line);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static void
+x_load_hist(char **hp)
+{
+ int oldsize;
+
+ if (hp < history || hp > histptr) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return;
+ }
+ x_histp = hp;
+ oldsize = x_size_str(xbuf);
+ strlcpy(xbuf, *hp, xend - xbuf);
+ xbp = xbuf;
+ xep = xcp = xbuf + strlen(xbuf);
+ xlp_valid = false;
+ if (xep <= x_lastcp())
+ x_redraw(oldsize);
+ x_goto(xep);
+}
+
+static int
+x_nl_next_com(int c)
+{
+ x_nextcmd = source->line - (histptr - x_histp) + 1;
+ return (x_newline(c));
+}
+
+static int
+x_eot_del(int c)
+{
+ if (xep == xbuf && x_arg_defaulted)
+ return (x_end_of_text(c));
+ else
+ return (x_del_char(c));
+}
+
+static void *
+kb_find_hist_func(char c)
+{
+ struct kb_entry *k;
+ char line[LINE + 1];
+
+ line[0] = c;
+ line[1] = '\0';
+ TAILQ_FOREACH(k, &kblist, entry)
+ if (!strcmp(k->seq, line))
+ return (k->ftab->xf_func);
+
+ return (x_insert);
+}
+
+/* reverse incremental history search */
+static int
+x_search_hist(int c)
+{
+ int offset = -1; /* offset of match in xbuf, else -1 */
+ char pat [256+1]; /* pattern buffer */
+ char *p = pat;
+ int (*f)(int);
+
+ *p = '\0';
+ while (1) {
+ if (offset < 0) {
+ x_e_puts("\nI-search: ");
+ x_e_puts(pat);
+ }
+ x_flush();
+ if ((c = x_e_getc()) < 0)
+ return KSTD;
+ f = kb_find_hist_func(c);
+ if (c == CTRL('['))
+ break;
+ else if (f == x_search_hist)
+ offset = x_search(pat, 0, offset);
+ else if (f == x_del_back) {
+ if (p == pat) {
+ offset = -1;
+ break;
+ }
+ if (p > pat)
+ *--p = '\0';
+ if (p == pat)
+ offset = -1;
+ else
+ offset = x_search(pat, 1, offset);
+ continue;
+ } else if (f == x_insert) {
+ /* add char to pattern */
+ /* overflow check... */
+ if (p >= &pat[sizeof(pat) - 1]) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ continue;
+ }
+ *p++ = c, *p = '\0';
+ if (offset >= 0) {
+ /* already have partial match */
+ offset = x_match(xbuf, pat);
+ if (offset >= 0) {
+ x_goto(xbuf + offset + (p - pat) -
+ (*pat == '^'));
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
+ offset = x_search(pat, 0, offset);
+ } else { /* other command */
+ x_e_ungetc(c);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (offset < 0)
+ x_redraw(-1);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+/* search backward from current line */
+static int
+x_search(char *pat, int sameline, int offset)
+{
+ char **hp;
+ int i;
+
+ for (hp = x_histp - (sameline ? 0 : 1) ; hp >= history; --hp) {
+ i = x_match(*hp, pat);
+ if (i >= 0) {
+ if (offset < 0)
+ x_e_putc('\n');
+ x_load_hist(hp);
+ x_goto(xbuf + i + strlen(pat) - (*pat == '^'));
+ return i;
+ }
+ }
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ x_histp = histptr;
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/* return position of first match of pattern in string, else -1 */
+static int
+x_match(char *str, char *pat)
+{
+ if (*pat == '^') {
+ return (strncmp(str, pat+1, strlen(pat+1)) == 0) ? 0 : -1;
+ } else {
+ char *q = strstr(str, pat);
+ return (q == NULL) ? -1 : q - str;
+ }
+}
+
+static int
+x_del_line(int c)
+{
+ int i, j;
+
+ *xep = 0;
+ i = xep - xbuf;
+ j = x_size_str(xbuf);
+ xcp = xbuf;
+ x_push(i);
+ xlp = xbp = xep = xbuf;
+ xlp_valid = true;
+ *xcp = 0;
+ xmp = NULL;
+ x_redraw(j);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_mv_end(int c)
+{
+ x_goto(xep);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_mv_begin(int c)
+{
+ x_goto(xbuf);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_draw_line(int c)
+{
+ x_redraw(-1);
+ return KSTD;
+
+}
+
+/* Redraw (part of) the line. If limit is < 0, the everything is redrawn
+ * on a NEW line, otherwise limit is the screen column up to which needs
+ * redrawing.
+ */
+static void
+x_redraw(int limit)
+{
+ int i, j, truncate = 0;
+ char *cp;
+
+ x_adj_ok = 0;
+ if (limit == -1)
+ x_e_putc('\n');
+ else
+ x_e_putc('\r');
+ x_flush();
+ if (xbp == xbuf) {
+ x_col = promptlen(prompt, NULL);
+ if (x_col > xx_cols)
+ truncate = (x_col / xx_cols) * xx_cols;
+ if (prompt_redraw)
+ pprompt(prompt + prompt_skip, truncate);
+ }
+ if (x_col > xx_cols)
+ x_col = x_col - (x_col / xx_cols) * xx_cols;
+ x_displen = xx_cols - 2 - x_col;
+ if (x_displen < 1) {
+ x_col = 0;
+ x_displen = xx_cols - 2;
+ }
+ xlp_valid = false;
+ cp = x_lastcp();
+ x_zots(xbp);
+ if (xbp != xbuf || xep > xlp)
+ limit = xx_cols;
+ if (limit >= 0) {
+ if (xep > xlp)
+ i = 0; /* we fill the line */
+ else
+ i = limit - (xlp - xbp);
+
+ for (j = 0; j < i && x_col < (xx_cols - 2); j++)
+ x_e_putc(' ');
+ i = ' ';
+ if (xep > xlp) { /* more off screen */
+ if (xbp > xbuf)
+ i = '*';
+ else
+ i = '>';
+ } else if (xbp > xbuf)
+ i = '<';
+ x_e_putc(i);
+ j++;
+ while (j--)
+ x_e_putc('\b');
+ }
+ for (cp = xlp; cp > xcp; )
+ x_bs(*--cp);
+ x_adj_ok = 1;
+#ifdef DEBUG
+ x_flush();
+#endif
+ return;
+}
+
+static int
+x_transpose(int c)
+{
+ char tmp;
+
+ /* What transpose is meant to do seems to be up for debate. This
+ * is a general summary of the options; the text is abcd with the
+ * upper case character or underscore indicating the cursor position:
+ * Who Before After Before After
+ * at&t ksh in emacs mode: abCd abdC abcd_ (bell)
+ * at&t ksh in gmacs mode: abCd baCd abcd_ abdc_
+ * gnu emacs: abCd acbD abcd_ abdc_
+ * Pdksh currently goes with GNU behavior since I believe this is the
+ * most common version of emacs, unless in gmacs mode, in which case
+ * it does the at&t ksh gmacs mode.
+ * This should really be broken up into 3 functions so users can bind
+ * to the one they want.
+ */
+ if (xcp == xbuf) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ } else if (xcp == xep || Flag(FGMACS)) {
+ if (xcp - xbuf == 1) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ /* Gosling/Unipress emacs style: Swap two characters before the
+ * cursor, do not change cursor position
+ */
+ x_bs(xcp[-1]);
+ x_bs(xcp[-2]);
+ x_zotc(xcp[-1]);
+ x_zotc(xcp[-2]);
+ tmp = xcp[-1];
+ xcp[-1] = xcp[-2];
+ xcp[-2] = tmp;
+ } else {
+ /* GNU emacs style: Swap the characters before and under the
+ * cursor, move cursor position along one.
+ */
+ x_bs(xcp[-1]);
+ x_zotc(xcp[0]);
+ x_zotc(xcp[-1]);
+ tmp = xcp[-1];
+ xcp[-1] = xcp[0];
+ xcp[0] = tmp;
+ x_bs(xcp[0]);
+ x_goto(xcp + 1);
+ }
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_literal(int c)
+{
+ x_literal_set = 1;
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_kill(int c)
+{
+ int col = xcp - xbuf;
+ int lastcol = xep - xbuf;
+ int ndel;
+
+ if (x_arg_defaulted)
+ x_arg = lastcol;
+ else if (x_arg > lastcol)
+ x_arg = lastcol;
+ while (x_arg < lastcol && isu8cont(xbuf[x_arg]))
+ x_arg++;
+ ndel = x_arg - col;
+ if (ndel < 0) {
+ x_goto(xbuf + x_arg);
+ ndel = -ndel;
+ }
+ x_delete(ndel, true);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static void
+x_push(int nchars)
+{
+ char *cp = str_nsave(xcp, nchars, AEDIT);
+ afree(killstack[killsp], AEDIT);
+ killstack[killsp] = cp;
+ killsp = (killsp + 1) % KILLSIZE;
+}
+
+static int
+x_yank(int c)
+{
+ if (killsp == 0)
+ killtp = KILLSIZE;
+ else
+ killtp = killsp;
+ killtp --;
+ if (killstack[killtp] == 0) {
+ x_e_puts("\nnothing to yank");
+ x_redraw(-1);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ xmp = xcp;
+ x_ins(killstack[killtp]);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_meta_yank(int c)
+{
+ int len;
+ if ((x_last_command != x_yank && x_last_command != x_meta_yank) ||
+ killstack[killtp] == 0) {
+ killtp = killsp;
+ x_e_puts("\nyank something first");
+ x_redraw(-1);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ len = strlen(killstack[killtp]);
+ x_goto(xcp - len);
+ x_delete(len, false);
+ do {
+ if (killtp == 0)
+ killtp = KILLSIZE - 1;
+ else
+ killtp--;
+ } while (killstack[killtp] == 0);
+ x_ins(killstack[killtp]);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_abort(int c)
+{
+ /* x_zotc(c); */
+ xlp = xep = xcp = xbp = xbuf;
+ xlp_valid = true;
+ *xcp = 0;
+ return KINTR;
+}
+
+static int
+x_error(int c)
+{
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_stuffreset(int c)
+{
+#ifdef TIOCSTI
+ (void)x_stuff(c);
+ return KINTR;
+#else
+ x_zotc(c);
+ xlp = xcp = xep = xbp = xbuf;
+ xlp_valid = true;
+ *xcp = 0;
+ x_redraw(-1);
+ return KSTD;
+#endif
+}
+
+static int
+x_stuff(int c)
+{
+#ifdef TIOCSTI
+ char ch = c;
+ bool savmode = x_mode(false);
+
+ (void)ioctl(TTY, TIOCSTI, &ch);
+ (void)x_mode(savmode);
+ x_redraw(-1);
+#endif
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static char *
+kb_encode(const char *s)
+{
+ static char l[LINE + 1];
+ int at = 0;
+
+ l[at] = '\0';
+ while (*s) {
+ if (*s == '^') {
+ s++;
+ if (*s >= '?')
+ l[at++] = CTRL(*s);
+ else {
+ l[at++] = '^';
+ s--;
+ }
+ } else
+ l[at++] = *s;
+ l[at] = '\0';
+ s++;
+ }
+ return (l);
+}
+
+static char *
+kb_decode(const char *s)
+{
+ static char l[LINE + 1];
+ int i, at = 0;
+
+ l[0] = '\0';
+ for (i = 0; i < strlen(s); i++) {
+ if (iscntrl((unsigned char)s[i])) {
+ l[at++] = '^';
+ l[at++] = UNCTRL(s[i]);
+ } else
+ l[at++] = s[i];
+ l[at] = '\0';
+ }
+
+ return (l);
+}
+
+static int
+kb_match(char *s)
+{
+ int len = strlen(s);
+ struct kb_entry *k;
+
+ TAILQ_FOREACH(k, &kblist, entry) {
+ if (len > k->len)
+ continue;
+
+ if (memcmp(k->seq, s, len) == 0)
+ return (1);
+ }
+
+ return (0);
+}
+
+static void
+kb_del(struct kb_entry *k)
+{
+ TAILQ_REMOVE(&kblist, k, entry);
+ free(k->args);
+ afree(k, AEDIT);
+}
+
+static struct kb_entry *
+kb_add_string(void *func, void *args, char *str)
+{
+ int i, count;
+ struct kb_entry *k;
+ struct x_ftab *xf = NULL;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < NELEM(x_ftab); i++)
+ if (x_ftab[i].xf_func == func) {
+ xf = (struct x_ftab *)&x_ftab[i];
+ break;
+ }
+ if (xf == NULL)
+ return (NULL);
+
+ if (kb_match(str)) {
+ if (x_bind_quiet == 0)
+ bi_errorf("duplicate binding for %s", kb_decode(str));
+ return (NULL);
+ }
+ count = strlen(str);
+
+ k = alloc(sizeof *k + count + 1, AEDIT);
+ k->seq = (unsigned char *)(k + 1);
+ k->len = count;
+ k->ftab = xf;
+ k->args = args ? strdup(args) : NULL;
+
+ strlcpy(k->seq, str, count + 1);
+
+ TAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&kblist, k, entry);
+
+ return (k);
+}
+
+static struct kb_entry *
+kb_add(void *func, void *args, ...)
+{
+ va_list ap;
+ int i, count;
+ char l[LINE + 1];
+
+ va_start(ap, args);
+ count = 0;
+ while (va_arg(ap, unsigned int) != 0)
+ count++;
+ va_end(ap);
+
+ va_start(ap, args);
+ for (i = 0; i <= count /* <= is correct */; i++)
+ l[i] = (unsigned char)va_arg(ap, unsigned int);
+ va_end(ap);
+
+ return (kb_add_string(func, args, l));
+}
+
+static void
+kb_print(struct kb_entry *k)
+{
+ if (!(k->ftab->xf_flags & XF_NOBIND))
+ shprintf("%s = %s\n",
+ kb_decode(k->seq), k->ftab->xf_name);
+ else if (k->args) {
+ shprintf("%s = ", kb_decode(k->seq));
+ shprintf("'%s'\n", kb_decode(k->args));
+ }
+}
+
+int
+x_bind(const char *a1, const char *a2,
+ int macro, /* bind -m */
+ int list) /* bind -l */
+{
+ int i;
+ struct kb_entry *k, *kb;
+ char in[LINE + 1];
+
+ if (x_tty == 0) {
+ bi_errorf("cannot bind, not a tty");
+ return (1);
+ }
+
+ if (list) {
+ /* show all function names */
+ for (i = 0; i < NELEM(x_ftab); i++) {
+ if (x_ftab[i].xf_name == NULL)
+ continue;
+ if (x_ftab[i].xf_name &&
+ !(x_ftab[i].xf_flags & XF_NOBIND))
+ shprintf("%s\n", x_ftab[i].xf_name);
+ }
+ return (0);
+ }
+
+ if (a1 == NULL) {
+ /* show all bindings */
+ TAILQ_FOREACH(k, &kblist, entry)
+ kb_print(k);
+ return (0);
+ }
+
+ snprintf(in, sizeof in, "%s", kb_encode(a1));
+ if (a2 == NULL) {
+ /* print binding */
+ TAILQ_FOREACH(k, &kblist, entry)
+ if (!strcmp(k->seq, in)) {
+ kb_print(k);
+ return (0);
+ }
+ shprintf("%s = %s\n", kb_decode(a1), "auto-insert");
+ return (0);
+ }
+
+ if (strlen(a2) == 0) {
+ /* clear binding */
+ TAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(k, &kblist, entry, kb)
+ if (!strcmp(k->seq, in)) {
+ kb_del(k);
+ break;
+ }
+ return (0);
+ }
+
+ /* set binding */
+ if (macro) {
+ /* delete old mapping */
+ TAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(k, &kblist, entry, kb)
+ if (!strcmp(k->seq, in)) {
+ kb_del(k);
+ break;
+ }
+ kb_add_string(x_ins_string, kb_encode(a2), in);
+ return (0);
+ }
+
+ /* set non macro binding */
+ for (i = 0; i < NELEM(x_ftab); i++) {
+ if (x_ftab[i].xf_name == NULL)
+ continue;
+ if (!strcmp(x_ftab[i].xf_name, a2)) {
+ /* delete old mapping */
+ TAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(k, &kblist, entry, kb)
+ if (!strcmp(k->seq, in)) {
+ kb_del(k);
+ break;
+ }
+ kb_add_string(x_ftab[i].xf_func, NULL, in);
+ return (0);
+ }
+ }
+ bi_errorf("%s: no such function", a2);
+ return (1);
+}
+
+void
+x_init_emacs(void)
+{
+ char *locale;
+
+ x_tty = 1;
+ ainit(AEDIT);
+ x_nextcmd = -1;
+
+ /* Determine if we can translate meta key or use 8-bit AscII
+ * XXX - It would be nice if there was a locale attribute to
+ * determine if the locale is 7-bit or not.
+ */
+ locale = setlocale(LC_CTYPE, NULL);
+ if (locale == NULL || !strcmp(locale, "C") || !strcmp(locale, "POSIX"))
+ Flag(FEMACSUSEMETA) = 1;
+
+ /* new keybinding stuff */
+ TAILQ_INIT(&kblist);
+
+ /* man page order */
+ kb_add(x_abort, NULL, CTRL('G'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_mv_back, NULL, CTRL('B'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_mv_back, NULL, CTRL('X'), CTRL('D'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_mv_bword, NULL, CTRL('['), 'b', 0);
+ kb_add(x_beg_hist, NULL, CTRL('['), '<', 0);
+ kb_add(x_mv_begin, NULL, CTRL('A'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_fold_capitalize, NULL, CTRL('['), 'C', 0);
+ kb_add(x_fold_capitalize, NULL, CTRL('['), 'c', 0);
+ kb_add(x_comment, NULL, CTRL('['), '#', 0);
+ kb_add(x_complete, NULL, CTRL('['), CTRL('['), 0);
+ kb_add(x_comp_comm, NULL, CTRL('X'), CTRL('['), 0);
+ kb_add(x_comp_file, NULL, CTRL('['), CTRL('X'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_comp_list, NULL, CTRL('I'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_comp_list, NULL, CTRL('['), '=', 0);
+ kb_add(x_del_back, NULL, CTRL('?'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_del_back, NULL, CTRL('H'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_del_char, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', '3', '~', 0); /* delete */
+ kb_add(x_del_bword, NULL, CTRL('['), CTRL('?'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_del_bword, NULL, CTRL('['), CTRL('H'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_del_bword, NULL, CTRL('['), 'h', 0);
+ kb_add(x_del_fword, NULL, CTRL('['), 'd', 0);
+ kb_add(x_next_com, NULL, CTRL('N'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_next_com, NULL, CTRL('X'), 'B', 0);
+ kb_add(x_fold_lower, NULL, CTRL('['), 'L', 0);
+ kb_add(x_fold_lower, NULL, CTRL('['), 'l', 0);
+ kb_add(x_end_hist, NULL, CTRL('['), '>', 0);
+ kb_add(x_mv_end, NULL, CTRL('E'), 0);
+ /* how to handle: eot: ^_, underneath copied from original keybindings */
+ kb_add(x_end_of_text, NULL, CTRL('_'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_eot_del, NULL, CTRL('D'), 0);
+ /* error */
+ kb_add(x_xchg_point_mark, NULL, CTRL('X'), CTRL('X'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_expand, NULL, CTRL('['), '*', 0);
+ kb_add(x_mv_forw, NULL, CTRL('F'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_mv_forw, NULL, CTRL('X'), 'C', 0);
+ kb_add(x_mv_fword, NULL, CTRL('['), 'f', 0);
+ kb_add(x_goto_hist, NULL, CTRL('['), 'g', 0);
+ /* kill-line */
+ kb_add(x_del_bword, NULL, CTRL('W'), 0); /* not what man says */
+ kb_add(x_kill, NULL, CTRL('K'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_enumerate, NULL, CTRL('['), '?', 0);
+ kb_add(x_list_comm, NULL, CTRL('X'), '?', 0);
+ kb_add(x_list_file, NULL, CTRL('X'), CTRL('Y'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_newline, NULL, CTRL('J'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_newline, NULL, CTRL('M'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_nl_next_com, NULL, CTRL('O'), 0);
+ /* no-op */
+ kb_add(x_prev_histword, NULL, CTRL('['), '.', 0);
+ kb_add(x_prev_histword, NULL, CTRL('['), '_', 0);
+ /* how to handle: quote: ^^ */
+ kb_add(x_draw_line, NULL, CTRL('L'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_search_char_back, NULL, CTRL('['), CTRL(']'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_search_char_forw, NULL, CTRL(']'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_search_hist, NULL, CTRL('R'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_set_mark, NULL, CTRL('['), ' ', 0);
+#if defined(TIOCSTI)
+ kb_add(x_stuff, NULL, CTRL('T'), 0);
+ /* stuff-reset */
+#else
+ kb_add(x_transpose, NULL, CTRL('T'), 0);
+#endif
+ kb_add(x_prev_com, NULL, CTRL('P'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_prev_com, NULL, CTRL('X'), 'A', 0);
+ kb_add(x_fold_upper, NULL, CTRL('['), 'U', 0);
+ kb_add(x_fold_upper, NULL, CTRL('['), 'u', 0);
+ kb_add(x_literal, NULL, CTRL('V'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_literal, NULL, CTRL('^'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_yank, NULL, CTRL('Y'), 0);
+ kb_add(x_meta_yank, NULL, CTRL('['), 'y', 0);
+ /* man page ends here */
+
+ /* arrow keys */
+ kb_add(x_prev_com, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', 'A', 0); /* up */
+ kb_add(x_next_com, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', 'B', 0); /* down */
+ kb_add(x_mv_forw, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', 'C', 0); /* right */
+ kb_add(x_mv_back, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', 'D', 0); /* left */
+ kb_add(x_prev_com, NULL, CTRL('['), 'O', 'A', 0); /* up */
+ kb_add(x_next_com, NULL, CTRL('['), 'O', 'B', 0); /* down */
+ kb_add(x_mv_forw, NULL, CTRL('['), 'O', 'C', 0); /* right */
+ kb_add(x_mv_back, NULL, CTRL('['), 'O', 'D', 0); /* left */
+
+ /* more navigation keys */
+ kb_add(x_mv_begin, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', 'H', 0); /* home */
+ kb_add(x_mv_end, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', 'F', 0); /* end */
+ kb_add(x_mv_begin, NULL, CTRL('['), 'O', 'H', 0); /* home */
+ kb_add(x_mv_end, NULL, CTRL('['), 'O', 'F', 0); /* end */
+ kb_add(x_mv_begin, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', '1', '~', 0); /* home */
+ kb_add(x_mv_end, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', '4', '~', 0); /* end */
+
+ /* can't be bound */
+ kb_add(x_set_arg, NULL, CTRL('['), '0', 0);
+ kb_add(x_set_arg, NULL, CTRL('['), '1', 0);
+ kb_add(x_set_arg, NULL, CTRL('['), '2', 0);
+ kb_add(x_set_arg, NULL, CTRL('['), '3', 0);
+ kb_add(x_set_arg, NULL, CTRL('['), '4', 0);
+ kb_add(x_set_arg, NULL, CTRL('['), '5', 0);
+ kb_add(x_set_arg, NULL, CTRL('['), '6', 0);
+ kb_add(x_set_arg, NULL, CTRL('['), '7', 0);
+ kb_add(x_set_arg, NULL, CTRL('['), '8', 0);
+ kb_add(x_set_arg, NULL, CTRL('['), '9', 0);
+
+ /* ctrl arrow keys */
+ kb_add(x_mv_end, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', '1', ';', '5', 'A', 0); /* ctrl up */
+ kb_add(x_mv_begin, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', '1', ';', '5', 'B', 0); /* ctrl down */
+ kb_add(x_mv_fword, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', '1', ';', '5', 'C', 0); /* ctrl right */
+ kb_add(x_mv_bword, NULL, CTRL('['), '[', '1', ';', '5', 'D', 0); /* ctrl left */
+}
+
+void
+x_emacs_keys(X_chars *ec)
+{
+ x_bind_quiet = 1;
+ if (ec->erase >= 0) {
+ kb_add(x_del_back, NULL, ec->erase, 0);
+ kb_add(x_del_bword, NULL, CTRL('['), ec->erase, 0);
+ }
+ if (ec->kill >= 0)
+ kb_add(x_del_line, NULL, ec->kill, 0);
+ if (ec->werase >= 0)
+ kb_add(x_del_bword, NULL, ec->werase, 0);
+ if (ec->intr >= 0)
+ kb_add(x_abort, NULL, ec->intr, 0);
+ if (ec->quit >= 0)
+ kb_add(x_noop, NULL, ec->quit, 0);
+ x_bind_quiet = 0;
+}
+
+static int
+x_set_mark(int c)
+{
+ xmp = xcp;
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_kill_region(int c)
+{
+ int rsize;
+ char *xr;
+
+ if (xmp == NULL) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ if (xmp > xcp) {
+ rsize = xmp - xcp;
+ xr = xcp;
+ } else {
+ rsize = xcp - xmp;
+ xr = xmp;
+ }
+ x_goto(xr);
+ x_delete(rsize, true);
+ xmp = xr;
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_xchg_point_mark(int c)
+{
+ char *tmp;
+
+ if (xmp == NULL) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ tmp = xmp;
+ xmp = xcp;
+ x_goto( tmp );
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_version(int c)
+{
+ char *o_xbuf = xbuf, *o_xend = xend;
+ char *o_xbp = xbp, *o_xep = xep, *o_xcp = xcp;
+ int lim = x_lastcp() - xbp;
+
+ xbuf = xbp = xcp = (char *) ksh_version + 4;
+ xend = xep = (char *) ksh_version + 4 + strlen(ksh_version + 4);
+ x_redraw(lim);
+ x_flush();
+
+ c = x_e_getc();
+ xbuf = o_xbuf;
+ xend = o_xend;
+ xbp = o_xbp;
+ xep = o_xep;
+ xcp = o_xcp;
+ x_redraw(strlen(ksh_version));
+
+ if (c < 0)
+ return KSTD;
+ /* This is what at&t ksh seems to do... Very bizarre */
+ if (c != ' ')
+ x_e_ungetc(c);
+
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+static int
+x_noop(int c)
+{
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+/*
+ * File/command name completion routines
+ */
+
+static int
+x_comp_comm(int c)
+{
+ do_complete(XCF_COMMAND, CT_COMPLETE);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+static int
+x_list_comm(int c)
+{
+ do_complete(XCF_COMMAND, CT_LIST);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+static int
+x_complete(int c)
+{
+ do_complete(XCF_COMMAND_FILE, CT_COMPLETE);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+static int
+x_enumerate(int c)
+{
+ do_complete(XCF_COMMAND_FILE, CT_LIST);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+static int
+x_comp_file(int c)
+{
+ do_complete(XCF_FILE, CT_COMPLETE);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+static int
+x_list_file(int c)
+{
+ do_complete(XCF_FILE, CT_LIST);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+static int
+x_comp_list(int c)
+{
+ do_complete(XCF_COMMAND_FILE, CT_COMPLIST);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+static int
+x_expand(int c)
+{
+ char **words;
+ int nwords = 0;
+ int start, end;
+ int is_command;
+ int i;
+
+ nwords = x_cf_glob(XCF_FILE, xbuf, xep - xbuf, xcp - xbuf,
+ &start, &end, &words, &is_command);
+
+ if (nwords == 0) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+
+ x_goto(xbuf + start);
+ x_delete(end - start, false);
+ for (i = 0; i < nwords;) {
+ if (x_escape(words[i], strlen(words[i]), x_do_ins) < 0 ||
+ (++i < nwords && x_ins(" ") < 0)) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ }
+ x_adjust();
+
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+/* type == 0 for list, 1 for complete and 2 for complete-list */
+static void
+do_complete(int flags, /* XCF_{COMMAND,FILE,COMMAND_FILE} */
+ Comp_type type)
+{
+ char **words;
+ int nwords;
+ int start, end, nlen, olen;
+ int is_command;
+ int completed = 0;
+
+ nwords = x_cf_glob(flags, xbuf, xep - xbuf, xcp - xbuf,
+ &start, &end, &words, &is_command);
+ /* no match */
+ if (nwords == 0) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (type == CT_LIST) {
+ x_print_expansions(nwords, words, is_command);
+ x_redraw(0);
+ x_free_words(nwords, words);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ olen = end - start;
+ nlen = x_longest_prefix(nwords, words);
+ /* complete */
+ if (nwords == 1 || nlen > olen) {
+ x_goto(xbuf + start);
+ x_delete(olen, false);
+ x_escape(words[0], nlen, x_do_ins);
+ x_adjust();
+ completed = 1;
+ }
+ /* add space if single non-dir match */
+ if (nwords == 1 && words[0][nlen - 1] != '/') {
+ x_ins(" ");
+ completed = 1;
+ }
+
+ if (type == CT_COMPLIST && !completed) {
+ x_print_expansions(nwords, words, is_command);
+ completed = 1;
+ }
+
+ if (completed)
+ x_redraw(0);
+
+ x_free_words(nwords, words);
+}
+
+/* NAME:
+ * x_adjust - redraw the line adjusting starting point etc.
+ *
+ * DESCRIPTION:
+ * This function is called when we have exceeded the bounds
+ * of the edit window. It increments x_adj_done so that
+ * functions like x_ins and x_delete know that we have been
+ * called and can skip the x_bs() stuff which has already
+ * been done by x_redraw.
+ *
+ * RETURN VALUE:
+ * None
+ */
+
+static void
+x_adjust(void)
+{
+ x_adj_done++; /* flag the fact that we were called. */
+ /*
+ * we had a problem if the prompt length > xx_cols / 2
+ */
+ if ((xbp = xcp - (x_displen / 2)) < xbuf)
+ xbp = xbuf;
+ xlp_valid = false;
+ x_redraw(xx_cols);
+ x_flush();
+}
+
+static int unget_char = -1;
+
+static void
+x_e_ungetc(int c)
+{
+ unget_char = c;
+}
+
+static int
+x_e_getc(void)
+{
+ int c;
+
+ if (unget_char >= 0) {
+ c = unget_char;
+ unget_char = -1;
+ } else if (macro_args) {
+ c = *macro_args++;
+ if (!c) {
+ macro_args = NULL;
+ c = x_getc();
+ }
+ } else
+ c = x_getc();
+
+ return c;
+}
+
+static void
+x_e_putc(int c)
+{
+ if (c == '\r' || c == '\n')
+ x_col = 0;
+ if (x_col < xx_cols) {
+ x_putc(c);
+ switch (c) {
+ case BEL:
+ break;
+ case '\r':
+ case '\n':
+ break;
+ case '\b':
+ x_col--;
+ break;
+ default:
+ x_col++;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (x_adj_ok && (x_col < 0 || x_col >= (xx_cols - 2)))
+ x_adjust();
+}
+
+#ifdef DEBUG
+static int
+x_debug_info(int c)
+{
+ x_flush();
+ shellf("\nksh debug:\n");
+ shellf("\tx_col == %d,\t\tx_cols == %d,\tx_displen == %d\n",
+ x_col, xx_cols, x_displen);
+ shellf("\txcp == 0x%lx,\txep == 0x%lx\n", (long) xcp, (long) xep);
+ shellf("\txbp == 0x%lx,\txbuf == 0x%lx\n", (long) xbp, (long) xbuf);
+ shellf("\txlp == 0x%lx\n", (long) xlp);
+ shellf("\txlp == 0x%lx\n", (long) x_lastcp());
+ shellf("\n");
+ x_redraw(-1);
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
+static void
+x_e_puts(const char *s)
+{
+ int adj = x_adj_done;
+
+ while (*s && adj == x_adj_done)
+ x_e_putc(*s++);
+}
+
+/* NAME:
+ * x_set_arg - set an arg value for next function
+ *
+ * DESCRIPTION:
+ * This is a simple implementation of M-[0-9].
+ *
+ * RETURN VALUE:
+ * KSTD
+ */
+
+static int
+x_set_arg(int c)
+{
+ int n = 0;
+ int first = 1;
+
+ for (; c >= 0 && isdigit(c); c = x_e_getc(), first = 0)
+ n = n * 10 + (c - '0');
+ if (c < 0 || first) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ x_arg = 1;
+ x_arg_defaulted = 1;
+ } else {
+ x_e_ungetc(c);
+ x_arg = n;
+ x_arg_defaulted = 0;
+ x_arg_set = 1;
+ }
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+
+/* Comment or uncomment the current line. */
+static int
+x_comment(int c)
+{
+ int oldsize = x_size_str(xbuf);
+ int len = xep - xbuf;
+ int ret = x_do_comment(xbuf, xend - xbuf, &len);
+
+ if (ret < 0)
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ else {
+ xep = xbuf + len;
+ *xep = '\0';
+ xcp = xbp = xbuf;
+ x_redraw(oldsize);
+ if (ret > 0)
+ return x_newline('\n');
+ }
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+
+/* NAME:
+ * x_prev_histword - recover word from prev command
+ *
+ * DESCRIPTION:
+ * This function recovers the last word from the previous
+ * command and inserts it into the current edit line. If a
+ * numeric arg is supplied then the n'th word from the
+ * start of the previous command is used.
+ *
+ * Bound to M-.
+ *
+ * RETURN VALUE:
+ * KSTD
+ */
+
+static int
+x_prev_histword(int c)
+{
+ char *rcp;
+ char *cp;
+
+ cp = *histptr;
+ if (!cp)
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ else if (x_arg_defaulted) {
+ rcp = &cp[strlen(cp) - 1];
+ /*
+ * ignore white-space after the last word
+ */
+ while (rcp > cp && is_cfs(*rcp))
+ rcp--;
+ while (rcp > cp && !is_cfs(*rcp))
+ rcp--;
+ if (is_cfs(*rcp))
+ rcp++;
+ x_ins(rcp);
+ } else {
+ int c;
+
+ rcp = cp;
+ /*
+ * ignore white-space at start of line
+ */
+ while (*rcp && is_cfs(*rcp))
+ rcp++;
+ while (x_arg-- > 1) {
+ while (*rcp && !is_cfs(*rcp))
+ rcp++;
+ while (*rcp && is_cfs(*rcp))
+ rcp++;
+ }
+ cp = rcp;
+ while (*rcp && !is_cfs(*rcp))
+ rcp++;
+ c = *rcp;
+ *rcp = '\0';
+ x_ins(cp);
+ *rcp = c;
+ }
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+/* Uppercase N(1) words */
+static int
+x_fold_upper(int c)
+{
+ return x_fold_case('U');
+}
+
+/* Lowercase N(1) words */
+static int
+x_fold_lower(int c)
+{
+ return x_fold_case('L');
+}
+
+/* Lowercase N(1) words */
+static int
+x_fold_capitalize(int c)
+{
+ return x_fold_case('C');
+}
+
+/* NAME:
+ * x_fold_case - convert word to UPPER/lower/Capital case
+ *
+ * DESCRIPTION:
+ * This function is used to implement M-U,M-u,M-L,M-l,M-C and M-c
+ * to UPPER case, lower case or Capitalize words.
+ *
+ * RETURN VALUE:
+ * None
+ */
+
+static int
+x_fold_case(int c)
+{
+ char *cp = xcp;
+
+ if (cp == xep) {
+ x_e_putc(BEL);
+ return KSTD;
+ }
+ while (x_arg--) {
+ /*
+ * first skip over any white-space
+ */
+ while (cp != xep && is_mfs(*cp))
+ cp++;
+ /*
+ * do the first char on its own since it may be
+ * a different action than for the rest.
+ */
+ if (cp != xep) {
+ if (c == 'L') { /* lowercase */
+ if (isupper((unsigned char)*cp))
+ *cp = tolower((unsigned char)*cp);
+ } else { /* uppercase, capitalize */
+ if (islower((unsigned char)*cp))
+ *cp = toupper((unsigned char)*cp);
+ }
+ cp++;
+ }
+ /*
+ * now for the rest of the word
+ */
+ while (cp != xep && !is_mfs(*cp)) {
+ if (c == 'U') { /* uppercase */
+ if (islower((unsigned char)*cp))
+ *cp = toupper((unsigned char)*cp);
+ } else { /* lowercase, capitalize */
+ if (isupper((unsigned char)*cp))
+ *cp = tolower((unsigned char)*cp);
+ }
+ cp++;
+ }
+ }
+ x_goto(cp);
+ return KSTD;
+}
+
+/* NAME:
+ * x_lastcp - last visible byte
+ *
+ * SYNOPSIS:
+ * x_lastcp()
+ *
+ * DESCRIPTION:
+ * This function returns a pointer to that byte in the
+ * edit buffer that will be the last displayed on the
+ * screen. The sequence:
+ *
+ * for (cp = x_lastcp(); cp > xcp; cp)
+ * x_bs(*--cp);
+ *
+ * Will position the cursor correctly on the screen.
+ *
+ * RETURN VALUE:
+ * cp or NULL
+ */
+
+static char *
+x_lastcp(void)
+{
+ char *rcp;
+ int i;
+
+ if (!xlp_valid) {
+ for (i = 0, rcp = xbp; rcp < xep && i < x_displen; rcp++)
+ i += x_size((unsigned char)*rcp);
+ xlp = rcp;
+ }
+ xlp_valid = true;
+ return (xlp);
+}
+
+#endif /* EDIT */
diff --git a/bin/ksh/eval.c b/bin/ksh/eval.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7124fce
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/eval.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1340 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: eval.c,v 1.50 2016/03/05 12:30:17 czarkoff Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * Expansion - quoting, separation, substitution, globbing
+ */
+
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <dirent.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <pwd.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+
+/*
+ * string expansion
+ *
+ * first pass: quoting, IFS separation, ~, ${}, $() and $(()) substitution.
+ * second pass: alternation ({,}), filename expansion (*?[]).
+ */
+
+/* expansion generator state */
+typedef struct Expand {
+ /* int type; */ /* see expand() */
+ const char *str; /* string */
+ union {
+ const char **strv;/* string[] */
+ struct shf *shf;/* file */
+ } u; /* source */
+ struct tbl *var; /* variable in ${var..} */
+ short split; /* split "$@" / call waitlast $() */
+} Expand;
+
+#define XBASE 0 /* scanning original */
+#define XSUB 1 /* expanding ${} string */
+#define XARGSEP 2 /* ifs0 between "$*" */
+#define XARG 3 /* expanding $*, $@ */
+#define XCOM 4 /* expanding $() */
+#define XNULLSUB 5 /* "$@" when $# is 0 (don't generate word) */
+#define XSUBMID 6 /* middle of expanding ${} */
+
+/* States used for field splitting */
+#define IFS_WORD 0 /* word has chars (or quotes) */
+#define IFS_WS 1 /* have seen IFS white-space */
+#define IFS_NWS 2 /* have seen IFS non-white-space */
+
+static int varsub(Expand *, char *, char *, int *, int *);
+static int comsub(Expand *, char *);
+static char *trimsub(char *, char *, int);
+static void glob(char *, XPtrV *, int);
+static void globit(XString *, char **, char *, XPtrV *, int);
+static char *maybe_expand_tilde(char *, XString *, char **, int);
+static char *tilde(char *);
+static char *homedir(char *);
+#ifdef BRACE_EXPAND
+static void alt_expand(XPtrV *, char *, char *, char *, int);
+#endif
+
+/* compile and expand word */
+char *
+substitute(const char *cp, int f)
+{
+ struct source *s, *sold;
+
+ sold = source;
+ s = pushs(SWSTR, ATEMP);
+ s->start = s->str = cp;
+ source = s;
+ if (yylex(ONEWORD) != LWORD)
+ internal_errorf(1, "substitute");
+ source = sold;
+ afree(s, ATEMP);
+ return evalstr(yylval.cp, f);
+}
+
+/*
+ * expand arg-list
+ */
+char **
+eval(char **ap, int f)
+{
+ XPtrV w;
+
+ if (*ap == NULL)
+ return ap;
+ XPinit(w, 32);
+ XPput(w, NULL); /* space for shell name */
+ while (*ap != NULL)
+ expand(*ap++, &w, f);
+ XPput(w, NULL);
+ return (char **) XPclose(w) + 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * expand string
+ */
+char *
+evalstr(char *cp, int f)
+{
+ XPtrV w;
+
+ XPinit(w, 1);
+ expand(cp, &w, f);
+ cp = (XPsize(w) == 0) ? null : (char*) *XPptrv(w);
+ XPfree(w);
+ return cp;
+}
+
+/*
+ * expand string - return only one component
+ * used from iosetup to expand redirection files
+ */
+char *
+evalonestr(char *cp, int f)
+{
+ XPtrV w;
+
+ XPinit(w, 1);
+ expand(cp, &w, f);
+ switch (XPsize(w)) {
+ case 0:
+ cp = null;
+ break;
+ case 1:
+ cp = (char*) *XPptrv(w);
+ break;
+ default:
+ cp = evalstr(cp, f&~DOGLOB);
+ break;
+ }
+ XPfree(w);
+ return cp;
+}
+
+/* for nested substitution: ${var:=$var2} */
+typedef struct SubType {
+ short stype; /* [=+-?%#] action after expanded word */
+ short base; /* begin position of expanded word */
+ short f; /* saved value of f (DOPAT, etc) */
+ struct tbl *var; /* variable for ${var..} */
+ short quote; /* saved value of quote (for ${..[%#]..}) */
+ struct SubType *prev; /* old type */
+ struct SubType *next; /* poped type (to avoid re-allocating) */
+} SubType;
+
+void
+expand(char *cp, /* input word */
+ XPtrV *wp, /* output words */
+ int f) /* DO* flags */
+{
+ int c = 0;
+ int type; /* expansion type */
+ int quote = 0; /* quoted */
+ XString ds; /* destination string */
+ char *dp, *sp; /* dest., source */
+ int fdo, word; /* second pass flags; have word */
+ int doblank; /* field splitting of parameter/command subst */
+ Expand x = {
+ /* expansion variables */
+ NULL, { NULL }, NULL, 0
+ };
+ SubType st_head, *st;
+ int newlines = 0; /* For trailing newlines in COMSUB */
+ int saw_eq, tilde_ok;
+ int make_magic;
+ size_t len;
+
+ if (cp == NULL)
+ internal_errorf(1, "expand(NULL)");
+ /* for alias, readonly, set, typeset commands */
+ if ((f & DOVACHECK) && is_wdvarassign(cp)) {
+ f &= ~(DOVACHECK|DOBLANK|DOGLOB|DOTILDE);
+ f |= DOASNTILDE;
+ }
+ if (Flag(FNOGLOB))
+ f &= ~DOGLOB;
+ if (Flag(FMARKDIRS))
+ f |= DOMARKDIRS;
+#ifdef BRACE_EXPAND
+ if (Flag(FBRACEEXPAND) && (f & DOGLOB))
+ f |= DOBRACE_;
+#endif /* BRACE_EXPAND */
+
+ Xinit(ds, dp, 128, ATEMP); /* init dest. string */
+ type = XBASE;
+ sp = cp;
+ fdo = 0;
+ saw_eq = 0;
+ tilde_ok = (f & (DOTILDE|DOASNTILDE)) ? 1 : 0; /* must be 1/0 */
+ doblank = 0;
+ make_magic = 0;
+ word = (f&DOBLANK) ? IFS_WS : IFS_WORD;
+ st_head.next = NULL;
+ st = &st_head;
+
+ while (1) {
+ Xcheck(ds, dp);
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case XBASE: /* original prefixed string */
+ c = *sp++;
+ switch (c) {
+ case EOS:
+ c = 0;
+ break;
+ case CHAR:
+ c = *sp++;
+ break;
+ case QCHAR:
+ quote |= 2; /* temporary quote */
+ c = *sp++;
+ break;
+ case OQUOTE:
+ word = IFS_WORD;
+ tilde_ok = 0;
+ quote = 1;
+ continue;
+ case CQUOTE:
+ quote = 0;
+ continue;
+ case COMSUB:
+ tilde_ok = 0;
+ if (f & DONTRUNCOMMAND) {
+ word = IFS_WORD;
+ *dp++ = '$'; *dp++ = '(';
+ while (*sp != '\0') {
+ Xcheck(ds, dp);
+ *dp++ = *sp++;
+ }
+ *dp++ = ')';
+ } else {
+ type = comsub(&x, sp);
+ if (type == XCOM && (f&DOBLANK))
+ doblank++;
+ sp = strchr(sp, 0) + 1;
+ newlines = 0;
+ }
+ continue;
+ case EXPRSUB:
+ word = IFS_WORD;
+ tilde_ok = 0;
+ if (f & DONTRUNCOMMAND) {
+ *dp++ = '$'; *dp++ = '('; *dp++ = '(';
+ while (*sp != '\0') {
+ Xcheck(ds, dp);
+ *dp++ = *sp++;
+ }
+ *dp++ = ')'; *dp++ = ')';
+ } else {
+ struct tbl v;
+ char *p;
+
+ v.flag = DEFINED|ISSET|INTEGER;
+ v.type = 10; /* not default */
+ v.name[0] = '\0';
+ v_evaluate(&v, substitute(sp, 0),
+ KSH_UNWIND_ERROR, true);
+ sp = strchr(sp, 0) + 1;
+ for (p = str_val(&v); *p; ) {
+ Xcheck(ds, dp);
+ *dp++ = *p++;
+ }
+ }
+ continue;
+ case OSUBST: /* ${{#}var{:}[=+-?#%]word} */
+ /* format is:
+ * OSUBST [{x] plain-variable-part \0
+ * compiled-word-part CSUBST [}x]
+ * This is where all syntax checking gets done...
+ */
+ {
+ char *varname = ++sp; /* skip the { or x (}) */
+ int stype;
+ int slen = 0;
+
+ sp = strchr(sp, '\0') + 1; /* skip variable */
+ type = varsub(&x, varname, sp, &stype, &slen);
+ if (type < 0) {
+ char endc;
+ char *str, *end;
+
+ sp = varname - 2; /* restore sp */
+ end = (char *) wdscan(sp, CSUBST);
+ /* ({) the } or x is already skipped */
+ endc = *end;
+ *end = EOS;
+ str = snptreef(NULL, 64, "%S", sp);
+ *end = endc;
+ errorf("%s: bad substitution", str);
+ }
+ if (f&DOBLANK)
+ doblank++;
+ tilde_ok = 0;
+ if (type == XBASE) { /* expand? */
+ if (!st->next) {
+ SubType *newst;
+
+ newst = alloc(
+ sizeof(SubType), ATEMP);
+ newst->next = NULL;
+ newst->prev = st;
+ st->next = newst;
+ }
+ st = st->next;
+ st->stype = stype;
+ st->base = Xsavepos(ds, dp);
+ st->f = f;
+ st->var = x.var;
+ st->quote = quote;
+ /* skip qualifier(s) */
+ if (stype)
+ sp += slen;
+ switch (stype & 0x7f) {
+ case '#':
+ case '%':
+ /* ! DOBLANK,DOBRACE_,DOTILDE */
+ f = DOPAT | (f&DONTRUNCOMMAND) |
+ DOTEMP_;
+ quote = 0;
+ /* Prepend open pattern (so |
+ * in a trim will work as
+ * expected)
+ */
+ *dp++ = MAGIC;
+ *dp++ = '@' + 0x80;
+ break;
+ case '=':
+ /* Enabling tilde expansion
+ * after :'s here is
+ * non-standard ksh, but is
+ * consistent with rules for
+ * other assignments. Not
+ * sure what POSIX thinks of
+ * this.
+ * Not doing tilde expansion
+ * for integer variables is a
+ * non-POSIX thing - makes
+ * sense though, since ~ is
+ * a arithmetic operator.
+ */
+ if (!(x.var->flag & INTEGER))
+ f |= DOASNTILDE|DOTILDE;
+ f |= DOTEMP_;
+ /* These will be done after the
+ * value has been assigned.
+ */
+ f &= ~(DOBLANK|DOGLOB|DOBRACE_);
+ tilde_ok = 1;
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ f &= ~DOBLANK;
+ f |= DOTEMP_;
+ /* FALLTHROUGH */
+ default:
+ /* Enable tilde expansion */
+ tilde_ok = 1;
+ f |= DOTILDE;
+ }
+ } else
+ /* skip word */
+ sp = (char *) wdscan(sp, CSUBST);
+ continue;
+ }
+ case CSUBST: /* only get here if expanding word */
+ sp++; /* ({) skip the } or x */
+ tilde_ok = 0; /* in case of ${unset:-} */
+ *dp = '\0';
+ quote = st->quote;
+ f = st->f;
+ if (f&DOBLANK)
+ doblank--;
+ switch (st->stype&0x7f) {
+ case '#':
+ case '%':
+ /* Append end-pattern */
+ *dp++ = MAGIC; *dp++ = ')'; *dp = '\0';
+ dp = Xrestpos(ds, dp, st->base);
+ /* Must use st->var since calling
+ * global would break things
+ * like x[i+=1].
+ */
+ x.str = trimsub(str_val(st->var),
+ dp, st->stype);
+ if (x.str[0] != '\0' || st->quote)
+ type = XSUB;
+ else
+ type = XNULLSUB;
+ if (f&DOBLANK)
+ doblank++;
+ st = st->prev;
+ continue;
+ case '=':
+ /* Restore our position and substitute
+ * the value of st->var (may not be
+ * the assigned value in the presence
+ * of integer/right-adj/etc attributes).
+ */
+ dp = Xrestpos(ds, dp, st->base);
+ /* Must use st->var since calling
+ * global would cause with things
+ * like x[i+=1] to be evaluated twice.
+ */
+ /* Note: not exported by FEXPORT
+ * in at&t ksh.
+ */
+ /* XXX POSIX says readonly is only
+ * fatal for special builtins (setstr
+ * does readonly check).
+ */
+ len = strlen(dp) + 1;
+ setstr(st->var,
+ debunk(alloc(len, ATEMP),
+ dp, len), KSH_UNWIND_ERROR);
+ x.str = str_val(st->var);
+ type = XSUB;
+ if (f&DOBLANK)
+ doblank++;
+ st = st->prev;
+ continue;
+ case '?':
+ {
+ char *s = Xrestpos(ds, dp, st->base);
+
+ errorf("%s: %s", st->var->name,
+ dp == s ?
+ "parameter null or not set" :
+ (debunk(s, s, strlen(s) + 1), s));
+ }
+ }
+ st = st->prev;
+ type = XBASE;
+ continue;
+
+ case OPAT: /* open pattern: *(foo|bar) */
+ /* Next char is the type of pattern */
+ make_magic = 1;
+ c = *sp++ + 0x80;
+ break;
+
+ case SPAT: /* pattern separator (|) */
+ make_magic = 1;
+ c = '|';
+ break;
+
+ case CPAT: /* close pattern */
+ make_magic = 1;
+ c = /*(*/ ')';
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case XNULLSUB:
+ /* Special case for "$@" (and "${foo[@]}") - no
+ * word is generated if $# is 0 (unless there is
+ * other stuff inside the quotes).
+ */
+ type = XBASE;
+ if (f&DOBLANK) {
+ doblank--;
+ /* not really correct: x=; "$x$@" should
+ * generate a null argument and
+ * set A; "${@:+}" shouldn't.
+ */
+ if (dp == Xstring(ds, dp))
+ word = IFS_WS;
+ }
+ continue;
+
+ case XSUB:
+ case XSUBMID:
+ if ((c = *x.str++) == 0) {
+ type = XBASE;
+ if (f&DOBLANK)
+ doblank--;
+ continue;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case XARGSEP:
+ type = XARG;
+ quote = 1;
+ case XARG:
+ if ((c = *x.str++) == '\0') {
+ /* force null words to be created so
+ * set -- '' 2 ''; foo "$@" will do
+ * the right thing
+ */
+ if (quote && x.split)
+ word = IFS_WORD;
+ if ((x.str = *x.u.strv++) == NULL) {
+ type = XBASE;
+ if (f&DOBLANK)
+ doblank--;
+ continue;
+ }
+ c = ifs0;
+ if (c == 0) {
+ if (quote && !x.split)
+ continue;
+ c = ' ';
+ }
+ if (quote && x.split) {
+ /* terminate word for "$@" */
+ type = XARGSEP;
+ quote = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case XCOM:
+ if (x.u.shf == NULL) /* $(< ...) failed, fake EOF */
+ c = EOF;
+ else if (newlines) { /* Spit out saved nl's */
+ c = '\n';
+ --newlines;
+ } else {
+ while ((c = shf_getc(x.u.shf)) == 0 || c == '\n')
+ if (c == '\n')
+ newlines++; /* Save newlines */
+ if (newlines && c != EOF) {
+ shf_ungetc(c, x.u.shf);
+ c = '\n';
+ --newlines;
+ }
+ }
+ if (c == EOF) {
+ newlines = 0;
+ if (x.u.shf != NULL)
+ shf_close(x.u.shf);
+ if (x.split)
+ subst_exstat = waitlast();
+ else
+ subst_exstat = (x.u.shf == NULL);
+ type = XBASE;
+ if (f&DOBLANK)
+ doblank--;
+ continue;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* check for end of word or IFS separation */
+ if (c == 0 || (!quote && (f & DOBLANK) && doblank &&
+ !make_magic && ctype(c, C_IFS))) {
+ /* How words are broken up:
+ * | value of c
+ * word | ws nws 0
+ * -----------------------------------
+ * IFS_WORD w/WS w/NWS w
+ * IFS_WS -/WS w/NWS -
+ * IFS_NWS -/NWS w/NWS w
+ * (w means generate a word)
+ * Note that IFS_NWS/0 generates a word (at&t ksh
+ * doesn't do this, but POSIX does).
+ */
+ if (word == IFS_WORD ||
+ (!ctype(c, C_IFSWS) && c && word == IFS_NWS)) {
+ char *p;
+
+ *dp++ = '\0';
+ p = Xclose(ds, dp);
+#ifdef BRACE_EXPAND
+ if (fdo & DOBRACE_)
+ /* also does globbing */
+ alt_expand(wp, p, p,
+ p + Xlength(ds, (dp - 1)),
+ fdo | (f & DOMARKDIRS));
+ else
+#endif /* BRACE_EXPAND */
+ if (fdo & DOGLOB)
+ glob(p, wp, f & DOMARKDIRS);
+ else if ((f & DOPAT) || !(fdo & DOMAGIC_))
+ XPput(*wp, p);
+ else
+ XPput(*wp, debunk(p, p, strlen(p) + 1));
+ fdo = 0;
+ saw_eq = 0;
+ tilde_ok = (f & (DOTILDE|DOASNTILDE)) ? 1 : 0;
+ if (c != 0)
+ Xinit(ds, dp, 128, ATEMP);
+ }
+ if (c == 0)
+ return;
+ if (word != IFS_NWS)
+ word = ctype(c, C_IFSWS) ? IFS_WS : IFS_NWS;
+ } else {
+ if (type == XSUB) {
+ if (word == IFS_NWS &&
+ Xlength(ds, dp) == 0) {
+ char *p;
+
+ if ((p = strdup("")) == NULL)
+ internal_errorf(1, "unable "
+ "to allocate memory");
+ XPput(*wp, p);
+ }
+ type = XSUBMID;
+ }
+
+ /* age tilde_ok info - ~ code tests second bit */
+ tilde_ok <<= 1;
+ /* mark any special second pass chars */
+ if (!quote)
+ switch (c) {
+ case '[':
+ case '!':
+ case '-':
+ case ']':
+ /* For character classes - doesn't hurt
+ * to have magic !,-,]'s outside of
+ * [...] expressions.
+ */
+ if (f & (DOPAT | DOGLOB)) {
+ fdo |= DOMAGIC_;
+ if (c == '[')
+ fdo |= f & DOGLOB;
+ *dp++ = MAGIC;
+ }
+ break;
+ case '*':
+ case '?':
+ if (f & (DOPAT | DOGLOB)) {
+ fdo |= DOMAGIC_ | (f & DOGLOB);
+ *dp++ = MAGIC;
+ }
+ break;
+#ifdef BRACE_EXPAND
+ case OBRACE:
+ case ',':
+ case CBRACE:
+ if ((f & DOBRACE_) && (c == OBRACE ||
+ (fdo & DOBRACE_))) {
+ fdo |= DOBRACE_|DOMAGIC_;
+ *dp++ = MAGIC;
+ }
+ break;
+#endif /* BRACE_EXPAND */
+ case '=':
+ /* Note first unquoted = for ~ */
+ if (!(f & DOTEMP_) && !saw_eq) {
+ saw_eq = 1;
+ tilde_ok = 1;
+ }
+ break;
+ case ':': /* : */
+ /* Note unquoted : for ~ */
+ if (!(f & DOTEMP_) && (f & DOASNTILDE))
+ tilde_ok = 1;
+ break;
+ case '~':
+ /* tilde_ok is reset whenever
+ * any of ' " $( $(( ${ } are seen.
+ * Note that tilde_ok must be preserved
+ * through the sequence ${A=a=}~
+ */
+ if (type == XBASE &&
+ (f & (DOTILDE|DOASNTILDE)) &&
+ (tilde_ok & 2)) {
+ char *p, *dp_x;
+
+ dp_x = dp;
+ p = maybe_expand_tilde(sp,
+ &ds, &dp_x,
+ f & DOASNTILDE);
+ if (p) {
+ if (dp != dp_x)
+ word = IFS_WORD;
+ dp = dp_x;
+ sp = p;
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ else
+ quote &= ~2; /* undo temporary */
+
+ if (make_magic) {
+ make_magic = 0;
+ fdo |= DOMAGIC_ | (f & DOGLOB);
+ *dp++ = MAGIC;
+ } else if (ISMAGIC(c)) {
+ fdo |= DOMAGIC_;
+ *dp++ = MAGIC;
+ }
+ *dp++ = c; /* save output char */
+ word = IFS_WORD;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Prepare to generate the string returned by ${} substitution.
+ */
+static int
+varsub(Expand *xp, char *sp, char *word,
+ int *stypep, /* becomes qualifier type */
+ int *slenp) /* " " len (=, :=, etc.) valid iff *stypep != 0 */
+{
+ int c;
+ int state; /* next state: XBASE, XARG, XSUB, XNULLSUB */
+ int stype; /* substitution type */
+ int slen;
+ char *p;
+ struct tbl *vp;
+ int zero_ok = 0;
+
+ if (sp[0] == '\0') /* Bad variable name */
+ return -1;
+
+ xp->var = NULL;
+
+ /* ${#var}, string length or array size */
+ if (sp[0] == '#' && (c = sp[1]) != '\0') {
+ /* Can't have any modifiers for ${#...} */
+ if (*word != CSUBST)
+ return -1;
+ sp++;
+ /* Check for size of array */
+ if ((p=strchr(sp,'[')) && (p[1]=='*'||p[1]=='@') && p[2]==']') {
+ int n = 0;
+
+ vp = global(arrayname(sp));
+ if (vp->flag & (ISSET|ARRAY))
+ zero_ok = 1;
+ for (; vp; vp = vp->u.array)
+ if (vp->flag & ISSET)
+ n++;
+ c = n; /* ksh88/ksh93 go for number, not max index */
+ } else if (c == '*' || c == '@')
+ c = genv->loc->argc;
+ else {
+ p = str_val(global(sp));
+ zero_ok = p != null;
+ c = strlen(p);
+ }
+ if (Flag(FNOUNSET) && c == 0 && !zero_ok)
+ errorf("%s: parameter not set", sp);
+ *stypep = 0; /* unqualified variable/string substitution */
+ xp->str = str_save(ulton((unsigned long)c, 10), ATEMP);
+ return XSUB;
+ }
+
+ /* Check for qualifiers in word part */
+ stype = 0;
+ c = word[slen = 0] == CHAR ? word[1] : 0;
+ if (c == ':') {
+ slen += 2;
+ stype = 0x80;
+ c = word[slen + 0] == CHAR ? word[slen + 1] : 0;
+ }
+ if (ctype(c, C_SUBOP1)) {
+ slen += 2;
+ stype |= c;
+ } else if (ctype(c, C_SUBOP2)) { /* Note: ksh88 allows :%, :%%, etc */
+ slen += 2;
+ stype = c;
+ if (word[slen + 0] == CHAR && c == word[slen + 1]) {
+ stype |= 0x80;
+ slen += 2;
+ }
+ } else if (stype) /* : is not ok */
+ return -1;
+ if (!stype && *word != CSUBST)
+ return -1;
+ *stypep = stype;
+ *slenp = slen;
+
+ c = sp[0];
+ if (c == '*' || c == '@') {
+ switch (stype & 0x7f) {
+ case '=': /* can't assign to a vector */
+ case '%': /* can't trim a vector (yet) */
+ case '#':
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (genv->loc->argc == 0) {
+ xp->str = null;
+ xp->var = global(sp);
+ state = c == '@' ? XNULLSUB : XSUB;
+ } else {
+ xp->u.strv = (const char **) genv->loc->argv + 1;
+ xp->str = *xp->u.strv++;
+ xp->split = c == '@'; /* $@ */
+ state = XARG;
+ }
+ zero_ok = 1; /* exempt "$@" and "$*" from 'set -u' */
+ } else {
+ if ((p=strchr(sp,'[')) && (p[1]=='*'||p[1]=='@') && p[2]==']') {
+ XPtrV wv;
+
+ switch (stype & 0x7f) {
+ case '=': /* can't assign to a vector */
+ case '%': /* can't trim a vector (yet) */
+ case '#':
+ case '?':
+ return -1;
+ }
+ XPinit(wv, 32);
+ vp = global(arrayname(sp));
+ for (; vp; vp = vp->u.array) {
+ if (!(vp->flag&ISSET))
+ continue;
+ XPput(wv, str_val(vp));
+ }
+ if (XPsize(wv) == 0) {
+ xp->str = null;
+ state = p[1] == '@' ? XNULLSUB : XSUB;
+ XPfree(wv);
+ } else {
+ XPput(wv, 0);
+ xp->u.strv = (const char **) XPptrv(wv);
+ xp->str = *xp->u.strv++;
+ xp->split = p[1] == '@'; /* ${foo[@]} */
+ state = XARG;
+ }
+ } else {
+ /* Can't assign things like $! or $1 */
+ if ((stype & 0x7f) == '=' &&
+ (ctype(*sp, C_VAR1) || digit(*sp)))
+ return -1;
+ xp->var = global(sp);
+ xp->str = str_val(xp->var);
+ state = XSUB;
+ }
+ }
+
+ c = stype&0x7f;
+ /* test the compiler's code generator */
+ if (ctype(c, C_SUBOP2) ||
+ (((stype&0x80) ? *xp->str=='\0' : xp->str==null) ? /* undef? */
+ c == '=' || c == '-' || c == '?' : c == '+'))
+ state = XBASE; /* expand word instead of variable value */
+ if (Flag(FNOUNSET) && xp->str == null && !zero_ok &&
+ (ctype(c, C_SUBOP2) || (state != XBASE && c != '+')))
+ errorf("%s: parameter not set", sp);
+ return state;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Run the command in $(...) and read its output.
+ */
+static int
+comsub(Expand *xp, char *cp)
+{
+ Source *s, *sold;
+ struct op *t;
+ struct shf *shf;
+
+ s = pushs(SSTRING, ATEMP);
+ s->start = s->str = cp;
+ sold = source;
+ t = compile(s);
+ afree(s, ATEMP);
+ source = sold;
+
+ if (t == NULL)
+ return XBASE;
+
+ if (t != NULL && t->type == TCOM && /* $(<file) */
+ *t->args == NULL && *t->vars == NULL && t->ioact != NULL) {
+ struct ioword *io = *t->ioact;
+ char *name;
+
+ if ((io->flag&IOTYPE) != IOREAD)
+ errorf("funny $() command: %s",
+ snptreef(NULL, 32, "%R", io));
+ shf = shf_open(name = evalstr(io->name, DOTILDE), O_RDONLY, 0,
+ SHF_MAPHI|SHF_CLEXEC);
+ if (shf == NULL)
+ warningf(!Flag(FTALKING),
+ "%s: cannot open $(<) input", name);
+ xp->split = 0; /* no waitlast() */
+ } else {
+ int ofd1, pv[2];
+ openpipe(pv);
+ shf = shf_fdopen(pv[0], SHF_RD, NULL);
+ ofd1 = savefd(1);
+ if (pv[1] != 1) {
+ ksh_dup2(pv[1], 1, false);
+ close(pv[1]);
+ }
+ execute(t, XFORK|XXCOM|XPIPEO, NULL);
+ restfd(1, ofd1);
+ startlast();
+ xp->split = 1; /* waitlast() */
+ }
+
+ xp->u.shf = shf;
+ return XCOM;
+}
+
+/*
+ * perform #pattern and %pattern substitution in ${}
+ */
+
+static char *
+trimsub(char *str, char *pat, int how)
+{
+ char *end = strchr(str, 0);
+ char *p, c;
+
+ switch (how&0xff) { /* UCHAR_MAX maybe? */
+ case '#': /* shortest at beginning */
+ for (p = str; p <= end; p++) {
+ c = *p; *p = '\0';
+ if (gmatch(str, pat, false)) {
+ *p = c;
+ return p;
+ }
+ *p = c;
+ }
+ break;
+ case '#'|0x80: /* longest match at beginning */
+ for (p = end; p >= str; p--) {
+ c = *p; *p = '\0';
+ if (gmatch(str, pat, false)) {
+ *p = c;
+ return p;
+ }
+ *p = c;
+ }
+ break;
+ case '%': /* shortest match at end */
+ for (p = end; p >= str; p--) {
+ if (gmatch(p, pat, false))
+ return str_nsave(str, p - str, ATEMP);
+ }
+ break;
+ case '%'|0x80: /* longest match at end */
+ for (p = str; p <= end; p++) {
+ if (gmatch(p, pat, false))
+ return str_nsave(str, p - str, ATEMP);
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return str; /* no match, return string */
+}
+
+/*
+ * glob
+ * Name derived from V6's /etc/glob, the program that expanded filenames.
+ */
+
+/* XXX cp not const 'cause slashes are temporarily replaced with nulls... */
+static void
+glob(char *cp, XPtrV *wp, int markdirs)
+{
+ int oldsize = XPsize(*wp);
+
+ if (glob_str(cp, wp, markdirs) == 0)
+ XPput(*wp, debunk(cp, cp, strlen(cp) + 1));
+ else
+ qsortp(XPptrv(*wp) + oldsize, (size_t)(XPsize(*wp) - oldsize),
+ xstrcmp);
+}
+
+#define GF_NONE 0
+#define GF_EXCHECK BIT(0) /* do existence check on file */
+#define GF_GLOBBED BIT(1) /* some globbing has been done */
+#define GF_MARKDIR BIT(2) /* add trailing / to directories */
+
+/* Apply file globbing to cp and store the matching files in wp. Returns
+ * the number of matches found.
+ */
+int
+glob_str(char *cp, XPtrV *wp, int markdirs)
+{
+ int oldsize = XPsize(*wp);
+ XString xs;
+ char *xp;
+
+ Xinit(xs, xp, 256, ATEMP);
+ globit(&xs, &xp, cp, wp, markdirs ? GF_MARKDIR : GF_NONE);
+ Xfree(xs, xp);
+
+ return XPsize(*wp) - oldsize;
+}
+
+static void
+globit(XString *xs, /* dest string */
+ char **xpp, /* ptr to dest end */
+ char *sp, /* source path */
+ XPtrV *wp, /* output list */
+ int check) /* GF_* flags */
+{
+ char *np; /* next source component */
+ char *xp = *xpp;
+ char *se;
+ char odirsep;
+
+ /* This to allow long expansions to be interrupted */
+ intrcheck();
+
+ if (sp == NULL) { /* end of source path */
+ /* We only need to check if the file exists if a pattern
+ * is followed by a non-pattern (eg, foo*x/bar; no check
+ * is needed for foo* since the match must exist) or if
+ * any patterns were expanded and the markdirs option is set.
+ * Symlinks make things a bit tricky...
+ */
+ if ((check & GF_EXCHECK) ||
+ ((check & GF_MARKDIR) && (check & GF_GLOBBED))) {
+#define stat_check() (stat_done ? stat_done : \
+ (stat_done = stat(Xstring(*xs, xp), &statb) < 0 \
+ ? -1 : 1))
+ struct stat lstatb, statb;
+ int stat_done = 0; /* -1: failed, 1 ok */
+
+ if (lstat(Xstring(*xs, xp), &lstatb) < 0)
+ return;
+ /* special case for systems which strip trailing
+ * slashes from regular files (eg, /etc/passwd/).
+ * SunOS 4.1.3 does this...
+ */
+ if ((check & GF_EXCHECK) && xp > Xstring(*xs, xp) &&
+ xp[-1] == '/' && !S_ISDIR(lstatb.st_mode) &&
+ (!S_ISLNK(lstatb.st_mode) ||
+ stat_check() < 0 || !S_ISDIR(statb.st_mode)))
+ return;
+ /* Possibly tack on a trailing / if there isn't already
+ * one and if the file is a directory or a symlink to a
+ * directory
+ */
+ if (((check & GF_MARKDIR) && (check & GF_GLOBBED)) &&
+ xp > Xstring(*xs, xp) && xp[-1] != '/' &&
+ (S_ISDIR(lstatb.st_mode) ||
+ (S_ISLNK(lstatb.st_mode) && stat_check() > 0 &&
+ S_ISDIR(statb.st_mode)))) {
+ *xp++ = '/';
+ *xp = '\0';
+ }
+ }
+ XPput(*wp, str_nsave(Xstring(*xs, xp), Xlength(*xs, xp), ATEMP));
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (xp > Xstring(*xs, xp))
+ *xp++ = '/';
+ while (*sp == '/') {
+ Xcheck(*xs, xp);
+ *xp++ = *sp++;
+ }
+ np = strchr(sp, '/');
+ if (np != NULL) {
+ se = np;
+ odirsep = *np; /* don't assume '/', can be multiple kinds */
+ *np++ = '\0';
+ } else {
+ odirsep = '\0'; /* keep gcc quiet */
+ se = sp + strlen(sp);
+ }
+
+
+ /* Check if sp needs globbing - done to avoid pattern checks for strings
+ * containing MAGIC characters, open ['s without the matching close ],
+ * etc. (otherwise opendir() will be called which may fail because the
+ * directory isn't readable - if no globbing is needed, only execute
+ * permission should be required (as per POSIX)).
+ */
+ if (!has_globbing(sp, se)) {
+ XcheckN(*xs, xp, se - sp + 1);
+ debunk(xp, sp, Xnleft(*xs, xp));
+ xp += strlen(xp);
+ *xpp = xp;
+ globit(xs, xpp, np, wp, check);
+ } else {
+ DIR *dirp;
+ struct dirent *d;
+ char *name;
+ int len;
+ int prefix_len;
+
+ /* xp = *xpp; copy_non_glob() may have re-alloc'd xs */
+ *xp = '\0';
+ prefix_len = Xlength(*xs, xp);
+ dirp = opendir(prefix_len ? Xstring(*xs, xp) : ".");
+ if (dirp == NULL)
+ goto Nodir;
+ while ((d = readdir(dirp)) != NULL) {
+ name = d->d_name;
+ if (name[0] == '.' &&
+ (name[1] == 0 || (name[1] == '.' && name[2] == 0)))
+ continue; /* always ignore . and .. */
+ if ((*name == '.' && *sp != '.') ||
+ !gmatch(name, sp, true))
+ continue;
+
+ len = strlen(d->d_name) + 1;
+ XcheckN(*xs, xp, len);
+ memcpy(xp, name, len);
+ *xpp = xp + len - 1;
+ globit(xs, xpp, np, wp,
+ (check & GF_MARKDIR) | GF_GLOBBED
+ | (np ? GF_EXCHECK : GF_NONE));
+ xp = Xstring(*xs, xp) + prefix_len;
+ }
+ closedir(dirp);
+ Nodir:;
+ }
+
+ if (np != NULL)
+ *--np = odirsep;
+}
+
+#if 0
+/* Check if p contains something that needs globbing; if it does, 0 is
+ * returned; if not, p is copied into xs/xp after stripping any MAGICs
+ */
+static int copy_non_glob(XString *xs, char **xpp, char *p);
+static int
+copy_non_glob(XString *xs, char **xpp, char *p)
+{
+ char *xp;
+ int len = strlen(p);
+
+ XcheckN(*xs, *xpp, len);
+ xp = *xpp;
+ for (; *p; p++) {
+ if (ISMAGIC(*p)) {
+ int c = *++p;
+
+ if (c == '*' || c == '?')
+ return 0;
+ if (*p == '[') {
+ char *q = p + 1;
+
+ if (ISMAGIC(*q) && q[1] == '!')
+ q += 2;
+ if (ISMAGIC(*q) && q[1] == ']')
+ q += 2;
+ for (; *q; q++)
+ if (ISMAGIC(*q) && *++q == ']')
+ return 0;
+ /* pass a literal [ through */
+ }
+ /* must be a MAGIC-MAGIC, or MAGIC-!, MAGIC--, etc. */
+ }
+ *xp++ = *p;
+ }
+ *xp = '\0';
+ *xpp = xp;
+ return 1;
+}
+#endif /* 0 */
+
+/* remove MAGIC from string */
+char *
+debunk(char *dp, const char *sp, size_t dlen)
+{
+ char *d, *s;
+
+ if ((s = strchr(sp, MAGIC))) {
+ if (s - sp >= dlen)
+ return dp;
+ memcpy(dp, sp, s - sp);
+ for (d = dp + (s - sp); *s && (d - dp < dlen); s++)
+ if (!ISMAGIC(*s) || !(*++s & 0x80) ||
+ !strchr("*+?@! ", *s & 0x7f))
+ *d++ = *s;
+ else {
+ /* extended pattern operators: *+?@! */
+ if ((*s & 0x7f) != ' ')
+ *d++ = *s & 0x7f;
+ if (d - dp < dlen)
+ *d++ = '(';
+ }
+ *d = '\0';
+ } else if (dp != sp)
+ strlcpy(dp, sp, dlen);
+ return dp;
+}
+
+/* Check if p is an unquoted name, possibly followed by a / or :. If so
+ * puts the expanded version in *dcp,dp and returns a pointer in p just
+ * past the name, otherwise returns 0.
+ */
+static char *
+maybe_expand_tilde(char *p, XString *dsp, char **dpp, int isassign)
+{
+ XString ts;
+ char *dp = *dpp;
+ char *tp, *r;
+
+ Xinit(ts, tp, 16, ATEMP);
+ /* : only for DOASNTILDE form */
+ while (p[0] == CHAR && p[1] != '/' && (!isassign || p[1] != ':'))
+ {
+ Xcheck(ts, tp);
+ *tp++ = p[1];
+ p += 2;
+ }
+ *tp = '\0';
+ r = (p[0] == EOS || p[0] == CHAR || p[0] == CSUBST) ?
+ tilde(Xstring(ts, tp)) : NULL;
+ Xfree(ts, tp);
+ if (r) {
+ while (*r) {
+ Xcheck(*dsp, dp);
+ if (ISMAGIC(*r))
+ *dp++ = MAGIC;
+ *dp++ = *r++;
+ }
+ *dpp = dp;
+ r = p;
+ }
+ return r;
+}
+
+/*
+ * tilde expansion
+ *
+ * based on a version by Arnold Robbins
+ */
+
+static char *
+tilde(char *cp)
+{
+ char *dp;
+
+ if (cp[0] == '\0')
+ dp = str_val(global("HOME"));
+ else if (cp[0] == '+' && cp[1] == '\0')
+ dp = str_val(global("PWD"));
+ else if (cp[0] == '-' && cp[1] == '\0')
+ dp = str_val(global("OLDPWD"));
+ else
+ dp = homedir(cp);
+ /* If HOME, PWD or OLDPWD are not set, don't expand ~ */
+ if (dp == null)
+ dp = NULL;
+ return dp;
+}
+
+/*
+ * map userid to user's home directory.
+ * note that 4.3's getpw adds more than 6K to the shell,
+ * and the YP version probably adds much more.
+ * we might consider our own version of getpwnam() to keep the size down.
+ */
+
+static char *
+homedir(char *name)
+{
+ struct tbl *ap;
+
+ ap = ktenter(&homedirs, name, hash(name));
+ if (!(ap->flag & ISSET)) {
+ struct passwd *pw;
+
+ pw = getpwnam(name);
+ if (pw == NULL)
+ return NULL;
+ ap->val.s = str_save(pw->pw_dir, APERM);
+ ap->flag |= DEFINED|ISSET|ALLOC;
+ }
+ return ap->val.s;
+}
+
+#ifdef BRACE_EXPAND
+static void
+alt_expand(XPtrV *wp, char *start, char *exp_start, char *end, int fdo)
+{
+ int count = 0;
+ char *brace_start, *brace_end, *comma = NULL;
+ char *field_start;
+ char *p;
+
+ /* search for open brace */
+ for (p = exp_start; (p = strchr(p, MAGIC)) && p[1] != OBRACE; p += 2)
+ ;
+ brace_start = p;
+
+ /* find matching close brace, if any */
+ if (p) {
+ comma = NULL;
+ count = 1;
+ for (p += 2; *p && count; p++) {
+ if (ISMAGIC(*p)) {
+ if (*++p == OBRACE)
+ count++;
+ else if (*p == CBRACE)
+ --count;
+ else if (*p == ',' && count == 1)
+ comma = p;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ /* no valid expansions... */
+ if (!p || count != 0) {
+ /* Note that given a{{b,c} we do not expand anything (this is
+ * what at&t ksh does. This may be changed to do the {b,c}
+ * expansion. }
+ */
+ if (fdo & DOGLOB)
+ glob(start, wp, fdo & DOMARKDIRS);
+ else
+ XPput(*wp, debunk(start, start, end - start));
+ return;
+ }
+ brace_end = p;
+ if (!comma) {
+ alt_expand(wp, start, brace_end, end, fdo);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* expand expression */
+ field_start = brace_start + 2;
+ count = 1;
+ for (p = brace_start + 2; p != brace_end; p++) {
+ if (ISMAGIC(*p)) {
+ if (*++p == OBRACE)
+ count++;
+ else if ((*p == CBRACE && --count == 0) ||
+ (*p == ',' && count == 1)) {
+ char *new;
+ int l1, l2, l3;
+
+ l1 = brace_start - start;
+ l2 = (p - 1) - field_start;
+ l3 = end - brace_end;
+ new = alloc(l1 + l2 + l3 + 1, ATEMP);
+ memcpy(new, start, l1);
+ memcpy(new + l1, field_start, l2);
+ memcpy(new + l1 + l2, brace_end, l3);
+ new[l1 + l2 + l3] = '\0';
+ alt_expand(wp, new, new + l1,
+ new + l1 + l2 + l3, fdo);
+ field_start = p + 1;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ return;
+}
+#endif /* BRACE_EXPAND */
diff --git a/bin/ksh/exec.c b/bin/ksh/exec.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..22e38b0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/exec.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1444 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: exec.c,v 1.64 2015/12/30 09:07:00 tedu Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * execute command tree
+ */
+
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <paths.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+#include "c_test.h"
+
+/* Does ps4 get parameter substitutions done? */
+# define PS4_SUBSTITUTE(s) substitute((s), 0)
+
+static int comexec(struct op *, struct tbl *volatile, char **,
+ int volatile, volatile int *);
+static void scriptexec(struct op *, char **);
+static int call_builtin(struct tbl *, char **);
+static int iosetup(struct ioword *, struct tbl *);
+static int herein(const char *, int);
+static char *do_selectargs(char **, bool);
+static int dbteste_isa(Test_env *, Test_meta);
+static const char *dbteste_getopnd(Test_env *, Test_op, int);
+static int dbteste_eval(Test_env *, Test_op, const char *, const char *,
+ int);
+static void dbteste_error(Test_env *, int, const char *);
+
+
+/*
+ * execute command tree
+ */
+int
+execute(struct op *volatile t,
+ volatile int flags, volatile int *xerrok) /* if XEXEC don't fork */
+{
+ int i, dummy = 0;
+ volatile int rv = 0;
+ int pv[2];
+ char ** volatile ap;
+ char *s, *cp;
+ struct ioword **iowp;
+ struct tbl *tp = NULL;
+
+ if (t == NULL)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Caller doesn't care if XERROK should propagate. */
+ if (xerrok == NULL)
+ xerrok = &dummy;
+
+ /* Is this the end of a pipeline? If so, we want to evaluate the
+ * command arguments
+ bool eval_done = false;
+ if ((flags&XFORK) && !(flags&XEXEC) && (flags&XPCLOSE)) {
+ eval_done = true;
+ tp = eval_execute_args(t, &ap);
+ }
+ */
+ if ((flags&XFORK) && !(flags&XEXEC) && t->type != TPIPE)
+ return exchild(t, flags & ~XTIME, xerrok, -1); /* run in sub-process */
+
+ newenv(E_EXEC);
+ if (trap)
+ runtraps(0);
+
+ if (t->type == TCOM) {
+ /* Clear subst_exstat before argument expansion. Used by
+ * null commands (see comexec() and c_eval()) and by c_set().
+ */
+ subst_exstat = 0;
+
+ current_lineno = t->lineno; /* for $LINENO */
+
+ /* POSIX says expand command words first, then redirections,
+ * and assignments last..
+ */
+ ap = eval(t->args, t->u.evalflags | DOBLANK | DOGLOB | DOTILDE);
+ if (flags & XTIME)
+ /* Allow option parsing (bizarre, but POSIX) */
+ timex_hook(t, &ap);
+ if (Flag(FXTRACE) && ap[0]) {
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out, "%s",
+ PS4_SUBSTITUTE(str_val(global("PS4"))));
+ for (i = 0; ap[i]; i++)
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out, "%s%s", ap[i],
+ ap[i + 1] ? " " : "\n");
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+ }
+ if (ap[0])
+ tp = findcom(ap[0], FC_BI|FC_FUNC);
+ }
+ flags &= ~XTIME;
+
+ if (t->ioact != NULL || t->type == TPIPE || t->type == TCOPROC) {
+ genv->savefd = areallocarray(NULL, NUFILE, sizeof(short), ATEMP);
+ /* initialize to not redirected */
+ memset(genv->savefd, 0, NUFILE * sizeof(short));
+ }
+
+ /* do redirection, to be restored in quitenv() */
+ if (t->ioact != NULL)
+ for (iowp = t->ioact; *iowp != NULL; iowp++) {
+ if (iosetup(*iowp, tp) < 0) {
+ exstat = rv = 1;
+ /* Redirection failures for special commands
+ * cause (non-interactive) shell to exit.
+ */
+ if (tp && tp->type == CSHELL &&
+ (tp->flag & SPEC_BI))
+ errorf(NULL);
+ /* Deal with FERREXIT, quitenv(), etc. */
+ goto Break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ switch (t->type) {
+ case TCOM:
+ rv = comexec(t, tp, ap, flags, xerrok);
+ break;
+
+ case TPAREN:
+ rv = execute(t->left, flags|XFORK, xerrok);
+ break;
+
+ case TPIPE:
+ flags |= XFORK;
+ flags &= ~XEXEC;
+ genv->savefd[0] = savefd(0);
+ genv->savefd[1] = savefd(1);
+ while (t->type == TPIPE) {
+ openpipe(pv);
+ (void) ksh_dup2(pv[1], 1, false); /* stdout of curr */
+ /* Let exchild() close pv[0] in child
+ * (if this isn't done, commands like
+ * (: ; cat /etc/termcap) | sleep 1
+ * will hang forever).
+ */
+ exchild(t->left, flags|XPIPEO|XCCLOSE, NULL, pv[0]);
+ (void) ksh_dup2(pv[0], 0, false); /* stdin of next */
+ closepipe(pv);
+ flags |= XPIPEI;
+ t = t->right;
+ }
+ restfd(1, genv->savefd[1]); /* stdout of last */
+ genv->savefd[1] = 0; /* no need to re-restore this */
+ /* Let exchild() close 0 in parent, after fork, before wait */
+ i = exchild(t, flags|XPCLOSE, xerrok, 0);
+ if (!(flags&XBGND) && !(flags&XXCOM))
+ rv = i;
+ break;
+
+ case TLIST:
+ while (t->type == TLIST) {
+ execute(t->left, flags & XERROK, NULL);
+ t = t->right;
+ }
+ rv = execute(t, flags & XERROK, xerrok);
+ break;
+
+ case TCOPROC:
+ {
+ sigset_t omask;
+
+ /* Block sigchild as we are using things changed in the
+ * signal handler
+ */
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+ genv->type = E_ERRH;
+ i = sigsetjmp(genv->jbuf, 0);
+ if (i) {
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ quitenv(NULL);
+ unwind(i);
+ /* NOTREACHED */
+ }
+ /* Already have a (live) co-process? */
+ if (coproc.job && coproc.write >= 0)
+ errorf("coprocess already exists");
+
+ /* Can we re-use the existing co-process pipe? */
+ coproc_cleanup(true);
+
+ /* do this before opening pipes, in case these fail */
+ genv->savefd[0] = savefd(0);
+ genv->savefd[1] = savefd(1);
+
+ openpipe(pv);
+ if (pv[0] != 0) {
+ ksh_dup2(pv[0], 0, false);
+ close(pv[0]);
+ }
+ coproc.write = pv[1];
+ coproc.job = NULL;
+
+ if (coproc.readw >= 0)
+ ksh_dup2(coproc.readw, 1, false);
+ else {
+ openpipe(pv);
+ coproc.read = pv[0];
+ ksh_dup2(pv[1], 1, false);
+ coproc.readw = pv[1]; /* closed before first read */
+ coproc.njobs = 0;
+ /* create new coprocess id */
+ ++coproc.id;
+ }
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ genv->type = E_EXEC; /* no more need for error handler */
+
+ /* exchild() closes coproc.* in child after fork,
+ * will also increment coproc.njobs when the
+ * job is actually created.
+ */
+ flags &= ~XEXEC;
+ exchild(t->left, flags|XBGND|XFORK|XCOPROC|XCCLOSE,
+ NULL, coproc.readw);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ case TASYNC:
+ /* XXX non-optimal, I think - "(foo &)", forks for (),
+ * forks again for async... parent should optimize
+ * this to "foo &"...
+ */
+ rv = execute(t->left, (flags&~XEXEC)|XBGND|XFORK, xerrok);
+ break;
+
+ case TOR:
+ case TAND:
+ rv = execute(t->left, XERROK, xerrok);
+ if ((rv == 0) == (t->type == TAND))
+ rv = execute(t->right, flags & XERROK, xerrok);
+ else {
+ flags |= XERROK;
+ if (xerrok)
+ *xerrok = 1;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case TBANG:
+ rv = !execute(t->right, XERROK, xerrok);
+ flags |= XERROK;
+ if (xerrok)
+ *xerrok = 1;
+ break;
+
+ case TDBRACKET:
+ {
+ Test_env te;
+
+ te.flags = TEF_DBRACKET;
+ te.pos.wp = t->args;
+ te.isa = dbteste_isa;
+ te.getopnd = dbteste_getopnd;
+ te.eval = dbteste_eval;
+ te.error = dbteste_error;
+
+ rv = test_parse(&te);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ case TFOR:
+ case TSELECT:
+ {
+ volatile bool is_first = true;
+ ap = (t->vars != NULL) ? eval(t->vars, DOBLANK|DOGLOB|DOTILDE) :
+ genv->loc->argv + 1;
+ genv->type = E_LOOP;
+ while (1) {
+ i = sigsetjmp(genv->jbuf, 0);
+ if (!i)
+ break;
+ if ((genv->flags&EF_BRKCONT_PASS) ||
+ (i != LBREAK && i != LCONTIN)) {
+ quitenv(NULL);
+ unwind(i);
+ } else if (i == LBREAK) {
+ rv = 0;
+ goto Break;
+ }
+ }
+ rv = 0; /* in case of a continue */
+ if (t->type == TFOR) {
+ while (*ap != NULL) {
+ setstr(global(t->str), *ap++, KSH_UNWIND_ERROR);
+ rv = execute(t->left, flags & XERROK, xerrok);
+ }
+ } else { /* TSELECT */
+ for (;;) {
+ if (!(cp = do_selectargs(ap, is_first))) {
+ rv = 1;
+ break;
+ }
+ is_first = false;
+ setstr(global(t->str), cp, KSH_UNWIND_ERROR);
+ rv = execute(t->left, flags & XERROK, xerrok);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case TWHILE:
+ case TUNTIL:
+ genv->type = E_LOOP;
+ while (1) {
+ i = sigsetjmp(genv->jbuf, 0);
+ if (!i)
+ break;
+ if ((genv->flags&EF_BRKCONT_PASS) ||
+ (i != LBREAK && i != LCONTIN)) {
+ quitenv(NULL);
+ unwind(i);
+ } else if (i == LBREAK) {
+ rv = 0;
+ goto Break;
+ }
+ }
+ rv = 0; /* in case of a continue */
+ while ((execute(t->left, XERROK, NULL) == 0) == (t->type == TWHILE))
+ rv = execute(t->right, flags & XERROK, xerrok);
+ break;
+
+ case TIF:
+ case TELIF:
+ if (t->right == NULL)
+ break; /* should be error */
+ rv = execute(t->left, XERROK, NULL) == 0 ?
+ execute(t->right->left, flags & XERROK, xerrok) :
+ execute(t->right->right, flags & XERROK, xerrok);
+ break;
+
+ case TCASE:
+ cp = evalstr(t->str, DOTILDE);
+ for (t = t->left; t != NULL && t->type == TPAT; t = t->right)
+ for (ap = t->vars; *ap; ap++)
+ if ((s = evalstr(*ap, DOTILDE|DOPAT)) &&
+ gmatch(cp, s, false))
+ goto Found;
+ break;
+ Found:
+ rv = execute(t->left, flags & XERROK, xerrok);
+ break;
+
+ case TBRACE:
+ rv = execute(t->left, flags & XERROK, xerrok);
+ break;
+
+ case TFUNCT:
+ rv = define(t->str, t);
+ break;
+
+ case TTIME:
+ /* Clear XEXEC so nested execute() call doesn't exit
+ * (allows "ls -l | time grep foo").
+ */
+ rv = timex(t, flags & ~XEXEC, xerrok);
+ break;
+
+ case TEXEC: /* an eval'd TCOM */
+ s = t->args[0];
+ ap = makenv();
+ restoresigs();
+ cleanup_proc_env();
+ execve(t->str, t->args, ap);
+ if (errno == ENOEXEC)
+ scriptexec(t, ap);
+ else
+ errorf("%s: %s", s, strerror(errno));
+ }
+ Break:
+ exstat = rv;
+
+ quitenv(NULL); /* restores IO */
+ if ((flags&XEXEC))
+ unwind(LEXIT); /* exit child */
+ if (rv != 0 && !(flags & XERROK) &&
+ (xerrok == NULL || !*xerrok)) {
+ trapsig(SIGERR_);
+ if (Flag(FERREXIT))
+ unwind(LERROR);
+ }
+ return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * execute simple command
+ */
+
+static int
+comexec(struct op *t, struct tbl *volatile tp, char **ap, volatile int flags,
+ volatile int *xerrok)
+{
+ int i;
+ volatile int rv = 0;
+ char *cp;
+ char **lastp;
+ static struct op texec; /* Must be static (XXX but why?) */
+ int type_flags;
+ int keepasn_ok;
+ int fcflags = FC_BI|FC_FUNC|FC_PATH;
+ int bourne_function_call = 0;
+
+ /* snag the last argument for $_ XXX not the same as at&t ksh,
+ * which only seems to set $_ after a newline (but not in
+ * functions/dot scripts, but in interactive and script) -
+ * perhaps save last arg here and set it in shell()?.
+ */
+ if (!Flag(FSH) && Flag(FTALKING) && *(lastp = ap)) {
+ while (*++lastp)
+ ;
+ /* setstr() can't fail here */
+ setstr(typeset("_", LOCAL, 0, INTEGER, 0), *--lastp,
+ KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+ }
+
+ /* Deal with the shell builtins builtin, exec and command since
+ * they can be followed by other commands. This must be done before
+ * we know if we should create a local block, which must be done
+ * before we can do a path search (in case the assignments change
+ * PATH).
+ * Odd cases:
+ * FOO=bar exec > /dev/null FOO is kept but not exported
+ * FOO=bar exec foobar FOO is exported
+ * FOO=bar command exec > /dev/null FOO is neither kept nor exported
+ * FOO=bar command FOO is neither kept nor exported
+ * PATH=... foobar use new PATH in foobar search
+ */
+ keepasn_ok = 1;
+ while (tp && tp->type == CSHELL) {
+ fcflags = FC_BI|FC_FUNC|FC_PATH;/* undo effects of command */
+ if (tp->val.f == c_builtin) {
+ if ((cp = *++ap) == NULL) {
+ tp = NULL;
+ break;
+ }
+ tp = findcom(cp, FC_BI);
+ if (tp == NULL)
+ errorf("builtin: %s: not a builtin", cp);
+ continue;
+ } else if (tp->val.f == c_exec) {
+ if (ap[1] == NULL)
+ break;
+ ap++;
+ flags |= XEXEC;
+ } else if (tp->val.f == c_command) {
+ int optc, saw_p = 0;
+
+ /* Ugly dealing with options in two places (here and
+ * in c_command(), but such is life)
+ */
+ ksh_getopt_reset(&builtin_opt, 0);
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(ap, &builtin_opt, ":p")) == 'p')
+ saw_p = 1;
+ if (optc != EOF)
+ break; /* command -vV or something */
+ /* don't look for functions */
+ fcflags = FC_BI|FC_PATH;
+ if (saw_p) {
+ if (Flag(FRESTRICTED)) {
+ warningf(true,
+ "command -p: restricted");
+ rv = 1;
+ goto Leave;
+ }
+ fcflags |= FC_DEFPATH;
+ }
+ ap += builtin_opt.optind;
+ /* POSIX says special builtins lose their status
+ * if accessed using command.
+ */
+ keepasn_ok = 0;
+ if (!ap[0]) {
+ /* ensure command with no args exits with 0 */
+ subst_exstat = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ } else
+ break;
+ tp = findcom(ap[0], fcflags & (FC_BI|FC_FUNC));
+ }
+ if (keepasn_ok && (!ap[0] || (tp && (tp->flag & KEEPASN))))
+ type_flags = 0;
+ else {
+ /* create new variable/function block */
+ newblock();
+ /* ksh functions don't keep assignments, POSIX functions do. */
+ if (keepasn_ok && tp && tp->type == CFUNC &&
+ !(tp->flag & FKSH)) {
+ bourne_function_call = 1;
+ type_flags = 0;
+ } else
+ type_flags = LOCAL|LOCAL_COPY|EXPORT;
+ }
+ if (Flag(FEXPORT))
+ type_flags |= EXPORT;
+ for (i = 0; t->vars[i]; i++) {
+ cp = evalstr(t->vars[i], DOASNTILDE);
+ if (Flag(FXTRACE)) {
+ if (i == 0)
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out, "%s",
+ PS4_SUBSTITUTE(str_val(global("PS4"))));
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out, "%s%s", cp,
+ t->vars[i + 1] ? " " : "\n");
+ if (!t->vars[i + 1])
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+ }
+ typeset(cp, type_flags, 0, 0, 0);
+ if (bourne_function_call && !(type_flags & EXPORT))
+ typeset(cp, LOCAL|LOCAL_COPY|EXPORT, 0, 0, 0);
+ }
+
+ if ((cp = *ap) == NULL) {
+ rv = subst_exstat;
+ goto Leave;
+ } else if (!tp) {
+ if (Flag(FRESTRICTED) && strchr(cp, '/')) {
+ warningf(true, "%s: restricted", cp);
+ rv = 1;
+ goto Leave;
+ }
+ tp = findcom(cp, fcflags);
+ }
+
+ switch (tp->type) {
+ case CSHELL: /* shell built-in */
+ rv = call_builtin(tp, ap);
+ break;
+
+ case CFUNC: /* function call */
+ {
+ volatile int old_xflag, old_inuse;
+ const char *volatile old_kshname;
+
+ if (!(tp->flag & ISSET)) {
+ struct tbl *ftp;
+
+ if (!tp->u.fpath) {
+ if (tp->u2.errno_) {
+ warningf(true,
+ "%s: can't find function "
+ "definition file - %s",
+ cp, strerror(tp->u2.errno_));
+ rv = 126;
+ } else {
+ warningf(true,
+ "%s: can't find function "
+ "definition file", cp);
+ rv = 127;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ if (include(tp->u.fpath, 0, NULL, 0) < 0) {
+ warningf(true,
+ "%s: can't open function definition file %s - %s",
+ cp, tp->u.fpath, strerror(errno));
+ rv = 127;
+ break;
+ }
+ if (!(ftp = findfunc(cp, hash(cp), false)) ||
+ !(ftp->flag & ISSET)) {
+ warningf(true,
+ "%s: function not defined by %s",
+ cp, tp->u.fpath);
+ rv = 127;
+ break;
+ }
+ tp = ftp;
+ }
+
+ /* ksh functions set $0 to function name, POSIX functions leave
+ * $0 unchanged.
+ */
+ old_kshname = kshname;
+ if (tp->flag & FKSH)
+ kshname = ap[0];
+ else
+ ap[0] = (char *) kshname;
+ genv->loc->argv = ap;
+ for (i = 0; *ap++ != NULL; i++)
+ ;
+ genv->loc->argc = i - 1;
+ /* ksh-style functions handle getopts sanely,
+ * bourne/posix functions are insane...
+ */
+ if (tp->flag & FKSH) {
+ genv->loc->flags |= BF_DOGETOPTS;
+ genv->loc->getopts_state = user_opt;
+ getopts_reset(1);
+ }
+
+ old_xflag = Flag(FXTRACE);
+ Flag(FXTRACE) = tp->flag & TRACE ? true : false;
+
+ old_inuse = tp->flag & FINUSE;
+ tp->flag |= FINUSE;
+
+ genv->type = E_FUNC;
+ i = sigsetjmp(genv->jbuf, 0);
+ if (i == 0) {
+ /* seems odd to pass XERROK here, but at&t ksh does */
+ exstat = execute(tp->val.t, flags & XERROK, xerrok);
+ i = LRETURN;
+ }
+ kshname = old_kshname;
+ Flag(FXTRACE) = old_xflag;
+ tp->flag = (tp->flag & ~FINUSE) | old_inuse;
+ /* Were we deleted while executing? If so, free the execution
+ * tree. todo: Unfortunately, the table entry is never re-used
+ * until the lookup table is expanded.
+ */
+ if ((tp->flag & (FDELETE|FINUSE)) == FDELETE) {
+ if (tp->flag & ALLOC) {
+ tp->flag &= ~ALLOC;
+ tfree(tp->val.t, tp->areap);
+ }
+ tp->flag = 0;
+ }
+ switch (i) {
+ case LRETURN:
+ case LERROR:
+ rv = exstat;
+ break;
+ case LINTR:
+ case LEXIT:
+ case LLEAVE:
+ case LSHELL:
+ quitenv(NULL);
+ unwind(i);
+ /* NOTREACHED */
+ default:
+ quitenv(NULL);
+ internal_errorf(1, "CFUNC %d", i);
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+
+ case CEXEC: /* executable command */
+ case CTALIAS: /* tracked alias */
+ if (!(tp->flag&ISSET)) {
+ /* errno_ will be set if the named command was found
+ * but could not be executed (permissions, no execute
+ * bit, directory, etc). Print out a (hopefully)
+ * useful error message and set the exit status to 126.
+ */
+ if (tp->u2.errno_) {
+ warningf(true, "%s: cannot execute - %s", cp,
+ strerror(tp->u2.errno_));
+ rv = 126; /* POSIX */
+ } else {
+ warningf(true, "%s: not found", cp);
+ rv = 127;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (!Flag(FSH)) {
+ /* set $_ to program's full path */
+ /* setstr() can't fail here */
+ setstr(typeset("_", LOCAL|EXPORT, 0, INTEGER, 0),
+ tp->val.s, KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+ }
+
+ if (flags&XEXEC) {
+ j_exit();
+ if (!(flags&XBGND) || Flag(FMONITOR)) {
+ setexecsig(&sigtraps[SIGINT], SS_RESTORE_ORIG);
+ setexecsig(&sigtraps[SIGQUIT], SS_RESTORE_ORIG);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* to fork we set up a TEXEC node and call execute */
+ texec.type = TEXEC;
+ texec.left = t; /* for tprint */
+ texec.str = tp->val.s;
+ texec.args = ap;
+ rv = exchild(&texec, flags, xerrok, -1);
+ break;
+ }
+ Leave:
+ if (flags & XEXEC) {
+ exstat = rv;
+ unwind(LLEAVE);
+ }
+ return rv;
+}
+
+static void
+scriptexec(struct op *tp, char **ap)
+{
+ char *shell;
+
+ shell = str_val(global("EXECSHELL"));
+ if (shell && *shell)
+ shell = search(shell, path, X_OK, NULL);
+ if (!shell || !*shell)
+ shell = _PATH_BSHELL;
+
+ *tp->args-- = tp->str;
+ *tp->args = shell;
+
+ execve(tp->args[0], tp->args, ap);
+
+ /* report both the program that was run and the bogus shell */
+ errorf("%s: %s: %s", tp->str, shell, strerror(errno));
+}
+
+int
+shcomexec(char **wp)
+{
+ struct tbl *tp;
+
+ tp = ktsearch(&builtins, *wp, hash(*wp));
+ if (tp == NULL)
+ internal_errorf(1, "shcomexec: %s", *wp);
+ return call_builtin(tp, wp);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Search function tables for a function. If create set, a table entry
+ * is created if none is found.
+ */
+struct tbl *
+findfunc(const char *name, unsigned int h, int create)
+{
+ struct block *l;
+ struct tbl *tp = NULL;
+
+ for (l = genv->loc; l; l = l->next) {
+ tp = ktsearch(&l->funs, name, h);
+ if (tp)
+ break;
+ if (!l->next && create) {
+ tp = ktenter(&l->funs, name, h);
+ tp->flag = DEFINED;
+ tp->type = CFUNC;
+ tp->val.t = NULL;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ return tp;
+}
+
+/*
+ * define function. Returns 1 if function is being undefined (t == 0) and
+ * function did not exist, returns 0 otherwise.
+ */
+int
+define(const char *name, struct op *t)
+{
+ struct tbl *tp;
+ int was_set = 0;
+
+ while (1) {
+ tp = findfunc(name, hash(name), true);
+
+ if (tp->flag & ISSET)
+ was_set = 1;
+ /* If this function is currently being executed, we zap this
+ * table entry so findfunc() won't see it
+ */
+ if (tp->flag & FINUSE) {
+ tp->name[0] = '\0';
+ tp->flag &= ~DEFINED; /* ensure it won't be found */
+ tp->flag |= FDELETE;
+ } else
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (tp->flag & ALLOC) {
+ tp->flag &= ~(ISSET|ALLOC);
+ tfree(tp->val.t, tp->areap);
+ }
+
+ if (t == NULL) { /* undefine */
+ ktdelete(tp);
+ return was_set ? 0 : 1;
+ }
+
+ tp->val.t = tcopy(t->left, tp->areap);
+ tp->flag |= (ISSET|ALLOC);
+ if (t->u.ksh_func)
+ tp->flag |= FKSH;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * add builtin
+ */
+void
+builtin(const char *name, int (*func) (char **))
+{
+ struct tbl *tp;
+ int flag;
+
+ /* see if any flags should be set for this builtin */
+ for (flag = 0; ; name++) {
+ if (*name == '=') /* command does variable assignment */
+ flag |= KEEPASN;
+ else if (*name == '*') /* POSIX special builtin */
+ flag |= SPEC_BI;
+ else if (*name == '+') /* POSIX regular builtin */
+ flag |= REG_BI;
+ else
+ break;
+ }
+
+ tp = ktenter(&builtins, name, hash(name));
+ tp->flag = DEFINED | flag;
+ tp->type = CSHELL;
+ tp->val.f = func;
+}
+
+/*
+ * find command
+ * either function, hashed command, or built-in (in that order)
+ */
+struct tbl *
+findcom(const char *name, int flags)
+{
+ static struct tbl temp;
+ unsigned int h = hash(name);
+ struct tbl *tp = NULL, *tbi;
+ int insert = Flag(FTRACKALL); /* insert if not found */
+ char *fpath; /* for function autoloading */
+ char *npath;
+
+ if (strchr(name, '/') != NULL) {
+ insert = 0;
+ /* prevent FPATH search below */
+ flags &= ~FC_FUNC;
+ goto Search;
+ }
+ tbi = (flags & FC_BI) ? ktsearch(&builtins, name, h) : NULL;
+ /* POSIX says special builtins first, then functions, then
+ * POSIX regular builtins, then search path...
+ */
+ if ((flags & FC_SPECBI) && tbi && (tbi->flag & SPEC_BI))
+ tp = tbi;
+ if (!tp && (flags & FC_FUNC)) {
+ tp = findfunc(name, h, false);
+ if (tp && !(tp->flag & ISSET)) {
+ if ((fpath = str_val(global("FPATH"))) == null) {
+ tp->u.fpath = NULL;
+ tp->u2.errno_ = 0;
+ } else
+ tp->u.fpath = search(name, fpath, R_OK,
+ &tp->u2.errno_);
+ }
+ }
+ if (!tp && (flags & FC_REGBI) && tbi && (tbi->flag & REG_BI))
+ tp = tbi;
+ /* todo: posix says non-special/non-regular builtins must
+ * be triggered by some user-controllable means like a
+ * special directory in PATH. Requires modifications to
+ * the search() function. Tracked aliases should be
+ * modified to allow tracking of builtin commands.
+ * This should be under control of the FPOSIX flag.
+ * If this is changed, also change c_whence...
+ */
+ if (!tp && (flags & FC_UNREGBI) && tbi)
+ tp = tbi;
+ if (!tp && (flags & FC_PATH) && !(flags & FC_DEFPATH)) {
+ tp = ktsearch(&taliases, name, h);
+ if (tp && (tp->flag & ISSET) && access(tp->val.s, X_OK) != 0) {
+ if (tp->flag & ALLOC) {
+ tp->flag &= ~ALLOC;
+ afree(tp->val.s, APERM);
+ }
+ tp->flag &= ~ISSET;
+ }
+ }
+
+ Search:
+ if ((!tp || (tp->type == CTALIAS && !(tp->flag&ISSET))) &&
+ (flags & FC_PATH)) {
+ if (!tp) {
+ if (insert && !(flags & FC_DEFPATH)) {
+ tp = ktenter(&taliases, name, h);
+ tp->type = CTALIAS;
+ } else {
+ tp = &temp;
+ tp->type = CEXEC;
+ }
+ tp->flag = DEFINED; /* make ~ISSET */
+ }
+ npath = search(name, flags & FC_DEFPATH ? def_path : path,
+ X_OK, &tp->u2.errno_);
+ if (npath) {
+ if (tp == &temp) {
+ tp->val.s = npath;
+ } else {
+ tp->val.s = str_save(npath, APERM);
+ if (npath != name)
+ afree(npath, ATEMP);
+ }
+ tp->flag |= ISSET|ALLOC;
+ } else if ((flags & FC_FUNC) &&
+ (fpath = str_val(global("FPATH"))) != null &&
+ (npath = search(name, fpath, R_OK,
+ &tp->u2.errno_)) != NULL) {
+ /* An undocumented feature of at&t ksh is that it
+ * searches FPATH if a command is not found, even
+ * if the command hasn't been set up as an autoloaded
+ * function (ie, no typeset -uf).
+ */
+ tp = &temp;
+ tp->type = CFUNC;
+ tp->flag = DEFINED; /* make ~ISSET */
+ tp->u.fpath = npath;
+ }
+ }
+ return tp;
+}
+
+/*
+ * flush executable commands with relative paths
+ */
+void
+flushcom(int all) /* just relative or all */
+{
+ struct tbl *tp;
+ struct tstate ts;
+
+ for (ktwalk(&ts, &taliases); (tp = ktnext(&ts)) != NULL; )
+ if ((tp->flag&ISSET) && (all || tp->val.s[0] != '/')) {
+ if (tp->flag&ALLOC) {
+ tp->flag &= ~(ALLOC|ISSET);
+ afree(tp->val.s, APERM);
+ }
+ tp->flag &= ~ISSET;
+ }
+}
+
+/* Check if path is something we want to find. Returns -1 for failure. */
+int
+search_access(const char *path, int mode,
+ int *errnop) /* set if candidate found, but not suitable */
+{
+ int ret, err = 0;
+ struct stat statb;
+
+ if (stat(path, &statb) < 0)
+ return -1;
+ ret = access(path, mode);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ err = errno; /* File exists, but we can't access it */
+ else if (mode == X_OK && (!S_ISREG(statb.st_mode) ||
+ !(statb.st_mode & (S_IXUSR|S_IXGRP|S_IXOTH)))) {
+ /* This 'cause access() says root can execute everything */
+ ret = -1;
+ err = S_ISDIR(statb.st_mode) ? EISDIR : EACCES;
+ }
+ if (err && errnop && !*errnop)
+ *errnop = err;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * search for command with PATH
+ */
+char *
+search(const char *name, const char *path,
+ int mode, /* R_OK or X_OK */
+ int *errnop) /* set if candidate found, but not suitable */
+{
+ const char *sp, *p;
+ char *xp;
+ XString xs;
+ int namelen;
+
+ if (errnop)
+ *errnop = 0;
+ if (strchr(name, '/')) {
+ if (search_access(name, mode, errnop) == 0)
+ return (char *) name;
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ namelen = strlen(name) + 1;
+ Xinit(xs, xp, 128, ATEMP);
+
+ sp = path;
+ while (sp != NULL) {
+ xp = Xstring(xs, xp);
+ if (!(p = strchr(sp, ':')))
+ p = sp + strlen(sp);
+ if (p != sp) {
+ XcheckN(xs, xp, p - sp);
+ memcpy(xp, sp, p - sp);
+ xp += p - sp;
+ *xp++ = '/';
+ }
+ sp = p;
+ XcheckN(xs, xp, namelen);
+ memcpy(xp, name, namelen);
+ if (search_access(Xstring(xs, xp), mode, errnop) == 0)
+ return Xclose(xs, xp + namelen);
+ if (*sp++ == '\0')
+ sp = NULL;
+ }
+ Xfree(xs, xp);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int
+call_builtin(struct tbl *tp, char **wp)
+{
+ int rv;
+
+ builtin_argv0 = wp[0];
+ builtin_flag = tp->flag;
+ shf_reopen(1, SHF_WR, shl_stdout);
+ shl_stdout_ok = 1;
+ ksh_getopt_reset(&builtin_opt, GF_ERROR);
+ rv = (*tp->val.f)(wp);
+ shf_flush(shl_stdout);
+ shl_stdout_ok = 0;
+ builtin_flag = 0;
+ builtin_argv0 = NULL;
+ return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * set up redirection, saving old fd's in e->savefd
+ */
+static int
+iosetup(struct ioword *iop, struct tbl *tp)
+{
+ int u = -1;
+ char *cp = iop->name;
+ int iotype = iop->flag & IOTYPE;
+ int do_open = 1, do_close = 0, flags = 0;
+ struct ioword iotmp;
+ struct stat statb;
+
+ if (iotype != IOHERE)
+ cp = evalonestr(cp, DOTILDE|(Flag(FTALKING_I) ? DOGLOB : 0));
+
+ /* Used for tracing and error messages to print expanded cp */
+ iotmp = *iop;
+ iotmp.name = (iotype == IOHERE) ? NULL : cp;
+ iotmp.flag |= IONAMEXP;
+
+ if (Flag(FXTRACE))
+ shellf("%s%s\n",
+ PS4_SUBSTITUTE(str_val(global("PS4"))),
+ snptreef(NULL, 32, "%R", &iotmp));
+
+ switch (iotype) {
+ case IOREAD:
+ flags = O_RDONLY;
+ break;
+
+ case IOCAT:
+ flags = O_WRONLY | O_APPEND | O_CREAT;
+ break;
+
+ case IOWRITE:
+ flags = O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC;
+ /* The stat() is here to allow redirections to
+ * things like /dev/null without error.
+ */
+ if (Flag(FNOCLOBBER) && !(iop->flag & IOCLOB) &&
+ (stat(cp, &statb) < 0 || S_ISREG(statb.st_mode)))
+ flags |= O_EXCL;
+ break;
+
+ case IORDWR:
+ flags = O_RDWR | O_CREAT;
+ break;
+
+ case IOHERE:
+ do_open = 0;
+ /* herein() returns -2 if error has been printed */
+ u = herein(iop->heredoc, iop->flag & IOEVAL);
+ /* cp may have wrong name */
+ break;
+
+ case IODUP:
+ {
+ const char *emsg;
+
+ do_open = 0;
+ if (*cp == '-' && !cp[1]) {
+ u = 1009; /* prevent error return below */
+ do_close = 1;
+ } else if ((u = check_fd(cp,
+ X_OK | ((iop->flag & IORDUP) ? R_OK : W_OK),
+ &emsg)) < 0) {
+ warningf(true, "%s: %s",
+ snptreef(NULL, 32, "%R", &iotmp), emsg);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (u == iop->unit)
+ return 0; /* "dup from" == "dup to" */
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (do_open) {
+ if (Flag(FRESTRICTED) && (flags & O_CREAT)) {
+ warningf(true, "%s: restricted", cp);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ u = open(cp, flags, 0666);
+ }
+ if (u < 0) {
+ /* herein() may already have printed message */
+ if (u == -1)
+ warningf(true, "cannot %s %s: %s",
+ iotype == IODUP ? "dup" :
+ (iotype == IOREAD || iotype == IOHERE) ?
+ "open" : "create", cp, strerror(errno));
+ return -1;
+ }
+ /* Do not save if it has already been redirected (i.e. "cat >x >y"). */
+ if (genv->savefd[iop->unit] == 0) {
+ /* If these are the same, it means unit was previously closed */
+ if (u == iop->unit)
+ genv->savefd[iop->unit] = -1;
+ else
+ /* c_exec() assumes e->savefd[fd] set for any
+ * redirections. Ask savefd() not to close iop->unit;
+ * this allows error messages to be seen if iop->unit
+ * is 2; also means we can't lose the fd (eg, both
+ * dup2 below and dup2 in restfd() failing).
+ */
+ genv->savefd[iop->unit] = savefd(iop->unit);
+ }
+
+ if (do_close)
+ close(iop->unit);
+ else if (u != iop->unit) {
+ if (ksh_dup2(u, iop->unit, true) < 0) {
+ warningf(true,
+ "could not finish (dup) redirection %s: %s",
+ snptreef(NULL, 32, "%R", &iotmp),
+ strerror(errno));
+ if (iotype != IODUP)
+ close(u);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (iotype != IODUP)
+ close(u);
+ /* Touching any co-process fd in an empty exec
+ * causes the shell to close its copies
+ */
+ else if (tp && tp->type == CSHELL && tp->val.f == c_exec) {
+ if (iop->flag & IORDUP) /* possible exec <&p */
+ coproc_read_close(u);
+ else /* possible exec >&p */
+ coproc_write_close(u);
+ }
+ }
+ if (u == 2) /* Clear any write errors */
+ shf_reopen(2, SHF_WR, shl_out);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * open here document temp file.
+ * if unquoted here, expand here temp file into second temp file.
+ */
+static int
+herein(const char *content, int sub)
+{
+ volatile int fd = -1;
+ struct source *s, *volatile osource;
+ struct shf *volatile shf;
+ struct temp *h;
+ int i;
+
+ /* ksh -c 'cat << EOF' can cause this... */
+ if (content == NULL) {
+ warningf(true, "here document missing");
+ return -2; /* special to iosetup(): don't print error */
+ }
+
+ /* Create temp file to hold content (done before newenv so temp
+ * doesn't get removed too soon).
+ */
+ h = maketemp(ATEMP, TT_HEREDOC_EXP, &genv->temps);
+ if (!(shf = h->shf) || (fd = open(h->name, O_RDONLY, 0)) < 0) {
+ warningf(true, "can't %s temporary file %s: %s",
+ !shf ? "create" : "open",
+ h->name, strerror(errno));
+ if (shf)
+ shf_close(shf);
+ return -2 /* special to iosetup(): don't print error */;
+ }
+
+ osource = source;
+ newenv(E_ERRH);
+ i = sigsetjmp(genv->jbuf, 0);
+ if (i) {
+ source = osource;
+ quitenv(shf);
+ close(fd);
+ return -2; /* special to iosetup(): don't print error */
+ }
+ if (sub) {
+ /* Do substitutions on the content of heredoc */
+ s = pushs(SSTRING, ATEMP);
+ s->start = s->str = content;
+ source = s;
+ if (yylex(ONEWORD|HEREDOC) != LWORD)
+ internal_errorf(1, "herein: yylex");
+ source = osource;
+ shf_puts(evalstr(yylval.cp, 0), shf);
+ } else
+ shf_puts(content, shf);
+
+ quitenv(NULL);
+
+ if (shf_close(shf) == EOF) {
+ close(fd);
+ warningf(true, "error writing %s: %s", h->name,
+ strerror(errno));
+ return -2; /* special to iosetup(): don't print error */
+ }
+
+ return fd;
+}
+
+#ifdef EDIT
+/*
+ * ksh special - the select command processing section
+ * print the args in column form - assuming that we can
+ */
+static char *
+do_selectargs(char **ap, bool print_menu)
+{
+ static const char *const read_args[] = {
+ "read", "-r", "REPLY", NULL
+ };
+ const char *errstr;
+ char *s;
+ int i, argct;
+
+ for (argct = 0; ap[argct]; argct++)
+ ;
+ while (1) {
+ /* Menu is printed if
+ * - this is the first time around the select loop
+ * - the user enters a blank line
+ * - the REPLY parameter is empty
+ */
+ if (print_menu || !*str_val(global("REPLY")))
+ pr_menu(ap);
+ shellf("%s", str_val(global("PS3")));
+ if (call_builtin(findcom("read", FC_BI), (char **) read_args))
+ return NULL;
+ s = str_val(global("REPLY"));
+ if (*s) {
+ i = strtonum(s, 1, argct, &errstr);
+ if (errstr)
+ return null;
+ return ap[i - 1];
+ }
+ print_menu = 1;
+ }
+}
+
+struct select_menu_info {
+ char *const *args;
+ int arg_width;
+ int num_width;
+};
+
+static char *select_fmt_entry(void *arg, int i, char *buf, int buflen);
+
+/* format a single select menu item */
+static char *
+select_fmt_entry(void *arg, int i, char *buf, int buflen)
+{
+ struct select_menu_info *smi = (struct select_menu_info *) arg;
+
+ shf_snprintf(buf, buflen, "%*d) %s",
+ smi->num_width, i + 1, smi->args[i]);
+ return buf;
+}
+
+/*
+ * print a select style menu
+ */
+int
+pr_menu(char *const *ap)
+{
+ struct select_menu_info smi;
+ char *const *pp;
+ int nwidth, dwidth;
+ int i, n;
+
+ /* Width/column calculations were done once and saved, but this
+ * means select can't be used recursively so we re-calculate each
+ * time (could save in a structure that is returned, but its probably
+ * not worth the bother).
+ */
+
+ /*
+ * get dimensions of the list
+ */
+ for (n = 0, nwidth = 0, pp = ap; *pp; n++, pp++) {
+ i = strlen(*pp);
+ nwidth = (i > nwidth) ? i : nwidth;
+ }
+ /*
+ * we will print an index of the form
+ * %d)
+ * in front of each entry
+ * get the max width of this
+ */
+ for (i = n, dwidth = 1; i >= 10; i /= 10)
+ dwidth++;
+
+ smi.args = ap;
+ smi.arg_width = nwidth;
+ smi.num_width = dwidth;
+ print_columns(shl_out, n, select_fmt_entry, (void *) &smi,
+ dwidth + nwidth + 2, 1);
+
+ return n;
+}
+
+/* XXX: horrible kludge to fit within the framework */
+
+static char *plain_fmt_entry(void *arg, int i, char *buf, int buflen);
+
+static char *
+plain_fmt_entry(void *arg, int i, char *buf, int buflen)
+{
+ shf_snprintf(buf, buflen, "%s", ((char *const *)arg)[i]);
+ return buf;
+}
+
+int
+pr_list(char *const *ap)
+{
+ char *const *pp;
+ int nwidth;
+ int i, n;
+
+ for (n = 0, nwidth = 0, pp = ap; *pp; n++, pp++) {
+ i = strlen(*pp);
+ nwidth = (i > nwidth) ? i : nwidth;
+ }
+ print_columns(shl_out, n, plain_fmt_entry, (void *) ap, nwidth + 1, 0);
+
+ return n;
+}
+#endif /* EDIT */
+
+/*
+ * [[ ... ]] evaluation routines
+ */
+
+extern const char *const dbtest_tokens[];
+extern const char db_close[];
+
+/* Test if the current token is a whatever. Accepts the current token if
+ * it is. Returns 0 if it is not, non-zero if it is (in the case of
+ * TM_UNOP and TM_BINOP, the returned value is a Test_op).
+ */
+static int
+dbteste_isa(Test_env *te, Test_meta meta)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+ int uqword;
+ char *p;
+
+ if (!*te->pos.wp)
+ return meta == TM_END;
+
+ /* unquoted word? */
+ for (p = *te->pos.wp; *p == CHAR; p += 2)
+ ;
+ uqword = *p == EOS;
+
+ if (meta == TM_UNOP || meta == TM_BINOP) {
+ if (uqword) {
+ char buf[8]; /* longer than the longest operator */
+ char *q = buf;
+ for (p = *te->pos.wp;
+ *p == CHAR && q < &buf[sizeof(buf) - 1]; p += 2)
+ *q++ = p[1];
+ *q = '\0';
+ ret = (int) test_isop(te, meta, buf);
+ }
+ } else if (meta == TM_END)
+ ret = 0;
+ else
+ ret = uqword &&
+ strcmp(*te->pos.wp, dbtest_tokens[(int) meta]) == 0;
+
+ /* Accept the token? */
+ if (ret)
+ te->pos.wp++;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static const char *
+dbteste_getopnd(Test_env *te, Test_op op, int do_eval)
+{
+ char *s = *te->pos.wp;
+
+ if (!s)
+ return NULL;
+
+ te->pos.wp++;
+
+ if (!do_eval)
+ return null;
+
+ if (op == TO_STEQL || op == TO_STNEQ)
+ s = evalstr(s, DOTILDE | DOPAT);
+ else
+ s = evalstr(s, DOTILDE);
+
+ return s;
+}
+
+static int
+dbteste_eval(Test_env *te, Test_op op, const char *opnd1, const char *opnd2,
+ int do_eval)
+{
+ return test_eval(te, op, opnd1, opnd2, do_eval);
+}
+
+static void
+dbteste_error(Test_env *te, int offset, const char *msg)
+{
+ te->flags |= TEF_ERROR;
+ internal_errorf(0, "dbteste_error: %s (offset %d)", msg, offset);
+}
diff --git a/bin/ksh/expand.h b/bin/ksh/expand.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9262ef9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/expand.h
@@ -0,0 +1,106 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: expand.h,v 1.12 2015/11/08 17:52:43 mmcc Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * Expanding strings
+ */
+
+#define X_EXTRA 8 /* this many extra bytes in X string */
+
+#if 0 /* Usage */
+ XString xs;
+ char *xp;
+
+ Xinit(xs, xp, 128, ATEMP); /* allocate initial string */
+ while ((c = generate()) {
+ Xcheck(xs, xp); /* expand string if necessary */
+ Xput(xs, xp, c); /* add character */
+ }
+ return Xclose(xs, xp); /* resize string */
+/*
+ * NOTE:
+ * The Xcheck and Xinit macros have a magic + X_EXTRA in the lengths.
+ * This is so that you can put up to X_EXTRA characters in a XString
+ * before calling Xcheck. (See yylex in lex.c)
+ */
+#endif /* 0 */
+
+typedef struct XString {
+ char *end, *beg; /* end, begin of string */
+ size_t len; /* length */
+ Area *areap; /* area to allocate/free from */
+} XString;
+
+typedef char * XStringP;
+
+/* initialize expandable string */
+#define Xinit(xs, xp, length, area) do { \
+ (xs).len = length; \
+ (xs).areap = (area); \
+ (xs).beg = alloc((xs).len + X_EXTRA, (xs).areap); \
+ (xs).end = (xs).beg + (xs).len; \
+ xp = (xs).beg; \
+ } while (0)
+
+/* stuff char into string */
+#define Xput(xs, xp, c) (*xp++ = (c))
+
+/* check if there are at least n bytes left */
+#define XcheckN(xs, xp, n) do { \
+ int more = ((xp) + (n)) - (xs).end; \
+ if (more > 0) \
+ xp = Xcheck_grow_(&xs, xp, more); \
+ } while (0)
+
+/* check for overflow, expand string */
+#define Xcheck(xs, xp) XcheckN(xs, xp, 1)
+
+/* free string */
+#define Xfree(xs, xp) afree((xs).beg, (xs).areap)
+
+/* close, return string */
+#define Xclose(xs, xp) aresize((xs).beg, ((xp) - (xs).beg), (xs).areap)
+/* begin of string */
+#define Xstring(xs, xp) ((xs).beg)
+
+#define Xnleft(xs, xp) ((xs).end - (xp)) /* may be less than 0 */
+#define Xlength(xs, xp) ((xp) - (xs).beg)
+#define Xsize(xs, xp) ((xs).end - (xs).beg)
+#define Xsavepos(xs, xp) ((xp) - (xs).beg)
+#define Xrestpos(xs, xp, n) ((xs).beg + (n))
+
+char * Xcheck_grow_(XString *xsp, char *xp, int more);
+
+/*
+ * expandable vector of generic pointers
+ */
+
+typedef struct XPtrV {
+ void **cur; /* next avail pointer */
+ void **beg, **end; /* begin, end of vector */
+} XPtrV;
+
+#define XPinit(x, n) do { \
+ void **vp__; \
+ vp__ = areallocarray(NULL, n, sizeof(void *), ATEMP); \
+ (x).cur = (x).beg = vp__; \
+ (x).end = vp__ + n; \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define XPput(x, p) do { \
+ if ((x).cur >= (x).end) { \
+ int n = XPsize(x); \
+ (x).beg = areallocarray((x).beg, n, \
+ 2 * sizeof(void *), ATEMP); \
+ (x).cur = (x).beg + n; \
+ (x).end = (x).cur + n; \
+ } \
+ *(x).cur++ = (p); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define XPptrv(x) ((x).beg)
+#define XPsize(x) ((x).cur - (x).beg)
+
+#define XPclose(x) areallocarray((x).beg, XPsize(x), \
+ sizeof(void *), ATEMP)
+
+#define XPfree(x) afree((x).beg, ATEMP)
diff --git a/bin/ksh/expr.c b/bin/ksh/expr.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3d37593
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/expr.c
@@ -0,0 +1,596 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: expr.c,v 1.32 2015/12/30 09:07:00 tedu Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * Korn expression evaluation
+ */
+/*
+ * todo: better error handling: if in builtin, should be builtin error, etc.
+ */
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+
+/* The order of these enums is constrained by the order of opinfo[] */
+enum token {
+ /* some (long) unary operators */
+ O_PLUSPLUS = 0, O_MINUSMINUS,
+ /* binary operators */
+ O_EQ, O_NE,
+ /* assignments are assumed to be in range O_ASN .. O_BORASN */
+ O_ASN, O_TIMESASN, O_DIVASN, O_MODASN, O_PLUSASN, O_MINUSASN,
+ O_LSHIFTASN, O_RSHIFTASN, O_BANDASN, O_BXORASN, O_BORASN,
+ O_LSHIFT, O_RSHIFT,
+ O_LE, O_GE, O_LT, O_GT,
+ O_LAND,
+ O_LOR,
+ O_TIMES, O_DIV, O_MOD,
+ O_PLUS, O_MINUS,
+ O_BAND,
+ O_BXOR,
+ O_BOR,
+ O_TERN,
+ O_COMMA,
+ /* things after this aren't used as binary operators */
+ /* unary that are not also binaries */
+ O_BNOT, O_LNOT,
+ /* misc */
+ OPEN_PAREN, CLOSE_PAREN, CTERN,
+ /* things that don't appear in the opinfo[] table */
+ VAR, LIT, END, BAD
+};
+#define IS_BINOP(op) (((int)op) >= (int)O_EQ && ((int)op) <= (int)O_COMMA)
+#define IS_ASSIGNOP(op) ((int)(op) >= (int)O_ASN && (int)(op) <= (int)O_BORASN)
+
+enum prec {
+ P_PRIMARY = 0, /* VAR, LIT, (), ~ ! - + */
+ P_MULT, /* * / % */
+ P_ADD, /* + - */
+ P_SHIFT, /* << >> */
+ P_RELATION, /* < <= > >= */
+ P_EQUALITY, /* == != */
+ P_BAND, /* & */
+ P_BXOR, /* ^ */
+ P_BOR, /* | */
+ P_LAND, /* && */
+ P_LOR, /* || */
+ P_TERN, /* ?: */
+ P_ASSIGN, /* = *= /= %= += -= <<= >>= &= ^= |= */
+ P_COMMA /* , */
+};
+#define MAX_PREC P_COMMA
+
+struct opinfo {
+ char name[4];
+ int len; /* name length */
+ enum prec prec; /* precedence: lower is higher */
+};
+
+/* Tokens in this table must be ordered so the longest are first
+ * (eg, += before +). If you change something, change the order
+ * of enum token too.
+ */
+static const struct opinfo opinfo[] = {
+ { "++", 2, P_PRIMARY }, /* before + */
+ { "--", 2, P_PRIMARY }, /* before - */
+ { "==", 2, P_EQUALITY }, /* before = */
+ { "!=", 2, P_EQUALITY }, /* before ! */
+ { "=", 1, P_ASSIGN }, /* keep assigns in a block */
+ { "*=", 2, P_ASSIGN },
+ { "/=", 2, P_ASSIGN },
+ { "%=", 2, P_ASSIGN },
+ { "+=", 2, P_ASSIGN },
+ { "-=", 2, P_ASSIGN },
+ { "<<=", 3, P_ASSIGN },
+ { ">>=", 3, P_ASSIGN },
+ { "&=", 2, P_ASSIGN },
+ { "^=", 2, P_ASSIGN },
+ { "|=", 2, P_ASSIGN },
+ { "<<", 2, P_SHIFT },
+ { ">>", 2, P_SHIFT },
+ { "<=", 2, P_RELATION },
+ { ">=", 2, P_RELATION },
+ { "<", 1, P_RELATION },
+ { ">", 1, P_RELATION },
+ { "&&", 2, P_LAND },
+ { "||", 2, P_LOR },
+ { "*", 1, P_MULT },
+ { "/", 1, P_MULT },
+ { "%", 1, P_MULT },
+ { "+", 1, P_ADD },
+ { "-", 1, P_ADD },
+ { "&", 1, P_BAND },
+ { "^", 1, P_BXOR },
+ { "|", 1, P_BOR },
+ { "?", 1, P_TERN },
+ { ",", 1, P_COMMA },
+ { "~", 1, P_PRIMARY },
+ { "!", 1, P_PRIMARY },
+ { "(", 1, P_PRIMARY },
+ { ")", 1, P_PRIMARY },
+ { ":", 1, P_PRIMARY },
+ { "", 0, P_PRIMARY } /* end of table */
+};
+
+
+typedef struct expr_state Expr_state;
+struct expr_state {
+ const char *expression; /* expression being evaluated */
+ const char *tokp; /* lexical position */
+ enum token tok; /* token from token() */
+ int noassign; /* don't do assigns (for ?:,&&,||) */
+ bool arith; /* true if evaluating an $(())
+ * expression
+ */
+ struct tbl *val; /* value from token() */
+ struct tbl *evaling; /* variable that is being recursively
+ * expanded (EXPRINEVAL flag set)
+ */
+};
+
+enum error_type {
+ ET_UNEXPECTED, ET_BADLIT, ET_RECURSIVE,
+ ET_LVALUE, ET_RDONLY, ET_STR
+};
+
+static void evalerr(Expr_state *, enum error_type, const char *)
+ __attribute__((__noreturn__));
+static struct tbl *evalexpr(Expr_state *, enum prec);
+static void token(Expr_state *);
+static struct tbl *do_ppmm(Expr_state *, enum token, struct tbl *, bool);
+static void assign_check(Expr_state *, enum token, struct tbl *);
+static struct tbl *tempvar(void);
+static struct tbl *intvar(Expr_state *, struct tbl *);
+
+/*
+ * parse and evaluate expression
+ */
+int
+evaluate(const char *expr, long int *rval, int error_ok, bool arith)
+{
+ struct tbl v;
+ int ret;
+
+ v.flag = DEFINED|INTEGER;
+ v.type = 0;
+ ret = v_evaluate(&v, expr, error_ok, arith);
+ *rval = v.val.i;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * parse and evaluate expression, storing result in vp.
+ */
+int
+v_evaluate(struct tbl *vp, const char *expr, volatile int error_ok,
+ bool arith)
+{
+ struct tbl *v;
+ Expr_state curstate;
+ Expr_state * const es = &curstate;
+ int i;
+
+ /* save state to allow recursive calls */
+ curstate.expression = curstate.tokp = expr;
+ curstate.noassign = 0;
+ curstate.arith = arith;
+ curstate.evaling = NULL;
+ curstate.val = NULL;
+
+ newenv(E_ERRH);
+ i = sigsetjmp(genv->jbuf, 0);
+ if (i) {
+ /* Clear EXPRINEVAL in of any variables we were playing with */
+ if (curstate.evaling)
+ curstate.evaling->flag &= ~EXPRINEVAL;
+ quitenv(NULL);
+ if (i == LAEXPR) {
+ if (error_ok == KSH_RETURN_ERROR)
+ return 0;
+ errorf(NULL);
+ }
+ unwind(i);
+ /* NOTREACHED */
+ }
+
+ token(es);
+#if 1 /* ifdef-out to disallow empty expressions to be treated as 0 */
+ if (es->tok == END) {
+ es->tok = LIT;
+ es->val = tempvar();
+ }
+#endif /* 0 */
+ v = intvar(es, evalexpr(es, MAX_PREC));
+
+ if (es->tok != END)
+ evalerr(es, ET_UNEXPECTED, NULL);
+
+ if (vp->flag & INTEGER)
+ setint_v(vp, v, es->arith);
+ else
+ /* can fail if readonly */
+ setstr(vp, str_val(v), error_ok);
+
+ quitenv(NULL);
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static void
+evalerr(Expr_state *es, enum error_type type, const char *str)
+{
+ char tbuf[2];
+ const char *s;
+
+ es->arith = false;
+ switch (type) {
+ case ET_UNEXPECTED:
+ switch (es->tok) {
+ case VAR:
+ s = es->val->name;
+ break;
+ case LIT:
+ s = str_val(es->val);
+ break;
+ case END:
+ s = "end of expression";
+ break;
+ case BAD:
+ tbuf[0] = *es->tokp;
+ tbuf[1] = '\0';
+ s = tbuf;
+ break;
+ default:
+ s = opinfo[(int)es->tok].name;
+ }
+ warningf(true, "%s: unexpected `%s'", es->expression, s);
+ break;
+
+ case ET_BADLIT:
+ warningf(true, "%s: bad number `%s'", es->expression, str);
+ break;
+
+ case ET_RECURSIVE:
+ warningf(true, "%s: expression recurses on parameter `%s'",
+ es->expression, str);
+ break;
+
+ case ET_LVALUE:
+ warningf(true, "%s: %s requires lvalue",
+ es->expression, str);
+ break;
+
+ case ET_RDONLY:
+ warningf(true, "%s: %s applied to read only variable",
+ es->expression, str);
+ break;
+
+ default: /* keep gcc happy */
+ case ET_STR:
+ warningf(true, "%s: %s", es->expression, str);
+ break;
+ }
+ unwind(LAEXPR);
+}
+
+static struct tbl *
+evalexpr(Expr_state *es, enum prec prec)
+{
+ struct tbl *vl, *vr = NULL, *vasn;
+ enum token op;
+ long res = 0;
+
+ if (prec == P_PRIMARY) {
+ op = es->tok;
+ if (op == O_BNOT || op == O_LNOT || op == O_MINUS ||
+ op == O_PLUS) {
+ token(es);
+ vl = intvar(es, evalexpr(es, P_PRIMARY));
+ if (op == O_BNOT)
+ vl->val.i = ~vl->val.i;
+ else if (op == O_LNOT)
+ vl->val.i = !vl->val.i;
+ else if (op == O_MINUS)
+ vl->val.i = -vl->val.i;
+ /* op == O_PLUS is a no-op */
+ } else if (op == OPEN_PAREN) {
+ token(es);
+ vl = evalexpr(es, MAX_PREC);
+ if (es->tok != CLOSE_PAREN)
+ evalerr(es, ET_STR, "missing )");
+ token(es);
+ } else if (op == O_PLUSPLUS || op == O_MINUSMINUS) {
+ token(es);
+ vl = do_ppmm(es, op, es->val, true);
+ token(es);
+ } else if (op == VAR || op == LIT) {
+ vl = es->val;
+ token(es);
+ } else {
+ evalerr(es, ET_UNEXPECTED, NULL);
+ /* NOTREACHED */
+ }
+ if (es->tok == O_PLUSPLUS || es->tok == O_MINUSMINUS) {
+ vl = do_ppmm(es, es->tok, vl, false);
+ token(es);
+ }
+ return vl;
+ }
+ vl = evalexpr(es, ((int) prec) - 1);
+ for (op = es->tok; IS_BINOP(op) && opinfo[(int) op].prec == prec;
+ op = es->tok) {
+ token(es);
+ vasn = vl;
+ if (op != O_ASN) /* vl may not have a value yet */
+ vl = intvar(es, vl);
+ if (IS_ASSIGNOP(op)) {
+ assign_check(es, op, vasn);
+ vr = intvar(es, evalexpr(es, P_ASSIGN));
+ } else if (op != O_TERN && op != O_LAND && op != O_LOR)
+ vr = intvar(es, evalexpr(es, ((int) prec) - 1));
+ if ((op == O_DIV || op == O_MOD || op == O_DIVASN ||
+ op == O_MODASN) && vr->val.i == 0) {
+ if (es->noassign)
+ vr->val.i = 1;
+ else
+ evalerr(es, ET_STR, "zero divisor");
+ }
+ switch ((int) op) {
+ case O_TIMES:
+ case O_TIMESASN:
+ res = vl->val.i * vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_DIV:
+ case O_DIVASN:
+ if (vl->val.i == LONG_MIN && vr->val.i == -1)
+ res = LONG_MIN;
+ else
+ res = vl->val.i / vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_MOD:
+ case O_MODASN:
+ if (vl->val.i == LONG_MIN && vr->val.i == -1)
+ res = 0;
+ else
+ res = vl->val.i % vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_PLUS:
+ case O_PLUSASN:
+ res = vl->val.i + vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_MINUS:
+ case O_MINUSASN:
+ res = vl->val.i - vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_LSHIFT:
+ case O_LSHIFTASN:
+ res = vl->val.i << vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_RSHIFT:
+ case O_RSHIFTASN:
+ res = vl->val.i >> vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_LT:
+ res = vl->val.i < vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_LE:
+ res = vl->val.i <= vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_GT:
+ res = vl->val.i > vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_GE:
+ res = vl->val.i >= vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_EQ:
+ res = vl->val.i == vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_NE:
+ res = vl->val.i != vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_BAND:
+ case O_BANDASN:
+ res = vl->val.i & vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_BXOR:
+ case O_BXORASN:
+ res = vl->val.i ^ vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_BOR:
+ case O_BORASN:
+ res = vl->val.i | vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_LAND:
+ if (!vl->val.i)
+ es->noassign++;
+ vr = intvar(es, evalexpr(es, ((int) prec) - 1));
+ res = vl->val.i && vr->val.i;
+ if (!vl->val.i)
+ es->noassign--;
+ break;
+ case O_LOR:
+ if (vl->val.i)
+ es->noassign++;
+ vr = intvar(es, evalexpr(es, ((int) prec) - 1));
+ res = vl->val.i || vr->val.i;
+ if (vl->val.i)
+ es->noassign--;
+ break;
+ case O_TERN:
+ {
+ int e = vl->val.i != 0;
+
+ if (!e)
+ es->noassign++;
+ vl = evalexpr(es, MAX_PREC);
+ if (!e)
+ es->noassign--;
+ if (es->tok != CTERN)
+ evalerr(es, ET_STR, "missing :");
+ token(es);
+ if (e)
+ es->noassign++;
+ vr = evalexpr(es, P_TERN);
+ if (e)
+ es->noassign--;
+ vl = e ? vl : vr;
+ }
+ break;
+ case O_ASN:
+ res = vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ case O_COMMA:
+ res = vr->val.i;
+ break;
+ }
+ if (IS_ASSIGNOP(op)) {
+ vr->val.i = res;
+ if (vasn->flag & INTEGER)
+ setint_v(vasn, vr, es->arith);
+ else
+ setint(vasn, res);
+ vl = vr;
+ } else if (op != O_TERN)
+ vl->val.i = res;
+ }
+ return vl;
+}
+
+static void
+token(Expr_state *es)
+{
+ const char *cp;
+ int c;
+ char *tvar;
+
+ /* skip white space */
+ for (cp = es->tokp; (c = *cp), isspace((unsigned char)c); cp++)
+ ;
+ es->tokp = cp;
+
+ if (c == '\0')
+ es->tok = END;
+ else if (letter(c)) {
+ for (; letnum(c); c = *cp)
+ cp++;
+ if (c == '[') {
+ int len;
+
+ len = array_ref_len(cp);
+ if (len == 0)
+ evalerr(es, ET_STR, "missing ]");
+ cp += len;
+ } else if (c == '(' /*)*/ ) {
+ /* todo: add math functions (all take single argument):
+ * abs acos asin atan cos cosh exp int log sin sinh sqrt
+ * tan tanh
+ */
+ ;
+ }
+ if (es->noassign) {
+ es->val = tempvar();
+ es->val->flag |= EXPRLVALUE;
+ } else {
+ tvar = str_nsave(es->tokp, cp - es->tokp, ATEMP);
+ es->val = global(tvar);
+ afree(tvar, ATEMP);
+ }
+ es->tok = VAR;
+ } else if (digit(c)) {
+ for (; c != '_' && (letnum(c) || c == '#'); c = *cp++)
+ ;
+ tvar = str_nsave(es->tokp, --cp - es->tokp, ATEMP);
+ es->val = tempvar();
+ es->val->flag &= ~INTEGER;
+ es->val->type = 0;
+ es->val->val.s = tvar;
+ if (setint_v(es->val, es->val, es->arith) == NULL)
+ evalerr(es, ET_BADLIT, tvar);
+ afree(tvar, ATEMP);
+ es->tok = LIT;
+ } else {
+ int i, n0;
+
+ for (i = 0; (n0 = opinfo[i].name[0]); i++)
+ if (c == n0 &&
+ strncmp(cp, opinfo[i].name, opinfo[i].len) == 0) {
+ es->tok = (enum token) i;
+ cp += opinfo[i].len;
+ break;
+ }
+ if (!n0)
+ es->tok = BAD;
+ }
+ es->tokp = cp;
+}
+
+/* Do a ++ or -- operation */
+static struct tbl *
+do_ppmm(Expr_state *es, enum token op, struct tbl *vasn, bool is_prefix)
+{
+ struct tbl *vl;
+ int oval;
+
+ assign_check(es, op, vasn);
+
+ vl = intvar(es, vasn);
+ oval = op == O_PLUSPLUS ? vl->val.i++ : vl->val.i--;
+ if (vasn->flag & INTEGER)
+ setint_v(vasn, vl, es->arith);
+ else
+ setint(vasn, vl->val.i);
+ if (!is_prefix) /* undo the inc/dec */
+ vl->val.i = oval;
+
+ return vl;
+}
+
+static void
+assign_check(Expr_state *es, enum token op, struct tbl *vasn)
+{
+ if (es->tok == END || vasn == NULL ||
+ (vasn->name[0] == '\0' && !(vasn->flag & EXPRLVALUE)))
+ evalerr(es, ET_LVALUE, opinfo[(int) op].name);
+ else if (vasn->flag & RDONLY)
+ evalerr(es, ET_RDONLY, opinfo[(int) op].name);
+}
+
+static struct tbl *
+tempvar(void)
+{
+ struct tbl *vp;
+
+ vp = alloc(sizeof(struct tbl), ATEMP);
+ vp->flag = ISSET|INTEGER;
+ vp->type = 0;
+ vp->areap = ATEMP;
+ vp->val.i = 0;
+ vp->name[0] = '\0';
+ return vp;
+}
+
+/* cast (string) variable to temporary integer variable */
+static struct tbl *
+intvar(Expr_state *es, struct tbl *vp)
+{
+ struct tbl *vq;
+
+ /* try to avoid replacing a temp var with another temp var */
+ if (vp->name[0] == '\0' &&
+ (vp->flag & (ISSET|INTEGER|EXPRLVALUE)) == (ISSET|INTEGER))
+ return vp;
+
+ vq = tempvar();
+ if (setint_v(vq, vp, es->arith) == NULL) {
+ if (vp->flag & EXPRINEVAL)
+ evalerr(es, ET_RECURSIVE, vp->name);
+ es->evaling = vp;
+ vp->flag |= EXPRINEVAL;
+ v_evaluate(vq, str_val(vp), KSH_UNWIND_ERROR, es->arith);
+ vp->flag &= ~EXPRINEVAL;
+ es->evaling = NULL;
+ }
+ return vq;
+}
diff --git a/bin/ksh/history.c b/bin/ksh/history.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..78f9fb7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/history.c
@@ -0,0 +1,981 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: history.c,v 1.56 2015/12/30 09:07:00 tedu Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * command history
+ */
+
+/*
+ * This file contains
+ * a) the original in-memory history mechanism
+ * b) a more complicated mechanism done by pc@hillside.co.uk
+ * that more closely follows the real ksh way of doing
+ * things. You need to have the mmap system call for this
+ * to work on your system
+ */
+
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+
+#ifdef HISTORY
+# include <sys/mman.h>
+
+/*
+ * variables for handling the data file
+ */
+static int histfd;
+static int hsize;
+
+static int hist_count_lines(unsigned char *, int);
+static int hist_shrink(unsigned char *, int);
+static unsigned char *hist_skip_back(unsigned char *,int *,int);
+static void histload(Source *, unsigned char *, int);
+static void histinsert(Source *, int, unsigned char *);
+static void writehistfile(int, char *);
+static int sprinkle(int);
+
+static int hist_execute(char *);
+static int hist_replace(char **, const char *, const char *, int);
+static char **hist_get(const char *, int, int);
+static char **hist_get_oldest(void);
+static void histbackup(void);
+
+static char **current; /* current position in history[] */
+static char *hname; /* current name of history file */
+static int hstarted; /* set after hist_init() called */
+static Source *hist_source;
+
+
+int
+c_fc(char **wp)
+{
+ struct shf *shf;
+ struct temp *tf = NULL;
+ char *p, *editor = NULL;
+ int gflag = 0, lflag = 0, nflag = 0, sflag = 0, rflag = 0;
+ int optc;
+ char *first = NULL, *last = NULL;
+ char **hfirst, **hlast, **hp;
+
+ if (!Flag(FTALKING_I)) {
+ bi_errorf("history functions not available");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ while ((optc = ksh_getopt(wp, &builtin_opt,
+ "e:glnrs0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,")) != -1)
+ switch (optc) {
+ case 'e':
+ p = builtin_opt.optarg;
+ if (strcmp(p, "-") == 0)
+ sflag++;
+ else {
+ size_t len = strlen(p) + 4;
+ editor = str_nsave(p, len, ATEMP);
+ strlcat(editor, " $_", len);
+ }
+ break;
+ case 'g': /* non-at&t ksh */
+ gflag++;
+ break;
+ case 'l':
+ lflag++;
+ break;
+ case 'n':
+ nflag++;
+ break;
+ case 'r':
+ rflag++;
+ break;
+ case 's': /* posix version of -e - */
+ sflag++;
+ break;
+ /* kludge city - accept -num as -- -num (kind of) */
+ case '0': case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
+ case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
+ p = shf_smprintf("-%c%s",
+ optc, builtin_opt.optarg);
+ if (!first)
+ first = p;
+ else if (!last)
+ last = p;
+ else {
+ bi_errorf("too many arguments");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ break;
+ case '?':
+ return 1;
+ }
+ wp += builtin_opt.optind;
+
+ /* Substitute and execute command */
+ if (sflag) {
+ char *pat = NULL, *rep = NULL;
+
+ if (editor || lflag || nflag || rflag) {
+ bi_errorf("can't use -e, -l, -n, -r with -s (-e -)");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Check for pattern replacement argument */
+ if (*wp && **wp && (p = strchr(*wp + 1, '='))) {
+ pat = str_save(*wp, ATEMP);
+ p = pat + (p - *wp);
+ *p++ = '\0';
+ rep = p;
+ wp++;
+ }
+ /* Check for search prefix */
+ if (!first && (first = *wp))
+ wp++;
+ if (last || *wp) {
+ bi_errorf("too many arguments");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ hp = first ? hist_get(first, false, false) :
+ hist_get_newest(false);
+ if (!hp)
+ return 1;
+ return hist_replace(hp, pat, rep, gflag);
+ }
+
+ if (editor && (lflag || nflag)) {
+ bi_errorf("can't use -l, -n with -e");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (!first && (first = *wp))
+ wp++;
+ if (!last && (last = *wp))
+ wp++;
+ if (*wp) {
+ bi_errorf("too many arguments");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (!first) {
+ hfirst = lflag ? hist_get("-16", true, true) :
+ hist_get_newest(false);
+ if (!hfirst)
+ return 1;
+ /* can't fail if hfirst didn't fail */
+ hlast = hist_get_newest(false);
+ } else {
+ /* POSIX says not an error if first/last out of bounds
+ * when range is specified; at&t ksh and pdksh allow out of
+ * bounds for -l as well.
+ */
+ hfirst = hist_get(first, (lflag || last) ? true : false,
+ lflag ? true : false);
+ if (!hfirst)
+ return 1;
+ hlast = last ? hist_get(last, true, lflag ? true : false) :
+ (lflag ? hist_get_newest(false) : hfirst);
+ if (!hlast)
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (hfirst > hlast) {
+ char **temp;
+
+ temp = hfirst; hfirst = hlast; hlast = temp;
+ rflag = !rflag; /* POSIX */
+ }
+
+ /* List history */
+ if (lflag) {
+ char *s, *t;
+ const char *nfmt = nflag ? "\t" : "%d\t";
+
+ for (hp = rflag ? hlast : hfirst;
+ hp >= hfirst && hp <= hlast; hp += rflag ? -1 : 1) {
+ shf_fprintf(shl_stdout, nfmt,
+ hist_source->line - (int) (histptr - hp));
+ /* print multi-line commands correctly */
+ for (s = *hp; (t = strchr(s, '\n')); s = t)
+ shf_fprintf(shl_stdout, "%.*s\t", ++t - s, s);
+ shf_fprintf(shl_stdout, "%s\n", s);
+ }
+ shf_flush(shl_stdout);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Run editor on selected lines, then run resulting commands */
+
+ tf = maketemp(ATEMP, TT_HIST_EDIT, &genv->temps);
+ if (!(shf = tf->shf)) {
+ bi_errorf("cannot create temp file %s - %s",
+ tf->name, strerror(errno));
+ return 1;
+ }
+ for (hp = rflag ? hlast : hfirst;
+ hp >= hfirst && hp <= hlast; hp += rflag ? -1 : 1)
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "%s\n", *hp);
+ if (shf_close(shf) == EOF) {
+ bi_errorf("error writing temporary file - %s", strerror(errno));
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Ignore setstr errors here (arbitrary) */
+ setstr(local("_", false), tf->name, KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+
+ /* XXX: source should not get trashed by this.. */
+ {
+ Source *sold = source;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = command(editor ? editor : "${FCEDIT:-/bin/ed} $_", 0);
+ source = sold;
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ {
+ struct stat statb;
+ XString xs;
+ char *xp;
+ int n;
+
+ if (!(shf = shf_open(tf->name, O_RDONLY, 0, 0))) {
+ bi_errorf("cannot open temp file %s", tf->name);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ n = fstat(shf->fd, &statb) < 0 ? 128 :
+ statb.st_size + 1;
+ Xinit(xs, xp, n, hist_source->areap);
+ while ((n = shf_read(xp, Xnleft(xs, xp), shf)) > 0) {
+ xp += n;
+ if (Xnleft(xs, xp) <= 0)
+ XcheckN(xs, xp, Xlength(xs, xp));
+ }
+ if (n < 0) {
+ bi_errorf("error reading temp file %s - %s",
+ tf->name, strerror(shf->errno_));
+ shf_close(shf);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ shf_close(shf);
+ *xp = '\0';
+ strip_nuls(Xstring(xs, xp), Xlength(xs, xp));
+ return hist_execute(Xstring(xs, xp));
+ }
+}
+
+/* Save cmd in history, execute cmd (cmd gets trashed) */
+static int
+hist_execute(char *cmd)
+{
+ Source *sold;
+ int ret;
+ char *p, *q;
+
+ histbackup();
+
+ for (p = cmd; p; p = q) {
+ if ((q = strchr(p, '\n'))) {
+ *q++ = '\0'; /* kill the newline */
+ if (!*q) /* ignore trailing newline */
+ q = NULL;
+ }
+ histsave(++(hist_source->line), p, 1);
+
+ shellf("%s\n", p); /* POSIX doesn't say this is done... */
+ if ((p = q)) /* restore \n (trailing \n not restored) */
+ q[-1] = '\n';
+ }
+
+ /* Commands are executed here instead of pushing them onto the
+ * input 'cause posix says the redirection and variable assignments
+ * in
+ * X=y fc -e - 42 2> /dev/null
+ * are to effect the repeated commands environment.
+ */
+ /* XXX: source should not get trashed by this.. */
+ sold = source;
+ ret = command(cmd, 0);
+ source = sold;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int
+hist_replace(char **hp, const char *pat, const char *rep, int global)
+{
+ char *line;
+
+ if (!pat)
+ line = str_save(*hp, ATEMP);
+ else {
+ char *s, *s1;
+ int pat_len = strlen(pat);
+ int rep_len = strlen(rep);
+ int len;
+ XString xs;
+ char *xp;
+ int any_subst = 0;
+
+ Xinit(xs, xp, 128, ATEMP);
+ for (s = *hp; (s1 = strstr(s, pat)) && (!any_subst || global);
+ s = s1 + pat_len) {
+ any_subst = 1;
+ len = s1 - s;
+ XcheckN(xs, xp, len + rep_len);
+ memcpy(xp, s, len); /* first part */
+ xp += len;
+ memcpy(xp, rep, rep_len); /* replacement */
+ xp += rep_len;
+ }
+ if (!any_subst) {
+ bi_errorf("substitution failed");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ len = strlen(s) + 1;
+ XcheckN(xs, xp, len);
+ memcpy(xp, s, len);
+ xp += len;
+ line = Xclose(xs, xp);
+ }
+ return hist_execute(line);
+}
+
+/*
+ * get pointer to history given pattern
+ * pattern is a number or string
+ */
+static char **
+hist_get(const char *str, int approx, int allow_cur)
+{
+ char **hp = NULL;
+ int n;
+
+ if (getn(str, &n)) {
+ hp = histptr + (n < 0 ? n : (n - hist_source->line));
+ if ((long)hp < (long)history) {
+ if (approx)
+ hp = hist_get_oldest();
+ else {
+ bi_errorf("%s: not in history", str);
+ hp = NULL;
+ }
+ } else if (hp > histptr) {
+ if (approx)
+ hp = hist_get_newest(allow_cur);
+ else {
+ bi_errorf("%s: not in history", str);
+ hp = NULL;
+ }
+ } else if (!allow_cur && hp == histptr) {
+ bi_errorf("%s: invalid range", str);
+ hp = NULL;
+ }
+ } else {
+ int anchored = *str == '?' ? (++str, 0) : 1;
+
+ /* the -1 is to avoid the current fc command */
+ n = findhist(histptr - history - 1, 0, str, anchored);
+ if (n < 0) {
+ bi_errorf("%s: not in history", str);
+ hp = NULL;
+ } else
+ hp = &history[n];
+ }
+ return hp;
+}
+
+/* Return a pointer to the newest command in the history */
+char **
+hist_get_newest(int allow_cur)
+{
+ if (histptr < history || (!allow_cur && histptr == history)) {
+ bi_errorf("no history (yet)");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ if (allow_cur)
+ return histptr;
+ return histptr - 1;
+}
+
+/* Return a pointer to the oldest command in the history */
+static char **
+hist_get_oldest(void)
+{
+ if (histptr <= history) {
+ bi_errorf("no history (yet)");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ return history;
+}
+
+/******************************/
+/* Back up over last histsave */
+/******************************/
+static void
+histbackup(void)
+{
+ static int last_line = -1;
+
+ if (histptr >= history && last_line != hist_source->line) {
+ hist_source->line--;
+ afree(*histptr, APERM);
+ histptr--;
+ last_line = hist_source->line;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return the current position.
+ */
+char **
+histpos(void)
+{
+ return current;
+}
+
+int
+histnum(int n)
+{
+ int last = histptr - history;
+
+ if (n < 0 || n >= last) {
+ current = histptr;
+ return last;
+ } else {
+ current = &history[n];
+ return n;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * This will become unnecessary if hist_get is modified to allow
+ * searching from positions other than the end, and in either
+ * direction.
+ */
+int
+findhist(int start, int fwd, const char *str, int anchored)
+{
+ char **hp;
+ int maxhist = histptr - history;
+ int incr = fwd ? 1 : -1;
+ int len = strlen(str);
+
+ if (start < 0 || start >= maxhist)
+ start = maxhist;
+
+ hp = &history[start];
+ for (; hp >= history && hp <= histptr; hp += incr)
+ if ((anchored && strncmp(*hp, str, len) == 0) ||
+ (!anchored && strstr(*hp, str)))
+ return hp - history;
+
+ return -1;
+}
+
+int
+findhistrel(const char *str)
+{
+ int maxhist = histptr - history;
+ int start = maxhist - 1;
+ int rec = atoi(str);
+
+ if (rec == 0)
+ return -1;
+ if (rec > 0) {
+ if (rec > maxhist)
+ return -1;
+ return rec - 1;
+ }
+ if (rec > maxhist)
+ return -1;
+ return start + rec + 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * set history
+ * this means reallocating the dataspace
+ */
+void
+sethistsize(int n)
+{
+ if (n > 0 && n != histsize) {
+ int cursize = histptr - history;
+
+ /* save most recent history */
+ if (n < cursize) {
+ memmove(history, histptr - n, n * sizeof(char *));
+ cursize = n;
+ }
+
+ history = areallocarray(history, n, sizeof(char *), APERM);
+
+ histsize = n;
+ histptr = history + cursize;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * set history file
+ * This can mean reloading/resetting/starting history file
+ * maintenance
+ */
+void
+sethistfile(const char *name)
+{
+ /* if not started then nothing to do */
+ if (hstarted == 0)
+ return;
+
+ /* if the name is the same as the name we have */
+ if (hname && strcmp(hname, name) == 0)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * its a new name - possibly
+ */
+ if (histfd) {
+ /* yes the file is open */
+ (void) close(histfd);
+ histfd = 0;
+ hsize = 0;
+ afree(hname, APERM);
+ hname = NULL;
+ /* let's reset the history */
+ histptr = history - 1;
+ hist_source->line = 0;
+ }
+
+ hist_init(hist_source);
+}
+
+/*
+ * initialise the history vector
+ */
+void
+init_histvec(void)
+{
+ if (history == NULL) {
+ histsize = HISTORYSIZE;
+ history = areallocarray(NULL, histsize, sizeof(char *), APERM);
+ histptr = history - 1;
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Routines added by Peter Collinson BSDI(Europe)/Hillside Systems to
+ * a) permit HISTSIZE to control number of lines of history stored
+ * b) maintain a physical history file
+ *
+ * It turns out that there is a lot of ghastly hackery here
+ */
+
+
+/*
+ * save command in history
+ */
+void
+histsave(int lno, const char *cmd, int dowrite)
+{
+ char **hp;
+ char *c, *cp;
+
+ c = str_save(cmd, APERM);
+ if ((cp = strchr(c, '\n')) != NULL)
+ *cp = '\0';
+
+ if (histfd && dowrite)
+ writehistfile(lno, c);
+
+ hp = histptr;
+
+ if (++hp >= history + histsize) { /* remove oldest command */
+ afree(*history, APERM);
+ for (hp = history; hp < history + histsize - 1; hp++)
+ hp[0] = hp[1];
+ }
+ *hp = c;
+ histptr = hp;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Write history data to a file nominated by HISTFILE. If HISTFILE
+ * is unset then history is still recorded, but the data is not
+ * written to a file. All copies of ksh looking at the file will
+ * maintain the same history. This is ksh behaviour.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * History file format:
+ * Bytes 1, 2: HMAGIC - just to check that we are dealing with
+ the correct object
+ * Each command, in the format:
+ <command byte><command number(4 bytes)><bytes><null>
+ */
+#define HMAGIC1 0xab
+#define HMAGIC2 0xcd
+#define COMMAND 0xff
+
+void
+hist_init(Source *s)
+{
+ unsigned char *base;
+ int lines;
+ int fd;
+ struct stat sb;
+
+ if (Flag(FTALKING) == 0)
+ return;
+
+ hstarted = 1;
+
+ hist_source = s;
+
+ hname = str_val(global("HISTFILE"));
+ if (hname == NULL)
+ return;
+ hname = str_save(hname, APERM);
+
+ retry:
+ /* we have a file and are interactive */
+ if ((fd = open(hname, O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_APPEND, 0600)) < 0)
+ return;
+ if (fstat(fd, &sb) == -1 || sb.st_uid != getuid()) {
+ close(fd);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ histfd = savefd(fd);
+ if (histfd != fd)
+ close(fd);
+
+ (void) flock(histfd, LOCK_EX);
+
+ hsize = lseek(histfd, 0L, SEEK_END);
+
+ if (hsize == 0) {
+ /* add magic */
+ if (sprinkle(histfd)) {
+ hist_finish();
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+ else if (hsize > 0) {
+ /*
+ * we have some data
+ */
+ base = mmap(0, hsize, PROT_READ,
+ MAP_FILE|MAP_PRIVATE, histfd, 0);
+ /*
+ * check on its validity
+ */
+ if (base == MAP_FAILED || *base != HMAGIC1 || base[1] != HMAGIC2) {
+ if (base != MAP_FAILED)
+ munmap((caddr_t)base, hsize);
+ hist_finish();
+ if (unlink(hname) != 0)
+ return;
+ goto retry;
+ }
+ if (hsize > 2) {
+ lines = hist_count_lines(base+2, hsize-2);
+ if (lines > histsize) {
+ /* we need to make the file smaller */
+ if (hist_shrink(base, hsize))
+ if (unlink(hname) != 0)
+ return;
+ munmap((caddr_t)base, hsize);
+ hist_finish();
+ goto retry;
+ }
+ }
+ histload(hist_source, base+2, hsize-2);
+ munmap((caddr_t)base, hsize);
+ }
+ (void) flock(histfd, LOCK_UN);
+ hsize = lseek(histfd, 0L, SEEK_END);
+}
+
+typedef enum state {
+ shdr, /* expecting a header */
+ sline, /* looking for a null byte to end the line */
+ sn1, /* bytes 1 to 4 of a line no */
+ sn2, sn3, sn4
+} State;
+
+static int
+hist_count_lines(unsigned char *base, int bytes)
+{
+ State state = shdr;
+ int lines = 0;
+
+ while (bytes--) {
+ switch (state) {
+ case shdr:
+ if (*base == COMMAND)
+ state = sn1;
+ break;
+ case sn1:
+ state = sn2; break;
+ case sn2:
+ state = sn3; break;
+ case sn3:
+ state = sn4; break;
+ case sn4:
+ state = sline; break;
+ case sline:
+ if (*base == '\0')
+ lines++, state = shdr;
+ }
+ base++;
+ }
+ return lines;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Shrink the history file to histsize lines
+ */
+static int
+hist_shrink(unsigned char *oldbase, int oldbytes)
+{
+ int fd;
+ char nfile[1024];
+ unsigned char *nbase = oldbase;
+ int nbytes = oldbytes;
+
+ nbase = hist_skip_back(nbase, &nbytes, histsize);
+ if (nbase == NULL)
+ return 1;
+ if (nbase == oldbase)
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * create temp file
+ */
+ (void) shf_snprintf(nfile, sizeof(nfile), "%s.%d", hname, procpid);
+ if ((fd = open(nfile, O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_WRONLY, 0600)) < 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (sprinkle(fd)) {
+ close(fd);
+ unlink(nfile);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (write(fd, nbase, nbytes) != nbytes) {
+ close(fd);
+ unlink(nfile);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ close(fd);
+
+ /*
+ * rename
+ */
+ if (rename(nfile, hname) < 0)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * find a pointer to the data `no' back from the end of the file
+ * return the pointer and the number of bytes left
+ */
+static unsigned char *
+hist_skip_back(unsigned char *base, int *bytes, int no)
+{
+ int lines = 0;
+ unsigned char *ep;
+
+ for (ep = base + *bytes; --ep > base; ) {
+ /* this doesn't really work: the 4 byte line number that is
+ * encoded after the COMMAND byte can itself contain the
+ * COMMAND byte....
+ */
+ for (; ep > base && *ep != COMMAND; ep--)
+ ;
+ if (ep == base)
+ break;
+ if (++lines == no) {
+ *bytes = *bytes - ((char *)ep - (char *)base);
+ return ep;
+ }
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * load the history structure from the stored data
+ */
+static void
+histload(Source *s, unsigned char *base, int bytes)
+{
+ State state;
+ int lno = 0;
+ unsigned char *line = NULL;
+
+ for (state = shdr; bytes-- > 0; base++) {
+ switch (state) {
+ case shdr:
+ if (*base == COMMAND)
+ state = sn1;
+ break;
+ case sn1:
+ lno = (((*base)&0xff)<<24);
+ state = sn2;
+ break;
+ case sn2:
+ lno |= (((*base)&0xff)<<16);
+ state = sn3;
+ break;
+ case sn3:
+ lno |= (((*base)&0xff)<<8);
+ state = sn4;
+ break;
+ case sn4:
+ lno |= (*base)&0xff;
+ line = base+1;
+ state = sline;
+ break;
+ case sline:
+ if (*base == '\0') {
+ /* worry about line numbers */
+ if (histptr >= history && lno-1 != s->line) {
+ /* a replacement ? */
+ histinsert(s, lno, line);
+ }
+ else {
+ s->line = lno;
+ s->cmd_offset = lno;
+ histsave(lno, (char *)line, 0);
+ }
+ state = shdr;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Insert a line into the history at a specified number
+ */
+static void
+histinsert(Source *s, int lno, unsigned char *line)
+{
+ char **hp;
+
+ if (lno >= s->line-(histptr-history) && lno <= s->line) {
+ hp = &histptr[lno-s->line];
+ afree(*hp, APERM);
+ *hp = str_save((char *)line, APERM);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * write a command to the end of the history file
+ * This *MAY* seem easy but it's also necessary to check
+ * that the history file has not changed in size.
+ * If it has - then some other shell has written to it
+ * and we should read those commands to update our history
+ */
+static void
+writehistfile(int lno, char *cmd)
+{
+ int sizenow;
+ unsigned char *base;
+ unsigned char *new;
+ int bytes;
+ unsigned char hdr[5];
+
+ (void) flock(histfd, LOCK_EX);
+ sizenow = lseek(histfd, 0L, SEEK_END);
+ if (sizenow != hsize) {
+ /*
+ * Things have changed
+ */
+ if (sizenow > hsize) {
+ /* someone has added some lines */
+ bytes = sizenow - hsize;
+ base = mmap(0, sizenow,
+ PROT_READ, MAP_FILE|MAP_PRIVATE, histfd, 0);
+ if (base == MAP_FAILED)
+ goto bad;
+ new = base + hsize;
+ if (*new != COMMAND) {
+ munmap((caddr_t)base, sizenow);
+ goto bad;
+ }
+ hist_source->line--;
+ histload(hist_source, new, bytes);
+ hist_source->line++;
+ lno = hist_source->line;
+ munmap((caddr_t)base, sizenow);
+ hsize = sizenow;
+ } else {
+ /* it has shrunk */
+ /* but to what? */
+ /* we'll give up for now */
+ goto bad;
+ }
+ }
+ /*
+ * we can write our bit now
+ */
+ hdr[0] = COMMAND;
+ hdr[1] = (lno>>24)&0xff;
+ hdr[2] = (lno>>16)&0xff;
+ hdr[3] = (lno>>8)&0xff;
+ hdr[4] = lno&0xff;
+ (void) write(histfd, hdr, 5);
+ (void) write(histfd, cmd, strlen(cmd)+1);
+ hsize = lseek(histfd, 0L, SEEK_END);
+ (void) flock(histfd, LOCK_UN);
+ return;
+bad:
+ hist_finish();
+}
+
+void
+hist_finish(void)
+{
+ (void) flock(histfd, LOCK_UN);
+ (void) close(histfd);
+ histfd = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * add magic to the history file
+ */
+static int
+sprinkle(int fd)
+{
+ static unsigned char mag[] = { HMAGIC1, HMAGIC2 };
+
+ return(write(fd, mag, 2) != 2);
+}
+
+#else /* HISTORY */
+
+/* No history to be compiled in: dummy routines to avoid lots more ifdefs */
+void
+init_histvec(void)
+{
+}
+void
+hist_init(Source *s)
+{
+}
+void
+hist_finish(void)
+{
+}
+void
+histsave(int lno, const char *cmd, int dowrite)
+{
+ errorf("history not enabled");
+}
+#endif /* HISTORY */
diff --git a/bin/ksh/io.c b/bin/ksh/io.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..16a0709
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/io.c
@@ -0,0 +1,444 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: io.c,v 1.35 2016/03/20 00:01:21 krw Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * shell buffered IO and formatted output
+ */
+
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+
+static int initio_done;
+
+/*
+ * formatted output functions
+ */
+
+
+/* A shell error occurred (eg, syntax error, etc.) */
+void
+errorf(const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list va;
+
+ shl_stdout_ok = 0; /* debugging: note that stdout not valid */
+ exstat = 1;
+ if (fmt != NULL && *fmt != '\0') {
+ error_prefix(true);
+ va_start(va, fmt);
+ shf_vfprintf(shl_out, fmt, va);
+ va_end(va);
+ shf_putchar('\n', shl_out);
+ }
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+ unwind(LERROR);
+}
+
+/* like errorf(), but no unwind is done */
+void
+warningf(bool show_lineno, const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list va;
+
+ error_prefix(show_lineno);
+ va_start(va, fmt);
+ shf_vfprintf(shl_out, fmt, va);
+ va_end(va);
+ shf_putchar('\n', shl_out);
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+}
+
+/* Used by built-in utilities to prefix shell and utility name to message
+ * (also unwinds environments for special builtins).
+ */
+void
+bi_errorf(const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list va;
+
+ shl_stdout_ok = 0; /* debugging: note that stdout not valid */
+ exstat = 1;
+ if (fmt != NULL && *fmt != '\0') {
+ error_prefix(true);
+ /* not set when main() calls parse_args() */
+ if (builtin_argv0)
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out, "%s: ", builtin_argv0);
+ va_start(va, fmt);
+ shf_vfprintf(shl_out, fmt, va);
+ va_end(va);
+ shf_putchar('\n', shl_out);
+ }
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+ /* POSIX special builtins and ksh special builtins cause
+ * non-interactive shells to exit.
+ * XXX odd use of KEEPASN; also may not want LERROR here
+ */
+ if ((builtin_flag & SPEC_BI) ||
+ (Flag(FPOSIX) && (builtin_flag & KEEPASN))) {
+ builtin_argv0 = NULL;
+ unwind(LERROR);
+ }
+}
+
+/* Called when something that shouldn't happen does */
+void
+internal_errorf(int jump, const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list va;
+
+ error_prefix(true);
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out, "internal error: ");
+ va_start(va, fmt);
+ shf_vfprintf(shl_out, fmt, va);
+ va_end(va);
+ shf_putchar('\n', shl_out);
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+ if (jump)
+ unwind(LERROR);
+}
+
+/* used by error reporting functions to print "ksh: .kshrc[25]: " */
+void
+error_prefix(int fileline)
+{
+ /* Avoid foo: foo[2]: ... */
+ if (!fileline || !source || !source->file ||
+ strcmp(source->file, kshname) != 0)
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out, "%s: ", kshname + (*kshname == '-'));
+ if (fileline && source && source->file != NULL) {
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out, "%s[%d]: ", source->file,
+ source->errline > 0 ? source->errline : source->line);
+ source->errline = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+/* printf to shl_out (stderr) with flush */
+void
+shellf(const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list va;
+
+ if (!initio_done) /* shl_out may not be set up yet... */
+ return;
+ va_start(va, fmt);
+ shf_vfprintf(shl_out, fmt, va);
+ va_end(va);
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+}
+
+/* printf to shl_stdout (stdout) */
+void
+shprintf(const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list va;
+
+ if (!shl_stdout_ok)
+ internal_errorf(1, "shl_stdout not valid");
+ va_start(va, fmt);
+ shf_vfprintf(shl_stdout, fmt, va);
+ va_end(va);
+}
+
+#ifdef KSH_DEBUG
+static struct shf *kshdebug_shf;
+
+void
+kshdebug_init_(void)
+{
+ if (kshdebug_shf)
+ shf_close(kshdebug_shf);
+ kshdebug_shf = shf_open("/tmp/ksh-debug.log",
+ O_WRONLY|O_APPEND|O_CREAT, 0600, SHF_WR|SHF_MAPHI);
+ if (kshdebug_shf) {
+ shf_fprintf(kshdebug_shf, "\nNew shell[pid %d]\n", getpid());
+ shf_flush(kshdebug_shf);
+ }
+}
+
+/* print to debugging log */
+void
+kshdebug_printf_(const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list va;
+
+ if (!kshdebug_shf)
+ return;
+ va_start(va, fmt);
+ shf_fprintf(kshdebug_shf, "[%d] ", getpid());
+ shf_vfprintf(kshdebug_shf, fmt, va);
+ va_end(va);
+ shf_flush(kshdebug_shf);
+}
+
+void
+kshdebug_dump_(const char *str, const void *mem, int nbytes)
+{
+ int i, j;
+ int nprow = 16;
+
+ if (!kshdebug_shf)
+ return;
+ shf_fprintf(kshdebug_shf, "[%d] %s:\n", getpid(), str);
+ for (i = 0; i < nbytes; i += nprow) {
+ char c = '\t';
+
+ for (j = 0; j < nprow && i + j < nbytes; j++) {
+ shf_fprintf(kshdebug_shf, "%c%02x", c,
+ ((const unsigned char *) mem)[i + j]);
+ c = ' ';
+ }
+ shf_fprintf(kshdebug_shf, "\n");
+ }
+ shf_flush(kshdebug_shf);
+}
+#endif /* KSH_DEBUG */
+
+/* test if we can seek backwards fd (returns 0 or SHF_UNBUF) */
+int
+can_seek(int fd)
+{
+ struct stat statb;
+
+ return fstat(fd, &statb) == 0 && !S_ISREG(statb.st_mode) ?
+ SHF_UNBUF : 0;
+}
+
+struct shf shf_iob[3];
+
+void
+initio(void)
+{
+ shf_fdopen(1, SHF_WR, shl_stdout); /* force buffer allocation */
+ shf_fdopen(2, SHF_WR, shl_out);
+ shf_fdopen(2, SHF_WR, shl_spare); /* force buffer allocation */
+ initio_done = 1;
+ kshdebug_init();
+}
+
+/* A dup2() with error checking */
+int
+ksh_dup2(int ofd, int nfd, int errok)
+{
+ int ret = dup2(ofd, nfd);
+
+ if (ret < 0 && errno != EBADF && !errok)
+ errorf("too many files open in shell");
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * move fd from user space (0<=fd<10) to shell space (fd>=10),
+ * set close-on-exec flag.
+ */
+int
+savefd(int fd)
+{
+ int nfd;
+
+ if (fd < FDBASE) {
+ nfd = fcntl(fd, F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC, FDBASE);
+ if (nfd < 0) {
+ if (errno == EBADF)
+ return -1;
+ else
+ errorf("too many files open in shell");
+ }
+ } else {
+ nfd = fd;
+ fcntl(nfd, F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC);
+ }
+ return nfd;
+}
+
+void
+restfd(int fd, int ofd)
+{
+ if (fd == 2)
+ shf_flush(&shf_iob[fd]);
+ if (ofd < 0) /* original fd closed */
+ close(fd);
+ else if (fd != ofd) {
+ ksh_dup2(ofd, fd, true); /* XXX: what to do if this fails? */
+ close(ofd);
+ }
+}
+
+void
+openpipe(int *pv)
+{
+ int lpv[2];
+
+ if (pipe(lpv) < 0)
+ errorf("can't create pipe - try again");
+ pv[0] = savefd(lpv[0]);
+ if (pv[0] != lpv[0])
+ close(lpv[0]);
+ pv[1] = savefd(lpv[1]);
+ if (pv[1] != lpv[1])
+ close(lpv[1]);
+}
+
+void
+closepipe(int *pv)
+{
+ close(pv[0]);
+ close(pv[1]);
+}
+
+/* Called by iosetup() (deals with 2>&4, etc.), c_read, c_print to turn
+ * a string (the X in 2>&X, read -uX, print -uX) into a file descriptor.
+ */
+int
+check_fd(char *name, int mode, const char **emsgp)
+{
+ int fd, fl;
+
+ if (isdigit((unsigned char)name[0]) && !name[1]) {
+ fd = name[0] - '0';
+ if ((fl = fcntl(fd, F_GETFL)) < 0) {
+ if (emsgp)
+ *emsgp = "bad file descriptor";
+ return -1;
+ }
+ fl &= O_ACCMODE;
+ /* X_OK is a kludge to disable this check for dups (x<&1):
+ * historical shells never did this check (XXX don't know what
+ * posix has to say).
+ */
+ if (!(mode & X_OK) && fl != O_RDWR &&
+ (((mode & R_OK) && fl != O_RDONLY) ||
+ ((mode & W_OK) && fl != O_WRONLY))) {
+ if (emsgp)
+ *emsgp = (fl == O_WRONLY) ?
+ "fd not open for reading" :
+ "fd not open for writing";
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return fd;
+ } else if (name[0] == 'p' && !name[1])
+ return coproc_getfd(mode, emsgp);
+ if (emsgp)
+ *emsgp = "illegal file descriptor name";
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/* Called once from main */
+void
+coproc_init(void)
+{
+ coproc.read = coproc.readw = coproc.write = -1;
+ coproc.njobs = 0;
+ coproc.id = 0;
+}
+
+/* Called by c_read() when eof is read - close fd if it is the co-process fd */
+void
+coproc_read_close(int fd)
+{
+ if (coproc.read >= 0 && fd == coproc.read) {
+ coproc_readw_close(fd);
+ close(coproc.read);
+ coproc.read = -1;
+ }
+}
+
+/* Called by c_read() and by iosetup() to close the other side of the
+ * read pipe, so reads will actually terminate.
+ */
+void
+coproc_readw_close(int fd)
+{
+ if (coproc.readw >= 0 && coproc.read >= 0 && fd == coproc.read) {
+ close(coproc.readw);
+ coproc.readw = -1;
+ }
+}
+
+/* Called by c_print when a write to a fd fails with EPIPE and by iosetup
+ * when co-process input is dup'd
+ */
+void
+coproc_write_close(int fd)
+{
+ if (coproc.write >= 0 && fd == coproc.write) {
+ close(coproc.write);
+ coproc.write = -1;
+ }
+}
+
+/* Called to check for existence of/value of the co-process file descriptor.
+ * (Used by check_fd() and by c_read/c_print to deal with -p option).
+ */
+int
+coproc_getfd(int mode, const char **emsgp)
+{
+ int fd = (mode & R_OK) ? coproc.read : coproc.write;
+
+ if (fd >= 0)
+ return fd;
+ if (emsgp)
+ *emsgp = "no coprocess";
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/* called to close file descriptors related to the coprocess (if any)
+ * Should be called with SIGCHLD blocked.
+ */
+void
+coproc_cleanup(int reuse)
+{
+ /* This to allow co-processes to share output pipe */
+ if (!reuse || coproc.readw < 0 || coproc.read < 0) {
+ if (coproc.read >= 0) {
+ close(coproc.read);
+ coproc.read = -1;
+ }
+ if (coproc.readw >= 0) {
+ close(coproc.readw);
+ coproc.readw = -1;
+ }
+ }
+ if (coproc.write >= 0) {
+ close(coproc.write);
+ coproc.write = -1;
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * temporary files
+ */
+
+struct temp *
+maketemp(Area *ap, Temp_type type, struct temp **tlist)
+{
+ struct temp *tp;
+ int len;
+ int fd;
+ char *path;
+ const char *dir;
+
+ dir = tmpdir ? tmpdir : "/tmp";
+ /* The 20 + 20 is a paranoid worst case for pid/inc */
+ len = strlen(dir) + 3 + 20 + 20 + 1;
+ tp = alloc(sizeof(struct temp) + len, ap);
+ tp->name = path = (char *) &tp[1];
+ tp->shf = NULL;
+ tp->type = type;
+ shf_snprintf(path, len, "%s/shXXXXXXXX", dir);
+ fd = mkstemp(path);
+ if (fd >= 0)
+ tp->shf = shf_fdopen(fd, SHF_WR, NULL);
+ tp->pid = procpid;
+
+ tp->next = *tlist;
+ *tlist = tp;
+ return tp;
+}
diff --git a/bin/ksh/jobs.c b/bin/ksh/jobs.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..53858a3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/jobs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1668 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: jobs.c,v 1.55 2016/03/17 23:33:23 mmcc Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * Process and job control
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Reworked/Rewritten version of Eric Gisin's/Ron Natalie's code by
+ * Larry Bouzane (larry@cs.mun.ca) and hacked again by
+ * Michael Rendell (michael@cs.mun.ca)
+ *
+ * The interface to the rest of the shell should probably be changed
+ * to allow use of vfork() when available but that would be way too much
+ * work :)
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <sys/resource.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/time.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+#include "tty.h"
+
+/* Order important! */
+#define PRUNNING 0
+#define PEXITED 1
+#define PSIGNALLED 2
+#define PSTOPPED 3
+
+typedef struct proc Proc;
+struct proc {
+ Proc *next; /* next process in pipeline (if any) */
+ int state;
+ int status; /* wait status */
+ pid_t pid; /* process id */
+ char command[48]; /* process command string */
+};
+
+/* Notify/print flag - j_print() argument */
+#define JP_NONE 0 /* don't print anything */
+#define JP_SHORT 1 /* print signals processes were killed by */
+#define JP_MEDIUM 2 /* print [job-num] -/+ command */
+#define JP_LONG 3 /* print [job-num] -/+ pid command */
+#define JP_PGRP 4 /* print pgrp */
+
+/* put_job() flags */
+#define PJ_ON_FRONT 0 /* at very front */
+#define PJ_PAST_STOPPED 1 /* just past any stopped jobs */
+
+/* Job.flags values */
+#define JF_STARTED 0x001 /* set when all processes in job are started */
+#define JF_WAITING 0x002 /* set if j_waitj() is waiting on job */
+#define JF_W_ASYNCNOTIFY 0x004 /* set if waiting and async notification ok */
+#define JF_XXCOM 0x008 /* set for `command` jobs */
+#define JF_FG 0x010 /* running in foreground (also has tty pgrp) */
+#define JF_SAVEDTTY 0x020 /* j->ttystate is valid */
+#define JF_CHANGED 0x040 /* process has changed state */
+#define JF_KNOWN 0x080 /* $! referenced */
+#define JF_ZOMBIE 0x100 /* known, unwaited process */
+#define JF_REMOVE 0x200 /* flagged for removal (j_jobs()/j_noityf()) */
+#define JF_USETTYMODE 0x400 /* tty mode saved if process exits normally */
+#define JF_SAVEDTTYPGRP 0x800 /* j->saved_ttypgrp is valid */
+
+typedef struct job Job;
+struct job {
+ Job *next; /* next job in list */
+ int job; /* job number: %n */
+ int flags; /* see JF_* */
+ int state; /* job state */
+ int status; /* exit status of last process */
+ pid_t pgrp; /* process group of job */
+ pid_t ppid; /* pid of process that forked job */
+ int age; /* number of jobs started */
+ struct timeval systime; /* system time used by job */
+ struct timeval usrtime; /* user time used by job */
+ Proc *proc_list; /* process list */
+ Proc *last_proc; /* last process in list */
+ Coproc_id coproc_id; /* 0 or id of coprocess output pipe */
+#ifdef JOBS
+ struct termios ttystate;/* saved tty state for stopped jobs */
+ pid_t saved_ttypgrp; /* saved tty process group for stopped jobs */
+#endif /* JOBS */
+};
+
+/* Flags for j_waitj() */
+#define JW_NONE 0x00
+#define JW_INTERRUPT 0x01 /* ^C will stop the wait */
+#define JW_ASYNCNOTIFY 0x02 /* asynchronous notification during wait ok */
+#define JW_STOPPEDWAIT 0x04 /* wait even if job stopped */
+
+/* Error codes for j_lookup() */
+#define JL_OK 0
+#define JL_NOSUCH 1 /* no such job */
+#define JL_AMBIG 2 /* %foo or %?foo is ambiguous */
+#define JL_INVALID 3 /* non-pid, non-% job id */
+
+static const char *const lookup_msgs[] = {
+ null,
+ "no such job",
+ "ambiguous",
+ "argument must be %job or process id",
+ NULL
+};
+
+struct timeval j_systime, j_usrtime; /* user and system time of last j_waitjed job */
+
+static Job *job_list; /* job list */
+static Job *last_job;
+static Job *async_job;
+static pid_t async_pid;
+
+static int nzombie; /* # of zombies owned by this process */
+int njobs; /* # of jobs started */
+static int child_max; /* CHILD_MAX */
+
+
+/* held_sigchld is set if sigchld occurs before a job is completely started */
+static volatile sig_atomic_t held_sigchld;
+
+#ifdef JOBS
+static struct shf *shl_j;
+static int ttypgrp_ok; /* set if can use tty pgrps */
+static pid_t restore_ttypgrp = -1;
+static pid_t our_pgrp;
+static int const tt_sigs[] = { SIGTSTP, SIGTTIN, SIGTTOU };
+#endif /* JOBS */
+
+static void j_set_async(Job *);
+static void j_startjob(Job *);
+static int j_waitj(Job *, int, const char *);
+static void j_sigchld(int);
+static void j_print(Job *, int, struct shf *);
+static Job *j_lookup(const char *, int *);
+static Job *new_job(void);
+static Proc *new_proc(void);
+static void check_job(Job *);
+static void put_job(Job *, int);
+static void remove_job(Job *, const char *);
+static int kill_job(Job *, int);
+
+/* initialize job control */
+void
+j_init(int mflagset)
+{
+ child_max = CHILD_MAX; /* so syscon() isn't always being called */
+
+ sigemptyset(&sm_default);
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &sm_default, NULL);
+
+ sigemptyset(&sm_sigchld);
+ sigaddset(&sm_sigchld, SIGCHLD);
+
+ setsig(&sigtraps[SIGCHLD], j_sigchld,
+ SS_RESTORE_ORIG|SS_FORCE|SS_SHTRAP);
+
+#ifdef JOBS
+ if (!mflagset && Flag(FTALKING))
+ Flag(FMONITOR) = 1;
+
+ /* shl_j is used to do asynchronous notification (used in
+ * an interrupt handler, so need a distinct shf)
+ */
+ shl_j = shf_fdopen(2, SHF_WR, NULL);
+
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR) || Flag(FTALKING)) {
+ int i;
+
+ /* the TF_SHELL_USES test is a kludge that lets us know if
+ * if the signals have been changed by the shell.
+ */
+ for (i = NELEM(tt_sigs); --i >= 0; ) {
+ sigtraps[tt_sigs[i]].flags |= TF_SHELL_USES;
+ /* j_change() sets this to SS_RESTORE_DFL if FMONITOR */
+ setsig(&sigtraps[tt_sigs[i]], SIG_IGN,
+ SS_RESTORE_IGN|SS_FORCE);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* j_change() calls tty_init() */
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR))
+ j_change();
+ else
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ if (Flag(FTALKING))
+ tty_init(true);
+}
+
+/* suspend the shell */
+void
+j_suspend(void)
+{
+ struct sigaction sa, osa;
+
+ /* Restore tty and pgrp. */
+ if (ttypgrp_ok) {
+ tcsetattr(tty_fd, TCSADRAIN, &tty_state);
+ if (restore_ttypgrp >= 0) {
+ if (tcsetpgrp(tty_fd, restore_ttypgrp) < 0) {
+ warningf(false,
+ "j_suspend: tcsetpgrp() failed: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ } else {
+ if (setpgid(0, restore_ttypgrp) < 0) {
+ warningf(false,
+ "j_suspend: setpgid() failed: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Suspend the shell. */
+ memset(&sa, 0, sizeof(sa));
+ sigemptyset(&sa.sa_mask);
+ sa.sa_handler = SIG_DFL;
+ sigaction(SIGTSTP, &sa, &osa);
+ kill(0, SIGTSTP);
+
+ /* Back from suspend, reset signals, pgrp and tty. */
+ sigaction(SIGTSTP, &osa, NULL);
+ if (ttypgrp_ok) {
+ if (restore_ttypgrp >= 0) {
+ if (setpgid(0, kshpid) < 0) {
+ warningf(false,
+ "j_suspend: setpgid() failed: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ ttypgrp_ok = 0;
+ } else {
+ if (tcsetpgrp(tty_fd, kshpid) < 0) {
+ warningf(false,
+ "j_suspend: tcsetpgrp() failed: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ ttypgrp_ok = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ tty_init(true);
+ }
+}
+
+/* job cleanup before shell exit */
+void
+j_exit(void)
+{
+ /* kill stopped, and possibly running, jobs */
+ Job *j;
+ int killed = 0;
+
+ for (j = job_list; j != NULL; j = j->next) {
+ if (j->ppid == procpid &&
+ (j->state == PSTOPPED ||
+ (j->state == PRUNNING &&
+ ((j->flags & JF_FG) ||
+ (Flag(FLOGIN) && !Flag(FNOHUP) && procpid == kshpid))))) {
+ killed = 1;
+ if (j->pgrp == 0)
+ kill_job(j, SIGHUP);
+ else
+ killpg(j->pgrp, SIGHUP);
+#ifdef JOBS
+ if (j->state == PSTOPPED) {
+ if (j->pgrp == 0)
+ kill_job(j, SIGCONT);
+ else
+ killpg(j->pgrp, SIGCONT);
+ }
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ }
+ }
+ if (killed)
+ sleep(1);
+ j_notify();
+
+#ifdef JOBS
+ if (kshpid == procpid && restore_ttypgrp >= 0) {
+ /* Need to restore the tty pgrp to what it was when the
+ * shell started up, so that the process that started us
+ * will be able to access the tty when we are done.
+ * Also need to restore our process group in case we are
+ * about to do an exec so that both our parent and the
+ * process we are to become will be able to access the tty.
+ */
+ tcsetpgrp(tty_fd, restore_ttypgrp);
+ setpgid(0, restore_ttypgrp);
+ }
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR)) {
+ Flag(FMONITOR) = 0;
+ j_change();
+ }
+#endif /* JOBS */
+}
+
+#ifdef JOBS
+/* turn job control on or off according to Flag(FMONITOR) */
+void
+j_change(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR)) {
+ int use_tty;
+
+ if (Flag(FTALKING)) {
+ /* Don't call tcgetattr() 'til we own the tty process group */
+ use_tty = 1;
+ tty_init(false);
+ } else
+ use_tty = 0;
+
+ /* no controlling tty, no SIGT* */
+ ttypgrp_ok = use_tty && tty_fd >= 0 && tty_devtty;
+
+ if (ttypgrp_ok && (our_pgrp = getpgrp()) < 0) {
+ warningf(false, "j_init: getpgrp() failed: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ ttypgrp_ok = 0;
+ }
+ if (ttypgrp_ok) {
+ setsig(&sigtraps[SIGTTIN], SIG_DFL,
+ SS_RESTORE_ORIG|SS_FORCE);
+ /* wait to be given tty (POSIX.1, B.2, job control) */
+ while (1) {
+ pid_t ttypgrp;
+
+ if ((ttypgrp = tcgetpgrp(tty_fd)) < 0) {
+ warningf(false,
+ "j_init: tcgetpgrp() failed: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ ttypgrp_ok = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ if (ttypgrp == our_pgrp)
+ break;
+ kill(0, SIGTTIN);
+ }
+ }
+ for (i = NELEM(tt_sigs); --i >= 0; )
+ setsig(&sigtraps[tt_sigs[i]], SIG_IGN,
+ SS_RESTORE_DFL|SS_FORCE);
+ if (ttypgrp_ok && our_pgrp != kshpid) {
+ if (setpgid(0, kshpid) < 0) {
+ warningf(false,
+ "j_init: setpgid() failed: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ ttypgrp_ok = 0;
+ } else {
+ if (tcsetpgrp(tty_fd, kshpid) < 0) {
+ warningf(false,
+ "j_init: tcsetpgrp() failed: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ ttypgrp_ok = 0;
+ } else
+ restore_ttypgrp = our_pgrp;
+ our_pgrp = kshpid;
+ }
+ }
+ if (use_tty) {
+ if (!ttypgrp_ok)
+ warningf(false, "warning: won't have full job control");
+ }
+ if (tty_fd >= 0)
+ tcgetattr(tty_fd, &tty_state);
+ } else {
+ ttypgrp_ok = 0;
+ if (Flag(FTALKING))
+ for (i = NELEM(tt_sigs); --i >= 0; )
+ setsig(&sigtraps[tt_sigs[i]], SIG_IGN,
+ SS_RESTORE_IGN|SS_FORCE);
+ else
+ for (i = NELEM(tt_sigs); --i >= 0; ) {
+ if (sigtraps[tt_sigs[i]].flags &
+ (TF_ORIG_IGN | TF_ORIG_DFL))
+ setsig(&sigtraps[tt_sigs[i]],
+ (sigtraps[tt_sigs[i]].flags & TF_ORIG_IGN) ?
+ SIG_IGN : SIG_DFL,
+ SS_RESTORE_ORIG|SS_FORCE);
+ }
+ if (!Flag(FTALKING))
+ tty_close();
+ }
+}
+#endif /* JOBS */
+
+/* execute tree in child subprocess */
+int
+exchild(struct op *t, int flags, volatile int *xerrok,
+ int close_fd) /* used if XPCLOSE or XCCLOSE */
+{
+ static Proc *last_proc; /* for pipelines */
+
+ int i;
+ sigset_t omask;
+ Proc *p;
+ Job *j;
+ int rv = 0;
+ int forksleep;
+ int ischild;
+
+ if (flags & XEXEC)
+ /* Clear XFORK|XPCLOSE|XCCLOSE|XCOPROC|XPIPEO|XPIPEI|XXCOM|XBGND
+ * (also done in another execute() below)
+ */
+ return execute(t, flags & (XEXEC | XERROK), xerrok);
+
+ /* no SIGCHLD's while messing with job and process lists */
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+
+ p = new_proc();
+ p->next = NULL;
+ p->state = PRUNNING;
+ p->status = 0;
+ p->pid = 0;
+
+ /* link process into jobs list */
+ if (flags&XPIPEI) { /* continuing with a pipe */
+ if (!last_job)
+ internal_errorf(1,
+ "exchild: XPIPEI and no last_job - pid %d",
+ (int) procpid);
+ j = last_job;
+ last_proc->next = p;
+ last_proc = p;
+ } else {
+ j = new_job(); /* fills in j->job */
+ /* we don't consider XXCOM's foreground since they don't get
+ * tty process group and we don't save or restore tty modes.
+ */
+ j->flags = (flags & XXCOM) ? JF_XXCOM :
+ ((flags & XBGND) ? 0 : (JF_FG|JF_USETTYMODE));
+ timerclear(&j->usrtime);
+ timerclear(&j->systime);
+ j->state = PRUNNING;
+ j->pgrp = 0;
+ j->ppid = procpid;
+ j->age = ++njobs;
+ j->proc_list = p;
+ j->coproc_id = 0;
+ last_job = j;
+ last_proc = p;
+ put_job(j, PJ_PAST_STOPPED);
+ }
+
+ snptreef(p->command, sizeof(p->command), "%T", t);
+
+ /* create child process */
+ forksleep = 1;
+ while ((i = fork()) < 0 && errno == EAGAIN && forksleep < 32) {
+ if (intrsig) /* allow user to ^C out... */
+ break;
+ sleep(forksleep);
+ forksleep <<= 1;
+ }
+ if (i < 0) {
+ kill_job(j, SIGKILL);
+ remove_job(j, "fork failed");
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ errorf("cannot fork - try again");
+ }
+ ischild = i == 0;
+ if (ischild)
+ p->pid = procpid = getpid();
+ else
+ p->pid = i;
+
+#ifdef JOBS
+ /* job control set up */
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR) && !(flags&XXCOM)) {
+ int dotty = 0;
+ if (j->pgrp == 0) { /* First process */
+ j->pgrp = p->pid;
+ dotty = 1;
+ }
+
+ /* set pgrp in both parent and child to deal with race
+ * condition
+ */
+ setpgid(p->pid, j->pgrp);
+ /* YYY: should this be
+ if (ttypgrp_ok && ischild && !(flags&XBGND))
+ tcsetpgrp(tty_fd, j->pgrp);
+ instead? (see also YYY below)
+ */
+ if (ttypgrp_ok && dotty && !(flags & XBGND))
+ tcsetpgrp(tty_fd, j->pgrp);
+ }
+#endif /* JOBS */
+
+ /* used to close pipe input fd */
+ if (close_fd >= 0 && (((flags & XPCLOSE) && !ischild) ||
+ ((flags & XCCLOSE) && ischild)))
+ close(close_fd);
+ if (ischild) { /* child */
+ /* Do this before restoring signal */
+ if (flags & XCOPROC)
+ coproc_cleanup(false);
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ cleanup_parents_env();
+#ifdef JOBS
+ /* If FMONITOR or FTALKING is set, these signals are ignored,
+ * if neither FMONITOR nor FTALKING are set, the signals have
+ * their inherited values.
+ */
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR) && !(flags & XXCOM)) {
+ for (i = NELEM(tt_sigs); --i >= 0; )
+ setsig(&sigtraps[tt_sigs[i]], SIG_DFL,
+ SS_RESTORE_DFL|SS_FORCE);
+ }
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ if (Flag(FBGNICE) && (flags & XBGND))
+ nice(4);
+ if ((flags & XBGND) && !Flag(FMONITOR)) {
+ setsig(&sigtraps[SIGINT], SIG_IGN,
+ SS_RESTORE_IGN|SS_FORCE);
+ setsig(&sigtraps[SIGQUIT], SIG_IGN,
+ SS_RESTORE_IGN|SS_FORCE);
+ if (!(flags & (XPIPEI | XCOPROC))) {
+ int fd = open("/dev/null", O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd != 0) {
+ (void) ksh_dup2(fd, 0, true);
+ close(fd);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ remove_job(j, "child"); /* in case of `jobs` command */
+ nzombie = 0;
+#ifdef JOBS
+ ttypgrp_ok = 0;
+ Flag(FMONITOR) = 0;
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ Flag(FTALKING) = 0;
+ tty_close();
+ cleartraps();
+ execute(t, (flags & XERROK) | XEXEC, NULL); /* no return */
+ internal_errorf(0, "exchild: execute() returned");
+ unwind(LLEAVE);
+ /* NOTREACHED */
+ }
+
+ /* shell (parent) stuff */
+ /* Ensure next child gets a (slightly) different $RANDOM sequence */
+ change_random();
+ if (!(flags & XPIPEO)) { /* last process in a job */
+#ifdef JOBS
+ /* YYY: Is this needed? (see also YYY above)
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR) && !(flags&(XXCOM|XBGND)))
+ tcsetpgrp(tty_fd, j->pgrp);
+ */
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ j_startjob(j);
+ if (flags & XCOPROC) {
+ j->coproc_id = coproc.id;
+ coproc.njobs++; /* n jobs using co-process output */
+ coproc.job = (void *) j; /* j using co-process input */
+ }
+ if (flags & XBGND) {
+ j_set_async(j);
+ if (Flag(FTALKING)) {
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out, "[%d]", j->job);
+ for (p = j->proc_list; p; p = p->next)
+ shf_fprintf(shl_out, " %d", p->pid);
+ shf_putchar('\n', shl_out);
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+ }
+ } else
+ rv = j_waitj(j, JW_NONE, "jw:last proc");
+ }
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+
+ return rv;
+}
+
+/* start the last job: only used for `command` jobs */
+void
+startlast(void)
+{
+ sigset_t omask;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+
+ if (last_job) { /* no need to report error - waitlast() will do it */
+ /* ensure it isn't removed by check_job() */
+ last_job->flags |= JF_WAITING;
+ j_startjob(last_job);
+ }
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+}
+
+/* wait for last job: only used for `command` jobs */
+int
+waitlast(void)
+{
+ int rv;
+ Job *j;
+ sigset_t omask;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+
+ j = last_job;
+ if (!j || !(j->flags & JF_STARTED)) {
+ if (!j)
+ warningf(true, "waitlast: no last job");
+ else
+ internal_errorf(0, "waitlast: not started");
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ return 125; /* not so arbitrary, non-zero value */
+ }
+
+ rv = j_waitj(j, JW_NONE, "jw:waitlast");
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+
+ return rv;
+}
+
+/* wait for child, interruptable. */
+int
+waitfor(const char *cp, int *sigp)
+{
+ int rv;
+ Job *j;
+ int ecode;
+ int flags = JW_INTERRUPT|JW_ASYNCNOTIFY;
+ sigset_t omask;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+
+ *sigp = 0;
+
+ if (cp == NULL) {
+ /* wait for an unspecified job - always returns 0, so
+ * don't have to worry about exited/signaled jobs
+ */
+ for (j = job_list; j; j = j->next)
+ /* at&t ksh will wait for stopped jobs - we don't */
+ if (j->ppid == procpid && j->state == PRUNNING)
+ break;
+ if (!j) {
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ } else if ((j = j_lookup(cp, &ecode))) {
+ /* don't report normal job completion */
+ flags &= ~JW_ASYNCNOTIFY;
+ if (j->ppid != procpid) {
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ } else {
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ if (ecode != JL_NOSUCH)
+ bi_errorf("%s: %s", cp, lookup_msgs[ecode]);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* at&t ksh will wait for stopped jobs - we don't */
+ rv = j_waitj(j, flags, "jw:waitfor");
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+
+ if (rv < 0) /* we were interrupted */
+ *sigp = 128 + -rv;
+
+ return rv;
+}
+
+/* kill (built-in) a job */
+int
+j_kill(const char *cp, int sig)
+{
+ Job *j;
+ int rv = 0;
+ int ecode;
+ sigset_t omask;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+
+ if ((j = j_lookup(cp, &ecode)) == NULL) {
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ bi_errorf("%s: %s", cp, lookup_msgs[ecode]);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (j->pgrp == 0) { /* started when !Flag(FMONITOR) */
+ if (kill_job(j, sig) < 0) {
+ bi_errorf("%s: %s", cp, strerror(errno));
+ rv = 1;
+ }
+ } else {
+#ifdef JOBS
+ if (j->state == PSTOPPED && (sig == SIGTERM || sig == SIGHUP))
+ (void) killpg(j->pgrp, SIGCONT);
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ if (killpg(j->pgrp, sig) < 0) {
+ bi_errorf("%s: %s", cp, strerror(errno));
+ rv = 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+
+ return rv;
+}
+
+#ifdef JOBS
+/* fg and bg built-ins: called only if Flag(FMONITOR) set */
+int
+j_resume(const char *cp, int bg)
+{
+ Job *j;
+ Proc *p;
+ int ecode;
+ int running;
+ int rv = 0;
+ sigset_t omask;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+
+ if ((j = j_lookup(cp, &ecode)) == NULL) {
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ bi_errorf("%s: %s", cp, lookup_msgs[ecode]);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (j->pgrp == 0) {
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ bi_errorf("job not job-controlled");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (bg)
+ shprintf("[%d] ", j->job);
+
+ running = 0;
+ for (p = j->proc_list; p != NULL; p = p->next) {
+ if (p->state == PSTOPPED) {
+ p->state = PRUNNING;
+ p->status = 0;
+ running = 1;
+ }
+ shprintf("%s%s", p->command, p->next ? "| " : "");
+ }
+ shprintf("\n");
+ shf_flush(shl_stdout);
+ if (running)
+ j->state = PRUNNING;
+
+ put_job(j, PJ_PAST_STOPPED);
+ if (bg)
+ j_set_async(j);
+ else {
+# ifdef JOBS
+ /* attach tty to job */
+ if (j->state == PRUNNING) {
+ if (ttypgrp_ok && (j->flags & JF_SAVEDTTY))
+ tcsetattr(tty_fd, TCSADRAIN, &j->ttystate);
+ /* See comment in j_waitj regarding saved_ttypgrp. */
+ if (ttypgrp_ok &&
+ tcsetpgrp(tty_fd, (j->flags & JF_SAVEDTTYPGRP) ?
+ j->saved_ttypgrp : j->pgrp) < 0) {
+ if (j->flags & JF_SAVEDTTY)
+ tcsetattr(tty_fd, TCSADRAIN, &tty_state);
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ bi_errorf("1st tcsetpgrp(%d, %d) failed: %s",
+ tty_fd,
+ (int) ((j->flags & JF_SAVEDTTYPGRP) ?
+ j->saved_ttypgrp : j->pgrp),
+ strerror(errno));
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+# endif /* JOBS */
+ j->flags |= JF_FG;
+ j->flags &= ~JF_KNOWN;
+ if (j == async_job)
+ async_job = NULL;
+ }
+
+ if (j->state == PRUNNING && killpg(j->pgrp, SIGCONT) < 0) {
+ int err = errno;
+
+ if (!bg) {
+ j->flags &= ~JF_FG;
+# ifdef JOBS
+ if (ttypgrp_ok && (j->flags & JF_SAVEDTTY))
+ tcsetattr(tty_fd, TCSADRAIN, &tty_state);
+ if (ttypgrp_ok && tcsetpgrp(tty_fd, our_pgrp) < 0) {
+ warningf(true,
+ "fg: 2nd tcsetpgrp(%d, %d) failed: %s",
+ tty_fd, (int) our_pgrp,
+ strerror(errno));
+ }
+# endif /* JOBS */
+ }
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ bi_errorf("cannot continue job %s: %s",
+ cp, strerror(err));
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (!bg) {
+# ifdef JOBS
+ if (ttypgrp_ok) {
+ j->flags &= ~(JF_SAVEDTTY | JF_SAVEDTTYPGRP);
+ }
+# endif /* JOBS */
+ rv = j_waitj(j, JW_NONE, "jw:resume");
+ }
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ return rv;
+}
+#endif /* JOBS */
+
+/* are there any running or stopped jobs ? */
+int
+j_stopped_running(void)
+{
+ Job *j;
+ int which = 0;
+
+ for (j = job_list; j != NULL; j = j->next) {
+#ifdef JOBS
+ if (j->ppid == procpid && j->state == PSTOPPED)
+ which |= 1;
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ if (Flag(FLOGIN) && !Flag(FNOHUP) && procpid == kshpid &&
+ j->ppid == procpid && j->state == PRUNNING)
+ which |= 2;
+ }
+ if (which) {
+ shellf("You have %s%s%s jobs\n",
+ which & 1 ? "stopped" : "",
+ which == 3 ? " and " : "",
+ which & 2 ? "running" : "");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+j_njobs(void)
+{
+ Job *j;
+ int nj = 0;
+ sigset_t omask;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+ for (j = job_list; j; j = j->next)
+ nj++;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ return nj;
+}
+
+
+/* list jobs for jobs built-in */
+int
+j_jobs(const char *cp, int slp,
+ int nflag) /* 0: short, 1: long, 2: pgrp */
+{
+ Job *j, *tmp;
+ int how;
+ int zflag = 0;
+ sigset_t omask;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+
+ if (nflag < 0) { /* kludge: print zombies */
+ nflag = 0;
+ zflag = 1;
+ }
+ if (cp) {
+ int ecode;
+
+ if ((j = j_lookup(cp, &ecode)) == NULL) {
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ bi_errorf("%s: %s", cp, lookup_msgs[ecode]);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ } else
+ j = job_list;
+ how = slp == 0 ? JP_MEDIUM : (slp == 1 ? JP_LONG : JP_PGRP);
+ for (; j; j = j->next) {
+ if ((!(j->flags & JF_ZOMBIE) || zflag) &&
+ (!nflag || (j->flags & JF_CHANGED))) {
+ j_print(j, how, shl_stdout);
+ if (j->state == PEXITED || j->state == PSIGNALLED)
+ j->flags |= JF_REMOVE;
+ }
+ if (cp)
+ break;
+ }
+ /* Remove jobs after printing so there won't be multiple + or - jobs */
+ for (j = job_list; j; j = tmp) {
+ tmp = j->next;
+ if (j->flags & JF_REMOVE)
+ remove_job(j, "jobs");
+ }
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* list jobs for top-level notification */
+void
+j_notify(void)
+{
+ Job *j, *tmp;
+ sigset_t omask;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+ for (j = job_list; j; j = j->next) {
+#ifdef JOBS
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR) && (j->flags & JF_CHANGED))
+ j_print(j, JP_MEDIUM, shl_out);
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ /* Remove job after doing reports so there aren't
+ * multiple +/- jobs.
+ */
+ if (j->state == PEXITED || j->state == PSIGNALLED)
+ j->flags |= JF_REMOVE;
+ }
+ for (j = job_list; j; j = tmp) {
+ tmp = j->next;
+ if (j->flags & JF_REMOVE)
+ remove_job(j, "notify");
+ }
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+}
+
+/* Return pid of last process in last asynchronous job */
+pid_t
+j_async(void)
+{
+ sigset_t omask;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sm_sigchld, &omask);
+
+ if (async_job)
+ async_job->flags |= JF_KNOWN;
+
+ sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
+
+ return async_pid;
+}
+
+/* Make j the last async process
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static void
+j_set_async(Job *j)
+{
+ Job *jl, *oldest;
+
+ if (async_job && (async_job->flags & (JF_KNOWN|JF_ZOMBIE)) == JF_ZOMBIE)
+ remove_job(async_job, "async");
+ if (!(j->flags & JF_STARTED)) {
+ internal_errorf(0, "j_async: job not started");
+ return;
+ }
+ async_job = j;
+ async_pid = j->last_proc->pid;
+ while (nzombie > child_max) {
+ oldest = NULL;
+ for (jl = job_list; jl; jl = jl->next)
+ if (jl != async_job && (jl->flags & JF_ZOMBIE) &&
+ (!oldest || jl->age < oldest->age))
+ oldest = jl;
+ if (!oldest) {
+ /* XXX debugging */
+ if (!(async_job->flags & JF_ZOMBIE) || nzombie != 1) {
+ internal_errorf(0,
+ "j_async: bad nzombie (%d)", nzombie);
+ nzombie = 0;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ remove_job(oldest, "zombie");
+ }
+}
+
+/* Start a job: set STARTED, check for held signals and set j->last_proc
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static void
+j_startjob(Job *j)
+{
+ Proc *p;
+
+ j->flags |= JF_STARTED;
+ for (p = j->proc_list; p->next; p = p->next)
+ ;
+ j->last_proc = p;
+
+ if (held_sigchld) {
+ held_sigchld = 0;
+ /* Don't call j_sigchld() as it may remove job... */
+ kill(procpid, SIGCHLD);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * wait for job to complete or change state
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static int
+j_waitj(Job *j,
+ int flags, /* see JW_* */
+ const char *where)
+{
+ int rv;
+
+ /*
+ * No auto-notify on the job we are waiting on.
+ */
+ j->flags |= JF_WAITING;
+ if (flags & JW_ASYNCNOTIFY)
+ j->flags |= JF_W_ASYNCNOTIFY;
+
+ if (!Flag(FMONITOR))
+ flags |= JW_STOPPEDWAIT;
+
+ while ((volatile int) j->state == PRUNNING ||
+ ((flags & JW_STOPPEDWAIT) && (volatile int) j->state == PSTOPPED)) {
+ sigsuspend(&sm_default);
+ if (fatal_trap) {
+ int oldf = j->flags & (JF_WAITING|JF_W_ASYNCNOTIFY);
+ j->flags &= ~(JF_WAITING|JF_W_ASYNCNOTIFY);
+ runtraps(TF_FATAL);
+ j->flags |= oldf; /* not reached... */
+ }
+ if ((flags & JW_INTERRUPT) && (rv = trap_pending())) {
+ j->flags &= ~(JF_WAITING|JF_W_ASYNCNOTIFY);
+ return -rv;
+ }
+ }
+ j->flags &= ~(JF_WAITING|JF_W_ASYNCNOTIFY);
+
+ if (j->flags & JF_FG) {
+ int status;
+
+ j->flags &= ~JF_FG;
+#ifdef JOBS
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR) && ttypgrp_ok && j->pgrp) {
+ /*
+ * Save the tty's current pgrp so it can be restored
+ * when the job is foregrounded. This is to
+ * deal with things like the GNU su which does
+ * a fork/exec instead of an exec (the fork means
+ * the execed shell gets a different pid from its
+ * pgrp, so naturally it sets its pgrp and gets hosed
+ * when it gets foregrounded by the parent shell, which
+ * has restored the tty's pgrp to that of the su
+ * process).
+ */
+ if (j->state == PSTOPPED &&
+ (j->saved_ttypgrp = tcgetpgrp(tty_fd)) >= 0)
+ j->flags |= JF_SAVEDTTYPGRP;
+ if (tcsetpgrp(tty_fd, our_pgrp) < 0) {
+ warningf(true,
+ "j_waitj: tcsetpgrp(%d, %d) failed: %s",
+ tty_fd, (int) our_pgrp,
+ strerror(errno));
+ }
+ if (j->state == PSTOPPED) {
+ j->flags |= JF_SAVEDTTY;
+ tcgetattr(tty_fd, &j->ttystate);
+ }
+ }
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ if (tty_fd >= 0) {
+ /* Only restore tty settings if job was originally
+ * started in the foreground. Problems can be
+ * caused by things like `more foobar &' which will
+ * typically get and save the shell's vi/emacs tty
+ * settings before setting up the tty for itself;
+ * when more exits, it restores the `original'
+ * settings, and things go down hill from there...
+ */
+ if (j->state == PEXITED && j->status == 0 &&
+ (j->flags & JF_USETTYMODE)) {
+ tcgetattr(tty_fd, &tty_state);
+ } else {
+ tcsetattr(tty_fd, TCSADRAIN, &tty_state);
+ /* Don't use tty mode if job is stopped and
+ * later restarted and exits. Consider
+ * the sequence:
+ * vi foo (stopped)
+ * ...
+ * stty something
+ * ...
+ * fg (vi; ZZ)
+ * mode should be that of the stty, not what
+ * was before the vi started.
+ */
+ if (j->state == PSTOPPED)
+ j->flags &= ~JF_USETTYMODE;
+ }
+ }
+#ifdef JOBS
+ /* If it looks like user hit ^C to kill a job, pretend we got
+ * one too to break out of for loops, etc. (at&t ksh does this
+ * even when not monitoring, but this doesn't make sense since
+ * a tty generated ^C goes to the whole process group)
+ */
+ status = j->last_proc->status;
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR) && j->state == PSIGNALLED &&
+ WIFSIGNALED(status) &&
+ (sigtraps[WTERMSIG(status)].flags & TF_TTY_INTR))
+ trapsig(WTERMSIG(status));
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ }
+
+ j_usrtime = j->usrtime;
+ j_systime = j->systime;
+ rv = j->status;
+
+ if (!(flags & JW_ASYNCNOTIFY) &&
+ (!Flag(FMONITOR) || j->state != PSTOPPED)) {
+ j_print(j, JP_SHORT, shl_out);
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+ }
+ if (j->state != PSTOPPED &&
+ (!Flag(FMONITOR) || !(flags & JW_ASYNCNOTIFY)))
+ remove_job(j, where);
+
+ return rv;
+}
+
+/* SIGCHLD handler to reap children and update job states
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static void
+j_sigchld(int sig)
+{
+ int errno_ = errno;
+ Job *j;
+ Proc *p = NULL;
+ int pid;
+ int status;
+ struct rusage ru0, ru1;
+
+ /* Don't wait for any processes if a job is partially started.
+ * This is so we don't do away with the process group leader
+ * before all the processes in a pipe line are started (so the
+ * setpgid() won't fail)
+ */
+ for (j = job_list; j; j = j->next)
+ if (j->ppid == procpid && !(j->flags & JF_STARTED)) {
+ held_sigchld = 1;
+ goto finished;
+ }
+
+ getrusage(RUSAGE_CHILDREN, &ru0);
+ do {
+ pid = waitpid(-1, &status, (WNOHANG|WUNTRACED));
+
+ if (pid <= 0) /* return if would block (0) ... */
+ break; /* ... or no children or interrupted (-1) */
+
+ getrusage(RUSAGE_CHILDREN, &ru1);
+
+ /* find job and process structures for this pid */
+ for (j = job_list; j != NULL; j = j->next)
+ for (p = j->proc_list; p != NULL; p = p->next)
+ if (p->pid == pid)
+ goto found;
+found:
+ if (j == NULL) {
+ /* Can occur if process has kids, then execs shell
+ warningf(true, "bad process waited for (pid = %d)",
+ pid);
+ */
+ ru0 = ru1;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ timeradd(&j->usrtime, &ru1.ru_utime, &j->usrtime);
+ timersub(&j->usrtime, &ru0.ru_utime, &j->usrtime);
+ timeradd(&j->systime, &ru1.ru_stime, &j->systime);
+ timersub(&j->systime, &ru0.ru_stime, &j->systime);
+ ru0 = ru1;
+ p->status = status;
+#ifdef JOBS
+ if (WIFSTOPPED(status))
+ p->state = PSTOPPED;
+ else
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ if (WIFSIGNALED(status))
+ p->state = PSIGNALLED;
+ else
+ p->state = PEXITED;
+
+ check_job(j); /* check to see if entire job is done */
+ } while (1);
+
+finished:
+ errno = errno_;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called only when a process in j has exited/stopped (ie, called only
+ * from j_sigchld()). If no processes are running, the job status
+ * and state are updated, asynchronous job notification is done and,
+ * if unneeded, the job is removed.
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static void
+check_job(Job *j)
+{
+ int jstate;
+ Proc *p;
+
+ /* XXX debugging (nasty - interrupt routine using shl_out) */
+ if (!(j->flags & JF_STARTED)) {
+ internal_errorf(0, "check_job: job started (flags 0x%x)",
+ j->flags);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ jstate = PRUNNING;
+ for (p=j->proc_list; p != NULL; p = p->next) {
+ if (p->state == PRUNNING)
+ return; /* some processes still running */
+ if (p->state > jstate)
+ jstate = p->state;
+ }
+ j->state = jstate;
+
+ switch (j->last_proc->state) {
+ case PEXITED:
+ j->status = WEXITSTATUS(j->last_proc->status);
+ break;
+ case PSIGNALLED:
+ j->status = 128 + WTERMSIG(j->last_proc->status);
+ break;
+ default:
+ j->status = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* Note when co-process dies: can't be done in j_wait() nor
+ * remove_job() since neither may be called for non-interactive
+ * shells.
+ */
+ if (j->state == PEXITED || j->state == PSIGNALLED) {
+ /* No need to keep co-process input any more
+ * (at least, this is what ksh93d thinks)
+ */
+ if (coproc.job == j) {
+ coproc.job = NULL;
+ /* XXX would be nice to get the closes out of here
+ * so they aren't done in the signal handler.
+ * Would mean a check in coproc_getfd() to
+ * do "if job == 0 && write >= 0, close write".
+ */
+ coproc_write_close(coproc.write);
+ }
+ /* Do we need to keep the output? */
+ if (j->coproc_id && j->coproc_id == coproc.id &&
+ --coproc.njobs == 0)
+ coproc_readw_close(coproc.read);
+ }
+
+ j->flags |= JF_CHANGED;
+#ifdef JOBS
+ if (Flag(FMONITOR) && !(j->flags & JF_XXCOM)) {
+ /* Only put stopped jobs at the front to avoid confusing
+ * the user (don't want finished jobs effecting %+ or %-)
+ */
+ if (j->state == PSTOPPED)
+ put_job(j, PJ_ON_FRONT);
+ if (Flag(FNOTIFY) &&
+ (j->flags & (JF_WAITING|JF_W_ASYNCNOTIFY)) != JF_WAITING) {
+ /* Look for the real file descriptor 2 */
+ {
+ struct env *ep;
+ int fd = 2;
+
+ for (ep = genv; ep; ep = ep->oenv)
+ if (ep->savefd && ep->savefd[2])
+ fd = ep->savefd[2];
+ shf_reopen(fd, SHF_WR, shl_j);
+ }
+ /* Can't call j_notify() as it removes jobs. The job
+ * must stay in the job list as j_waitj() may be
+ * running with this job.
+ */
+ j_print(j, JP_MEDIUM, shl_j);
+ shf_flush(shl_j);
+ if (!(j->flags & JF_WAITING) && j->state != PSTOPPED)
+ remove_job(j, "notify");
+ }
+ }
+#endif /* JOBS */
+ if (!Flag(FMONITOR) && !(j->flags & (JF_WAITING|JF_FG)) &&
+ j->state != PSTOPPED) {
+ if (j == async_job || (j->flags & JF_KNOWN)) {
+ j->flags |= JF_ZOMBIE;
+ j->job = -1;
+ nzombie++;
+ } else
+ remove_job(j, "checkjob");
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Print job status in either short, medium or long format.
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static void
+j_print(Job *j, int how, struct shf *shf)
+{
+ Proc *p;
+ int state;
+ int status;
+ int coredumped;
+ char jobchar = ' ';
+ char buf[64];
+ const char *filler;
+ int output = 0;
+
+ if (how == JP_PGRP) {
+ /* POSIX doesn't say what to do it there is no process
+ * group leader (ie, !FMONITOR). We arbitrarily return
+ * last pid (which is what $! returns).
+ */
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "%d\n", j->pgrp ? j->pgrp :
+ (j->last_proc ? j->last_proc->pid : 0));
+ return;
+ }
+ j->flags &= ~JF_CHANGED;
+ filler = j->job > 10 ? "\n " : "\n ";
+ if (j == job_list)
+ jobchar = '+';
+ else if (j == job_list->next)
+ jobchar = '-';
+
+ for (p = j->proc_list; p != NULL;) {
+ coredumped = 0;
+ switch (p->state) {
+ case PRUNNING:
+ strlcpy(buf, "Running", sizeof buf);
+ break;
+ case PSTOPPED:
+ strlcpy(buf, sigtraps[WSTOPSIG(p->status)].mess,
+ sizeof buf);
+ break;
+ case PEXITED:
+ if (how == JP_SHORT)
+ buf[0] = '\0';
+ else if (WEXITSTATUS(p->status) == 0)
+ strlcpy(buf, "Done", sizeof buf);
+ else
+ shf_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "Done (%d)",
+ WEXITSTATUS(p->status));
+ break;
+ case PSIGNALLED:
+ if (WCOREDUMP(p->status))
+ coredumped = 1;
+ /* kludge for not reporting `normal termination signals'
+ * (ie, SIGINT, SIGPIPE)
+ */
+ if (how == JP_SHORT && !coredumped &&
+ (WTERMSIG(p->status) == SIGINT ||
+ WTERMSIG(p->status) == SIGPIPE)) {
+ buf[0] = '\0';
+ } else
+ strlcpy(buf, sigtraps[WTERMSIG(p->status)].mess,
+ sizeof buf);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (how != JP_SHORT) {
+ if (p == j->proc_list)
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "[%d] %c ", j->job, jobchar);
+ else
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "%s", filler);
+ }
+
+ if (how == JP_LONG)
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "%5d ", p->pid);
+
+ if (how == JP_SHORT) {
+ if (buf[0]) {
+ output = 1;
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "%s%s ",
+ buf, coredumped ? " (core dumped)" : "");
+ }
+ } else {
+ output = 1;
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "%-20s %s%s%s", buf, p->command,
+ p->next ? "|" : "",
+ coredumped ? " (core dumped)" : "");
+ }
+
+ state = p->state;
+ status = p->status;
+ p = p->next;
+ while (p && p->state == state && p->status == status) {
+ if (how == JP_LONG)
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "%s%5d %-20s %s%s", filler, p->pid,
+ " ", p->command, p->next ? "|" : "");
+ else if (how == JP_MEDIUM)
+ shf_fprintf(shf, " %s%s", p->command,
+ p->next ? "|" : "");
+ p = p->next;
+ }
+ }
+ if (output)
+ shf_fprintf(shf, "\n");
+}
+
+/* Convert % sequence to job
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static Job *
+j_lookup(const char *cp, int *ecodep)
+{
+ Job *j, *last_match;
+ const char *errstr;
+ Proc *p;
+ int len, job = 0;
+
+ if (digit(*cp)) {
+ job = strtonum(cp, 1, INT_MAX, &errstr);
+ if (errstr) {
+ if (ecodep)
+ *ecodep = JL_NOSUCH;
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ /* Look for last_proc->pid (what $! returns) first... */
+ for (j = job_list; j != NULL; j = j->next)
+ if (j->last_proc && j->last_proc->pid == job)
+ return j;
+ /* ...then look for process group (this is non-POSIX),
+ * but should not break anything (so FPOSIX isn't used).
+ */
+ for (j = job_list; j != NULL; j = j->next)
+ if (j->pgrp && j->pgrp == job)
+ return j;
+ if (ecodep)
+ *ecodep = JL_NOSUCH;
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ if (*cp != '%') {
+ if (ecodep)
+ *ecodep = JL_INVALID;
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ switch (*++cp) {
+ case '\0': /* non-standard */
+ case '+':
+ case '%':
+ if (job_list != NULL)
+ return job_list;
+ break;
+
+ case '-':
+ if (job_list != NULL && job_list->next)
+ return job_list->next;
+ break;
+
+ case '0': case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
+ case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
+ job = strtonum(cp, 1, INT_MAX, &errstr);
+ if (errstr)
+ break;
+ for (j = job_list; j != NULL; j = j->next)
+ if (j->job == job)
+ return j;
+ break;
+
+ case '?': /* %?string */
+ last_match = NULL;
+ for (j = job_list; j != NULL; j = j->next)
+ for (p = j->proc_list; p != NULL; p = p->next)
+ if (strstr(p->command, cp+1) != NULL) {
+ if (last_match) {
+ if (ecodep)
+ *ecodep = JL_AMBIG;
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ last_match = j;
+ }
+ if (last_match)
+ return last_match;
+ break;
+
+ default: /* %string */
+ len = strlen(cp);
+ last_match = NULL;
+ for (j = job_list; j != NULL; j = j->next)
+ if (strncmp(cp, j->proc_list->command, len) == 0) {
+ if (last_match) {
+ if (ecodep)
+ *ecodep = JL_AMBIG;
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ last_match = j;
+ }
+ if (last_match)
+ return last_match;
+ break;
+ }
+ if (ecodep)
+ *ecodep = JL_NOSUCH;
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static Job *free_jobs;
+static Proc *free_procs;
+
+/* allocate a new job and fill in the job number.
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static Job *
+new_job(void)
+{
+ int i;
+ Job *newj, *j;
+
+ if (free_jobs != NULL) {
+ newj = free_jobs;
+ free_jobs = free_jobs->next;
+ } else
+ newj = alloc(sizeof(Job), APERM);
+
+ /* brute force method */
+ for (i = 1; ; i++) {
+ for (j = job_list; j && j->job != i; j = j->next)
+ ;
+ if (j == NULL)
+ break;
+ }
+ newj->job = i;
+
+ return newj;
+}
+
+/* Allocate new process struct
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static Proc *
+new_proc(void)
+{
+ Proc *p;
+
+ if (free_procs != NULL) {
+ p = free_procs;
+ free_procs = free_procs->next;
+ } else
+ p = alloc(sizeof(Proc), APERM);
+
+ return p;
+}
+
+/* Take job out of job_list and put old structures into free list.
+ * Keeps nzombies, last_job and async_job up to date.
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static void
+remove_job(Job *j, const char *where)
+{
+ Proc *p, *tmp;
+ Job **prev, *curr;
+
+ prev = &job_list;
+ curr = *prev;
+ for (; curr != NULL && curr != j; prev = &curr->next, curr = *prev)
+ ;
+ if (curr != j) {
+ internal_errorf(0, "remove_job: job not found (%s)", where);
+ return;
+ }
+ *prev = curr->next;
+
+ /* free up proc structures */
+ for (p = j->proc_list; p != NULL; ) {
+ tmp = p;
+ p = p->next;
+ tmp->next = free_procs;
+ free_procs = tmp;
+ }
+
+ if ((j->flags & JF_ZOMBIE) && j->ppid == procpid)
+ --nzombie;
+ j->next = free_jobs;
+ free_jobs = j;
+
+ if (j == last_job)
+ last_job = NULL;
+ if (j == async_job)
+ async_job = NULL;
+}
+
+/* put j in a particular location (taking it out job_list if it is there
+ * already)
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static void
+put_job(Job *j, int where)
+{
+ Job **prev, *curr;
+
+ /* Remove job from list (if there) */
+ prev = &job_list;
+ curr = job_list;
+ for (; curr && curr != j; prev = &curr->next, curr = *prev)
+ ;
+ if (curr == j)
+ *prev = curr->next;
+
+ switch (where) {
+ case PJ_ON_FRONT:
+ j->next = job_list;
+ job_list = j;
+ break;
+
+ case PJ_PAST_STOPPED:
+ prev = &job_list;
+ curr = job_list;
+ for (; curr && curr->state == PSTOPPED; prev = &curr->next,
+ curr = *prev)
+ ;
+ j->next = curr;
+ *prev = j;
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+/* nuke a job (called when unable to start full job).
+ *
+ * If jobs are compiled in then this routine expects sigchld to be blocked.
+ */
+static int
+kill_job(Job *j, int sig)
+{
+ Proc *p;
+ int rval = 0;
+
+ for (p = j->proc_list; p != NULL; p = p->next)
+ if (p->pid != 0)
+ if (kill(p->pid, sig) < 0)
+ rval = -1;
+ return rval;
+}
diff --git a/bin/ksh/ksh.1 b/bin/ksh/ksh.1
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..557b4a0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/ksh.1
@@ -0,0 +1,5563 @@
+.\" $OpenBSD: ksh.1,v 1.179 2016/04/27 12:46:23 naddy Exp $
+.\"
+.\" Public Domain
+.\"
+.Dd $Mdocdate: April 27 2016 $
+.Dt KSH 1
+.Os
+.Sh NAME
+.Nm ksh ,
+.Nm rksh
+.Nd public domain Korn shell
+.Sh SYNOPSIS
+.Nm ksh
+.Bk -words
+.Op Fl +abCefhiklmnpruvXx
+.Op Fl +o Ar option
+.Op Fl c Ar string | Fl s | Ar file Op Ar argument ...
+.Ek
+.Sh DESCRIPTION
+.Nm
+is a command interpreter intended for both interactive and shell
+script use.
+Its command language is a superset of the
+.Xr sh 1
+shell language.
+.Pp
+The options are as follows:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It Fl c Ar string
+.Nm
+will execute the command(s) contained in
+.Ar string .
+.It Fl i
+Interactive shell.
+A shell is
+.Dq interactive
+if this
+option is used or if both standard input and standard error are attached
+to a
+.Xr tty 4 .
+An interactive shell has job control enabled, ignores the
+.Dv SIGINT ,
+.Dv SIGQUIT ,
+and
+.Dv SIGTERM
+signals, and prints prompts before reading input (see the
+.Ev PS1
+and
+.Ev PS2
+parameters).
+For non-interactive shells, the
+.Ic trackall
+option is on by default (see the
+.Ic set
+command below).
+.It Fl l
+Login shell.
+If the basename the shell is called with (i.e. argv[0])
+starts with
+.Ql -
+or if this option is used,
+the shell is assumed to be a login shell and the shell reads and executes
+the contents of
+.Pa /etc/profile
+and
+.Pa $HOME/.profile
+if they exist and are readable.
+.It Fl p
+Privileged shell.
+A shell is
+.Dq privileged
+if this option is used
+or if the real user ID or group ID does not match the
+effective user ID or group ID (see
+.Xr getuid 2
+and
+.Xr getgid 2 ) .
+A privileged shell does not process
+.Pa $HOME/.profile
+nor the
+.Ev ENV
+parameter (see below).
+Instead, the file
+.Pa /etc/suid_profile
+is processed.
+Clearing the privileged option causes the shell to set
+its effective user ID (group ID) to its real user ID (group ID).
+.It Fl r
+Restricted shell.
+A shell is
+.Dq restricted
+if this
+option is used;
+if the basename the shell was invoked with was
+.Dq rksh ;
+or if the
+.Ev SHELL
+parameter is set to
+.Dq rksh .
+The following restrictions come into effect after the shell processes any
+profile and
+.Ev ENV
+files:
+.Pp
+.Bl -bullet -compact
+.It
+The
+.Ic cd
+command is disabled.
+.It
+The
+.Ev SHELL ,
+.Ev ENV ,
+and
+.Ev PATH
+parameters cannot be changed.
+.It
+Command names can't be specified with absolute or relative paths.
+.It
+The
+.Fl p
+option of the built-in command
+.Ic command
+can't be used.
+.It
+Redirections that create files can't be used (i.e.\&
+.Ql > ,
+.Ql >| ,
+.Ql >> ,
+.Ql <> ) .
+.El
+.It Fl s
+The shell reads commands from standard input; all non-option arguments
+are positional parameters.
+.El
+.Pp
+In addition to the above, the options described in the
+.Ic set
+built-in command can also be used on the command line:
+both
+.Op Fl +abCefhkmnuvXx
+and
+.Op Fl +o Ar option
+can be used for single letter or long options, respectively.
+.Pp
+If neither the
+.Fl c
+nor the
+.Fl s
+option is specified, the first non-option argument specifies the name
+of a file the shell reads commands from.
+If there are no non-option
+arguments, the shell reads commands from the standard input.
+The name of the shell (i.e. the contents of $0)
+is determined as follows: if the
+.Fl c
+option is used and there is a non-option argument, it is used as the name;
+if commands are being read from a file, the file is used as the name;
+otherwise, the basename the shell was called with (i.e. argv[0]) is used.
+.Pp
+If the
+.Ev ENV
+parameter is set when an interactive shell starts (or,
+in the case of login shells,
+after any profiles are processed), its value is subjected to parameter,
+command, arithmetic, and tilde
+.Pq Sq ~
+substitution and the resulting file
+(if any) is read and executed.
+In order to have an interactive (as opposed to login) shell
+process a startup file,
+.Ev ENV
+may be set and exported (see below) in
+.Pa $HOME/.profile
+\- future interactive shell invocations will process any file pointed to by
+.Ev $ENV :
+.Pp
+.Dl export ENV=$HOME/.kshrc
+.Pp
+.Pa $HOME/.kshrc
+is then free to specify instructions for interactive shells.
+For example, the global configuration file may be sourced:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+\&. /etc/ksh.kshrc
+.Ed
+.Pp
+The above strategy may be employed to keep
+setup procedures for login shells in
+.Pa $HOME/.profile
+and setup procedures for interactive shells in
+.Pa $HOME/.kshrc .
+Of course, since login shells are also interactive,
+any commands placed in
+.Pa $HOME/.kshrc
+will be executed by login shells too.
+.Pp
+The exit status of the shell is 127 if the command file specified on the
+command line could not be opened, or non-zero if a fatal syntax error
+occurred during the execution of a script.
+In the absence of fatal errors,
+the exit status is that of the last command executed, or zero, if no
+command is executed.
+.Ss Command syntax
+The shell begins parsing its input by breaking it into
+.Em words .
+Words, which are sequences of characters, are delimited by unquoted whitespace
+characters (space, tab, and newline) or meta-characters
+.Po
+.Ql < ,
+.Ql > ,
+.Ql | ,
+.Ql \&; ,
+.Ql \&( ,
+.Ql \&) ,
+and
+.Ql &
+.Pc .
+Aside from delimiting words, spaces and tabs are ignored, while newlines
+usually delimit commands.
+The meta-characters are used in building the following
+.Em tokens :
+.Ql < ,
+.Ql <& ,
+.Ql << ,
+.Ql > ,
+.Ql >& ,
+.Ql >> ,
+etc. are used to specify redirections (see
+.Sx Input/output redirection
+below);
+.Ql |
+is used to create pipelines;
+.Ql |&
+is used to create co-processes (see
+.Sx Co-processes
+below);
+.Ql \&;
+is used to separate commands;
+.Ql &
+is used to create asynchronous pipelines;
+.Ql &&
+and
+.Ql ||
+are used to specify conditional execution;
+.Ql ;;
+is used in
+.Ic case
+statements;
+.Ql (( .. ))
+is used in arithmetic expressions;
+and lastly,
+.Ql \&( .. )\&
+is used to create subshells.
+.Pp
+Whitespace and meta-characters can be quoted individually using a backslash
+.Pq Sq \e ,
+or in groups using double
+.Pq Sq \&"
+or single
+.Pq Sq '
+quotes.
+The following characters are also treated specially by the
+shell and must be quoted if they are to represent themselves:
+.Ql \e ,
+.Ql \&" ,
+.Ql ' ,
+.Ql # ,
+.Ql $ ,
+.Ql ` ,
+.Ql ~ ,
+.Ql { ,
+.Ql } ,
+.Ql * ,
+.Ql \&? ,
+and
+.Ql \&[ .
+The first three of these are the above mentioned quoting characters (see
+.Sx Quoting
+below);
+.Ql # ,
+if used at the beginning of a word, introduces a comment \(em everything after
+the
+.Ql #
+up to the nearest newline is ignored;
+.Ql $
+is used to introduce parameter, command, and arithmetic substitutions (see
+.Sx Substitution
+below);
+.Ql `
+introduces an old-style command substitution (see
+.Sx Substitution
+below);
+.Ql ~
+begins a directory expansion (see
+.Sx Tilde expansion
+below);
+.Ql {
+and
+.Ql }
+delimit
+.Xr csh 1 Ns -style
+alternations (see
+.Sx Brace expansion
+below);
+and finally,
+.Ql * ,
+.Ql \&? ,
+and
+.Ql \&[
+are used in file name generation (see
+.Sx File name patterns
+below).
+.Pp
+As words and tokens are parsed, the shell builds commands, of which there
+are two basic types:
+.Em simple-commands ,
+typically programs that are executed, and
+.Em compound-commands ,
+such as
+.Ic for
+and
+.Ic if
+statements, grouping constructs, and function definitions.
+.Pp
+A simple-command consists of some combination of parameter assignments
+(see
+.Sx Parameters
+below),
+input/output redirections (see
+.Sx Input/output redirections
+below),
+and command words; the only restriction is that parameter assignments come
+before any command words.
+The command words, if any, define the command
+that is to be executed and its arguments.
+The command may be a shell built-in command, a function,
+or an external command
+(i.e. a separate executable file that is located using the
+.Ev PATH
+parameter; see
+.Sx Command execution
+below).
+.Pp
+All command constructs have an exit status.
+For external commands,
+this is related to the status returned by
+.Xr wait 2
+(if the command could not be found, the exit status is 127; if it could not
+be executed, the exit status is 126).
+The exit status of other command
+constructs (built-in commands, functions, compound-commands, pipelines, lists,
+etc.) are all well-defined and are described where the construct is
+described.
+The exit status of a command consisting only of parameter
+assignments is that of the last command substitution performed during the
+parameter assignment or 0 if there were no command substitutions.
+.Pp
+Commands can be chained together using the
+.Ql |
+token to form pipelines, in which the standard output of each command but the
+last is piped (see
+.Xr pipe 2 )
+to the standard input of the following command.
+The exit status of a pipeline is that of its last command.
+A pipeline may be prefixed by the
+.Ql \&!
+reserved word, which causes the exit status of the pipeline to be logically
+complemented: if the original status was 0, the complemented status will be 1;
+if the original status was not 0, the complemented status will be 0.
+.Pp
+.Em Lists
+of commands can be created by separating pipelines by any of the following
+tokens:
+.Ql && ,
+.Ql || ,
+.Ql & ,
+.Ql |& ,
+and
+.Ql \&; .
+The first two are for conditional execution:
+.Dq Ar cmd1 No && Ar cmd2
+executes
+.Ar cmd2
+only if the exit status of
+.Ar cmd1
+is zero;
+.Ql ||
+is the opposite \(em
+.Ar cmd2
+is executed only if the exit status of
+.Ar cmd1
+is non-zero.
+.Ql &&
+and
+.Ql ||
+have equal precedence which is higher than that of
+.Ql & ,
+.Ql |& ,
+and
+.Ql \&; ,
+which also have equal precedence.
+The
+.Ql &&
+and
+.Ql ||
+operators are
+.Qq left-associative .
+For example, both of these commands will print only
+.Qq bar :
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+$ false && echo foo || echo bar
+$ true || echo foo && echo bar
+.Ed
+.Pp
+The
+.Ql &
+token causes the preceding command to be executed asynchronously; that is,
+the shell starts the command but does not wait for it to complete (the shell
+does keep track of the status of asynchronous commands; see
+.Sx Job control
+below).
+When an asynchronous command is started when job control is disabled
+(i.e. in most scripts), the command is started with signals
+.Dv SIGINT
+and
+.Dv SIGQUIT
+ignored and with input redirected from
+.Pa /dev/null
+(however, redirections specified in the asynchronous command have precedence).
+The
+.Ql |&
+operator starts a co-process which is a special kind of asynchronous process
+(see
+.Sx Co-processes
+below).
+A command must follow the
+.Ql &&
+and
+.Ql ||
+operators, while it need not follow
+.Ql & ,
+.Ql |& ,
+or
+.Ql \&; .
+The exit status of a list is that of the last command executed, with the
+exception of asynchronous lists, for which the exit status is 0.
+.Pp
+Compound commands are created using the following reserved words.
+These words
+are only recognized if they are unquoted and if they are used as the first
+word of a command (i.e. they can't be preceded by parameter assignments or
+redirections):
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+case esac in until (( }
+do fi name while ))
+done for select ! [[
+elif function then ( ]]
+else if time ) {
+.Ed
+.Pp
+.Sy Note :
+Some shells (but not this one) execute control structure commands in a
+subshell when one or more of their file descriptors are redirected, so any
+environment changes inside them may fail.
+To be portable, the
+.Ic exec
+statement should be used instead to redirect file descriptors before the
+control structure.
+.Pp
+In the following compound command descriptions, command lists (denoted as
+.Em list )
+that are followed by reserved words must end with a semicolon, a newline, or
+a (syntactically correct) reserved word.
+For example, the following are all valid:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+$ { echo foo; echo bar; }
+$ { echo foo; echo bar<newline> }
+$ { { echo foo; echo bar; } }
+.Ed
+.Pp
+This is not valid:
+.Pp
+.Dl $ { echo foo; echo bar }
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It Pq Ar list
+Execute
+.Ar list
+in a subshell.
+There is no implicit way to pass environment changes from a
+subshell back to its parent.
+.It { Ar list ; No }
+Compound construct;
+.Ar list
+is executed, but not in a subshell.
+Note that
+.Ql {
+and
+.Ql }
+are reserved words, not meta-characters.
+.It Xo case Ar word No in
+.Oo Op \&(
+.Ar pattern
+.Op | Ar pattern
+.No ... )
+.Ar list No ;;\ \& Oc ... esac
+.Xc
+The
+.Ic case
+statement attempts to match
+.Ar word
+against a specified
+.Ar pattern ;
+the
+.Ar list
+associated with the first successfully matched pattern is executed.
+Patterns used in
+.Ic case
+statements are the same as those used for file name patterns except that the
+restrictions regarding
+.Ql \&.
+and
+.Ql /
+are dropped.
+Note that any unquoted space before and after a pattern is
+stripped; any space within a pattern must be quoted.
+Both the word and the
+patterns are subject to parameter, command, and arithmetic substitution, as
+well as tilde substitution.
+For historical reasons, open and close braces may be used instead of
+.Ic in
+and
+.Ic esac
+e.g.\&
+.Ic case $foo { *) echo bar; } .
+The exit status of a
+.Ic case
+statement is that of the executed
+.Ar list ;
+if no
+.Ar list
+is executed, the exit status is zero.
+.It Xo for Ar name
+.Oo in Ar word No ... Oc ;
+.No do Ar list ; No done
+.Xc
+For each
+.Ar word
+in the specified word list, the parameter
+.Ar name
+is set to the word and
+.Ar list
+is executed.
+If
+.Ic in
+is not used to specify a word list, the positional parameters
+($1, $2, etc.)\&
+are used instead.
+For historical reasons, open and close braces may be used instead of
+.Ic do
+and
+.Ic done
+e.g.\&
+.Ic for i; { echo $i; } .
+The exit status of a
+.Ic for
+statement is the last exit status of
+.Ar list ;
+if
+.Ar list
+is never executed, the exit status is zero.
+.It Xo if Ar list ;
+.No then Ar list ;
+.Oo elif Ar list ;
+.No then Ar list ; Oc
+.No ...
+.Oo else Ar list ; Oc
+.No fi
+.Xc
+If the exit status of the first
+.Ar list
+is zero, the second
+.Ar list
+is executed; otherwise, the
+.Ar list
+following the
+.Ic elif ,
+if any, is executed with similar consequences.
+If all the lists following the
+.Ic if
+and
+.Ic elif Ns s
+fail (i.e. exit with non-zero status), the
+.Ar list
+following the
+.Ic else
+is executed.
+The exit status of an
+.Ic if
+statement is that of non-conditional
+.Ar list
+that is executed; if no non-conditional
+.Ar list
+is executed, the exit status is zero.
+.It Xo select Ar name
+.Oo in Ar word No ... Oc ;
+.No do Ar list ; No done
+.Xc
+The
+.Ic select
+statement provides an automatic method of presenting the user with a menu and
+selecting from it.
+An enumerated list of the specified
+.Ar word Ns (s)
+is printed on standard error, followed by a prompt
+.Po
+.Ev PS3: normally
+.Sq #?\ \&
+.Pc .
+A number corresponding to one of the enumerated words is then read from
+standard input,
+.Ar name
+is set to the selected word (or unset if the selection is not valid),
+.Ev REPLY
+is set to what was read (leading/trailing space is stripped), and
+.Ar list
+is executed.
+If a blank line (i.e. zero or more
+.Ev IFS
+characters) is entered, the menu is reprinted without executing
+.Ar list .
+.Pp
+When
+.Ar list
+completes, the enumerated list is printed if
+.Ev REPLY
+is
+.Dv NULL ,
+the prompt is printed, and so on.
+This process continues until an end-of-file
+is read, an interrupt is received, or a
+.Ic break
+statement is executed inside the loop.
+If
+.Dq in word ...
+is omitted, the positional parameters are used
+(i.e. $1, $2, etc.).
+For historical reasons, open and close braces may be used instead of
+.Ic do
+and
+.Ic done
+e.g.\&
+.Ic select i; { echo $i; } .
+The exit status of a
+.Ic select
+statement is zero if a
+.Ic break
+statement is used to exit the loop, non-zero otherwise.
+.It Xo until Ar list ;
+.No do Ar list ;
+.No done
+.Xc
+This works like
+.Ic while ,
+except that the body is executed only while the exit status of the first
+.Ar list
+is non-zero.
+.It Xo while Ar list ;
+.No do Ar list ;
+.No done
+.Xc
+A
+.Ic while
+is a pre-checked loop.
+Its body is executed as often as the exit status of the first
+.Ar list
+is zero.
+The exit status of a
+.Ic while
+statement is the last exit status of the
+.Ar list
+in the body of the loop; if the body is not executed, the exit status is zero.
+.It Xo function Ar name
+.No { Ar list ; No }
+.Xc
+Defines the function
+.Ar name
+(see
+.Sx Functions
+below).
+Note that redirections specified after a function definition are
+performed whenever the function is executed, not when the function definition
+is executed.
+.It Ar name Ns () Ar command
+Mostly the same as
+.Ic function
+(see
+.Sx Functions
+below).
+.It Xo Ic time Op Fl p
+.Op Ar pipeline
+.Xc
+The
+.Ic time
+reserved word is described in the
+.Sx Command execution
+section.
+.It (( Ar expression No ))
+The arithmetic expression
+.Ar expression
+is evaluated; equivalent to
+.Dq let expression
+(see
+.Sx Arithmetic expressions
+and the
+.Ic let
+command, below).
+.It Bq Bq Ar \ \&expression\ \&
+Similar to the
+.Ic test
+and
+.Ic \&[ ... \&]
+commands (described later), with the following exceptions:
+.Bl -bullet -offset indent
+.It
+Field splitting and file name generation are not performed on arguments.
+.It
+The
+.Fl a
+.Pq AND
+and
+.Fl o
+.Pq OR
+operators are replaced with
+.Ql &&
+and
+.Ql || ,
+respectively.
+.It
+Operators (e.g.\&
+.Sq Fl f ,
+.Sq = ,
+.Sq \&! )
+must be unquoted.
+.It
+The second operand of the
+.Sq !=
+and
+.Sq =
+expressions are patterns (e.g. the comparison
+.Ic [[ foobar = f*r ]]
+succeeds).
+.It
+There are two additional binary operators,
+.Ql <
+and
+.Ql > ,
+which return true if their first string operand is less than, or greater than,
+their second string operand, respectively.
+.It
+The single argument form of
+.Ic test ,
+which tests if the argument has a non-zero length, is not valid; explicit
+operators must always be used e.g. instead of
+.No \&[ Ar str No \&]
+use
+.No \&[[ -n Ar str No \&]] .
+.It
+Parameter, command, and arithmetic substitutions are performed as expressions
+are evaluated and lazy expression evaluation is used for the
+.Ql &&
+and
+.Ql ||
+operators.
+This means that in the following statement,
+.Ic $(< foo)
+is evaluated if and only if the file
+.Pa foo
+exists and is readable:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+$ [[ -r foo && $(< foo) = b*r ]]
+.Ed
+.El
+.El
+.Ss Quoting
+Quoting is used to prevent the shell from treating characters or words
+specially.
+There are three methods of quoting.
+First,
+.Ql \e
+quotes the following character, unless it is at the end of a line, in which
+case both the
+.Ql \e
+and the newline are stripped.
+Second, a single quote
+.Pq Sq '
+quotes everything up to the next single quote (this may span lines).
+Third, a double quote
+.Pq Sq \&"
+quotes all characters, except
+.Ql $ ,
+.Ql `
+and
+.Ql \e ,
+up to the next unquoted double quote.
+.Ql $
+and
+.Ql `
+inside double quotes have their usual meaning (i.e. parameter, command, or
+arithmetic substitution) except no field splitting is carried out on the
+results of double-quoted substitutions.
+If a
+.Ql \e
+inside a double-quoted string is followed by
+.Ql \e ,
+.Ql $ ,
+.Ql ` ,
+or
+.Ql \&" ,
+it is replaced by the second character; if it is followed by a newline, both
+the
+.Ql \e
+and the newline are stripped; otherwise, both the
+.Ql \e
+and the character following are unchanged.
+.Ss Aliases
+There are two types of aliases: normal command aliases and tracked aliases.
+Command aliases are normally used as a short hand for a long or often used
+command.
+The shell expands command aliases (i.e. substitutes the alias name
+for its value) when it reads the first word of a command.
+An expanded alias is re-processed to check for more aliases.
+If a command alias ends in a
+space or tab, the following word is also checked for alias expansion.
+The alias expansion process stops when a word that is not an alias is found,
+when a quoted word is found, or when an alias word that is currently being
+expanded is found.
+.Pp
+The following command aliases are defined automatically by the shell:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+autoload='typeset -fu'
+functions='typeset -f'
+hash='alias -t'
+history='fc -l'
+integer='typeset -i'
+local='typeset'
+login='exec login'
+nohup='nohup '
+r='fc -s'
+stop='kill -STOP'
+type='whence -v'
+.Ed
+.Pp
+Tracked aliases allow the shell to remember where it found a particular
+command.
+The first time the shell does a path search for a command that is
+marked as a tracked alias, it saves the full path of the command.
+The next
+time the command is executed, the shell checks the saved path to see that it
+is still valid, and if so, avoids repeating the path search.
+Tracked aliases can be listed and created using
+.Ic alias -t .
+Note that changing the
+.Ev PATH
+parameter clears the saved paths for all tracked aliases.
+If the
+.Ic trackall
+option is set (i.e.\&
+.Ic set -o Ic trackall
+or
+.Ic set -h ) ,
+the shell tracks all commands.
+This option is set automatically for non-interactive shells.
+For interactive shells, only the following commands are
+automatically tracked:
+.Xr cat 1 ,
+.Xr cc 1 ,
+.Xr chmod 1 ,
+.Xr cp 1 ,
+.Xr date 1 ,
+.Xr ed 1 ,
+.Xr emacs 1 ,
+.Xr grep 1 ,
+.Xr ls 1 ,
+.Xr mail 1 ,
+.Xr make 1 ,
+.Xr mv 1 ,
+.Xr pr 1 ,
+.Xr rm 1 ,
+.Xr sed 1 ,
+.Xr sh 1 ,
+.Xr vi 1 ,
+and
+.Xr who 1 .
+.Ss Substitution
+The first step the shell takes in executing a simple-command is to perform
+substitutions on the words of the command.
+There are three kinds of
+substitution: parameter, command, and arithmetic.
+Parameter substitutions,
+which are described in detail in the next section, take the form
+.Pf $ Ar name
+or
+.Pf ${ Ar ... Ns } ;
+command substitutions take the form
+.Pf $( Ar command )
+or
+.Pf ` Ar command Ns ` ;
+and arithmetic substitutions take the form
+.Pf $(( Ar expression ) ) .
+.Pp
+If a substitution appears outside of double quotes, the results of the
+substitution are generally subject to word or field splitting according to
+the current value of the
+.Ev IFS
+parameter.
+The
+.Ev IFS
+parameter specifies a list of characters which are used to break a string up
+into several words; any characters from the set space, tab, and newline that
+appear in the
+.Ev IFS
+characters are called
+.Dq IFS whitespace .
+Sequences of one or more
+.Ev IFS
+whitespace characters, in combination with zero or one
+.Pf non- Ev IFS
+whitespace
+characters, delimit a field.
+As a special case, leading and trailing
+.Ev IFS
+whitespace is stripped (i.e. no leading or trailing empty field is created by
+it); leading
+.Pf non- Ev IFS
+whitespace does create an empty field.
+.Pp
+Example: If
+.Ev IFS
+is set to
+.Dq <space>: ,
+and VAR is set to
+.Dq <space>A<space>:<space><space>B::D ,
+the substitution for $VAR results in four fields:
+.Sq A ,
+.Sq B ,
+.Sq
+(an empty field),
+and
+.Sq D .
+Note that if the
+.Ev IFS
+parameter is set to the
+.Dv NULL
+string, no field splitting is done; if the parameter is unset, the default
+value of space, tab, and newline is used.
+.Pp
+Also, note that the field splitting applies only to the immediate result of
+the substitution.
+Using the previous example, the substitution for $VAR:E
+results in the fields:
+.Sq A ,
+.Sq B ,
+.Sq ,
+and
+.Sq D:E ,
+not
+.Sq A ,
+.Sq B ,
+.Sq ,
+.Sq D ,
+and
+.Sq E .
+This behavior is POSIX compliant, but incompatible with some other shell
+implementations which do field splitting on the word which contained the
+substitution or use
+.Dv IFS
+as a general whitespace delimiter.
+.Pp
+The results of substitution are, unless otherwise specified, also subject to
+brace expansion and file name expansion (see the relevant sections below).
+.Pp
+A command substitution is replaced by the output generated by the specified
+command, which is run in a subshell.
+For
+.Pf $( Ar command )
+substitutions, normal quoting rules are used when
+.Ar command
+is parsed; however, for the
+.Pf ` Ar command Ns `
+form, a
+.Ql \e
+followed by any of
+.Ql $ ,
+.Ql ` ,
+or
+.Ql \e
+is stripped (a
+.Ql \e
+followed by any other character is unchanged).
+As a special case in command substitutions, a command of the form
+.Pf < Ar file
+is interpreted to mean substitute the contents of
+.Ar file .
+Note that
+.Ic $(< foo)
+has the same effect as
+.Ic $(cat foo) ,
+but it is carried out more efficiently because no process is started.
+.Pp
+.Sy Note :
+.Pf $( Ar command )
+expressions are currently parsed by finding the matching parenthesis,
+regardless of quoting.
+This should be fixed soon.
+.Pp
+Arithmetic substitutions are replaced by the value of the specified expression.
+For example, the command
+.Ic echo $((2+3*4))
+prints 14.
+See
+.Sx Arithmetic expressions
+for a description of an expression.
+.Ss Parameters
+Parameters are shell variables; they can be assigned values and their values
+can be accessed using a parameter substitution.
+A parameter name is either one
+of the special single punctuation or digit character parameters described
+below, or a letter followed by zero or more letters or digits
+.Po
+.Ql _
+counts as a letter
+.Pc .
+The latter form can be treated as arrays by appending an array index of the
+form
+.Op Ar expr
+where
+.Ar expr
+is an arithmetic expression.
+Parameter substitutions take the form
+.Pf $ Ar name ,
+.Pf ${ Ar name Ns } ,
+or
+.Sm off
+.Pf ${ Ar name Bo Ar expr Bc }
+.Sm on
+where
+.Ar name
+is a parameter name.
+If
+.Ar expr
+is a literal
+.Ql @
+then the named array is expanded using the same quoting rules as
+.Ql $@ ,
+while if
+.Ar expr
+is a literal
+.Ql *
+then the named array is expanded using the same quoting rules as
+.Ql $* .
+If substitution is performed on a parameter
+(or an array parameter element)
+that is not set, a null string is substituted unless the
+.Ic nounset
+option
+.Po
+.Ic set Fl o Ic nounset
+or
+.Ic set Fl u
+.Pc
+is set, in which case an error occurs.
+.Pp
+Parameters can be assigned values in a number of ways.
+First, the shell implicitly sets some parameters like
+.Ql # ,
+.Ql PWD ,
+and
+.Ql $ ;
+this is the only way the special single character parameters are set.
+Second, parameters are imported from the shell's environment at startup.
+Third, parameters can be assigned values on the command line: for example,
+.Ic FOO=bar
+sets the parameter
+.Dq FOO
+to
+.Dq bar ;
+multiple parameter assignments can be given on a single command line and they
+can be followed by a simple-command, in which case the assignments are in
+effect only for the duration of the command (such assignments are also
+exported; see below for the implications of this).
+Note that both the parameter name and the
+.Ql =
+must be unquoted for the shell to recognize a parameter assignment.
+The fourth way of setting a parameter is with the
+.Ic export ,
+.Ic readonly ,
+and
+.Ic typeset
+commands; see their descriptions in the
+.Sx Command execution
+section.
+Fifth,
+.Ic for
+and
+.Ic select
+loops set parameters as well as the
+.Ic getopts ,
+.Ic read ,
+and
+.Ic set -A
+commands.
+Lastly, parameters can be assigned values using assignment operators
+inside arithmetic expressions (see
+.Sx Arithmetic expressions
+below) or using the
+.Pf ${ Ar name Ns = Ns Ar value Ns }
+form of the parameter substitution (see below).
+.Pp
+Parameters with the export attribute (set using the
+.Ic export
+or
+.Ic typeset Fl x
+commands, or by parameter assignments followed by simple commands) are put in
+the environment (see
+.Xr environ 7 )
+of commands run by the shell as
+.Ar name Ns = Ns Ar value
+pairs.
+The order in which parameters appear in the environment of a command is
+unspecified.
+When the shell starts up, it extracts parameters and their values
+from its environment and automatically sets the export attribute for those
+parameters.
+.Pp
+Modifiers can be applied to the
+.Pf ${ Ar name Ns }
+form of parameter substitution:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.Sm off
+.It ${ Ar name No :- Ar word No }
+.Sm on
+If
+.Ar name
+is set and not
+.Dv NULL ,
+it is substituted; otherwise,
+.Ar word
+is substituted.
+.Sm off
+.It ${ Ar name No :+ Ar word No }
+.Sm on
+If
+.Ar name
+is set and not
+.Dv NULL ,
+.Ar word
+is substituted; otherwise, nothing is substituted.
+.Sm off
+.It ${ Ar name No := Ar word No }
+.Sm on
+If
+.Ar name
+is set and not
+.Dv NULL ,
+it is substituted; otherwise, it is assigned
+.Ar word
+and the resulting value of
+.Ar name
+is substituted.
+.Sm off
+.It ${ Ar name No :? Ar word No }
+.Sm on
+If
+.Ar name
+is set and not
+.Dv NULL ,
+it is substituted; otherwise,
+.Ar word
+is printed on standard error (preceded by
+.Ar name : )
+and an error occurs (normally causing termination of a shell script, function,
+or script sourced using the
+.Sq \&.
+built-in).
+If
+.Ar word
+is omitted, the string
+.Dq parameter null or not set
+is used instead.
+.El
+.Pp
+In the above modifiers, the
+.Ql \&:
+can be omitted, in which case the conditions only depend on
+.Ar name
+being set (as opposed to set and not
+.Dv NULL ) .
+If
+.Ar word
+is needed, parameter, command, arithmetic, and tilde substitution are performed
+on it; if
+.Ar word
+is not needed, it is not evaluated.
+.Pp
+The following forms of parameter substitution can also be used:
+.Pp
+.Bl -tag -width Ds -compact
+.It Pf ${# Ar name Ns }
+The number of positional parameters if
+.Ar name
+is
+.Ql * ,
+.Ql @ ,
+or not specified; otherwise the length of the string value of parameter
+.Ar name .
+.Pp
+.It Pf ${# Ar name Ns [*]}
+.It Pf ${# Ar name Ns [@]}
+The number of elements in the array
+.Ar name .
+.Pp
+.It Pf ${ Ar name Ns # Ns Ar pattern Ns }
+.It Pf ${ Ar name Ns ## Ns Ar pattern Ns }
+If
+.Ar pattern
+matches the beginning of the value of parameter
+.Ar name ,
+the matched text is deleted from the result of substitution.
+A single
+.Ql #
+results in the shortest match, and two
+of them result in the longest match.
+.Pp
+.It Pf ${ Ar name Ns % Ns Ar pattern Ns }
+.It Pf ${ Ar name Ns %% Ns Ar pattern Ns }
+Like ${..#..} substitution, but it deletes from the end of the value.
+.El
+.Pp
+The following special parameters are implicitly set by the shell and cannot be
+set directly using assignments:
+.Bl -tag -width "1 ... 9"
+.It Ev \&!
+Process ID of the last background process started.
+If no background processes have been started, the parameter is not set.
+.It Ev \&#
+The number of positional parameters ($1, $2, etc.).
+.It Ev \&$
+The PID of the shell, or the PID of the original shell if it is a subshell.
+Do
+.Em NOT
+use this mechanism for generating temporary file names; see
+.Xr mktemp 1
+instead.
+.It Ev -
+The concatenation of the current single letter options (see the
+.Ic set
+command below for a list of options).
+.It Ev \&?
+The exit status of the last non-asynchronous command executed.
+If the last command was killed by a signal,
+.Ic $?\&
+is set to 128 plus the signal number.
+.It Ev 0
+The name of the shell, determined as follows:
+the first argument to
+.Nm
+if it was invoked with the
+.Fl c
+option and arguments were given; otherwise the
+.Ar file
+argument, if it was supplied;
+or else the basename the shell was invoked with (i.e.\&
+.Li argv[0] ) .
+.Ev $0
+is also set to the name of the current script or
+the name of the current function, if it was defined with the
+.Ic function
+keyword (i.e. a Korn shell style function).
+.It Ev 1 No ... Ev 9
+The first nine positional parameters that were supplied to the shell, function,
+or script sourced using the
+.Sq \&.
+built-in.
+Further positional parameters may be accessed using
+.Pf ${ Ar number Ns } .
+.It Ev *
+All positional parameters (except parameter 0) i.e. $1, $2, $3, ...
+If used
+outside of double quotes, parameters are separate words (which are subjected
+to word splitting); if used within double quotes, parameters are separated
+by the first character of the
+.Ev IFS
+parameter (or the empty string if
+.Ev IFS
+is
+.Dv NULL ) .
+.It Ev @
+Same as
+.Ic $* ,
+unless it is used inside double quotes, in which case a separate word is
+generated for each positional parameter.
+If there are no positional parameters, no word is generated.
+.Ic $@
+can be used to access arguments, verbatim, without losing
+.Dv NULL
+arguments or splitting arguments with spaces.
+.El
+.Pp
+The following parameters are set and/or used by the shell:
+.Bl -tag -width "EXECSHELL"
+.It Ev _ No (underscore)
+When an external command is executed by the shell, this parameter is set in the
+environment of the new process to the path of the executed command.
+In interactive use, this parameter is also set in the parent shell to the last
+word of the previous command.
+When
+.Ev MAILPATH
+messages are evaluated, this parameter contains the name of the file that
+changed (see the
+.Ev MAILPATH
+parameter, below).
+.It Ev CDPATH
+Search path for the
+.Ic cd
+built-in command.
+It works the same way as
+.Ev PATH
+for those directories not beginning with
+.Ql /
+or
+.Ql .\&
+in
+.Ic cd
+commands.
+Note that if
+.Ev CDPATH
+is set and does not contain
+.Sq \&.
+or contains an empty path, the current directory is not searched.
+Also, the
+.Ic cd
+built-in command will display the resulting directory when a match is found
+in any search path other than the empty path.
+.It Ev COLUMNS
+Set to the number of columns on the terminal or window.
+Currently set to the
+.Dq cols
+value as reported by
+.Xr stty 1
+if that value is non-zero.
+This parameter is used by the interactive line editing modes, and by the
+.Ic select ,
+.Ic set -o ,
+and
+.Ic kill -l
+commands to format information columns.
+.It Ev EDITOR
+If the
+.Ev VISUAL
+parameter is not set, this parameter controls the command-line editing mode for
+interactive shells.
+See the
+.Ev VISUAL
+parameter below for how this works.
+.Pp
+Note:
+traditionally,
+.Ev EDITOR
+was used to specify the name of an (old-style) line editor, such as
+.Xr ed 1 ,
+and
+.Ev VISUAL
+was used to specify a (new-style) screen editor, such as
+.Xr vi 1 .
+Hence if
+.Ev VISUAL
+is set, it overrides
+.Ev EDITOR .
+.It Ev ENV
+If this parameter is found to be set after any profile files are executed, the
+expanded value is used as a shell startup file.
+It typically contains function and alias definitions.
+.It Ev EXECSHELL
+If set, this parameter is assumed to contain the shell that is to be used to
+execute commands that
+.Xr execve 2
+fails to execute and which do not start with a
+.Dq #! Ns Ar shell
+sequence.
+.It Ev FCEDIT
+The editor used by the
+.Ic fc
+command (see below).
+.It Ev FPATH
+Like
+.Ev PATH ,
+but used when an undefined function is executed to locate the file defining the
+function.
+It is also searched when a command can't be found using
+.Ev PATH .
+See
+.Sx Functions
+below for more information.
+.It Ev HISTFILE
+The name of the file used to store command history.
+When assigned to, history is loaded from the specified file.
+Also, several invocations of the shell
+running on the same machine will share history if their
+.Ev HISTFILE
+parameters all point to the same file.
+.Pp
+.Sy Note :
+If
+.Ev HISTFILE
+isn't set, no history file is used.
+This is different from the original Korn shell, which uses
+.Pa $HOME/.sh_history ;
+in the future,
+.Nm ksh
+may also use a default history file.
+.It Ev HISTSIZE
+The number of commands normally stored for history.
+The default is 500.
+.It Ev HOME
+The default directory for the
+.Ic cd
+command and the value substituted for an unqualified
+.Ic ~
+(see
+.Sx Tilde expansion
+below).
+.It Ev IFS
+Internal field separator, used during substitution and by the
+.Ic read
+command, to split values into distinct arguments; normally set to space, tab,
+and newline.
+See
+.Sx Substitution
+above for details.
+.Pp
+.Sy Note :
+This parameter is not imported from the environment when the shell is
+started.
+.It Ev KSH_VERSION
+The version of the shell and the date the version was created (read-only).
+.It Ev LINENO
+The line number of the function or shell script that is currently being
+executed.
+.It Ev LINES
+Set to the number of lines on the terminal or window.
+.It Ev MAIL
+If set, the user will be informed of the arrival of mail in the named file.
+This parameter is ignored if the
+.Ev MAILPATH
+parameter is set.
+.It Ev MAILCHECK
+How often, in seconds, the shell will check for mail in the file(s) specified
+by
+.Ev MAIL
+or
+.Ev MAILPATH .
+If set to 0, the shell checks before each prompt.
+The default is 600 (10 minutes).
+.It Ev MAILPATH
+A list of files to be checked for mail.
+The list is colon separated, and each file may be followed by a
+.Ql \&?
+and a message to be printed if new mail has arrived.
+Command, parameter, and
+arithmetic substitution is performed on the message and, during substitution,
+the parameter
+.Ic $_
+contains the name of the file.
+The default message is
+.Dq you have mail in $_ .
+.It Ev OLDPWD
+The previous working directory.
+Unset if
+.Ic cd
+has not successfully changed directories since the shell started, or if the
+shell doesn't know where it is.
+.It Ev OPTARG
+When using
+.Ic getopts ,
+it contains the argument for a parsed option, if it requires one.
+.It Ev OPTIND
+The index of the next argument to be processed when using
+.Ic getopts .
+Assigning 1 to this parameter causes
+.Ic getopts
+to process arguments from the beginning the next time it is invoked.
+.It Ev PATH
+A colon separated list of directories that are searched when looking for
+commands and files sourced using the
+.Sq \&.
+command (see below).
+An empty string resulting from a leading or trailing
+colon, or two adjacent colons, is treated as a
+.Sq \&.
+(the current directory).
+.It Ev POSIXLY_CORRECT
+If set, this parameter causes the
+.Ic posix
+option to be enabled.
+See
+.Sx POSIX mode
+below.
+.It Ev PPID
+The process ID of the shell's parent (read-only).
+.It Ev PS1
+The primary prompt for interactive shells.
+Parameter, command, and arithmetic
+substitutions are performed,
+and the prompt string can be customised using
+backslash-escaped special characters.
+.Pp
+Note that since the command-line editors try to figure out how long the prompt
+is (so they know how far it is to the edge of the screen), escape codes in
+the prompt tend to mess things up.
+You can tell the shell not to count certain
+sequences (such as escape codes) by using the
+.Li \e[ Ns Ar ... Ns Li \e]
+substitution (see below) or by prefixing your prompt with a non-printing
+character (such as control-A) followed by a carriage return and then delimiting
+the escape codes with this non-printing character.
+By the way, don't blame me for
+this hack; it's in the original
+.Nm .
+.Pp
+The default prompt is
+.Sq $\ \&
+for non-root users,
+.Sq #\ \&
+for root.
+If
+.Nm
+is invoked by root and
+.Ev PS1
+does not contain a
+.Sq #
+character, the default value will be used even if
+.Ev PS1
+already exists in the environment.
+.Pp
+The following backslash-escaped special characters can be used
+to customise the prompt:
+.Pp
+.Bl -tag -width "\eD{format}XX" -compact
+.It Li \ea
+Insert an ASCII bell character.
+.It Li \ed
+The current date, in the format
+.Dq Day Month Date
+for example
+.Dq Wed Nov 03 .
+.It Li \eD{ Ns Ar format Ns Li }
+The current date, with
+.Ar format
+converted by
+.Xr strftime 3 .
+The braces must be specified.
+.It Li \ee
+Insert an ASCII escape character.
+.It Li \eh
+The hostname, minus domain name.
+.It Li \eH
+The full hostname, including domain name.
+.It Li \ej
+Current number of jobs running
+(see
+.Sx Job control
+below).
+.It Li \el
+The controlling terminal.
+.It Li \en
+Insert a newline character.
+.It Li \er
+Insert a carriage return character.
+.It Li \es
+The name of the shell.
+.It Li \et
+The current time, in 24-hour HH:MM:SS format.
+.It Li \eT
+The current time, in 12-hour HH:MM:SS format.
+.It Li \e@
+The current time, in 12-hour HH:MM:SS AM/PM format.
+.It Li \eA
+The current time, in 24-hour HH:MM format.
+.It Li \eu
+The current user's username.
+.It Li \ev
+The current version of
+.Nm .
+.It Li \eV
+Like
+.Sq \ev ,
+but more verbose.
+.It Li \ew
+The current working directory.
+.Dv $HOME
+is abbreviated as
+.Sq ~ .
+.It Li \eW
+The basename of
+the current working directory.
+.Dv $HOME
+is abbreviated as
+.Sq ~ .
+.It Li \e!
+The current history number.
+An unescaped
+.Ql !\&
+will produce the current history number too,
+as per the POSIX specification.
+A literal
+.Ql \&!
+can be put in the prompt by placing
+.Ql !!
+in
+.Ev PS1 .
+.It Li \e#
+The current command number.
+This could be different to the current history number,
+if
+.Ev HISTFILE
+contains a history list from a previous session.
+.It Li \e$
+The default prompt i.e.\&
+.Sq # \&
+if the effective UID is 0,
+otherwise
+.Sq $ \& .
+Since the shell interprets
+.Sq $
+as a special character within double quotes,
+it is safer in this case to escape the backslash
+than to try quoting it.
+.It Li \e Ns Ar nnn
+The octal character
+.Ar nnn .
+.It Li \e\e
+Insert a single backslash character.
+.It Li \e[
+Normally the shell keeps track of the number of characters in the prompt.
+Use of this sequence turns off that count.
+.It Li \e]
+Use of this sequence turns the count back on.
+.El
+.Pp
+Note that the backslash itself may be interpreted by the shell.
+Hence, to set
+.Ev PS1
+either escape the backslash itself,
+or use double quotes.
+The latter is more practical:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+PS1="\eu "
+.Ed
+.Pp
+This is a more complex example,
+which does not rely on the above backslash-escaped sequences.
+It embeds the current working directory,
+in reverse video,
+in the prompt string:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+x=$(print \e\e001)
+PS1="$x$(print \e\er)$x$(tput so)$x\e$PWD$x$(tput se)$x> "
+.Ed
+.It Ev PS2
+Secondary prompt string, by default
+.Sq >\ \& ,
+used when more input is needed to complete a command.
+.It Ev PS3
+Prompt used by the
+.Ic select
+statement when reading a menu selection.
+The default is
+.Sq #?\ \& .
+.It Ev PS4
+Used to prefix commands that are printed during execution tracing (see the
+.Ic set Fl x
+command below).
+Parameter, command, and arithmetic substitutions are performed
+before it is printed.
+The default is
+.Sq +\ \& .
+.It Ev PWD
+The current working directory.
+May be unset or
+.Dv NULL
+if the shell doesn't know where it is.
+.It Ev RANDOM
+A random number generator.
+Every time
+.Ev RANDOM
+is referenced, it is assigned the next random number in the range
+0\-32767.
+By default,
+.Xr arc4random 3
+is used to produce values.
+If the variable
+.Ev RANDOM
+is assigned a value, the value is used as the seed to
+.Xr srand 3
+and subsequent references of
+.Ev RANDOM
+will use
+.Xr rand 3
+to produce values, resulting in a predictable sequence.
+.It Ev REPLY
+Default parameter for the
+.Ic read
+command if no names are given.
+Also used in
+.Ic select
+loops to store the value that is read from standard input.
+.It Ev SECONDS
+The number of seconds since the shell started or, if the parameter has been
+assigned an integer value, the number of seconds since the assignment plus the
+value that was assigned.
+.It Ev TMOUT
+If set to a positive integer in an interactive shell, it specifies the maximum
+number of seconds the shell will wait for input after printing the primary
+prompt
+.Pq Ev PS1 .
+If the time is exceeded, the shell exits.
+.It Ev TMPDIR
+The directory temporary shell files are created in.
+If this parameter is not
+set, or does not contain the absolute path of a writable directory, temporary
+files are created in
+.Pa /tmp .
+.It Ev VISUAL
+If set, this parameter controls the command-line editing mode for interactive
+shells.
+If the last component of the path specified in this parameter contains
+the string
+.Dq vi ,
+.Dq emacs ,
+or
+.Dq gmacs ,
+the
+.Xr vi 1 ,
+emacs, or gmacs (Gosling emacs) editing mode is enabled, respectively.
+See also the
+.Ev EDITOR
+parameter, above.
+.El
+.Ss Tilde expansion
+Tilde expansion, which is done in parallel with parameter substitution, is done
+on words starting with an unquoted
+.Ql ~ .
+The characters following the tilde, up to the first
+.Ql / ,
+if any, are assumed to be a login name.
+If the login name is empty,
+.Ql + ,
+or
+.Ql - ,
+the value of the
+.Ev HOME ,
+.Ev PWD ,
+or
+.Ev OLDPWD
+parameter is substituted, respectively.
+Otherwise, the password file is
+searched for the login name, and the tilde expression is substituted with the
+user's home directory.
+If the login name is not found in the password file or
+if any quoting or parameter substitution occurs in the login name, no
+substitution is performed.
+.Pp
+In parameter assignments
+(such as those preceding a simple-command or those occurring
+in the arguments of
+.Ic alias ,
+.Ic export ,
+.Ic readonly ,
+and
+.Ic typeset ) ,
+tilde expansion is done after any assignment
+(i.e. after the equals sign)
+or after an unquoted colon
+.Pq Sq \&: ;
+login names are also delimited by colons.
+.Pp
+The home directory of previously expanded login names are cached and re-used.
+The
+.Ic alias -d
+command may be used to list, change, and add to this cache (e.g.\&
+.Ic alias -d fac=/usr/local/facilities; cd ~fac/bin ) .
+.Ss Brace expansion (alternation)
+Brace expressions take the following form:
+.Bd -unfilled -offset indent
+.Sm off
+.Xo
+.Ar prefix No { Ar str1 No ,...,
+.Ar strN No } Ar suffix
+.Xc
+.Sm on
+.Ed
+.Pp
+The expressions are expanded to
+.Ar N
+words, each of which is the concatenation of
+.Ar prefix ,
+.Ar str Ns i ,
+and
+.Ar suffix
+(e.g.\&
+.Dq a{c,b{X,Y},d}e
+expands to four words:
+.Dq ace ,
+.Dq abXe ,
+.Dq abYe ,
+and
+.Dq ade ) .
+As noted in the example, brace expressions can be nested and the resulting
+words are not sorted.
+Brace expressions must contain an unquoted comma
+.Pq Sq \&,
+for expansion to occur (e.g.\&
+.Ic {}
+and
+.Ic {foo}
+are not expanded).
+Brace expansion is carried out after parameter substitution
+and before file name generation.
+.Ss File name patterns
+A file name pattern is a word containing one or more unquoted
+.Ql \&? ,
+.Ql * ,
+.Ql + ,
+.Ql @ ,
+or
+.Ql \&!
+characters or
+.Dq [..]
+sequences.
+Once brace expansion has been performed, the shell replaces file
+name patterns with the sorted names of all the files that match the pattern
+(if no files match, the word is left unchanged).
+The pattern elements have the following meaning:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It \&?
+Matches any single character.
+.It \&*
+Matches any sequence of characters.
+.It [..]
+Matches any of the characters inside the brackets.
+Ranges of characters can be
+specified by separating two characters by a
+.Ql -
+(e.g.\&
+.Dq [a0-9]
+matches the letter
+.Sq a
+or any digit).
+In order to represent itself, a
+.Ql -
+must either be quoted or the first or last character in the character list.
+Similarly, a
+.Ql \&]
+must be quoted or the first character in the list if it is to represent itself
+instead of the end of the list.
+Also, a
+.Ql \&!
+appearing at the start of the list has special meaning (see below), so to
+represent itself it must be quoted or appear later in the list.
+.Pp
+Within a bracket expression, the name of a
+.Em character class
+enclosed in
+.Sq [:
+and
+.Sq :]
+stands for the list of all characters belonging to that class.
+Supported character classes:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+alnum cntrl lower space
+alpha digit print upper
+blank graph punct xdigit
+.Ed
+.Pp
+These match characters using the macros specified in
+.Xr isalnum 3 ,
+.Xr isalpha 3 ,
+and so on.
+A character class may not be used as an endpoint of a range.
+.It [!..]
+Like [..],
+except it matches any character not inside the brackets.
+.Sm off
+.It *( Ar pattern Ns | No ...| Ar pattern )
+.Sm on
+Matches any string of characters that matches zero or more occurrences of the
+specified patterns.
+Example: The pattern
+.Ic *(foo|bar)
+matches the strings
+.Dq ,
+.Dq foo ,
+.Dq bar ,
+.Dq foobarfoo ,
+etc.
+.Sm off
+.It +( Ar pattern Ns | No ...| Ar pattern )
+.Sm on
+Matches any string of characters that matches one or more occurrences of the
+specified patterns.
+Example: The pattern
+.Ic +(foo|bar)
+matches the strings
+.Dq foo ,
+.Dq bar ,
+.Dq foobar ,
+etc.
+.Sm off
+.It ?( Ar pattern Ns | No ...| Ar pattern )
+.Sm on
+Matches the empty string or a string that matches one of the specified
+patterns.
+Example: The pattern
+.Ic ?(foo|bar)
+only matches the strings
+.Dq ,
+.Dq foo ,
+and
+.Dq bar .
+.Sm off
+.It @( Ar pattern Ns | No ...| Ar pattern )
+.Sm on
+Matches a string that matches one of the specified patterns.
+Example: The pattern
+.Ic @(foo|bar)
+only matches the strings
+.Dq foo
+and
+.Dq bar .
+.Sm off
+.It !( Ar pattern Ns | No ...| Ar pattern )
+.Sm on
+Matches any string that does not match one of the specified patterns.
+Examples: The pattern
+.Ic !(foo|bar)
+matches all strings except
+.Dq foo
+and
+.Dq bar ;
+the pattern
+.Ic !(*)
+matches no strings; the pattern
+.Ic !(?)*\&
+matches all strings (think about it).
+.El
+.Pp
+Unlike most shells,
+.Nm ksh
+never matches
+.Sq \&.
+and
+.Sq .. .
+.Pp
+Note that none of the above pattern elements match either a period
+.Pq Sq \&.
+at the start of a file name or a slash
+.Pq Sq / ,
+even if they are explicitly used in a [..] sequence; also, the names
+.Sq \&.
+and
+.Sq ..
+are never matched, even by the pattern
+.Sq .* .
+.Pp
+If the
+.Ic markdirs
+option is set, any directories that result from file name generation are marked
+with a trailing
+.Ql / .
+.Ss Input/output redirection
+When a command is executed, its standard input, standard output, and standard
+error (file descriptors 0, 1, and 2, respectively) are normally inherited from
+the shell.
+Three exceptions to this are commands in pipelines, for which
+standard input and/or standard output are those set up by the pipeline,
+asynchronous commands created when job control is disabled, for which standard
+input is initially set to be from
+.Pa /dev/null ,
+and commands for which any of the following redirections have been specified:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It > Ar file
+Standard output is redirected to
+.Ar file .
+If
+.Ar file
+does not exist, it is created; if it does exist, is a regular file, and the
+.Ic noclobber
+option is set, an error occurs; otherwise, the file is truncated.
+Note that this means the command
+.Ic cmd < foo > foo
+will open
+.Ar foo
+for reading and then truncate it when it opens it for writing, before
+.Ar cmd
+gets a chance to actually read
+.Ar foo .
+.It >| Ar file
+Same as
+.Ic > ,
+except the file is truncated, even if the
+.Ic noclobber
+option is set.
+.It >> Ar file
+Same as
+.Ic > ,
+except if
+.Ar file
+exists it is appended to instead of being truncated.
+Also, the file is opened
+in append mode, so writes always go to the end of the file (see
+.Xr open 2 ) .
+.It < Ar file
+Standard input is redirected from
+.Ar file ,
+which is opened for reading.
+.It <> Ar file
+Same as
+.Ic < ,
+except the file is opened for reading and writing.
+.It << Ar marker
+After reading the command line containing this kind of redirection (called a
+.Dq here document ) ,
+the shell copies lines from the command source into a temporary file until a
+line matching
+.Ar marker
+is read.
+When the command is executed, standard input is redirected from the
+temporary file.
+If
+.Ar marker
+contains no quoted characters, the contents of the temporary file are processed
+as if enclosed in double quotes each time the command is executed, so
+parameter, command, and arithmetic substitutions are performed, along with
+backslash
+.Pq Sq \e
+escapes for
+.Ql $ ,
+.Ql ` ,
+.Ql \e ,
+and
+.Ql \enewline .
+If multiple here documents are used on the same command line, they are saved in
+order.
+.It <<- Ar marker
+Same as
+.Ic << ,
+except leading tabs are stripped from lines in the here document.
+.It <& Ar fd
+Standard input is duplicated from file descriptor
+.Ar fd .
+.Ar fd
+can be a single digit, indicating the number of an existing file descriptor;
+the letter
+.Ql p ,
+indicating the file descriptor associated with the output of the current
+co-process; or the character
+.Ql - ,
+indicating standard input is to be closed.
+.It >& Ar fd
+Same as
+.Ic <& ,
+except the operation is done on standard output.
+.El
+.Pp
+In any of the above redirections, the file descriptor that is redirected
+(i.e. standard input or standard output)
+can be explicitly given by preceding the
+redirection with a single digit.
+Parameter, command, and arithmetic
+substitutions, tilde substitutions, and (if the shell is interactive)
+file name generation are all performed on the
+.Ar file ,
+.Ar marker ,
+and
+.Ar fd
+arguments of redirections.
+Note, however, that the results of any file name
+generation are only used if a single file is matched; if multiple files match,
+the word with the expanded file name generation characters is used.
+Note
+that in restricted shells, redirections which can create files cannot be used.
+.Pp
+For simple-commands, redirections may appear anywhere in the command; for
+compound-commands
+.Po
+.Ic if
+statements, etc.
+.Pc ,
+any redirections must appear at the end.
+Redirections are processed after
+pipelines are created and in the order they are given, so the following
+will print an error with a line number prepended to it:
+.Pp
+.D1 $ cat /foo/bar 2>&1 > /dev/null | cat -n
+.Ss Arithmetic expressions
+Integer arithmetic expressions can be used with the
+.Ic let
+command, inside $((..)) expressions, inside array references (e.g.\&
+.Ar name Ns Bq Ar expr ) ,
+as numeric arguments to the
+.Ic test
+command, and as the value of an assignment to an integer parameter.
+.Pp
+Expressions may contain alpha-numeric parameter identifiers, array references,
+and integer constants and may be combined with the following C operators
+(listed and grouped in increasing order of precedence):
+.Pp
+Unary operators:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
++ - ! ~ ++ --
+.Ed
+.Pp
+Binary operators:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+,
+= *= /= %= += -= <<= >>= &= ^= |=
+||
+&&
+|
+^
+&
+== !=
+< <= >= >
+<< >>
++ -
+* / %
+.Ed
+.Pp
+Ternary operators:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+?: (precedence is immediately higher than assignment)
+.Ed
+.Pp
+Grouping operators:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+( )
+.Ed
+.Pp
+A parameter that is NULL or unset evaluates to 0.
+Integer constants may be specified with arbitrary bases using the notation
+.Ar base Ns # Ns Ar number ,
+where
+.Ar base
+is a decimal integer specifying the base, and
+.Ar number
+is a number in the specified base.
+Additionally,
+integers may be prefixed with
+.Sq 0X
+or
+.Sq 0x
+(specifying base 16)
+or
+.Sq 0
+(base 8)
+in all forms of arithmetic expressions,
+except as numeric arguments to the
+.Ic test
+command.
+.Pp
+The operators are evaluated as follows:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds -offset indent
+.It unary +
+Result is the argument (included for completeness).
+.It unary -
+Negation.
+.It \&!
+Logical NOT;
+the result is 1 if argument is zero, 0 if not.
+.It ~
+Arithmetic (bit-wise) NOT.
+.It ++
+Increment; must be applied to a parameter (not a literal or other expression).
+The parameter is incremented by 1.
+When used as a prefix operator, the result
+is the incremented value of the parameter; when used as a postfix operator, the
+result is the original value of the parameter.
+.It --
+Similar to
+.Ic ++ ,
+except the parameter is decremented by 1.
+.It \&,
+Separates two arithmetic expressions; the left-hand side is evaluated first,
+then the right.
+The result is the value of the expression on the right-hand side.
+.It =
+Assignment; the variable on the left is set to the value on the right.
+.It Xo
+.No *= /= += -= <<=
+.No >>= &= ^= |=
+.Xc
+Assignment operators.
+.Sm off
+.Ao Ar var Ac Xo
+.Aq Ar op
+.No = Aq Ar expr
+.Xc
+.Sm on
+is the same as
+.Sm off
+.Ao Ar var Ac Xo
+.No = Aq Ar var
+.Aq Ar op
+.Aq Ar expr ,
+.Xc
+.Sm on
+with any operator precedence in
+.Aq Ar expr
+preserved.
+For example,
+.Dq var1 *= 5 + 3
+is the same as specifying
+.Dq var1 = var1 * (5 + 3) .
+.It ||
+Logical OR;
+the result is 1 if either argument is non-zero, 0 if not.
+The right argument is evaluated only if the left argument is zero.
+.It &&
+Logical AND;
+the result is 1 if both arguments are non-zero, 0 if not.
+The right argument is evaluated only if the left argument is non-zero.
+.It |
+Arithmetic (bit-wise) OR.
+.It ^
+Arithmetic (bit-wise) XOR
+(exclusive-OR).
+.It &
+Arithmetic (bit-wise) AND.
+.It ==
+Equal; the result is 1 if both arguments are equal, 0 if not.
+.It !=
+Not equal; the result is 0 if both arguments are equal, 1 if not.
+.It <
+Less than; the result is 1 if the left argument is less than the right, 0 if
+not.
+.It <= >= >
+Less than or equal, greater than or equal, greater than.
+See
+.Ic < .
+.It << >>
+Shift left (right); the result is the left argument with its bits shifted left
+(right) by the amount given in the right argument.
+.It + - * /
+Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
+.It %
+Remainder; the result is the remainder of the division of the left argument by
+the right.
+The sign of the result is unspecified if either argument is negative.
+.It Xo
+.Sm off
+.Aq Ar arg1 ?
+.Aq Ar arg2 :
+.Aq Ar arg3
+.Sm on
+.Xc
+If
+.Aq Ar arg1
+is non-zero, the result is
+.Aq Ar arg2 ;
+otherwise the result is
+.Aq Ar arg3 .
+.El
+.Ss Co-processes
+A co-process, which is a pipeline created with the
+.Sq |&
+operator, is an asynchronous process that the shell can both write to (using
+.Ic print -p )
+and read from (using
+.Ic read -p ) .
+The input and output of the co-process can also be manipulated using
+.Ic >&p
+and
+.Ic <&p
+redirections, respectively.
+Once a co-process has been started, another can't
+be started until the co-process exits, or until the co-process's input has been
+redirected using an
+.Ic exec Ar n Ns Ic >&p
+redirection.
+If a co-process's input is redirected in this way, the next
+co-process to be started will share the output with the first co-process,
+unless the output of the initial co-process has been redirected using an
+.Ic exec Ar n Ns Ic <&p
+redirection.
+.Pp
+Some notes concerning co-processes:
+.Bl -bullet
+.It
+The only way to close the co-process's input (so the co-process reads an
+end-of-file) is to redirect the input to a numbered file descriptor and then
+close that file descriptor e.g.\&
+.Ic exec 3>&p; exec 3>&- .
+.It
+In order for co-processes to share a common output, the shell must keep the
+write portion of the output pipe open.
+This means that end-of-file will not be
+detected until all co-processes sharing the co-process's output have exited
+(when they all exit, the shell closes its copy of the pipe).
+This can be
+avoided by redirecting the output to a numbered file descriptor (as this also
+causes the shell to close its copy).
+Note that this behaviour is slightly
+different from the original Korn shell which closes its copy of the write
+portion of the co-process output when the most recently started co-process
+(instead of when all sharing co-processes) exits.
+.It
+.Ic print -p
+will ignore
+.Dv SIGPIPE
+signals during writes if the signal is not being trapped or ignored; the same
+is true if the co-process input has been duplicated to another file descriptor
+and
+.Ic print -u Ns Ar n
+is used.
+.El
+.Ss Functions
+Functions are defined using either Korn shell
+.Ic function Ar function-name
+syntax or the Bourne/POSIX shell
+.Ar function-name Ns ()
+syntax (see below for the difference between the two forms).
+Functions are like
+.Li .-scripts
+(i.e. scripts sourced using the
+.Sq \&.
+built-in)
+in that they are executed in the current environment.
+However, unlike
+.Li .-scripts ,
+shell arguments (i.e. positional parameters $1, $2, etc.)\&
+are never visible inside them.
+When the shell is determining the location of a command, functions
+are searched after special built-in commands, before regular and
+non-regular built-ins, and before the
+.Ev PATH
+is searched.
+.Pp
+An existing function may be deleted using
+.Ic unset Fl f Ar function-name .
+A list of functions can be obtained using
+.Ic typeset +f
+and the function definitions can be listed using
+.Ic typeset -f .
+The
+.Ic autoload
+command (which is an alias for
+.Ic typeset -fu )
+may be used to create undefined functions: when an undefined function is
+executed, the shell searches the path specified in the
+.Ev FPATH
+parameter for a file with the same name as the function, which, if found, is
+read and executed.
+If after executing the file the named function is found to
+be defined, the function is executed; otherwise, the normal command search is
+continued (i.e. the shell searches the regular built-in command table and
+.Ev PATH ) .
+Note that if a command is not found using
+.Ev PATH ,
+an attempt is made to autoload a function using
+.Ev FPATH
+(this is an undocumented feature of the original Korn shell).
+.Pp
+Functions can have two attributes,
+.Dq trace
+and
+.Dq export ,
+which can be set with
+.Ic typeset -ft
+and
+.Ic typeset -fx ,
+respectively.
+When a traced function is executed, the shell's
+.Ic xtrace
+option is turned on for the function's duration; otherwise, the
+.Ic xtrace
+option is turned off.
+The
+.Dq export
+attribute of functions is currently not used.
+In the original Korn shell,
+exported functions are visible to shell scripts that are executed.
+.Pp
+Since functions are executed in the current shell environment, parameter
+assignments made inside functions are visible after the function completes.
+If this is not the desired effect, the
+.Ic typeset
+command can be used inside a function to create a local parameter.
+Note that special parameters (e.g.\&
+.Ic \&$$ , $! )
+can't be scoped in this way.
+.Pp
+The exit status of a function is that of the last command executed in the
+function.
+A function can be made to finish immediately using the
+.Ic return
+command; this may also be used to explicitly specify the exit status.
+.Pp
+Functions defined with the
+.Ic function
+reserved word are treated differently in the following ways from functions
+defined with the
+.Ic ()
+notation:
+.Bl -bullet
+.It
+The $0 parameter is set to the name of the function
+(Bourne-style functions leave $0 untouched).
+.It
+Parameter assignments preceding function calls are not kept in the shell
+environment (executing Bourne-style functions will keep assignments).
+.It
+.Ev OPTIND
+is saved/reset and restored on entry and exit from the function so
+.Ic getopts
+can be used properly both inside and outside the function (Bourne-style
+functions leave
+.Ev OPTIND
+untouched, so using
+.Ic getopts
+inside a function interferes with using
+.Ic getopts
+outside the function).
+.El
+.Pp
+In the future, the following differences will also be added:
+.Bl -bullet
+.It
+A separate trap/signal environment will be used during the execution of
+functions.
+This will mean that traps set inside a function will not affect the
+shell's traps and signals that are not ignored in the shell (but may be
+trapped) will have their default effect in a function.
+.It
+The EXIT trap, if set in a function, will be executed after the function
+returns.
+.El
+.Ss POSIX mode
+The shell is intended to be POSIX compliant;
+however, in some cases, POSIX behaviour is contrary either to
+the original Korn shell behaviour or to user convenience.
+How the shell behaves in these cases is determined by the state of the
+.Ic posix
+option
+.Pq Ic set -o posix .
+If it is on, the POSIX behaviour is followed; otherwise, it is not.
+The
+.Ic posix
+option is set automatically when the shell starts up if the environment
+contains the
+.Ev POSIXLY_CORRECT
+parameter.
+The shell can also be compiled so that it is in POSIX mode by default;
+however, this is usually not desirable.
+.Pp
+The following is a list of things that are affected by the state of the
+.Ic posix
+option:
+.Bl -bullet
+.It
+.Ic kill -l
+output.
+In POSIX mode, only signal names are listed (in a single line);
+in non-POSIX mode,
+signal numbers, names, and descriptions are printed (in columns).
+In the future, a new option
+.Pq Fl v No perhaps
+will be added to distinguish the two behaviours.
+.It
+.Ic echo
+options.
+In POSIX mode,
+.Fl e
+and
+.Fl E
+are not treated as options, but printed like other arguments;
+in non-POSIX mode, these options control the interpretation
+of backslash sequences.
+.It
+.Ic fg
+exit status.
+In POSIX mode, the exit status is 0 if no errors occur;
+in non-POSIX mode, the exit status is that of the last foregrounded job.
+.It
+.Ic eval
+exit status.
+If
+.Ic eval
+gets to see an empty command (i.e.\&
+.Ic eval `false` ) ,
+its exit status in POSIX mode will be 0.
+In non-POSIX mode,
+it will be the exit status of the last command substitution that was
+done in the processing of the arguments to
+.Ic eval
+(or 0 if there were no command substitutions).
+.It
+.Ic getopts .
+In POSIX mode, options must start with a
+.Ql - ;
+in non-POSIX mode, options can start with either
+.Ql -
+or
+.Ql + .
+.It
+Brace expansion (also known as alternation).
+In POSIX mode, brace expansion is disabled;
+in non-POSIX mode, brace expansion is enabled.
+Note that
+.Ic set -o posix
+(or setting the
+.Ev POSIXLY_CORRECT
+parameter) automatically turns the
+.Ic braceexpand
+option off; however, it can be explicitly turned on later.
+.It
+.Ic set - .
+In POSIX mode, this does not clear the
+.Ic verbose
+or
+.Ic xtrace
+options; in non-POSIX mode, it does.
+.It
+.Ic set
+exit status.
+In POSIX mode, the exit status of
+.Ic set
+is 0 if there are no errors;
+in non-POSIX mode, the exit status is that of any
+command substitutions performed in generating the
+.Ic set
+command.
+For example,
+.Ic set -- `false`; echo $?\&
+prints 0 in POSIX mode, 1 in non-POSIX mode.
+This construct is used in most shell scripts that use the old
+.Xr getopt 1
+command.
+.It
+Argument expansion of the
+.Ic alias ,
+.Ic export ,
+.Ic readonly ,
+and
+.Ic typeset
+commands.
+In POSIX mode, normal argument expansion is done; in non-POSIX mode,
+field splitting, file globbing, brace expansion, and (normal) tilde expansion
+are turned off, while assignment tilde expansion is turned on.
+.It
+Signal specification.
+In POSIX mode, signals can be specified as digits, only
+if signal numbers match POSIX values
+(i.e. HUP=1, INT=2, QUIT=3, ABRT=6, KILL=9, ALRM=14, and TERM=15);
+in non-POSIX mode, signals can always be digits.
+.It
+Alias expansion.
+In POSIX mode, alias expansion is only carried out when reading command words;
+in non-POSIX mode, alias expansion is carried out on any
+word following an alias that ended in a space.
+For example, the following
+.Ic for
+loop uses parameter
+.Sq i
+in POSIX mode and
+.Sq j
+in non-POSIX mode:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+alias a='for ' i='j'
+a i in 1 2; do echo i=$i j=$j; done
+.Ed
+.It
+.Ic test .
+In POSIX mode, the expression
+.Sq Fl t
+(preceded by some number of
+.Sq \&!
+arguments) is always true as it is a non-zero length string;
+in non-POSIX mode, it tests if file descriptor 1 is a
+.Xr tty 4
+(i.e. the
+.Ar fd
+argument to the
+.Fl t
+test may be left out and defaults to 1).
+.El
+.Ss Strict Bourne shell mode
+When the
+.Ic sh
+option is enabled (see the
+.Ic set
+command),
+.Nm
+will behave like
+.Xr sh 1
+in the following ways:
+.Bl -bullet
+.It
+The parameter
+.Ic $_
+is not set to:
+.Pp
+.Bl -dash -compact
+.It
+the expanded alias' full program path after entering commands
+that are tracked aliases
+.It
+the last argument on the command line after entering external
+commands
+.It
+the file that changed when
+.Ev MAILPATH
+is set to monitor a mailbox
+.El
+.It
+File descriptors are left untouched when executing
+.Ic exec
+with no arguments.
+.It
+Backslash-escaped special characters are not substituted in
+.Ev PS1 .
+.It
+Sequences of
+.Sq ((...))
+are not interpreted as arithmetic expressions.
+.El
+.Ss Command execution
+After evaluation of command-line arguments, redirections, and parameter
+assignments, the type of command is determined: a special built-in, a
+function, a regular built-in, or the name of a file to execute found using the
+.Ev PATH
+parameter.
+The checks are made in the above order.
+Special built-in commands differ from other commands in that the
+.Ev PATH
+parameter is not used to find them, an error during their execution can
+cause a non-interactive shell to exit, and parameter assignments that are
+specified before the command are kept after the command completes.
+Just to confuse things, if the
+.Ic posix
+option is turned off (see the
+.Ic set
+command below), some special commands are very special in that no field
+splitting, file globbing, brace expansion, nor tilde expansion is performed
+on arguments that look like assignments.
+Regular built-in commands are different only in that the
+.Ev PATH
+parameter is not used to find them.
+.Pp
+The original
+.Nm ksh
+and POSIX differ somewhat in which commands are considered
+special or regular:
+.Pp
+POSIX special commands
+.Pp
+.Ic \&. , \&: , break , continue ,
+.Ic eval , exec , exit , export ,
+.Ic readonly , return , set , shift ,
+.Ic times , trap , unset
+.Pp
+Additional
+.Nm
+special commands
+.Pp
+.Ic builtin , typeset
+.Pp
+Very special commands
+.Pq when POSIX mode is off
+.Pp
+.Ic alias , readonly , set , typeset
+.Pp
+POSIX regular commands
+.Pp
+.Ic alias , bg , cd , command ,
+.Ic false , fc , fg , getopts ,
+.Ic jobs , kill , pwd , read ,
+.Ic true , umask , unalias , wait
+.Pp
+Additional
+.Nm
+regular commands
+.Pp
+.Ic \&[ , echo , let ,
+.Ic print , suspend , test ,
+.Ic ulimit , whence
+.Pp
+In the future, the additional
+.Nm
+special and regular commands may be treated
+differently from the POSIX special and regular commands.
+.Pp
+Once the type of command has been determined, any command-line parameter
+assignments are performed and exported for the duration of the command.
+.Pp
+The following describes the special and regular built-in commands:
+.Pp
+.Bl -tag -width Ds -compact
+.It Ic \&. Ar file Op Ar arg ...
+Execute the commands in
+.Ar file
+in the current environment.
+The file is searched for in the directories of
+.Ev PATH .
+If arguments are given, the positional parameters may be used to access them
+while
+.Ar file
+is being executed.
+If no arguments are given, the positional parameters are
+those of the environment the command is used in.
+.Pp
+.It Ic \&: Op Ar ...
+The null command.
+Exit status is set to zero.
+.Pp
+.It Xo Ic alias
+.Oo Fl d | t Oo Fl r Oc |
+.Cm +-x Oc
+.Op Fl p
+.Op Cm +
+.Oo Ar name
+.Op Ns = Ns Ar value
+.Ar ... Oc
+.Xc
+Without arguments,
+.Ic alias
+lists all aliases.
+For any name without a value, the existing alias is listed.
+Any name with a value defines an alias (see
+.Sx Aliases
+above).
+.Pp
+When listing aliases, one of two formats is used.
+Normally, aliases are listed as
+.Ar name Ns = Ns Ar value ,
+where
+.Ar value
+is quoted.
+If options were preceded with
+.Ql + ,
+or a lone
+.Ql +
+is given on the command line, only
+.Ar name
+is printed.
+.Pp
+The
+.Fl d
+option causes directory aliases, which are used in tilde expansion, to be
+listed or set (see
+.Sx Tilde expansion
+above).
+.Pp
+If the
+.Fl p
+option is used, each alias is prefixed with the string
+.Dq alias\ \& .
+.Pp
+The
+.Fl t
+option indicates that tracked aliases are to be listed/set (values specified on
+the command line are ignored for tracked aliases).
+The
+.Fl r
+option indicates that all tracked aliases are to be reset.
+.Pp
+The
+.Fl x
+option sets
+.Pq Ic +x No clears
+the export attribute of an alias or, if no names are given, lists the aliases
+with the export attribute (exporting an alias has no effect).
+.Pp
+.It Ic bg Op Ar job ...
+Resume the specified stopped job(s) in the background.
+If no jobs are specified,
+.Ic %+
+is assumed.
+See
+.Sx Job control
+below for more information.
+.Pp
+.It Ic bind Op Fl l
+The current bindings are listed.
+If the
+.Fl l
+flag is given,
+.Ic bind
+instead lists the names of the functions to which keys may be bound.
+See
+.Sx Emacs editing mode
+for more information.
+.Pp
+.It Xo Ic bind Op Fl m
+.Ar string Ns = Ns Op Ar substitute
+.Ar ...
+.Xc
+.It Xo Ic bind
+.Ar string Ns = Ns Op Ar editing-command
+.Ar ...
+.Xc
+The specified editing command is bound to the given
+.Ar string ,
+which should consist of a control character
+optionally preceded by one of the two prefix characters.
+Future input of the
+.Ar string
+will cause the editing command to be immediately invoked.
+If the
+.Fl m
+flag is given, the specified input
+.Ar string
+will afterwards be immediately replaced by the given
+.Ar substitute
+string, which may contain editing commands.
+.Pp
+Control characters may be written using caret notation
+i.e. ^X represents Control-X.
+Multi-character sequences are supported.
+.Pp
+The following default bindings show how the arrow keys
+on an ANSI terminal or xterm are bound
+(of course some escape sequences won't work out quite this nicely):
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+bind '^[[A'=up-history
+bind '^[[B'=down-history
+bind '^[[C'=forward-char
+bind '^[[D'=backward-char
+.Ed
+.Pp
+.It Ic break Op Ar level
+Exit the
+.Ar level Ns th
+inner-most
+.Ic for ,
+.Ic select ,
+.Ic until ,
+or
+.Ic while
+loop.
+.Ar level
+defaults to 1.
+.Pp
+.It Ic builtin Ar command Op Ar arg ...
+Execute the built-in command
+.Ar command .
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic cd
+.Op Fl LP
+.Op Ar dir
+.Xc
+Set the working directory to
+.Ar dir .
+If the parameter
+.Ev CDPATH
+is set, it lists the search path for the directory containing
+.Ar dir .
+A
+.Dv NULL
+path means the current directory.
+If
+.Ar dir
+is found in any component of the
+.Ev CDPATH
+search path other than the
+.Dv NULL
+path, the name of the new working directory will be written to standard output.
+If
+.Ar dir
+is missing, the home directory
+.Ev HOME
+is used.
+If
+.Ar dir
+is
+.Ql - ,
+the previous working directory is used (see the
+.Ev OLDPWD
+parameter).
+.Pp
+If the
+.Fl L
+option (logical path) is used or if the
+.Ic physical
+option isn't set (see the
+.Ic set
+command below), references to
+.Sq ..
+in
+.Ar dir
+are relative to the path used to get to the directory.
+If the
+.Fl P
+option (physical path) is used or if the
+.Ic physical
+option is set,
+.Sq ..
+is relative to the filesystem directory tree.
+The
+.Ev PWD
+and
+.Ev OLDPWD
+parameters are updated to reflect the current and old working directory,
+respectively.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic cd
+.Op Fl LP
+.Ar old new
+.Xc
+The string
+.Ar new
+is substituted for
+.Ar old
+in the current directory, and the shell attempts to change to the new
+directory.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic command
+.Op Fl pVv
+.Ar cmd
+.Op Ar arg ...
+.Xc
+If neither the
+.Fl v
+nor
+.Fl V
+option is given,
+.Ar cmd
+is executed exactly as if
+.Ic command
+had not been specified, with two exceptions:
+firstly,
+.Ar cmd
+cannot be an alias or a shell function;
+and secondly, special built-in commands lose their specialness
+(i.e. redirection and utility errors do not cause the shell to
+exit, and command assignments are not permanent).
+.Pp
+If the
+.Fl p
+option is given, a default search path is used instead of the current value of
+.Ev PATH
+(the actual value of the default path is system dependent: on
+POSIX-ish systems, it is the value returned by
+.Ic getconf PATH ) .
+Nevertheless, reserved words, aliases, shell functions, and
+builtin commands are still found before external commands.
+.Pp
+If the
+.Fl v
+option is given, instead of executing
+.Ar cmd ,
+information about what would be executed is given (and the same is done for
+.Ar arg ... ) .
+For special and regular built-in commands and functions, their names are simply
+printed; for aliases, a command that defines them is printed; and for commands
+found by searching the
+.Ev PATH
+parameter, the full path of the command is printed.
+If no command is found
+(i.e. the path search fails), nothing is printed and
+.Ic command
+exits with a non-zero status.
+The
+.Fl V
+option is like the
+.Fl v
+option, except it is more verbose.
+.Pp
+.It Ic continue Op Ar level
+Jumps to the beginning of the
+.Ar level Ns th
+inner-most
+.Ic for ,
+.Ic select ,
+.Ic until ,
+or
+.Ic while
+loop.
+.Ar level
+defaults to 1.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic echo
+.Op Fl Een
+.Op Ar arg ...
+.Xc
+Prints its arguments (separated by spaces) followed by a newline, to the
+standard output.
+The newline is suppressed if any of the arguments contain the
+backslash sequence
+.Ql \ec .
+See the
+.Ic print
+command below for a list of other backslash sequences that are recognized.
+.Pp
+The options are provided for compatibility with
+.Bx
+shell scripts.
+The
+.Fl n
+option suppresses the trailing newline,
+.Fl e
+enables backslash interpretation (a no-op, since this is normally done), and
+.Fl E
+suppresses backslash interpretation.
+If the
+.Ic posix
+option is set, only the first argument is treated as an option, and only
+if it is exactly
+.Dq -n .
+.Pp
+.It Ic eval Ar command ...
+The arguments are concatenated (with spaces between them) to form a single
+string which the shell then parses and executes in the current environment.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic exec
+.Op Ar command Op Ar arg ...
+.Xc
+The command is executed without forking, replacing the shell process.
+.Pp
+If no command is given except for I/O redirection, the I/O redirection is
+permanent and the shell is
+not replaced.
+Any file descriptors greater than 2 which are opened or
+.Xr dup 2 Ns 'd
+in this way are not made available to other executed commands (i.e. commands
+that are not built-in to the shell).
+Note that the Bourne shell differs here;
+it does pass these file descriptors on.
+.Pp
+.It Ic exit Op Ar status
+The shell exits with the specified exit status.
+If
+.Ar status
+is not specified, the exit status is the current value of the
+.Ic $?\&
+parameter.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic export
+.Op Fl p
+.Op Ar parameter Ns Op = Ns Ar value
+.Xc
+Sets the export attribute of the named parameters.
+Exported parameters are passed in the environment to executed commands.
+If values are specified, the named parameters are also assigned.
+.Pp
+If no parameters are specified, the names of all parameters with the export
+attribute are printed one per line, unless the
+.Fl p
+option is used, in which case
+.Ic export
+commands defining all exported parameters, including their values, are printed.
+.Pp
+.It Ic false
+A command that exits with a non-zero status.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic fc
+.Oo
+.Fl e Ar editor |
+.Fl l Op Fl n
+.Oc
+.Op Fl r
+.Op Ar first Op Ar last
+.Xc
+Fix command.
+.Ar first
+and
+.Ar last
+select commands from the history.
+Commands can be selected by history number
+or a string specifying the most recent command starting with that string.
+The
+.Fl l
+option lists the command on standard output, and
+.Fl n
+inhibits the default command numbers.
+The
+.Fl r
+option reverses the order of the list.
+Without
+.Fl l ,
+the selected commands are edited by the editor specified with the
+.Fl e
+option, or if no
+.Fl e
+is specified, the editor specified by the
+.Ev FCEDIT
+parameter (if this parameter is not set,
+.Pa /bin/ed
+is used), and then executed by the shell.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic fc Fl s
+.Op Fl g
+.Op Ar old Ns = Ns Ar new
+.Op Ar prefix
+.Xc
+Re-execute the most recent command beginning with
+.Ar prefix ,
+or the previous command if no
+.Ar prefix
+is specified,
+performing the optional substitution of
+.Ar old
+with
+.Ar new .
+If
+.Fl g
+is specified, all occurrences of
+.Ar old
+are replaced with
+.Ar new .
+The editor is not invoked when the
+.Fl s
+flag is used.
+The obsolescent equivalent
+.Dq Fl e No -
+is also accepted.
+This command is usually accessed with the predefined
+.Ic alias r='fc -s' .
+.Pp
+.It Ic fg Op Ar job ...
+Resume the specified job(s) in the foreground.
+If no jobs are specified,
+.Ic %+
+is assumed.
+See
+.Sx Job control
+below for more information.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic getopts
+.Ar optstring name
+.Op Ar arg ...
+.Xc
+Used by shell procedures to parse the specified arguments (or positional
+parameters, if no arguments are given) and to check for legal options.
+.Ar optstring
+contains the option letters that
+.Ic getopts
+is to recognize.
+If a letter is followed by a colon, the option is expected to
+have an argument.
+Options that do not take arguments may be grouped in a single argument.
+If an option takes an argument and the option character is not the
+last character of the argument it is found in, the remainder of the argument is
+taken to be the option's argument; otherwise, the next argument is the option's
+argument.
+.Pp
+Each time
+.Ic getopts
+is invoked, it places the next option in the shell parameter
+.Ar name
+and the index of the argument to be processed by the next call to
+.Ic getopts
+in the shell parameter
+.Ev OPTIND .
+If the option was introduced with a
+.Ql + ,
+the option placed in
+.Ar name
+is prefixed with a
+.Ql + .
+When an option requires an argument,
+.Ic getopts
+places it in the shell parameter
+.Ev OPTARG .
+.Pp
+When an illegal option or a missing option argument is encountered, a question
+mark or a colon is placed in
+.Ar name
+(indicating an illegal option or missing argument, respectively) and
+.Ev OPTARG
+is set to the option character that caused the problem.
+Furthermore, if
+.Ar optstring
+does not begin with a colon, a question mark is placed in
+.Ar name ,
+.Ev OPTARG
+is unset, and an error message is printed to standard error.
+.Pp
+When the end of the options is encountered,
+.Ic getopts
+exits with a non-zero exit status.
+Options end at the first (non-option
+argument) argument that does not start with a
+.Ql - ,
+or when a
+.Ql --
+argument is encountered.
+.Pp
+Option parsing can be reset by setting
+.Ev OPTIND
+to 1 (this is done automatically whenever the shell or a shell procedure is
+invoked).
+.Pp
+Warning: Changing the value of the shell parameter
+.Ev OPTIND
+to a value other than 1, or parsing different sets of arguments without
+resetting
+.Ev OPTIND ,
+may lead to unexpected results.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic hash
+.Op Fl r
+.Op Ar name ...
+.Xc
+Without arguments, any hashed executable command pathnames are listed.
+The
+.Fl r
+option causes all hashed commands to be removed from the hash table.
+Each
+.Ar name
+is searched as if it were a command name and added to the hash table if it is
+an executable command.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic jobs
+.Op Fl lnp
+.Op Ar job ...
+.Xc
+Display information about the specified job(s); if no jobs are specified, all
+jobs are displayed.
+The
+.Fl n
+option causes information to be displayed only for jobs that have changed
+state since the last notification.
+If the
+.Fl l
+option is used, the process ID of each process in a job is also listed.
+The
+.Fl p
+option causes only the process group of each job to be printed.
+See
+.Sx Job control
+below for the format of
+.Ar job
+and the displayed job.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic kill
+.Oo Fl s Ar signame |
+.No - Ns Ar signum |
+.No - Ns Ar signame Oc
+.No { Ar job | pid | pgrp No }
+.Ar ...
+.Xc
+Send the specified signal to the specified jobs, process IDs, or process
+groups.
+If no signal is specified, the
+.Dv TERM
+signal is sent.
+If a job is specified, the signal is sent to the job's process group.
+See
+.Sx Job control
+below for the format of
+.Ar job .
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic kill
+.Fl l
+.Op Ar exit-status ...
+.Xc
+Print the signal name corresponding to
+.Ar exit-status .
+If no arguments are specified, a list of all the signals, their numbers, and
+a short description of them are printed.
+.Pp
+.It Ic let Op Ar expression ...
+Each expression is evaluated (see
+.Sx Arithmetic expressions
+above).
+If all expressions are successfully evaluated, the exit status is 0 (1)
+if the last expression evaluated to non-zero (zero).
+If an error occurs during
+the parsing or evaluation of an expression, the exit status is greater than 1.
+Since expressions may need to be quoted,
+.No (( Ar expr No ))
+is syntactic sugar for
+.No let \&" Ns Ar expr Ns \&" .
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic print
+.Oo
+.Fl nprsu Ns Oo Ar n Oc |
+.Fl R Op Fl en
+.Oc
+.Op Ar argument ...
+.Xc
+.Ic print
+prints its arguments on the standard output, separated by spaces and
+terminated with a newline.
+The
+.Fl n
+option suppresses the newline.
+By default, certain C escapes are translated.
+These include
+.Ql \eb ,
+.Ql \ef ,
+.Ql \en ,
+.Ql \er ,
+.Ql \et ,
+.Ql \ev ,
+and
+.Ql \e0###
+.Po
+.Ql #
+is an octal digit, of which there may be 0 to 3
+.Pc .
+.Ql \ec
+is equivalent to using the
+.Fl n
+option.
+.Ql \e
+expansion may be inhibited with the
+.Fl r
+option.
+The
+.Fl s
+option prints to the history file instead of standard output; the
+.Fl u
+option prints to file descriptor
+.Ar n
+.Po
+.Ar n
+defaults to 1 if omitted
+.Pc ;
+and the
+.Fl p
+option prints to the co-process (see
+.Sx Co-processes
+above).
+.Pp
+The
+.Fl R
+option is used to emulate, to some degree, the
+.Bx
+.Xr echo 1
+command, which does not process
+.Ql \e
+sequences unless the
+.Fl e
+option is given.
+As above, the
+.Fl n
+option suppresses the trailing newline.
+.Pp
+.It Ic pwd Op Fl LP
+Print the present working directory.
+If the
+.Fl L
+option is used or if the
+.Ic physical
+option isn't set (see the
+.Ic set
+command below), the logical path is printed (i.e. the path used to
+.Ic cd
+to the current directory).
+If the
+.Fl P
+option (physical path) is used or if the
+.Ic physical
+option is set, the path determined from the filesystem (by following
+.Sq ..
+directories to the root directory) is printed.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic read
+.Op Fl prsu Ns Op Ar n
+.Op Ar parameter ...
+.Xc
+Reads a line of input from the standard input, separates the line into fields
+using the
+.Ev IFS
+parameter (see
+.Sx Substitution
+above), and assigns each field to the specified parameters.
+If there are more parameters than fields, the extra parameters are set to
+.Dv NULL ,
+or alternatively, if there are more fields than parameters, the last parameter
+is assigned the remaining fields (inclusive of any separating spaces).
+If no parameters are specified, the
+.Ev REPLY
+parameter is used.
+If the input line ends in a backslash and the
+.Fl r
+option was not used, the backslash and the newline are stripped and more input
+is read.
+If no input is read,
+.Ic read
+exits with a non-zero status.
+.Pp
+The first parameter may have a question mark and a string appended to it, in
+which case the string is used as a prompt (printed to standard error before
+any input is read) if the input is a
+.Xr tty 4
+(e.g.\&
+.Ic read nfoo?'number of foos: ' ) .
+.Pp
+The
+.Fl u Ns Ar n
+and
+.Fl p
+options cause input to be read from file descriptor
+.Ar n
+.Pf ( Ar n
+defaults to 0 if omitted)
+or the current co-process (see
+.Sx Co-processes
+above for comments on this), respectively.
+If the
+.Fl s
+option is used, input is saved to the history file.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic readonly
+.Op Fl p
+.Oo Ar parameter
+.Op Ns = Ns Ar value
+.Ar ... Oc
+.Xc
+Sets the read-only attribute of the named parameters.
+If values are given,
+parameters are set to them before setting the attribute.
+Once a parameter is
+made read-only, it cannot be unset and its value cannot be changed.
+.Pp
+If no parameters are specified, the names of all parameters with the read-only
+attribute are printed one per line, unless the
+.Fl p
+option is used, in which case
+.Ic readonly
+commands defining all read-only parameters, including their values, are
+printed.
+.Pp
+.It Ic return Op Ar status
+Returns from a function or
+.Ic .\&
+script, with exit status
+.Ar status .
+If no
+.Ar status
+is given, the exit status of the last executed command is used.
+If used outside of a function or
+.Ic .\&
+script, it has the same effect as
+.Ic exit .
+Note that
+.Nm ksh
+treats both profile and
+.Ev ENV
+files as
+.Ic .\&
+scripts, while the original Korn shell only treats profiles as
+.Ic .\&
+scripts.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic set Op Ic +-abCefhkmnpsuvXx
+.Op Ic +-o Ar option
+.Op Ic +-A Ar name
+.Op Fl -
+.Op Ar arg ...
+.Xc
+The
+.Ic set
+command can be used to set
+.Pq Ic -
+or clear
+.Pq Ic +
+shell options, set the positional parameters, or set an array parameter.
+Options can be changed using the
+.Cm +-o Ar option
+syntax, where
+.Ar option
+is the long name of an option, or using the
+.Cm +- Ns Ar letter
+syntax, where
+.Ar letter
+is the option's single letter name (not all options have a single letter name).
+The following table lists both option letters (if they exist) and long names
+along with a description of what the option does:
+.Bl -tag -width 15n
+.It Fl A Ar name
+Sets the elements of the array parameter
+.Ar name
+to
+.Ar arg ...
+If
+.Fl A
+is used, the array is reset (i.e. emptied) first; if
+.Ic +A
+is used, the first N elements are set (where N is the number of arguments);
+the rest are left untouched.
+.It Fl a | Ic allexport
+All new parameters are created with the export attribute.
+.It Fl b | Ic notify
+Print job notification messages asynchronously, instead of just before the
+prompt.
+Only used if job control is enabled
+.Pq Fl m .
+.It Fl C | Ic noclobber
+Prevent > redirection from overwriting existing files.
+Instead, >| must be used to force an overwrite.
+.It Fl e | Ic errexit
+Exit (after executing the
+.Dv ERR
+trap) as soon as an error occurs or a command fails (i.e. exits with a
+non-zero status).
+This does not apply to commands whose exit status is
+explicitly tested by a shell construct such as
+.Ic if ,
+.Ic until ,
+.Ic while ,
+or
+.Ic !\&
+statements.
+For
+.Ic &&
+or
+.Ic || ,
+only the status of the last command is tested.
+.It Fl f | Ic noglob
+Do not expand file name patterns.
+.It Fl h | Ic trackall
+Create tracked aliases for all executed commands (see
+.Sx Aliases
+above).
+Enabled by default for non-interactive shells.
+.It Fl k | Ic keyword
+Parameter assignments are recognized anywhere in a command.
+.It Fl m | Ic monitor
+Enable job control (default for interactive shells).
+.It Fl n | Ic noexec
+Do not execute any commands.
+Useful for checking the syntax of scripts
+(ignored if interactive).
+.It Fl p | Ic privileged
+The shell is a privileged shell.
+It is set automatically if, when the shell starts,
+the real UID or GID does not match
+the effective UID (EUID) or GID (EGID), respectively.
+See above for a description of what this means.
+.It Fl s | Ic stdin
+If used when the shell is invoked, commands are read from standard input.
+Set automatically if the shell is invoked with no arguments.
+.Pp
+When
+.Fl s
+is used with the
+.Ic set
+command it causes the specified arguments to be sorted before assigning them to
+the positional parameters (or to array
+.Ar name ,
+if
+.Fl A
+is used).
+.It Fl u | Ic nounset
+Referencing of an unset parameter is treated as an error, unless one of the
+.Ql - ,
+.Ql + ,
+or
+.Ql =
+modifiers is used.
+.It Fl v | Ic verbose
+Write shell input to standard error as it is read.
+.It Fl X | Ic markdirs
+Mark directories with a trailing
+.Ql /
+during file name generation.
+.It Fl x | Ic xtrace
+Print commands and parameter assignments when they are executed, preceded by
+the value of
+.Ev PS4 .
+.It Ic bgnice
+Background jobs are run with lower priority.
+.It Ic braceexpand
+Enable brace expansion (a.k.a. alternation).
+.It Ic csh-history
+Enables a subset of
+.Xr csh 1 Ns -style
+history editing using the
+.Ql !\&
+character.
+.It Ic emacs
+Enable BRL emacs-like command-line editing (interactive shells only); see
+.Sx Emacs editing mode .
+.It Ic emacs-usemeta
+In emacs command-line editing, use the 8th bit as meta (^[) prefix.
+This is the default.
+.It Ic gmacs
+Enable gmacs-like command-line editing (interactive shells only).
+Currently identical to emacs editing except that transpose (^T) acts slightly
+differently.
+.It Ic ignoreeof
+The shell will not (easily) exit when end-of-file is read;
+.Ic exit
+must be used.
+To avoid infinite loops, the shell will exit if
+.Dv EOF
+is read 13 times in a row.
+.It Ic interactive
+The shell is an interactive shell.
+This option can only be used when the shell is invoked.
+See above for a description of what this means.
+.It Ic login
+The shell is a login shell.
+This option can only be used when the shell is invoked.
+See above for a description of what this means.
+.It Ic nohup
+Do not kill running jobs with a
+.Dv SIGHUP
+signal when a login shell exits.
+Currently set by default, but this will
+change in the future to be compatible with the original Korn shell (which
+doesn't have this option, but does send the
+.Dv SIGHUP
+signal).
+.It Ic nolog
+No effect.
+In the original Korn shell, this prevents function definitions from
+being stored in the history file.
+.It Ic physical
+Causes the
+.Ic cd
+and
+.Ic pwd
+commands to use
+.Dq physical
+(i.e. the filesystem's)
+.Sq ..
+directories instead of
+.Dq logical
+directories (i.e. the shell handles
+.Sq .. ,
+which allows the user to be oblivious of symbolic links to directories).
+Clear by default.
+Note that setting this option does not affect the current value of the
+.Ev PWD
+parameter; only the
+.Ic cd
+command changes
+.Ev PWD .
+See the
+.Ic cd
+and
+.Ic pwd
+commands above for more details.
+.It Ic posix
+Enable POSIX mode.
+See
+.Sx POSIX mode
+above.
+.It Ic restricted
+The shell is a restricted shell.
+This option can only be used when the shell is invoked.
+See above for a description of what this means.
+.It Ic sh
+Enable strict Bourne shell mode (see
+.Sx Strict Bourne shell mode
+above).
+.It Ic vi
+Enable
+.Xr vi 1 Ns -like
+command-line editing (interactive shells only).
+.It Ic vi-esccomplete
+In vi command-line editing, do command and file name completion when escape
+(^[) is entered in command mode.
+.It Ic vi-show8
+Prefix characters with the eighth bit set with
+.Sq M- .
+If this option is not set, characters in the range 128\-160 are printed as is,
+which may cause problems.
+.It Ic vi-tabcomplete
+In vi command-line editing, do command and file name completion when tab (^I)
+is entered in insert mode.
+This is the default.
+.It Ic viraw
+No effect.
+In the original Korn shell, unless
+.Ic viraw
+was set, the vi command-line mode would let the
+.Xr tty 4
+driver do the work until ESC (^[) was entered.
+.Nm ksh
+is always in viraw mode.
+.El
+.Pp
+These options can also be used upon invocation of the shell.
+The current set of
+options (with single letter names) can be found in the parameter
+.Sq $- .
+.Ic set Fl o
+with no option name will list all the options and whether each is on or off;
+.Ic set +o
+will print the current shell options in a form that
+can be reinput to the shell to achieve the same option settings.
+.Pp
+Remaining arguments, if any, are positional parameters and are assigned, in
+order, to the positional parameters (i.e. $1, $2, etc.).
+If options end with
+.Ql --
+and there are no remaining arguments, all positional parameters are cleared.
+If no options or arguments are given, the values of all names are printed.
+For unknown historical reasons, a lone
+.Ql -
+option is treated specially \- it clears both the
+.Fl x
+and
+.Fl v
+options.
+.Pp
+.It Ic shift Op Ar number
+The positional parameters
+.Ar number Ns +1 ,
+.Ar number Ns +2 ,
+etc. are renamed to
+.Sq 1 ,
+.Sq 2 ,
+etc.
+.Ar number
+defaults to 1.
+.Pp
+.It Ic suspend
+Stops the shell as if it had received the suspend character from
+the terminal.
+It is not possible to suspend a login shell unless the parent process
+is a member of the same terminal session but is a member of a different
+process group.
+As a general rule, if the shell was started by another shell or via
+.Xr su 1 ,
+it can be suspended.
+.Pp
+.It Ic test Ar expression
+.It Ic \&[ Ar expression Ic \&]
+.Ic test
+evaluates the
+.Ar expression
+and returns zero status if true, 1 if false, or greater than 1 if there
+was an error.
+It is normally used as the condition command of
+.Ic if
+and
+.Ic while
+statements.
+Symbolic links are followed for all
+.Ar file
+expressions except
+.Fl h
+and
+.Fl L .
+.Pp
+The following basic expressions are available:
+.Bl -tag -width 17n
+.It Fl a Ar file
+.Ar file
+exists.
+.It Fl b Ar file
+.Ar file
+is a block special device.
+.It Fl c Ar file
+.Ar file
+is a character special device.
+.It Fl d Ar file
+.Ar file
+is a directory.
+.It Fl e Ar file
+.Ar file
+exists.
+.It Fl f Ar file
+.Ar file
+is a regular file.
+.It Fl G Ar file
+.Ar file Ns 's
+group is the shell's effective group ID.
+.It Fl g Ar file
+.Ar file Ns 's
+mode has the setgid bit set.
+.It Fl h Ar file
+.Ar file
+is a symbolic link.
+.It Fl k Ar file
+.Ar file Ns 's
+mode has the
+.Xr sticky 8
+bit set.
+.It Fl L Ar file
+.Ar file
+is a symbolic link.
+.It Fl O Ar file
+.Ar file Ns 's
+owner is the shell's effective user ID.
+.It Fl o Ar option
+Shell
+.Ar option
+is set (see the
+.Ic set
+command above for a list of options).
+As a non-standard extension, if the option starts with a
+.Ql \&! ,
+the test is negated; the test always fails if
+.Ar option
+doesn't exist (so [ -o foo -o -o !foo ] returns true if and only if option
+.Ar foo
+exists).
+.It Fl p Ar file
+.Ar file
+is a named pipe.
+.It Fl r Ar file
+.Ar file
+exists and is readable.
+.It Fl S Ar file
+.Ar file
+is a
+.Xr unix 4 Ns -domain
+socket.
+.It Fl s Ar file
+.Ar file
+is not empty.
+.It Fl t Op Ar fd
+File descriptor
+.Ar fd
+is a
+.Xr tty 4
+device.
+If the
+.Ic posix
+option is not set,
+.Ar fd
+may be left out, in which case it is taken to be 1 (the behaviour differs due
+to the special POSIX rules described above).
+.It Fl u Ar file
+.Ar file Ns 's
+mode has the setuid bit set.
+.It Fl w Ar file
+.Ar file
+exists and is writable.
+.It Fl x Ar file
+.Ar file
+exists and is executable.
+.It Ar file1 Fl nt Ar file2
+.Ar file1
+is newer than
+.Ar file2
+or
+.Ar file1
+exists and
+.Ar file2
+does not.
+.It Ar file1 Fl ot Ar file2
+.Ar file1
+is older than
+.Ar file2
+or
+.Ar file2
+exists and
+.Ar file1
+does not.
+.It Ar file1 Fl ef Ar file2
+.Ar file1
+is the same file as
+.Ar file2 .
+.It Ar string
+.Ar string
+has non-zero length.
+.It Fl n Ar string
+.Ar string
+is not empty.
+.It Fl z Ar string
+.Ar string
+is empty.
+.It Ar string No = Ar string
+Strings are equal.
+.It Ar string No == Ar string
+Strings are equal.
+.It Ar string No != Ar string
+Strings are not equal.
+.It Ar number Fl eq Ar number
+Numbers compare equal.
+.It Ar number Fl ne Ar number
+Numbers compare not equal.
+.It Ar number Fl ge Ar number
+Numbers compare greater than or equal.
+.It Ar number Fl gt Ar number
+Numbers compare greater than.
+.It Ar number Fl le Ar number
+Numbers compare less than or equal.
+.It Ar number Fl \&lt Ar number
+Numbers compare less than.
+.El
+.Pp
+The above basic expressions, in which unary operators have precedence over
+binary operators, may be combined with the following operators (listed in
+increasing order of precedence):
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+expr -o expr Logical OR.
+expr -a expr Logical AND.
+! expr Logical NOT.
+( expr ) Grouping.
+.Ed
+.Pp
+On operating systems not supporting
+.Pa /dev/fd/ Ns Ar n
+devices (where
+.Ar n
+is a file descriptor number), the
+.Ic test
+command will attempt to fake it for all tests that operate on files (except the
+.Fl e
+test).
+For example,
+[ -w /dev/fd/2 ] tests if file descriptor 2 is writable.
+.Pp
+Note that some special rules are applied (courtesy of POSIX)
+if the number of
+arguments to
+.Ic test
+or
+.Ic \&[ ... \&]
+is less than five: if leading
+.Ql \&!
+arguments can be stripped such that only one argument remains then a string
+length test is performed (again, even if the argument is a unary operator); if
+leading
+.Ql \&!
+arguments can be stripped such that three arguments remain and the second
+argument is a binary operator, then the binary operation is performed (even
+if the first argument is a unary operator, including an unstripped
+.Ql \&! ) .
+.Pp
+.Sy Note :
+A common mistake is to use
+.Dq if \&[ $foo = bar \&]
+which fails if parameter
+.Dq foo
+is
+.Dv NULL
+or unset, if it has embedded spaces (i.e.\&
+.Ev IFS
+characters), or if it is a unary operator like
+.Sq \&!
+or
+.Sq Fl n .
+Use tests like
+.Dq if \&[ \&"X$foo\&" = Xbar \&]
+instead.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic time
+.Op Fl p
+.Op Ar pipeline
+.Xc
+If a
+.Ar pipeline
+is given, the times used to execute the pipeline are reported.
+If no pipeline
+is given, then the user and system time used by the shell itself, and all the
+commands it has run since it was started, are reported.
+The times reported are the real time (elapsed time from start to finish),
+the user CPU time (time spent running in user mode), and the system CPU time
+(time spent running in kernel mode).
+Times are reported to standard error; the format of the output is:
+.Pp
+.Dl "0m0.00s real 0m0.00s user 0m0.00s system"
+.Pp
+If the
+.Fl p
+option is given the output is slightly longer:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+real 0.00
+user 0.00
+sys 0.00
+.Ed
+.Pp
+It is an error to specify the
+.Fl p
+option unless
+.Ar pipeline
+is a simple command.
+.Pp
+Simple redirections of standard error do not affect the output of the
+.Ic time
+command:
+.Pp
+.Dl $ time sleep 1 2> afile
+.Dl $ { time sleep 1; } 2> afile
+.Pp
+Times for the first command do not go to
+.Dq afile ,
+but those of the second command do.
+.Pp
+.It Ic times
+Print the accumulated user and system times used both by the shell
+and by processes that the shell started which have exited.
+The format of the output is:
+.Bd -literal -offset indent
+0m0.00s 0m0.00s
+0m0.00s 0m0.00s
+.Ed
+.Pp
+.It Ic trap Op Ar handler signal ...
+Sets a trap handler that is to be executed when any of the specified signals are
+received.
+.Ar handler
+is either a
+.Dv NULL
+string, indicating the signals are to be ignored, a minus sign
+.Pq Sq - ,
+indicating that the default action is to be taken for the signals (see
+.Xr signal 3 ) ,
+or a string containing shell commands to be evaluated and executed at the first
+opportunity (i.e. when the current command completes, or before printing the
+next
+.Ev PS1
+prompt) after receipt of one of the signals.
+.Ar signal
+is the name of a signal (e.g.\&
+.Dv PIPE
+or
+.Dv ALRM )
+or the number of the signal (see the
+.Ic kill -l
+command above).
+.Pp
+There are two special signals:
+.Dv EXIT
+(also known as 0), which is executed when the shell is about to exit, and
+.Dv ERR ,
+which is executed after an error occurs (an error is something that would cause
+the shell to exit if the
+.Fl e
+or
+.Ic errexit
+option were set \- see the
+.Ic set
+command above).
+.Dv EXIT
+handlers are executed in the environment of the last executed command.
+Note
+that for non-interactive shells, the trap handler cannot be changed for signals
+that were ignored when the shell started.
+.Pp
+With no arguments,
+.Ic trap
+lists, as a series of
+.Ic trap
+commands, the current state of the traps that have been set since the shell
+started.
+Note that the output of
+.Ic trap
+cannot be usefully piped to another process (an artifact of the fact that
+traps are cleared when subprocesses are created).
+.Pp
+The original Korn shell's
+.Dv DEBUG
+trap and the handling of
+.Dv ERR
+and
+.Dv EXIT
+traps in functions are not yet implemented.
+.Pp
+.It Ic true
+A command that exits with a zero value.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic typeset
+.Oo
+.Op Ic +-lprtUux
+.Op Fl L Ns Op Ar n
+.Op Fl R Ns Op Ar n
+.Op Fl Z Ns Op Ar n
+.Op Fl i Ns Op Ar n
+.No \&| Fl f Op Fl tux
+.Oc
+.Oo
+.Ar name
+.Op Ns = Ns Ar value
+.Ar ...
+.Oc
+.Xc
+Display or set parameter attributes.
+With no
+.Ar name
+arguments, parameter attributes are displayed; if no options are used, the
+current attributes of all parameters are printed as
+.Ic typeset
+commands; if an option is given (or
+.Ql -
+with no option letter), all parameters and their values with the specified
+attributes are printed; if options are introduced with
+.Ql + ,
+parameter values are not printed.
+.Pp
+If
+.Ar name
+arguments are given, the attributes of the named parameters are set
+.Pq Ic -
+or cleared
+.Pq Ic + .
+Values for parameters may optionally be specified.
+If
+.Ic typeset
+is used inside a function, any newly created parameters are local to the
+function.
+.Pp
+When
+.Fl f
+is used,
+.Ic typeset
+operates on the attributes of functions.
+As with parameters, if no
+.Ar name
+arguments are given,
+functions are listed with their values (i.e. definitions) unless
+options are introduced with
+.Ql + ,
+in which case only the function names are reported.
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It Fl f
+Function mode.
+Display or set functions and their attributes, instead of parameters.
+.It Fl i Ns Op Ar n
+Integer attribute.
+.Ar n
+specifies the base to use when displaying the integer (if not specified, the
+base given in the first assignment is used).
+Parameters with this attribute may
+be assigned values containing arithmetic expressions.
+.It Fl L Ns Op Ar n
+Left justify attribute.
+.Ar n
+specifies the field width.
+If
+.Ar n
+is not specified, the current width of a parameter (or the width of its first
+assigned value) is used.
+Leading whitespace (and zeros, if used with the
+.Fl Z
+option) is stripped.
+If necessary, values are either truncated or space padded
+to fit the field width.
+.It Fl l
+Lower case attribute.
+All upper case characters in values are converted to lower case.
+(In the original Korn shell, this parameter meant
+.Dq long integer
+when used with the
+.Fl i
+option.)
+.It Fl p
+Print complete
+.Ic typeset
+commands that can be used to re-create the attributes (but not the values) of
+parameters.
+This is the default action (option exists for ksh93 compatibility).
+.It Fl R Ns Op Ar n
+Right justify attribute.
+.Ar n
+specifies the field width.
+If
+.Ar n
+is not specified, the current width of a parameter (or the width of its first
+assigned value) is used.
+Trailing whitespace is stripped.
+If necessary, values are either stripped of leading characters or space
+padded to make them fit the field width.
+.It Fl r
+Read-only attribute.
+Parameters with this attribute may not be assigned to or unset.
+Once this attribute is set, it cannot be turned off.
+.It Fl t
+Tag attribute.
+Has no meaning to the shell; provided for application use.
+.Pp
+For functions,
+.Fl t
+is the trace attribute.
+When functions with the trace attribute are executed, the
+.Ic xtrace
+.Pq Fl x
+shell option is temporarily turned on.
+.It Fl U
+Unsigned integer attribute.
+Integers are printed as unsigned values (only
+useful when combined with the
+.Fl i
+option).
+This option is not in the original Korn shell.
+.It Fl u
+Upper case attribute.
+All lower case characters in values are converted to upper case.
+(In the original Korn shell, this parameter meant
+.Dq unsigned integer
+when used with the
+.Fl i
+option, which meant upper case letters would never be used for bases greater
+than 10.
+See the
+.Fl U
+option.)
+.Pp
+For functions,
+.Fl u
+is the undefined attribute.
+See
+.Sx Functions
+above for the implications of this.
+.It Fl x
+Export attribute.
+Parameters (or functions) are placed in the environment of
+any executed commands.
+Exported functions are not yet implemented.
+.It Fl Z Ns Op Ar n
+Zero fill attribute.
+If not combined with
+.Fl L ,
+this is the same as
+.Fl R ,
+except zero padding is used instead of space padding.
+.El
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic ulimit
+.Op Fl acdfHlmnpSst Op Ar value
+.Ar ...
+.Xc
+Display or set process limits.
+If no options are used, the file size limit
+.Pq Fl f
+is assumed.
+.Ar value ,
+if specified, may be either an arithmetic expression starting with a
+number or the word
+.Dq unlimited .
+The limits affect the shell and any processes created by the shell after a
+limit is imposed; limits may not be increased once they are set.
+.Bl -tag -width 5n
+.It Fl a
+Display all limits; unless
+.Fl H
+is used, soft limits are displayed.
+.It Fl c Ar n
+Impose a size limit of
+.Ar n
+blocks on the size of core dumps.
+.It Fl d Ar n
+Impose a size limit of
+.Ar n
+kilobytes on the size of the data area.
+.It Fl f Ar n
+Impose a size limit of
+.Ar n
+blocks on files written by the shell and its child processes (files of any
+size may be read).
+.It Fl H
+Set the hard limit only (the default is to set both hard and soft limits).
+.It Fl l Ar n
+Impose a limit of
+.Ar n
+kilobytes on the amount of locked (wired) physical memory.
+.It Fl m Ar n
+Impose a limit of
+.Ar n
+kilobytes on the amount of physical memory used.
+.It Fl n Ar n
+Impose a limit of
+.Ar n
+file descriptors that can be open at once.
+.It Fl p Ar n
+Impose a limit of
+.Ar n
+processes that can be run by the user at any one time.
+.It Fl S
+Set the soft limit only (the default is to set both hard and soft limits).
+.It Fl s Ar n
+Impose a size limit of
+.Ar n
+kilobytes on the size of the stack area.
+.It Fl t Ar n
+Impose a time limit of
+.Ar n
+CPU seconds spent in user mode to be used by each process.
+.\".It Fl v Ar n
+.\"Impose a limit of
+.\"Ar n
+.\"kilobytes on the amount of virtual memory used.
+.El
+.Pp
+As far as
+.Ic ulimit
+is concerned, a block is 512 bytes.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic umask
+.Op Fl S
+.Op Ar mask
+.Xc
+Display or set the file permission creation mask, or umask (see
+.Xr umask 2 ) .
+If the
+.Fl S
+option is used, the mask displayed or set is symbolic; otherwise, it is an
+octal number.
+.Pp
+Symbolic masks are like those used by
+.Xr chmod 1 .
+When used, they describe what permissions may be made available (as opposed to
+octal masks in which a set bit means the corresponding bit is to be cleared).
+For example,
+.Dq ug=rwx,o=
+sets the mask so files will not be readable, writable, or executable by
+.Dq others ,
+and is equivalent (on most systems) to the octal mask
+.Dq 007 .
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic unalias
+.Op Fl adt
+.Op Ar name ...
+.Xc
+The aliases for the given names are removed.
+If the
+.Fl a
+option is used, all aliases are removed.
+If the
+.Fl t
+or
+.Fl d
+options are used, the indicated operations are carried out on tracked or
+directory aliases, respectively.
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic unset
+.Op Fl fv
+.Ar parameter ...
+.Xc
+Unset the named parameters
+.Po
+.Fl v ,
+the default
+.Pc
+or functions
+.Pq Fl f .
+The exit status is non-zero if any of the parameters have the read-only
+attribute set, zero otherwise.
+.Pp
+.It Ic wait Op Ar job ...
+Wait for the specified job(s) to finish.
+The exit status of
+.Ic wait
+is that of the last specified job; if the last job is killed by a signal, the
+exit status is 128 + the number of the signal (see
+.Ic kill -l Ar exit-status
+above); if the last specified job can't be found (because it never existed, or
+had already finished), the exit status of
+.Ic wait
+is 127.
+See
+.Sx Job control
+below for the format of
+.Ar job .
+.Ic wait
+will return if a signal for which a trap has been set is received, or if a
+.Dv SIGHUP ,
+.Dv SIGINT ,
+or
+.Dv SIGQUIT
+signal is received.
+.Pp
+If no jobs are specified,
+.Ic wait
+waits for all currently running jobs (if any) to finish and exits with a zero
+status.
+If job monitoring is enabled, the completion status of jobs is printed
+(this is not the case when jobs are explicitly specified).
+.Pp
+.It Xo
+.Ic whence
+.Op Fl pv
+.Op Ar name ...
+.Xc
+For each
+.Ar name ,
+the type of command is listed (reserved word, built-in, alias,
+function, tracked alias, or executable).
+If the
+.Fl p
+option is used, a path search is performed even if
+.Ar name
+is a reserved word, alias, etc.
+Without the
+.Fl v
+option,
+.Ic whence
+is similar to
+.Ic command Fl v
+except that
+.Ic whence
+won't print aliases as alias commands.
+With the
+.Fl v
+option,
+.Ic whence
+is the same as
+.Ic command Fl V .
+Note that for
+.Ic whence ,
+the
+.Fl p
+option does not affect the search path used, as it does for
+.Ic command .
+If the type of one or more of the names could not be determined, the exit
+status is non-zero.
+.El
+.Ss Job control
+Job control refers to the shell's ability to monitor and control jobs, which
+are processes or groups of processes created for commands or pipelines.
+At a minimum, the shell keeps track of the status of the background (i.e.\&
+asynchronous) jobs that currently exist; this information can be displayed
+using the
+.Ic jobs
+commands.
+If job control is fully enabled (using
+.Ic set -m
+or
+.Ic set -o monitor ) ,
+as it is for interactive shells, the processes of a job are placed in their
+own process group.
+Foreground jobs can be stopped by typing the suspend
+character from the terminal (normally ^Z), jobs can be restarted in either the
+foreground or background using the
+.Ic fg
+and
+.Ic bg
+commands, and the state of the terminal is saved or restored when a foreground
+job is stopped or restarted, respectively.
+.Pp
+Note that only commands that create processes (e.g. asynchronous commands,
+subshell commands, and non-built-in, non-function commands) can be stopped;
+commands like
+.Ic read
+cannot be.
+.Pp
+When a job is created, it is assigned a job number.
+For interactive shells, this number is printed inside
+.Dq [..] ,
+followed by the process IDs of the processes in the job when an asynchronous
+command is run.
+A job may be referred to in the
+.Ic bg ,
+.Ic fg ,
+.Ic jobs ,
+.Ic kill ,
+and
+.Ic wait
+commands either by the process ID of the last process in the command pipeline
+(as stored in the
+.Ic $!\&
+parameter) or by prefixing the job number with a percent
+sign
+.Pq Sq % .
+Other percent sequences can also be used to refer to jobs:
+.Bl -tag -width "%+ | %% | %XX"
+.It %+ | %% | %
+The most recently stopped job or, if there are no stopped jobs, the oldest
+running job.
+.It %-
+The job that would be the
+.Ic %+
+job if the latter did not exist.
+.It % Ns Ar n
+The job with job number
+.Ar n .
+.It %? Ns Ar string
+The job with its command containing the string
+.Ar string
+(an error occurs if multiple jobs are matched).
+.It % Ns Ar string
+The job with its command starting with the string
+.Ar string
+(an error occurs if multiple jobs are matched).
+.El
+.Pp
+When a job changes state (e.g. a background job finishes or foreground job is
+stopped), the shell prints the following status information:
+.Pp
+.D1 [ Ns Ar number ] Ar flag status command
+.Pp
+where...
+.Bl -tag -width "command"
+.It Ar number
+is the job number of the job;
+.It Ar flag
+is the
+.Ql +
+or
+.Ql -
+character if the job is the
+.Ic %+
+or
+.Ic %-
+job, respectively, or space if it is neither;
+.It Ar status
+indicates the current state of the job and can be:
+.Bl -tag -width "RunningXX"
+.It Done Op Ar number
+The job exited.
+.Ar number
+is the exit status of the job, which is omitted if the status is zero.
+.It Running
+The job has neither stopped nor exited (note that running does not necessarily
+mean consuming CPU time \-
+the process could be blocked waiting for some event).
+.It Stopped Op Ar signal
+The job was stopped by the indicated
+.Ar signal
+(if no signal is given, the job was stopped by
+.Dv SIGTSTP ) .
+.It Ar signal-description Op Dq core dumped
+The job was killed by a signal (e.g. memory fault, hangup); use
+.Ic kill -l
+for a list of signal descriptions.
+The
+.Dq core dumped
+message indicates the process created a core file.
+.El
+.It Ar command
+is the command that created the process.
+If there are multiple processes in
+the job, each process will have a line showing its
+.Ar command
+and possibly its
+.Ar status ,
+if it is different from the status of the previous process.
+.El
+.Pp
+When an attempt is made to exit the shell while there are jobs in the stopped
+state, the shell warns the user that there are stopped jobs and does not exit.
+If another attempt is immediately made to exit the shell, the stopped jobs are
+sent a
+.Dv SIGHUP
+signal and the shell exits.
+Similarly, if the
+.Ic nohup
+option is not set and there are running jobs when an attempt is made to exit
+a login shell, the shell warns the user and does not exit.
+If another attempt
+is immediately made to exit the shell, the running jobs are sent a
+.Dv SIGHUP
+signal and the shell exits.
+.Ss Interactive input line editing
+The shell supports three modes of reading command lines from a
+.Xr tty 4
+in an interactive session, controlled by the
+.Ic emacs ,
+.Ic gmacs ,
+and
+.Ic vi
+options (at most one of these can be set at once).
+The default is
+.Ic emacs .
+Editing modes can be set explicitly using the
+.Ic set
+built-in, or implicitly via the
+.Ev EDITOR
+and
+.Ev VISUAL
+environment variables.
+If none of these options are enabled,
+the shell simply reads lines using the normal
+.Xr tty 4
+driver.
+If the
+.Ic emacs
+or
+.Ic gmacs
+option is set, the shell allows emacs-like editing of the command; similarly,
+if the
+.Ic vi
+option is set, the shell allows vi-like editing of the command.
+These modes are described in detail in the following sections.
+.Pp
+In these editing modes, if a line is longer than the screen width (see the
+.Ev COLUMNS
+parameter),
+a
+.Ql > ,
+.Ql + ,
+or
+.Ql <
+character is displayed in the last column indicating that there are more
+characters after, before and after, or before the current position,
+respectively.
+The line is scrolled horizontally as necessary.
+.Ss Emacs editing mode
+When the
+.Ic emacs
+option is set, interactive input line editing is enabled.
+Warning: This mode is
+slightly different from the emacs mode in the original Korn shell.
+In this mode, various editing commands
+(typically bound to one or more control characters) cause immediate actions
+without waiting for a newline.
+Several editing commands are bound to particular
+control characters when the shell is invoked; these bindings can be changed
+using the
+.Ic bind
+command.
+.Pp
+The following is a list of available editing commands.
+Each description starts with the name of the command,
+suffixed with a colon;
+an
+.Op Ar n
+(if the command can be prefixed with a count); and any keys the command is
+bound to by default, written using caret notation
+e.g. the ASCII ESC character is written as ^[.
+^[A-Z] sequences are not case sensitive.
+A count prefix for a command is entered using the sequence
+.Pf ^[ Ar n ,
+where
+.Ar n
+is a sequence of 1 or more digits.
+Unless otherwise specified, if a count is
+omitted, it defaults to 1.
+.Pp
+Note that editing command names are used only with the
+.Ic bind
+command.
+Furthermore, many editing commands are useful only on terminals with
+a visible cursor.
+The default bindings were chosen to resemble corresponding
+Emacs key bindings.
+The user's
+.Xr tty 4
+characters (e.g.\&
+.Dv ERASE )
+are bound to
+reasonable substitutes and override the default bindings.
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It abort: ^C, ^G
+Useful as a response to a request for a
+.Ic search-history
+pattern in order to abort the search.
+.It auto-insert: Op Ar n
+Simply causes the character to appear as literal input.
+Most ordinary characters are bound to this.
+.It Xo backward-char:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^B , ^XD
+.Xc
+Moves the cursor backward
+.Ar n
+characters.
+.It Xo backward-word:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^[b
+.Xc
+Moves the cursor backward to the beginning of the word; words consist of
+alphanumerics, underscore
+.Pq Sq _ ,
+and dollar sign
+.Pq Sq $
+characters.
+.It beginning-of-history: ^[<
+Moves to the beginning of the history.
+.It beginning-of-line: ^A
+Moves the cursor to the beginning of the edited input line.
+.It Xo capitalize-word:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^[C , ^[c
+.Xc
+Uppercase the first character in the next
+.Ar n
+words, leaving the cursor past the end of the last word.
+.It comment: ^[#
+If the current line does not begin with a comment character, one is added at
+the beginning of the line and the line is entered (as if return had been
+pressed); otherwise, the existing comment characters are removed and the cursor
+is placed at the beginning of the line.
+.It complete: ^[^[
+Automatically completes as much as is unique of the command name or the file
+name containing the cursor.
+If the entire remaining command or file name is
+unique, a space is printed after its completion, unless it is a directory name
+in which case
+.Ql /
+is appended.
+If there is no command or file name with the current partial word
+as its prefix, a bell character is output (usually causing a beep to be
+sounded).
+.It complete-command: ^X^[
+Automatically completes as much as is unique of the command name having the
+partial word up to the cursor as its prefix, as in the
+.Ic complete
+command above.
+.It complete-file: ^[^X
+Automatically completes as much as is unique of the file name having the
+partial word up to the cursor as its prefix, as in the
+.Ic complete
+command described above.
+.It complete-list: ^I, ^[=
+Complete as much as is possible of the current word,
+and list the possible completions for it.
+If only one completion is possible,
+match as in the
+.Ic complete
+command above.
+.It Xo delete-char-backward:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ERASE , ^? , ^H
+.Xc
+Deletes
+.Ar n
+characters before the cursor.
+.It Xo delete-char-forward:
+.Op Ar n
+.No Delete
+.Xc
+Deletes
+.Ar n
+characters after the cursor.
+.It Xo delete-word-backward:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ERASE , ^[^? , ^[^H , ^[h
+.Xc
+Deletes
+.Ar n
+words before the cursor.
+.It Xo delete-word-forward:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^[d
+.Xc
+Deletes characters after the cursor up to the end of
+.Ar n
+words.
+.It Xo down-history:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^N , ^XB
+.Xc
+Scrolls the history buffer forward
+.Ar n
+lines (later).
+Each input line originally starts just after the last entry
+in the history buffer, so
+.Ic down-history
+is not useful until either
+.Ic search-history
+or
+.Ic up-history
+has been performed.
+.It Xo downcase-word:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^[L , ^[l
+.Xc
+Lowercases the next
+.Ar n
+words.
+.It end-of-history: ^[>
+Moves to the end of the history.
+.It end-of-line: ^E
+Moves the cursor to the end of the input line.
+.It eot: ^_
+Acts as an end-of-file; this is useful because edit-mode input disables
+normal terminal input canonicalization.
+.It Xo eot-or-delete:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^D
+.Xc
+Acts as
+.Ic eot
+if alone on a line; otherwise acts as
+.Ic delete-char-forward .
+.It error:
+Error (ring the bell).
+.It exchange-point-and-mark: ^X^X
+Places the cursor where the mark is and sets the mark to where the cursor was.
+.It expand-file: ^[*
+Appends a
+.Ql *
+to the current word and replaces the word with the result of performing file
+globbing on the word.
+If no files match the pattern, the bell is rung.
+.It Xo forward-char:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^F , ^XC
+.Xc
+Moves the cursor forward
+.Ar n
+characters.
+.It Xo forward-word:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^[f
+.Xc
+Moves the cursor forward to the end of the
+.Ar n Ns th
+word.
+.It Xo goto-history:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^[g
+.Xc
+Goes to history number
+.Ar n .
+.It kill-line: KILL
+Deletes the entire input line.
+.It kill-region: ^W
+Deletes the input between the cursor and the mark.
+.It Xo kill-to-eol:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^K
+.Xc
+Deletes the input from the cursor to the end of the line if
+.Ar n
+is not specified; otherwise deletes characters between the cursor and column
+.Ar n .
+.It list: ^[?
+Prints a sorted, columnated list of command names or file names (if any) that
+can complete the partial word containing the cursor.
+Directory names have
+.Ql /
+appended to them.
+.It list-command: ^X?
+Prints a sorted, columnated list of command names (if any) that can complete
+the partial word containing the cursor.
+.It list-file: ^X^Y
+Prints a sorted, columnated list of file names (if any) that can complete the
+partial word containing the cursor.
+File type indicators are appended as described under
+.Ic list
+above.
+.It newline: ^J , ^M
+Causes the current input line to be processed by the shell.
+The current cursor position may be anywhere on the line.
+.It newline-and-next: ^O
+Causes the current input line to be processed by the shell, and the next line
+from history becomes the current line.
+This is only useful after an
+.Ic up-history
+or
+.Ic search-history .
+.It no-op: QUIT
+This does nothing.
+.It Xo prev-hist-word:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^[. , ^[_
+.Xc
+The last
+.Pq Ar n Ns th
+word of the previous command is inserted at the cursor.
+.It quote: ^^
+The following character is taken literally rather than as an editing command.
+.It redraw: ^L
+Reprints the prompt string and the current input line.
+.It Xo search-character-backward:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^[^]
+.Xc
+Search backward in the current line for the
+.Ar n Ns th
+occurrence of the next character typed.
+.It Xo search-character-forward:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^]
+.Xc
+Search forward in the current line for the
+.Ar n Ns th
+occurrence of the next character typed.
+.It search-history: ^R
+Enter incremental search mode.
+The internal history list is searched
+backwards for commands matching the input.
+An initial
+.Ql ^
+in the search string anchors the search.
+The abort key will leave search mode.
+Other commands will be executed after leaving search mode.
+Successive
+.Ic search-history
+commands continue searching backward to the next previous occurrence of the
+pattern.
+The history buffer retains only a finite number of lines; the oldest
+are discarded as necessary.
+.It set-mark-command: ^[ Ns Aq space
+Set the mark at the cursor position.
+.It stuff:
+On systems supporting it, pushes the bound character back onto the terminal
+input where it may receive special processing by the terminal handler.
+This is useful for the BRL ^T mini-systat feature, for example.
+.It stuff-reset:
+Acts like
+.Ic stuff ,
+then aborts input the same as an interrupt.
+.It transpose-chars: ^T
+If at the end of line, or if the
+.Ic gmacs
+option is set, this exchanges the two previous characters; otherwise, it
+exchanges the previous and current characters and moves the cursor one
+character to the right.
+.It Xo up-history:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^P , ^XA
+.Xc
+Scrolls the history buffer backward
+.Ar n
+lines (earlier).
+.It Xo upcase-word:
+.Op Ar n
+.No ^[U , ^[u
+.Xc
+Uppercase the next
+.Ar n
+words.
+.It quote: ^V
+Synonym for ^^.
+.It yank: ^Y
+Inserts the most recently killed text string at the current cursor position.
+.It yank-pop: ^[y
+Immediately after a
+.Ic yank ,
+replaces the inserted text string with the next previously killed text string.
+.El
+.Ss Vi editing mode
+The vi command-line editor in
+.Nm
+has basically the same commands as the
+.Xr vi 1
+editor with the following exceptions:
+.Bl -bullet
+.It
+You start out in insert mode.
+.It
+There are file name and command completion commands:
+=, \e, *, ^X, ^E, ^F, and, optionally,
+.Aq tab
+and
+.Aq esc .
+.It
+The
+.Ic _
+command is different (in
+.Nm
+it is the last argument command; in
+.Xr vi 1
+it goes to the start of the current line).
+.It
+The
+.Ic /
+and
+.Ic G
+commands move in the opposite direction to the
+.Ic j
+command.
+.It
+Commands which don't make sense in a single line editor are not available
+(e.g. screen movement commands and
+.Xr ex 1 Ns -style
+colon
+.Pq Ic \&:
+commands).
+.El
+.Pp
+Note that the ^X stands for control-X; also
+.Aq esc ,
+.Aq space ,
+and
+.Aq tab
+are used for escape, space, and tab, respectively (no kidding).
+.Pp
+Like
+.Xr vi 1 ,
+there are two modes:
+.Dq insert
+mode and
+.Dq command
+mode.
+In insert mode, most characters are simply put in the buffer at the
+current cursor position as they are typed; however, some characters are
+treated specially.
+In particular, the following characters are taken from current
+.Xr tty 4
+settings
+(see
+.Xr stty 1 )
+and have their usual meaning (normal values are in parentheses): kill (^U),
+erase (^?), werase (^W), eof (^D), intr (^C), and quit (^\e).
+In addition to
+the above, the following characters are also treated specially in insert mode:
+.Bl -tag -width 10n
+.It ^E
+Command and file name enumeration (see below).
+.It ^F
+Command and file name completion (see below).
+If used twice in a row, the
+list of possible completions is displayed; if used a third time, the completion
+is undone.
+.It ^H
+Erases previous character.
+.It ^J | ^M
+End of line.
+The current line is read, parsed, and executed by the shell.
+.It ^V
+Literal next.
+The next character typed is not treated specially (can be used
+to insert the characters being described here).
+.It ^X
+Command and file name expansion (see below).
+.It Aq esc
+Puts the editor in command mode (see below).
+.It Aq tab
+Optional file name and command completion (see
+.Ic ^F
+above), enabled with
+.Ic set -o vi-tabcomplete .
+.El
+.Pp
+In command mode, each character is interpreted as a command.
+Characters that
+don't correspond to commands, are illegal combinations of commands, or are
+commands that can't be carried out, all cause beeps.
+In the following command descriptions, an
+.Op Ar n
+indicates the command may be prefixed by a number (e.g.\&
+.Ic 10l
+moves right 10 characters); if no number prefix is used,
+.Ar n
+is assumed to be 1 unless otherwise specified.
+The term
+.Dq current position
+refers to the position between the cursor and the character preceding the
+cursor.
+A
+.Dq word
+is a sequence of letters, digits, and underscore characters or a sequence of
+non-letter, non-digit, non-underscore, and non-whitespace characters (e.g.\&
+.Dq ab2*&^
+contains two words) and a
+.Dq big-word
+is a sequence of non-whitespace characters.
+.Pp
+Special
+.Nm
+vi commands:
+.Pp
+The following commands are not in, or are different from, the normal vi file
+editor:
+.Bl -tag -width 10n
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns _
+.Xc
+Insert a space followed by the
+.Ar n Ns th
+big-word from the last command in the history at the current position and enter
+insert mode; if
+.Ar n
+is not specified, the last word is inserted.
+.It #
+Insert the comment character
+.Pq Sq #
+at the start of the current line and return the line to the shell (equivalent
+to
+.Ic I#^J ) .
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns g
+.Xc
+Like
+.Ic G ,
+except if
+.Ar n
+is not specified, it goes to the most recent remembered line.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns v
+.Xc
+Edit line
+.Ar n
+using the
+.Xr vi 1
+editor; if
+.Ar n
+is not specified, the current line is edited.
+The actual command executed is
+.Ic fc -e ${VISUAL:-${EDITOR:-vi}} Ar n .
+.It * and ^X
+Command or file name expansion is applied to the current big-word (with an
+appended
+.Ql *
+if the word contains no file globbing characters) \- the big-word is replaced
+with the resulting words.
+If the current big-word is the first on the line
+or follows one of the characters
+.Ql \&; ,
+.Ql | ,
+.Ql & ,
+.Ql \&( ,
+or
+.Ql \&) ,
+and does not contain a slash
+.Pq Sq / ,
+then command expansion is done; otherwise file name expansion is done.
+Command expansion will match the big-word against all aliases, functions, and
+built-in commands as well as any executable files found by searching the
+directories in the
+.Ev PATH
+parameter.
+File name expansion matches the big-word against the files in the
+current directory.
+After expansion, the cursor is placed just past the last
+word and the editor is in insert mode.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns \e ,
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns ^F ,
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns Aq tab ,
+.No and
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns Aq esc
+.Xc
+Command/file name completion.
+Replace the current big-word with the
+longest unique match obtained after performing command and file name expansion.
+.Aq tab
+is only recognized if the
+.Ic vi-tabcomplete
+option is set, while
+.Aq esc
+is only recognized if the
+.Ic vi-esccomplete
+option is set (see
+.Ic set -o ) .
+If
+.Ar n
+is specified, the
+.Ar n Ns th
+possible completion is selected (as reported by the command/file name
+enumeration command).
+.It = and ^E
+Command/file name enumeration.
+List all the commands or files that match the current big-word.
+.It @ Ns Ar c
+Macro expansion.
+Execute the commands found in the alias
+.No _ Ns Ar c .
+.El
+.Pp
+Intra-line movement commands:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns h and
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns ^H
+.Xc
+Move left
+.Ar n
+characters.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns l and
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns Aq space
+.Xc
+Move right
+.Ar n
+characters.
+.It 0
+Move to column 0.
+.It ^
+Move to the first non-whitespace character.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns |
+.Xc
+Move to column
+.Ar n .
+.It $
+Move to the last character.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns b
+.Xc
+Move back
+.Ar n
+words.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns B
+.Xc
+Move back
+.Ar n
+big-words.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns e
+.Xc
+Move forward to the end of the word,
+.Ar n
+times.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns E
+.Xc
+Move forward to the end of the big-word,
+.Ar n
+times.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns w
+.Xc
+Move forward
+.Ar n
+words.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns W
+.Xc
+Move forward
+.Ar n
+big-words.
+.It %
+Find match.
+The editor looks forward for the nearest parenthesis, bracket, or
+brace and then moves the cursor to the matching parenthesis, bracket, or brace.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns f Ns Ar c
+.Xc
+Move forward to the
+.Ar n Ns th
+occurrence of the character
+.Ar c .
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns F Ns Ar c
+.Xc
+Move backward to the
+.Ar n Ns th
+occurrence of the character
+.Ar c .
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns t Ns Ar c
+.Xc
+Move forward to just before the
+.Ar n Ns th
+occurrence of the character
+.Ar c .
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns T Ns Ar c
+.Xc
+Move backward to just before the
+.Ar n Ns th
+occurrence of the character
+.Ar c .
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns \&;
+.Xc
+Repeats the last
+.Ic f , F , t ,
+or
+.Ic T
+command.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns \&,
+.Xc
+Repeats the last
+.Ic f , F , t ,
+or
+.Ic T
+command, but moves in the opposite direction.
+.El
+.Pp
+Inter-line movement commands:
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns j ,
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns + ,
+.No and
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns ^N
+.Xc
+Move to the
+.Ar n Ns th
+next line in the history.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns k ,
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns - ,
+.No and
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns ^P
+.Xc
+Move to the
+.Ar n Ns th
+previous line in the history.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns G
+.Xc
+Move to line
+.Ar n
+in the history; if
+.Ar n
+is not specified, the number of the first remembered line is used.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns g
+.Xc
+Like
+.Ic G ,
+except if
+.Ar n
+is not specified, it goes to the most recent remembered line.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns / Ns Ar string
+.Xc
+Search backward through the history for the
+.Ar n Ns th
+line containing
+.Ar string ;
+if
+.Ar string
+starts with
+.Ql ^ ,
+the remainder of the string must appear at the start of the history line for
+it to match.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns \&? Ns Ar string
+.Xc
+Same as
+.Ic / ,
+except it searches forward through the history.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns n
+.Xc
+Search for the
+.Ar n Ns th
+occurrence of the last search string;
+the direction of the search is the same as the last search.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns N
+.Xc
+Search for the
+.Ar n Ns th
+occurrence of the last search string;
+the direction of the search is the opposite of the last search.
+.El
+.Pp
+Edit commands
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns a
+.Xc
+Append text
+.Ar n
+times; goes into insert mode just after the current position.
+The append is
+only replicated if command mode is re-entered i.e.\&
+.Aq esc
+is used.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns A
+.Xc
+Same as
+.Ic a ,
+except it appends at the end of the line.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns i
+.Xc
+Insert text
+.Ar n
+times; goes into insert mode at the current position.
+The insertion is only
+replicated if command mode is re-entered i.e.\&
+.Aq esc
+is used.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns I
+.Xc
+Same as
+.Ic i ,
+except the insertion is done just before the first non-blank character.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns s
+.Xc
+Substitute the next
+.Ar n
+characters (i.e. delete the characters and go into insert mode).
+.It S
+Substitute whole line.
+All characters from the first non-blank character to the
+end of the line are deleted and insert mode is entered.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns c Ns Ar move-cmd
+.Xc
+Change from the current position to the position resulting from
+.Ar n move-cmd Ns s
+(i.e. delete the indicated region and go into insert mode); if
+.Ar move-cmd
+is
+.Ic c ,
+the line starting from the first non-blank character is changed.
+.It C
+Change from the current position to the end of the line (i.e. delete to the
+end of the line and go into insert mode).
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns x
+.Xc
+Delete the next
+.Ar n
+characters.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns X
+.Xc
+Delete the previous
+.Ar n
+characters.
+.It D
+Delete to the end of the line.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns d Ns Ar move-cmd
+.Xc
+Delete from the current position to the position resulting from
+.Ar n move-cmd Ns s ;
+.Ar move-cmd
+is a movement command (see above) or
+.Ic d ,
+in which case the current line is deleted.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns r Ns Ar c
+.Xc
+Replace the next
+.Ar n
+characters with the character
+.Ar c .
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns R
+.Xc
+Replace.
+Enter insert mode but overwrite existing characters instead of
+inserting before existing characters.
+The replacement is repeated
+.Ar n
+times.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns ~
+.Xc
+Change the case of the next
+.Ar n
+characters.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns y Ns Ar move-cmd
+.Xc
+Yank from the current position to the position resulting from
+.Ar n move-cmd Ns s
+into the yank buffer; if
+.Ar move-cmd
+is
+.Ic y ,
+the whole line is yanked.
+.It Y
+Yank from the current position to the end of the line.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns p
+.Xc
+Paste the contents of the yank buffer just after the current position,
+.Ar n
+times.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns P
+.Xc
+Same as
+.Ic p ,
+except the buffer is pasted at the current position.
+.El
+.Pp
+Miscellaneous vi commands
+.Bl -tag -width Ds
+.It ^J and ^M
+The current line is read, parsed, and executed by the shell.
+.It ^L and ^R
+Redraw the current line.
+.It Xo
+.Oo Ar n Oc Ns \&.
+.Xc
+Redo the last edit command
+.Ar n
+times.
+.It u
+Undo the last edit command.
+.It U
+Undo all changes that have been made to the current line.
+.It Ar intr No and Ar quit
+The interrupt and quit terminal characters cause the current line to be
+deleted and a new prompt to be printed.
+.El
+.Sh FILES
+.Bl -tag -width "/etc/suid_profileXX" -compact
+.It Pa ~/.profile
+User's login profile.
+.It Pa /etc/ksh.kshrc
+Global configuration file.
+Not sourced by default.
+.It Pa /etc/profile
+System login profile.
+.It Pa /etc/shells
+Shell database.
+.It Pa /etc/suid_profile
+Privileged shell profile.
+.El
+.Sh SEE ALSO
+.Xr csh 1 ,
+.Xr ed 1 ,
+.Xr mg 1 ,
+.Xr sh 1 ,
+.Xr stty 1 ,
+.Xr vi 1 ,
+.Xr shells 5 ,
+.Xr environ 7 ,
+.Xr script 7
+.Rs
+.%A Morris Bolsky
+.%A David Korn
+.%B The KornShell Command and Programming Language, 2nd Edition
+.%D 1995
+.%I Prentice Hall
+.%O ISBN 0131827006
+.Re
+.Rs
+.%A Stephen G. Kochan
+.%A Patrick H. Wood
+.%B UNIX Shell Programming, 3rd Edition
+.%D 2003
+.%I Sams
+.%O ISBN 0672324903
+.Re
+.Rs
+.%A IEEE Inc.
+.%D 1993
+.%O ISBN 1-55937-266-9
+.%T IEEE Standard for Information Technology \- Portable Operating \
+ System Interface (POSIX) \- Part 2: Shell and Utilities
+.Re
+.Sh VERSION
+This page documents version @(#)PD KSH v5.2.14 99/07/13.2 of the public
+domain Korn shell.
+.Sh AUTHORS
+.An -nosplit
+This shell is based on the public domain 7th edition Bourne shell clone by
+.An Charles Forsyth
+and parts of the BRL shell by
+.An Doug A. Gwyn ,
+.An Doug Kingston ,
+.An Ron Natalie ,
+.An Arnold Robbins ,
+.An Lou Salkind ,
+and others.
+The first release of
+.Nm pdksh
+was created by
+.An Eric Gisin ,
+and it was subsequently maintained by
+.An John R. MacMillan Aq Mt change!john@sq.sq.com ,
+.An Simon J. Gerraty Aq Mt sjg@zen.void.oz.au ,
+and
+.An Michael Rendell Aq Mt michael@cs.mun.ca .
+The
+.Pa CONTRIBUTORS
+file in the source distribution contains a more complete list of people and
+their part in the shell's development.
diff --git a/bin/ksh/lex.c b/bin/ksh/lex.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c33a0b9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/lex.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1675 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: lex.c,v 1.69 2016/04/27 12:46:23 naddy Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * lexical analysis and source input
+ */
+
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <libgen.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+
+/*
+ * states while lexing word
+ */
+#define SINVALID -1 /* invalid state */
+#define SBASE 0 /* outside any lexical constructs */
+#define SWORD 1 /* implicit quoting for substitute() */
+#define SLETPAREN 2 /* inside (( )), implicit quoting */
+#define SSQUOTE 3 /* inside '' */
+#define SDQUOTE 4 /* inside "" */
+#define SBRACE 5 /* inside ${} */
+#define SCSPAREN 6 /* inside $() */
+#define SBQUOTE 7 /* inside `` */
+#define SASPAREN 8 /* inside $(( )) */
+#define SHEREDELIM 9 /* parsing <<,<<- delimiter */
+#define SHEREDQUOTE 10 /* parsing " in <<,<<- delimiter */
+#define SPATTERN 11 /* parsing *(...|...) pattern (*+?@!) */
+#define STBRACE 12 /* parsing ${..[#%]..} */
+#define SBRACEQ 13 /* inside "${}" */
+
+/* Structure to keep track of the lexing state and the various pieces of info
+ * needed for each particular state.
+ */
+typedef struct lex_state Lex_state;
+struct lex_state {
+ int ls_state;
+ union {
+ /* $(...) */
+ struct scsparen_info {
+ int nparen; /* count open parenthesis */
+ int csstate; /* XXX remove */
+#define ls_scsparen ls_info.u_scsparen
+ } u_scsparen;
+
+ /* $((...)) */
+ struct sasparen_info {
+ int nparen; /* count open parenthesis */
+ int start; /* marks start of $(( in output str */
+#define ls_sasparen ls_info.u_sasparen
+ } u_sasparen;
+
+ /* ((...)) */
+ struct sletparen_info {
+ int nparen; /* count open parenthesis */
+#define ls_sletparen ls_info.u_sletparen
+ } u_sletparen;
+
+ /* `...` */
+ struct sbquote_info {
+ int indquotes; /* true if in double quotes: "`...`" */
+#define ls_sbquote ls_info.u_sbquote
+ } u_sbquote;
+
+ Lex_state *base; /* used to point to next state block */
+ } ls_info;
+};
+
+typedef struct State_info State_info;
+struct State_info {
+ Lex_state *base;
+ Lex_state *end;
+};
+
+
+static void readhere(struct ioword *);
+static int getsc__(void);
+static void getsc_line(Source *);
+static int getsc_bn(void);
+static char *get_brace_var(XString *, char *);
+static int arraysub(char **);
+static const char *ungetsc(int);
+static void gethere(void);
+static Lex_state *push_state_(State_info *, Lex_state *);
+static Lex_state *pop_state_(State_info *, Lex_state *);
+static char *special_prompt_expand(char *);
+static int dopprompt(const char *, int, const char **, int);
+int promptlen(const char *cp, const char **spp);
+
+static int backslash_skip;
+static int ignore_backslash_newline;
+
+Source *source; /* yyparse/yylex source */
+YYSTYPE yylval; /* result from yylex */
+struct ioword *heres[HERES], **herep;
+char ident[IDENT+1];
+
+char **history; /* saved commands */
+char **histptr; /* last history item */
+int histsize; /* history size */
+
+/* optimized getsc_bn() */
+#define getsc() (*source->str != '\0' && *source->str != '\\' \
+ && !backslash_skip ? *source->str++ : getsc_bn())
+/* optimized getsc__() */
+#define getsc_() ((*source->str != '\0') ? *source->str++ : getsc__())
+
+#define STATE_BSIZE 32
+
+#define PUSH_STATE(s) do { \
+ if (++statep == state_info.end) \
+ statep = push_state_(&state_info, statep); \
+ state = statep->ls_state = (s); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define POP_STATE() do { \
+ if (--statep == state_info.base) \
+ statep = pop_state_(&state_info, statep); \
+ state = statep->ls_state; \
+ } while (0)
+
+
+
+/*
+ * Lexical analyzer
+ *
+ * tokens are not regular expressions, they are LL(1).
+ * for example, "${var:-${PWD}}", and "$(size $(whence ksh))".
+ * hence the state stack.
+ */
+
+int
+yylex(int cf)
+{
+ Lex_state states[STATE_BSIZE], *statep;
+ State_info state_info;
+ int c, state;
+ XString ws; /* expandable output word */
+ char *wp; /* output word pointer */
+ char *sp, *dp;
+ int c2;
+
+
+ Again:
+ states[0].ls_state = SINVALID;
+ states[0].ls_info.base = NULL;
+ statep = &states[1];
+ state_info.base = states;
+ state_info.end = &states[STATE_BSIZE];
+
+ Xinit(ws, wp, 64, ATEMP);
+
+ backslash_skip = 0;
+ ignore_backslash_newline = 0;
+
+ if (cf&ONEWORD)
+ state = SWORD;
+ else if (cf&LETEXPR) {
+ *wp++ = OQUOTE; /* enclose arguments in (double) quotes */
+ state = SLETPAREN;
+ statep->ls_sletparen.nparen = 0;
+ } else { /* normal lexing */
+ state = (cf & HEREDELIM) ? SHEREDELIM : SBASE;
+ while ((c = getsc()) == ' ' || c == '\t')
+ ;
+ if (c == '#') {
+ ignore_backslash_newline++;
+ while ((c = getsc()) != '\0' && c != '\n')
+ ;
+ ignore_backslash_newline--;
+ }
+ ungetsc(c);
+ }
+ if (source->flags & SF_ALIAS) { /* trailing ' ' in alias definition */
+ source->flags &= ~SF_ALIAS;
+ /* In POSIX mode, a trailing space only counts if we are
+ * parsing a simple command
+ */
+ if (!Flag(FPOSIX) || (cf & CMDWORD))
+ cf |= ALIAS;
+ }
+
+ /* Initial state: one of SBASE SHEREDELIM SWORD SASPAREN */
+ statep->ls_state = state;
+
+ /* collect non-special or quoted characters to form word */
+ while (!((c = getsc()) == 0 ||
+ ((state == SBASE || state == SHEREDELIM) && ctype(c, C_LEX1)))) {
+ Xcheck(ws, wp);
+ switch (state) {
+ case SBASE:
+ if (Flag(FCSHHISTORY) && (source->flags & SF_TTY) &&
+ c == '!') {
+ char **replace = NULL;
+ int get, i;
+ char match[200] = { 0 }, *str = match;
+ size_t mlen;
+
+ c2 = getsc();
+ if (c2 == '\0' || c2 == ' ' || c2 == '\t')
+ ;
+ else if (c2 == '!')
+ replace = hist_get_newest(0);
+ else if (isdigit(c2) || c2 == '-' ||
+ isalpha(c2)) {
+ get = !isalpha(c2);
+
+ *str++ = c2;
+ do {
+ if ((c2 = getsc()) == '\0')
+ break;
+ if (c2 == '\t' || c2 == ' ' ||
+ c2 == '\n') {
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ break;
+ }
+ *str++ = c2;
+ } while (str < &match[sizeof(match)-1]);
+ *str = '\0';
+
+ if (get) {
+ int h = findhistrel(match);
+ if (h >= 0)
+ replace = &history[h];
+ } else {
+ int h = findhist(-1, 0, match, true);
+ if (h >= 0)
+ replace = &history[h];
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * XXX ksh history buffer saves un-expanded
+ * commands. Until the history buffer code is
+ * changed to contain expanded commands, we
+ * ignore the bad commands (spinning sucks)
+ */
+ if (replace && **replace == '!')
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ else if (replace) {
+ Source *s;
+
+ /* do not strdup replacement via alloc */
+ s = pushs(SREREAD, source->areap);
+ s->start = s->str = *replace;
+ s->next = source;
+ s->u.freeme = NULL;
+ source = s;
+ continue;
+ } else if (*match != '\0') {
+ /* restore what followed the '!' */
+ mlen = strlen(match);
+ for (i = mlen-1; i >= 0; i--)
+ ungetsc(match[i]);
+ } else
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ }
+ if (c == '[' && (cf & (VARASN|ARRAYVAR))) {
+ *wp = EOS; /* temporary */
+ if (is_wdvarname(Xstring(ws, wp), false)) {
+ char *p, *tmp;
+
+ if (arraysub(&tmp)) {
+ *wp++ = CHAR;
+ *wp++ = c;
+ for (p = tmp; *p; ) {
+ Xcheck(ws, wp);
+ *wp++ = CHAR;
+ *wp++ = *p++;
+ }
+ afree(tmp, ATEMP);
+ break;
+ } else {
+ Source *s;
+
+ s = pushs(SREREAD,
+ source->areap);
+ s->start = s->str
+ = s->u.freeme = tmp;
+ s->next = source;
+ source = s;
+ }
+ }
+ *wp++ = CHAR;
+ *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+ }
+ /* FALLTHROUGH */
+ Sbase1: /* includes *(...|...) pattern (*+?@!) */
+ if (c == '*' || c == '@' || c == '+' || c == '?' ||
+ c == '!') {
+ c2 = getsc();
+ if (c2 == '(' /*)*/ ) {
+ *wp++ = OPAT;
+ *wp++ = c;
+ PUSH_STATE(SPATTERN);
+ break;
+ }
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ }
+ /* FALLTHROUGH */
+ Sbase2: /* doesn't include *(...|...) pattern (*+?@!) */
+ switch (c) {
+ case '\\':
+ c = getsc();
+ if (c) /* trailing \ is lost */
+ *wp++ = QCHAR, *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+ case '\'':
+ if ((cf & HEREDOC) || state == SBRACEQ) {
+ *wp++ = CHAR, *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+ }
+ *wp++ = OQUOTE;
+ ignore_backslash_newline++;
+ PUSH_STATE(SSQUOTE);
+ break;
+ case '"':
+ *wp++ = OQUOTE;
+ PUSH_STATE(SDQUOTE);
+ break;
+ default:
+ goto Subst;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ Subst:
+ switch (c) {
+ case '\\':
+ c = getsc();
+ switch (c) {
+ case '\\':
+ case '$': case '`':
+ *wp++ = QCHAR, *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+ case '"':
+ if ((cf & HEREDOC) == 0) {
+ *wp++ = QCHAR, *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+ }
+ /* FALLTHROUGH */
+ default:
+ if (cf & UNESCAPE) {
+ *wp++ = QCHAR, *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+ }
+ Xcheck(ws, wp);
+ if (c) { /* trailing \ is lost */
+ *wp++ = CHAR, *wp++ = '\\';
+ *wp++ = CHAR, *wp++ = c;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
+ case '$':
+ c = getsc();
+ if (c == '(') /*)*/ {
+ c = getsc();
+ if (c == '(') /*)*/ {
+ PUSH_STATE(SASPAREN);
+ statep->ls_sasparen.nparen = 2;
+ statep->ls_sasparen.start =
+ Xsavepos(ws, wp);
+ *wp++ = EXPRSUB;
+ } else {
+ ungetsc(c);
+ PUSH_STATE(SCSPAREN);
+ statep->ls_scsparen.nparen = 1;
+ statep->ls_scsparen.csstate = 0;
+ *wp++ = COMSUB;
+ }
+ } else if (c == '{') /*}*/ {
+ *wp++ = OSUBST;
+ *wp++ = '{'; /*}*/
+ wp = get_brace_var(&ws, wp);
+ c = getsc();
+ /* allow :# and :% (ksh88 compat) */
+ if (c == ':') {
+ *wp++ = CHAR, *wp++ = c;
+ c = getsc();
+ }
+ /* If this is a trim operation,
+ * treat (,|,) specially in STBRACE.
+ */
+ if (c == '#' || c == '%') {
+ ungetsc(c);
+ PUSH_STATE(STBRACE);
+ } else {
+ ungetsc(c);
+ if (state == SDQUOTE ||
+ state == SBRACEQ)
+ PUSH_STATE(SBRACEQ);
+ else
+ PUSH_STATE(SBRACE);
+ }
+ } else if (ctype(c, C_ALPHA)) {
+ *wp++ = OSUBST;
+ *wp++ = 'X';
+ do {
+ Xcheck(ws, wp);
+ *wp++ = c;
+ c = getsc();
+ } while (ctype(c, C_ALPHA) || digit(c));
+ *wp++ = '\0';
+ *wp++ = CSUBST;
+ *wp++ = 'X';
+ ungetsc(c);
+ } else if (ctype(c, C_VAR1) || digit(c)) {
+ Xcheck(ws, wp);
+ *wp++ = OSUBST;
+ *wp++ = 'X';
+ *wp++ = c;
+ *wp++ = '\0';
+ *wp++ = CSUBST;
+ *wp++ = 'X';
+ } else {
+ *wp++ = CHAR, *wp++ = '$';
+ ungetsc(c);
+ }
+ break;
+ case '`':
+ PUSH_STATE(SBQUOTE);
+ *wp++ = COMSUB;
+ /* Need to know if we are inside double quotes
+ * since sh/at&t-ksh translate the \" to " in
+ * "`..\"..`".
+ */
+ statep->ls_sbquote.indquotes = 0;
+ Lex_state *s = statep;
+ Lex_state *base = state_info.base;
+ while (1) {
+ for (; s != base; s--) {
+ if (s->ls_state == SDQUOTE) {
+ statep->ls_sbquote.indquotes = 1;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (s != base)
+ break;
+ if (!(s = s->ls_info.base))
+ break;
+ base = s-- - STATE_BSIZE;
+ }
+ break;
+ default:
+ *wp++ = CHAR, *wp++ = c;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case SSQUOTE:
+ if (c == '\'') {
+ POP_STATE();
+ if (state == SBRACEQ) {
+ *wp++ = CHAR, *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+ }
+ *wp++ = CQUOTE;
+ ignore_backslash_newline--;
+ } else
+ *wp++ = QCHAR, *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+
+ case SDQUOTE:
+ if (c == '"') {
+ POP_STATE();
+ *wp++ = CQUOTE;
+ } else
+ goto Subst;
+ break;
+
+ case SCSPAREN: /* $( .. ) */
+ /* todo: deal with $(...) quoting properly
+ * kludge to partly fake quoting inside $(..): doesn't
+ * really work because nested $(..) or ${..} inside
+ * double quotes aren't dealt with.
+ */
+ switch (statep->ls_scsparen.csstate) {
+ case 0: /* normal */
+ switch (c) {
+ case '(':
+ statep->ls_scsparen.nparen++;
+ break;
+ case ')':
+ statep->ls_scsparen.nparen--;
+ break;
+ case '\\':
+ statep->ls_scsparen.csstate = 1;
+ break;
+ case '"':
+ statep->ls_scsparen.csstate = 2;
+ break;
+ case '\'':
+ statep->ls_scsparen.csstate = 4;
+ ignore_backslash_newline++;
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case 1: /* backslash in normal mode */
+ case 3: /* backslash in double quotes */
+ --statep->ls_scsparen.csstate;
+ break;
+
+ case 2: /* double quotes */
+ if (c == '"')
+ statep->ls_scsparen.csstate = 0;
+ else if (c == '\\')
+ statep->ls_scsparen.csstate = 3;
+ break;
+
+ case 4: /* single quotes */
+ if (c == '\'') {
+ statep->ls_scsparen.csstate = 0;
+ ignore_backslash_newline--;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ if (statep->ls_scsparen.nparen == 0) {
+ POP_STATE();
+ *wp++ = 0; /* end of COMSUB */
+ } else
+ *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+
+ case SASPAREN: /* $(( .. )) */
+ /* todo: deal with $((...); (...)) properly */
+ /* XXX should nest using existing state machine
+ * (embed "..", $(...), etc.) */
+ if (c == '(')
+ statep->ls_sasparen.nparen++;
+ else if (c == ')') {
+ statep->ls_sasparen.nparen--;
+ if (statep->ls_sasparen.nparen == 1) {
+ /*(*/
+ if ((c2 = getsc()) == ')') {
+ POP_STATE();
+ *wp++ = 0; /* end of EXPRSUB */
+ break;
+ } else {
+ char *s;
+
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ /* mismatched parenthesis -
+ * assume we were really
+ * parsing a $(..) expression
+ */
+ s = Xrestpos(ws, wp,
+ statep->ls_sasparen.start);
+ memmove(s + 1, s, wp - s);
+ *s++ = COMSUB;
+ *s = '('; /*)*/
+ wp++;
+ statep->ls_scsparen.nparen = 1;
+ statep->ls_scsparen.csstate = 0;
+ state = statep->ls_state =
+ SCSPAREN;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+
+ case SBRACEQ:
+ /*{*/
+ if (c == '}') {
+ POP_STATE();
+ *wp++ = CSUBST;
+ *wp++ = /*{*/ '}';
+ } else
+ goto Sbase2;
+ break;
+
+ case SBRACE:
+ /*{*/
+ if (c == '}') {
+ POP_STATE();
+ *wp++ = CSUBST;
+ *wp++ = /*{*/ '}';
+ } else
+ goto Sbase1;
+ break;
+
+ case STBRACE:
+ /* Same as SBRACE, except (,|,) treated specially */
+ /*{*/
+ if (c == '}') {
+ POP_STATE();
+ *wp++ = CSUBST;
+ *wp++ = /*{*/ '}';
+ } else if (c == '|') {
+ *wp++ = SPAT;
+ } else if (c == '(') {
+ *wp++ = OPAT;
+ *wp++ = ' '; /* simile for @ */
+ PUSH_STATE(SPATTERN);
+ } else
+ goto Sbase1;
+ break;
+
+ case SBQUOTE:
+ if (c == '`') {
+ *wp++ = 0;
+ POP_STATE();
+ } else if (c == '\\') {
+ switch (c = getsc()) {
+ case '\\':
+ case '$': case '`':
+ *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+ case '"':
+ if (statep->ls_sbquote.indquotes) {
+ *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+ }
+ /* FALLTHROUGH */
+ default:
+ if (c) { /* trailing \ is lost */
+ *wp++ = '\\';
+ *wp++ = c;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ } else
+ *wp++ = c;
+ break;
+
+ case SWORD: /* ONEWORD */
+ goto Subst;
+
+ case SLETPAREN: /* LETEXPR: (( ... )) */
+ /*(*/
+ if (c == ')') {
+ if (statep->ls_sletparen.nparen > 0)
+ --statep->ls_sletparen.nparen;
+ /*(*/
+ else if ((c2 = getsc()) == ')') {
+ c = 0;
+ *wp++ = CQUOTE;
+ goto Done;
+ } else
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ } else if (c == '(')
+ /* parenthesis inside quotes and backslashes
+ * are lost, but at&t ksh doesn't count them
+ * either
+ */
+ ++statep->ls_sletparen.nparen;
+ goto Sbase2;
+
+ case SHEREDELIM: /* <<,<<- delimiter */
+ /* XXX chuck this state (and the next) - use
+ * the existing states ($ and \`..` should be
+ * stripped of their specialness after the
+ * fact).
+ */
+ /* here delimiters need a special case since
+ * $ and `..` are not to be treated specially
+ */
+ if (c == '\\') {
+ c = getsc();
+ if (c) { /* trailing \ is lost */
+ *wp++ = QCHAR;
+ *wp++ = c;
+ }
+ } else if (c == '\'') {
+ PUSH_STATE(SSQUOTE);
+ *wp++ = OQUOTE;
+ ignore_backslash_newline++;
+ } else if (c == '"') {
+ state = statep->ls_state = SHEREDQUOTE;
+ *wp++ = OQUOTE;
+ } else {
+ *wp++ = CHAR;
+ *wp++ = c;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case SHEREDQUOTE: /* " in <<,<<- delimiter */
+ if (c == '"') {
+ *wp++ = CQUOTE;
+ state = statep->ls_state = SHEREDELIM;
+ } else {
+ if (c == '\\') {
+ switch (c = getsc()) {
+ case '\\': case '"':
+ case '$': case '`':
+ break;
+ default:
+ if (c) { /* trailing \ lost */
+ *wp++ = CHAR;
+ *wp++ = '\\';
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ *wp++ = CHAR;
+ *wp++ = c;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case SPATTERN: /* in *(...|...) pattern (*+?@!) */
+ if ( /*(*/ c == ')') {
+ *wp++ = CPAT;
+ POP_STATE();
+ } else if (c == '|') {
+ *wp++ = SPAT;
+ } else if (c == '(') {
+ *wp++ = OPAT;
+ *wp++ = ' '; /* simile for @ */
+ PUSH_STATE(SPATTERN);
+ } else
+ goto Sbase1;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+Done:
+ Xcheck(ws, wp);
+ if (statep != &states[1])
+ /* XXX figure out what is missing */
+ yyerror("no closing quote\n");
+
+ /* This done to avoid tests for SHEREDELIM wherever SBASE tested */
+ if (state == SHEREDELIM)
+ state = SBASE;
+
+ dp = Xstring(ws, wp);
+ if ((c == '<' || c == '>') && state == SBASE &&
+ ((c2 = Xlength(ws, wp)) == 0 ||
+ (c2 == 2 && dp[0] == CHAR && digit(dp[1])))) {
+ struct ioword *iop = alloc(sizeof(*iop), ATEMP);
+
+ if (c2 == 2)
+ iop->unit = dp[1] - '0';
+ else
+ iop->unit = c == '>'; /* 0 for <, 1 for > */
+
+ c2 = getsc();
+ /* <<, >>, <> are ok, >< is not */
+ if (c == c2 || (c == '<' && c2 == '>')) {
+ iop->flag = c == c2 ?
+ (c == '>' ? IOCAT : IOHERE) : IORDWR;
+ if (iop->flag == IOHERE) {
+ if ((c2 = getsc()) == '-')
+ iop->flag |= IOSKIP;
+ else
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ }
+ } else if (c2 == '&')
+ iop->flag = IODUP | (c == '<' ? IORDUP : 0);
+ else {
+ iop->flag = c == '>' ? IOWRITE : IOREAD;
+ if (c == '>' && c2 == '|')
+ iop->flag |= IOCLOB;
+ else
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ }
+
+ iop->name = NULL;
+ iop->delim = NULL;
+ iop->heredoc = NULL;
+ Xfree(ws, wp); /* free word */
+ yylval.iop = iop;
+ return REDIR;
+ }
+
+ if (wp == dp && state == SBASE) {
+ Xfree(ws, wp); /* free word */
+ /* no word, process LEX1 character */
+ switch (c) {
+ default:
+ return c;
+
+ case '|':
+ case '&':
+ case ';':
+ if ((c2 = getsc()) == c)
+ c = (c == ';') ? BREAK :
+ (c == '|') ? LOGOR :
+ (c == '&') ? LOGAND :
+ YYERRCODE;
+ else if (c == '|' && c2 == '&')
+ c = COPROC;
+ else
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ return c;
+
+ case '\n':
+ gethere();
+ if (cf & CONTIN)
+ goto Again;
+ return c;
+
+ case '(': /*)*/
+ if (!Flag(FSH)) {
+ if ((c2 = getsc()) == '(') /*)*/
+ /* XXX need to handle ((...); (...)) */
+ c = MDPAREN;
+ else
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ }
+ return c;
+ /*(*/
+ case ')':
+ return c;
+ }
+ }
+
+ *wp++ = EOS; /* terminate word */
+ yylval.cp = Xclose(ws, wp);
+ if (state == SWORD || state == SLETPAREN) /* ONEWORD? */
+ return LWORD;
+ ungetsc(c); /* unget terminator */
+
+ /* copy word to unprefixed string ident */
+ for (sp = yylval.cp, dp = ident; dp < ident+IDENT && (c = *sp++) == CHAR; )
+ *dp++ = *sp++;
+ /* Make sure the ident array stays '\0' padded */
+ memset(dp, 0, (ident+IDENT) - dp + 1);
+ if (c != EOS)
+ *ident = '\0'; /* word is not unquoted */
+
+ if (*ident != '\0' && (cf&(KEYWORD|ALIAS))) {
+ struct tbl *p;
+ int h = hash(ident);
+
+ /* { */
+ if ((cf & KEYWORD) && (p = ktsearch(&keywords, ident, h)) &&
+ (!(cf & ESACONLY) || p->val.i == ESAC || p->val.i == '}')) {
+ afree(yylval.cp, ATEMP);
+ return p->val.i;
+ }
+ if ((cf & ALIAS) && (p = ktsearch(&aliases, ident, h)) &&
+ (p->flag & ISSET)) {
+ Source *s;
+
+ for (s = source; s->type == SALIAS; s = s->next)
+ if (s->u.tblp == p)
+ return LWORD;
+ /* push alias expansion */
+ s = pushs(SALIAS, source->areap);
+ s->start = s->str = p->val.s;
+ s->u.tblp = p;
+ s->next = source;
+ source = s;
+ afree(yylval.cp, ATEMP);
+ goto Again;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return LWORD;
+}
+
+static void
+gethere(void)
+{
+ struct ioword **p;
+
+ for (p = heres; p < herep; p++)
+ readhere(*p);
+ herep = heres;
+}
+
+/*
+ * read "<<word" text into temp file
+ */
+
+static void
+readhere(struct ioword *iop)
+{
+ int c;
+ char *volatile eof;
+ char *eofp;
+ int skiptabs;
+ XString xs;
+ char *xp;
+ int xpos;
+
+ eof = evalstr(iop->delim, 0);
+
+ if (!(iop->flag & IOEVAL))
+ ignore_backslash_newline++;
+
+ Xinit(xs, xp, 256, ATEMP);
+
+ for (;;) {
+ eofp = eof;
+ skiptabs = iop->flag & IOSKIP;
+ xpos = Xsavepos(xs, xp);
+ while ((c = getsc()) != 0) {
+ if (skiptabs) {
+ if (c == '\t')
+ continue;
+ skiptabs = 0;
+ }
+ if (c != *eofp)
+ break;
+ Xcheck(xs, xp);
+ Xput(xs, xp, c);
+ eofp++;
+ }
+ /* Allow EOF here so commands with out trailing newlines
+ * will work (eg, ksh -c '...', $(...), etc).
+ */
+ if (*eofp == '\0' && (c == 0 || c == '\n')) {
+ xp = Xrestpos(xs, xp, xpos);
+ break;
+ }
+ ungetsc(c);
+ while ((c = getsc()) != '\n') {
+ if (c == 0)
+ yyerror("here document `%s' unclosed\n", eof);
+ Xcheck(xs, xp);
+ Xput(xs, xp, c);
+ }
+ Xcheck(xs, xp);
+ Xput(xs, xp, c);
+ }
+ Xput(xs, xp, '\0');
+ iop->heredoc = Xclose(xs, xp);
+
+ if (!(iop->flag & IOEVAL))
+ ignore_backslash_newline--;
+}
+
+void
+yyerror(const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ va_list va;
+
+ /* pop aliases and re-reads */
+ while (source->type == SALIAS || source->type == SREREAD)
+ source = source->next;
+ source->str = null; /* zap pending input */
+
+ error_prefix(true);
+ va_start(va, fmt);
+ shf_vfprintf(shl_out, fmt, va);
+ va_end(va);
+ errorf(NULL);
+}
+
+/*
+ * input for yylex with alias expansion
+ */
+
+Source *
+pushs(int type, Area *areap)
+{
+ Source *s;
+
+ s = alloc(sizeof(Source), areap);
+ s->type = type;
+ s->str = null;
+ s->start = NULL;
+ s->line = 0;
+ s->cmd_offset = 0;
+ s->errline = 0;
+ s->file = NULL;
+ s->flags = 0;
+ s->next = NULL;
+ s->areap = areap;
+ if (type == SFILE || type == SSTDIN) {
+ char *dummy;
+ Xinit(s->xs, dummy, 256, s->areap);
+ } else
+ memset(&s->xs, 0, sizeof(s->xs));
+ return s;
+}
+
+static int
+getsc__(void)
+{
+ Source *s = source;
+ int c;
+
+ while ((c = *s->str++) == 0) {
+ s->str = NULL; /* return 0 for EOF by default */
+ switch (s->type) {
+ case SEOF:
+ s->str = null;
+ return 0;
+
+ case SSTDIN:
+ case SFILE:
+ getsc_line(s);
+ break;
+
+ case SWSTR:
+ break;
+
+ case SSTRING:
+ break;
+
+ case SWORDS:
+ s->start = s->str = *s->u.strv++;
+ s->type = SWORDSEP;
+ break;
+
+ case SWORDSEP:
+ if (*s->u.strv == NULL) {
+ s->start = s->str = "\n";
+ s->type = SEOF;
+ } else {
+ s->start = s->str = " ";
+ s->type = SWORDS;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case SALIAS:
+ if (s->flags & SF_ALIASEND) {
+ /* pass on an unused SF_ALIAS flag */
+ source = s->next;
+ source->flags |= s->flags & SF_ALIAS;
+ s = source;
+ } else if (*s->u.tblp->val.s &&
+ isspace((unsigned char)strchr(s->u.tblp->val.s, 0)[-1])) {
+ source = s = s->next; /* pop source stack */
+ /* Note that this alias ended with a space,
+ * enabling alias expansion on the following
+ * word.
+ */
+ s->flags |= SF_ALIAS;
+ } else {
+ /* At this point, we need to keep the current
+ * alias in the source list so recursive
+ * aliases can be detected and we also need
+ * to return the next character. Do this
+ * by temporarily popping the alias to get
+ * the next character and then put it back
+ * in the source list with the SF_ALIASEND
+ * flag set.
+ */
+ source = s->next; /* pop source stack */
+ source->flags |= s->flags & SF_ALIAS;
+ c = getsc__();
+ if (c) {
+ s->flags |= SF_ALIASEND;
+ s->ugbuf[0] = c; s->ugbuf[1] = '\0';
+ s->start = s->str = s->ugbuf;
+ s->next = source;
+ source = s;
+ } else {
+ s = source;
+ /* avoid reading eof twice */
+ s->str = NULL;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ continue;
+
+ case SREREAD:
+ if (s->start != s->ugbuf) /* yuck */
+ afree(s->u.freeme, ATEMP);
+ source = s = s->next;
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (s->str == NULL) {
+ s->type = SEOF;
+ s->start = s->str = null;
+ return '\0';
+ }
+ if (s->flags & SF_ECHO) {
+ shf_puts(s->str, shl_out);
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+ }
+ }
+ return c;
+}
+
+static void
+getsc_line(Source *s)
+{
+ char *xp = Xstring(s->xs, xp);
+ int interactive = Flag(FTALKING) && s->type == SSTDIN;
+ int have_tty = interactive && (s->flags & SF_TTY);
+
+ /* Done here to ensure nothing odd happens when a timeout occurs */
+ XcheckN(s->xs, xp, LINE);
+ *xp = '\0';
+ s->start = s->str = xp;
+
+ if (have_tty && ksh_tmout) {
+ ksh_tmout_state = TMOUT_READING;
+ alarm(ksh_tmout);
+ }
+#ifdef EDIT
+ if (have_tty && (0
+# ifdef VI
+ || Flag(FVI)
+# endif /* VI */
+# ifdef EMACS
+ || Flag(FEMACS) || Flag(FGMACS)
+# endif /* EMACS */
+ )) {
+ int nread;
+
+ nread = x_read(xp, LINE);
+ if (nread < 0) /* read error */
+ nread = 0;
+ xp[nread] = '\0';
+ xp += nread;
+ }
+ else
+#endif /* EDIT */
+ {
+ if (interactive) {
+ pprompt(prompt, 0);
+ } else
+ s->line++;
+
+ while (1) {
+ char *p = shf_getse(xp, Xnleft(s->xs, xp), s->u.shf);
+
+ if (!p && shf_error(s->u.shf) &&
+ s->u.shf->errno_ == EINTR) {
+ shf_clearerr(s->u.shf);
+ if (trap)
+ runtraps(0);
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (!p || (xp = p, xp[-1] == '\n'))
+ break;
+ /* double buffer size */
+ xp++; /* move past null so doubling works... */
+ XcheckN(s->xs, xp, Xlength(s->xs, xp));
+ xp--; /* ...and move back again */
+ }
+ /* flush any unwanted input so other programs/builtins
+ * can read it. Not very optimal, but less error prone
+ * than flushing else where, dealing with redirections,
+ * etc..
+ * todo: reduce size of shf buffer (~128?) if SSTDIN
+ */
+ if (s->type == SSTDIN)
+ shf_flush(s->u.shf);
+ }
+ /* XXX: temporary kludge to restore source after a
+ * trap may have been executed.
+ */
+ source = s;
+ if (have_tty && ksh_tmout) {
+ ksh_tmout_state = TMOUT_EXECUTING;
+ alarm(0);
+ }
+ s->start = s->str = Xstring(s->xs, xp);
+ strip_nuls(Xstring(s->xs, xp), Xlength(s->xs, xp));
+ /* Note: if input is all nulls, this is not eof */
+ if (Xlength(s->xs, xp) == 0) { /* EOF */
+ if (s->type == SFILE)
+ shf_fdclose(s->u.shf);
+ s->str = NULL;
+ } else if (interactive) {
+#ifdef HISTORY
+ char *p = Xstring(s->xs, xp);
+ if (cur_prompt == PS1)
+ while (*p && ctype(*p, C_IFS) && ctype(*p, C_IFSWS))
+ p++;
+ if (*p) {
+ s->line++;
+ histsave(s->line, s->str, 1);
+ }
+#endif /* HISTORY */
+ }
+ if (interactive)
+ set_prompt(PS2, NULL);
+}
+
+static char *
+special_prompt_expand(char *str)
+{
+ char *p = str;
+
+ while ((p = strstr(p, "\\$")) != NULL) {
+ *(p+1) = 'p';
+ }
+ return str;
+}
+
+void
+set_prompt(int to, Source *s)
+{
+ char *ps1;
+ Area *saved_atemp;
+
+ cur_prompt = to;
+
+ switch (to) {
+ case PS1: /* command */
+ ps1 = str_save(str_val(global("PS1")), ATEMP);
+ saved_atemp = ATEMP; /* ps1 is freed by substitute() */
+ newenv(E_ERRH);
+ if (sigsetjmp(genv->jbuf, 0)) {
+ prompt = safe_prompt;
+ /* Don't print an error - assume it has already
+ * been printed. Reason is we may have forked
+ * to run a command and the child may be
+ * unwinding its stack through this code as it
+ * exits.
+ */
+ } else {
+ /* expand \$ before other substitutions are done */
+ char *tmp = special_prompt_expand(ps1);
+ prompt = str_save(substitute(tmp, 0), saved_atemp);
+ }
+ quitenv(NULL);
+ break;
+ case PS2: /* command continuation */
+ prompt = str_val(global("PS2"));
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+static int
+dopprompt(const char *sp, int ntruncate, const char **spp, int doprint)
+{
+ char strbuf[1024], tmpbuf[1024], *p, *str, nbuf[32], delimiter = '\0';
+ int len, c, n, totlen = 0, indelimit = 0, counting = 1, delimitthis;
+ const char *cp = sp;
+ struct tm *tm;
+ time_t t;
+
+ if (*cp && cp[1] == '\r') {
+ delimiter = *cp;
+ cp += 2;
+ }
+
+ while (*cp != 0) {
+ delimitthis = 0;
+ if (indelimit && *cp != delimiter)
+ ;
+ else if (*cp == '\n' || *cp == '\r') {
+ totlen = 0;
+ sp = cp + 1;
+ } else if (*cp == '\t') {
+ if (counting)
+ totlen = (totlen | 7) + 1;
+ } else if (*cp == delimiter) {
+ indelimit = !indelimit;
+ delimitthis = 1;
+ }
+
+ if (*cp == '\\') {
+ cp++;
+ if (!*cp)
+ break;
+ if (Flag(FSH))
+ snprintf(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "\\%c", *cp);
+ else switch (*cp) {
+ case 'a': /* '\' 'a' bell */
+ strbuf[0] = '\007';
+ strbuf[1] = '\0';
+ break;
+ case 'd': /* '\' 'd' Dow Mon DD */
+ time(&t);
+ tm = localtime(&t);
+ strftime(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "%a %b %d", tm);
+ break;
+ case 'D': /* '\' 'D' '{' strftime format '}' */
+ p = strchr(cp + 2, '}');
+ if (cp[1] != '{' || p == NULL) {
+ snprintf(strbuf, sizeof strbuf,
+ "\\%c", *cp);
+ break;
+ }
+ strlcpy(tmpbuf, cp + 2, sizeof tmpbuf);
+ p = strchr(tmpbuf, '}');
+ if (p)
+ *p = '\0';
+ time(&t);
+ tm = localtime(&t);
+ strftime(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, tmpbuf, tm);
+ cp = strchr(cp + 2, '}');
+ break;
+ case 'e': /* '\' 'e' escape */
+ strbuf[0] = '\033';
+ strbuf[1] = '\0';
+ break;
+ case 'h': /* '\' 'h' shortened hostname */
+ gethostname(strbuf, sizeof strbuf);
+ p = strchr(strbuf, '.');
+ if (p)
+ *p = '\0';
+ break;
+ case 'H': /* '\' 'H' full hostname */
+ gethostname(strbuf, sizeof strbuf);
+ break;
+ case 'j': /* '\' 'j' number of jobs */
+ snprintf(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "%d",
+ j_njobs());
+ break;
+ case 'l': /* '\' 'l' basename of tty */
+ p = ttyname(0);
+ if (p)
+ p = basename(p);
+ if (p)
+ strlcpy(strbuf, p, sizeof strbuf);
+ break;
+ case 'n': /* '\' 'n' newline */
+ strbuf[0] = '\n';
+ strbuf[1] = '\0';
+ totlen = 0; /* reset for prompt re-print */
+ sp = cp + 1;
+ break;
+ case 'p': /* '\' '$' $ or # */
+ strbuf[0] = ksheuid ? '$' : '#';
+ strbuf[1] = '\0';
+ break;
+ case 'r': /* '\' 'r' return */
+ strbuf[0] = '\r';
+ strbuf[1] = '\0';
+ totlen = 0; /* reset for prompt re-print */
+ sp = cp + 1;
+ break;
+ case 's': /* '\' 's' basename $0 */
+ strlcpy(strbuf, kshname, sizeof strbuf);
+ break;
+ case 't': /* '\' 't' 24 hour HH:MM:SS */
+ time(&t);
+ tm = localtime(&t);
+ strftime(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "%T", tm);
+ break;
+ case 'T': /* '\' 'T' 12 hour HH:MM:SS */
+ time(&t);
+ tm = localtime(&t);
+ strftime(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "%l:%M:%S", tm);
+ break;
+ case '@': /* '\' '@' 12 hour am/pm format */
+ time(&t);
+ tm = localtime(&t);
+ strftime(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "%r", tm);
+ break;
+ case 'A': /* '\' 'A' 24 hour HH:MM */
+ time(&t);
+ tm = localtime(&t);
+ strftime(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "%R", tm);
+ break;
+ case 'u': /* '\' 'u' username */
+ strlcpy(strbuf, username, sizeof strbuf);
+ break;
+ case 'v': /* '\' 'v' version (short) */
+ p = strchr(ksh_version, ' ');
+ if (p)
+ p = strchr(p + 1, ' ');
+ if (p) {
+ p++;
+ strlcpy(strbuf, p, sizeof strbuf);
+ p = strchr(strbuf, ' ');
+ if (p)
+ *p = '\0';
+ }
+ break;
+ case 'V': /* '\' 'V' version (long) */
+ strlcpy(strbuf, ksh_version, sizeof strbuf);
+ break;
+ case 'w': /* '\' 'w' cwd */
+ p = str_val(global("PWD"));
+ n = strlen(str_val(global("HOME")));
+ if (strcmp(p, "/") == 0) {
+ strlcpy(strbuf, p, sizeof strbuf);
+ } else if (strcmp(p, str_val(global("HOME"))) == 0) {
+ strbuf[0] = '~';
+ strbuf[1] = '\0';
+ } else if (strncmp(p, str_val(global("HOME")), n)
+ == 0 && p[n] == '/') {
+ snprintf(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "~/%s",
+ str_val(global("PWD")) + n + 1);
+ } else
+ strlcpy(strbuf, p, sizeof strbuf);
+ break;
+ case 'W': /* '\' 'W' basename(cwd) */
+ p = str_val(global("PWD"));
+ if (strcmp(p, str_val(global("HOME"))) == 0) {
+ strbuf[0] = '~';
+ strbuf[1] = '\0';
+ } else
+ strlcpy(strbuf, basename(p), sizeof strbuf);
+ break;
+ case '!': /* '\' '!' history line number */
+ snprintf(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "%d",
+ source->line + 1);
+ break;
+ case '#': /* '\' '#' command line number */
+ snprintf(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "%d",
+ source->line - source->cmd_offset + 1);
+ break;
+ case '0': /* '\' '#' '#' ' #' octal numeric handling */
+ case '1':
+ case '2':
+ case '3':
+ case '4':
+ case '5':
+ case '6':
+ case '7':
+ if ((cp[1] > '7' || cp[1] < '0') ||
+ (cp[2] > '7' || cp[2] < '0')) {
+ snprintf(strbuf, sizeof strbuf,
+ "\\%c", *cp);
+ break;
+ }
+ n = (cp[0] - '0') * 8 * 8 + (cp[1] - '0') * 8 +
+ (cp[2] - '0');
+ snprintf(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "%c", n);
+ cp += 2;
+ break;
+ case '\\': /* '\' '\' */
+ strbuf[0] = '\\';
+ strbuf[1] = '\0';
+ break;
+ case '[': /* '\' '[' .... stop counting */
+ strbuf[0] = '\0';
+ counting = 0;
+ break;
+ case ']': /* '\' ']' restart counting */
+ strbuf[0] = '\0';
+ counting = 1;
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ snprintf(strbuf, sizeof strbuf, "\\%c", *cp);
+ break;
+ }
+ cp++;
+
+ str = strbuf;
+ len = strlen(str);
+ if (ntruncate) {
+ if (ntruncate >= len) {
+ ntruncate -= len;
+ continue;
+ }
+ str += ntruncate;
+ len -= ntruncate;
+ ntruncate = 0;
+ }
+ if (doprint)
+ shf_write(str, len, shl_out);
+ if (counting && !indelimit && !delimitthis)
+ totlen += len;
+ continue;
+ } else if (*cp != '!')
+ c = *cp++;
+ else if (*++cp == '!')
+ c = *cp++;
+ else {
+ char *p;
+
+ shf_snprintf(p = nbuf, sizeof(nbuf), "%d",
+ source->line + 1);
+ len = strlen(nbuf);
+ if (ntruncate) {
+ if (ntruncate >= len) {
+ ntruncate -= len;
+ continue;
+ }
+ p += ntruncate;
+ len -= ntruncate;
+ ntruncate = 0;
+ }
+ if (doprint)
+ shf_write(p, len, shl_out);
+ if (counting && !indelimit && !delimitthis)
+ totlen += len;
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (counting && ntruncate)
+ --ntruncate;
+ else if (doprint) {
+ shf_putc(c, shl_out);
+ }
+ if (counting && !indelimit && !delimitthis)
+ totlen++;
+ }
+ if (doprint)
+ shf_flush(shl_out);
+ if (spp)
+ *spp = sp;
+ return (totlen);
+}
+
+void
+pprompt(const char *cp, int ntruncate)
+{
+ dopprompt(cp, ntruncate, NULL, 1);
+}
+
+int
+promptlen(const char *cp, const char **spp)
+{
+ return dopprompt(cp, 0, spp, 0);
+}
+
+/* Read the variable part of a ${...} expression (ie, up to but not including
+ * the :[-+?=#%] or close-brace.
+ */
+static char *
+get_brace_var(XString *wsp, char *wp)
+{
+ enum parse_state {
+ PS_INITIAL, PS_SAW_HASH, PS_IDENT,
+ PS_NUMBER, PS_VAR1, PS_END
+ }
+ state;
+ char c;
+
+ state = PS_INITIAL;
+ while (1) {
+ c = getsc();
+ /* State machine to figure out where the variable part ends. */
+ switch (state) {
+ case PS_INITIAL:
+ if (c == '#') {
+ state = PS_SAW_HASH;
+ break;
+ }
+ /* FALLTHROUGH */
+ case PS_SAW_HASH:
+ if (letter(c))
+ state = PS_IDENT;
+ else if (digit(c))
+ state = PS_NUMBER;
+ else if (ctype(c, C_VAR1))
+ state = PS_VAR1;
+ else
+ state = PS_END;
+ break;
+ case PS_IDENT:
+ if (!letnum(c)) {
+ state = PS_END;
+ if (c == '[') {
+ char *tmp, *p;
+
+ if (!arraysub(&tmp))
+ yyerror("missing ]\n");
+ *wp++ = c;
+ for (p = tmp; *p; ) {
+ Xcheck(*wsp, wp);
+ *wp++ = *p++;
+ }
+ afree(tmp, ATEMP);
+ c = getsc(); /* the ] */
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+ case PS_NUMBER:
+ if (!digit(c))
+ state = PS_END;
+ break;
+ case PS_VAR1:
+ state = PS_END;
+ break;
+ case PS_END: /* keep gcc happy */
+ break;
+ }
+ if (state == PS_END) {
+ *wp++ = '\0'; /* end of variable part */
+ ungetsc(c);
+ break;
+ }
+ Xcheck(*wsp, wp);
+ *wp++ = c;
+ }
+ return wp;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Save an array subscript - returns true if matching bracket found, false
+ * if eof or newline was found.
+ * (Returned string double null terminated)
+ */
+static int
+arraysub(char **strp)
+{
+ XString ws;
+ char *wp;
+ char c;
+ int depth = 1; /* we are just past the initial [ */
+
+ Xinit(ws, wp, 32, ATEMP);
+
+ do {
+ c = getsc();
+ Xcheck(ws, wp);
+ *wp++ = c;
+ if (c == '[')
+ depth++;
+ else if (c == ']')
+ depth--;
+ } while (depth > 0 && c && c != '\n');
+
+ *wp++ = '\0';
+ *strp = Xclose(ws, wp);
+
+ return depth == 0 ? 1 : 0;
+}
+
+/* Unget a char: handles case when we are already at the start of the buffer */
+static const char *
+ungetsc(int c)
+{
+ if (backslash_skip)
+ backslash_skip--;
+ /* Don't unget eof... */
+ if (source->str == null && c == '\0')
+ return source->str;
+ if (source->str > source->start)
+ source->str--;
+ else {
+ Source *s;
+
+ s = pushs(SREREAD, source->areap);
+ s->ugbuf[0] = c; s->ugbuf[1] = '\0';
+ s->start = s->str = s->ugbuf;
+ s->next = source;
+ source = s;
+ }
+ return source->str;
+}
+
+
+/* Called to get a char that isn't a \newline sequence. */
+static int
+getsc_bn(void)
+{
+ int c, c2;
+
+ if (ignore_backslash_newline)
+ return getsc_();
+
+ if (backslash_skip == 1) {
+ backslash_skip = 2;
+ return getsc_();
+ }
+
+ backslash_skip = 0;
+
+ while (1) {
+ c = getsc_();
+ if (c == '\\') {
+ if ((c2 = getsc_()) == '\n')
+ /* ignore the \newline; get the next char... */
+ continue;
+ ungetsc(c2);
+ backslash_skip = 1;
+ }
+ return c;
+ }
+}
+
+static Lex_state *
+push_state_(State_info *si, Lex_state *old_end)
+{
+ Lex_state *new = areallocarray(NULL, STATE_BSIZE,
+ sizeof(Lex_state), ATEMP);
+
+ new[0].ls_info.base = old_end;
+ si->base = &new[0];
+ si->end = &new[STATE_BSIZE];
+ return &new[1];
+}
+
+static Lex_state *
+pop_state_(State_info *si, Lex_state *old_end)
+{
+ Lex_state *old_base = si->base;
+
+ si->base = old_end->ls_info.base - STATE_BSIZE;
+ si->end = old_end->ls_info.base;
+
+ afree(old_base, ATEMP);
+
+ return si->base + STATE_BSIZE - 1;
+}
diff --git a/bin/ksh/lex.h b/bin/ksh/lex.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0b006d0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/lex.h
@@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: lex.h,v 1.16 2015/10/10 07:35:16 nicm Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * Source input, lexer and parser
+ */
+
+/* $From: lex.h,v 1.4 1994/05/31 13:34:34 michael Exp $ */
+
+#define IDENT 64
+
+typedef struct source Source;
+struct source {
+ const char *str; /* input pointer */
+ int type; /* input type */
+ const char *start; /* start of current buffer */
+ union {
+ char **strv; /* string [] */
+ struct shf *shf; /* shell file */
+ struct tbl *tblp; /* alias (SALIAS) */
+ char *freeme; /* also for SREREAD */
+ } u;
+ char ugbuf[2]; /* buffer for ungetsc() (SREREAD) and
+ * alias (SALIAS) */
+ int line; /* line number */
+ int cmd_offset; /* line number - command number */
+ int errline; /* line the error occurred on (0 if not set) */
+ const char *file; /* input file name */
+ int flags; /* SF_* */
+ Area *areap;
+ XString xs; /* input buffer */
+ Source *next; /* stacked source */
+};
+
+/* Source.type values */
+#define SEOF 0 /* input EOF */
+#define SFILE 1 /* file input */
+#define SSTDIN 2 /* read stdin */
+#define SSTRING 3 /* string */
+#define SWSTR 4 /* string without \n */
+#define SWORDS 5 /* string[] */
+#define SWORDSEP 6 /* string[] separator */
+#define SALIAS 7 /* alias expansion */
+#define SREREAD 8 /* read ahead to be re-scanned */
+
+/* Source.flags values */
+#define SF_ECHO BIT(0) /* echo input to shlout */
+#define SF_ALIAS BIT(1) /* faking space at end of alias */
+#define SF_ALIASEND BIT(2) /* faking space at end of alias */
+#define SF_TTY BIT(3) /* type == SSTDIN & it is a tty */
+
+typedef union {
+ int i;
+ char *cp;
+ char **wp;
+ struct op *o;
+ struct ioword *iop;
+} YYSTYPE;
+
+/* If something is added here, add it to tokentab[] in syn.c as well */
+#define LWORD 256
+#define LOGAND 257 /* && */
+#define LOGOR 258 /* || */
+#define BREAK 259 /* ;; */
+#define IF 260
+#define THEN 261
+#define ELSE 262
+#define ELIF 263
+#define FI 264
+#define CASE 265
+#define ESAC 266
+#define FOR 267
+#define SELECT 268
+#define WHILE 269
+#define UNTIL 270
+#define DO 271
+#define DONE 272
+#define IN 273
+#define FUNCTION 274
+#define TIME 275
+#define REDIR 276
+#define MDPAREN 277 /* (( )) */
+#define BANG 278 /* ! */
+#define DBRACKET 279 /* [[ .. ]] */
+#define COPROC 280 /* |& */
+#define YYERRCODE 300
+
+/* flags to yylex */
+#define CONTIN BIT(0) /* skip new lines to complete command */
+#define ONEWORD BIT(1) /* single word for substitute() */
+#define ALIAS BIT(2) /* recognize alias */
+#define KEYWORD BIT(3) /* recognize keywords */
+#define LETEXPR BIT(4) /* get expression inside (( )) */
+#define VARASN BIT(5) /* check for var=word */
+#define ARRAYVAR BIT(6) /* parse x[1 & 2] as one word */
+#define ESACONLY BIT(7) /* only accept esac keyword */
+#define CMDWORD BIT(8) /* parsing simple command (alias related) */
+#define HEREDELIM BIT(9) /* parsing <<,<<- delimiter */
+#define HEREDOC BIT(10) /* parsing heredoc */
+#define UNESCAPE BIT(11) /* remove backslashes */
+
+#define HERES 10 /* max << in line */
+
+extern Source *source; /* yyparse/yylex source */
+extern YYSTYPE yylval; /* result from yylex */
+extern struct ioword *heres[HERES], **herep;
+extern char ident[IDENT+1];
+
+#ifdef HISTORY
+# define HISTORYSIZE 500 /* size of saved history */
+
+extern char **history; /* saved commands */
+extern char **histptr; /* last history item */
+extern int histsize; /* history size */
+
+#endif /* HISTORY */
+
+int yylex(int);
+void yyerror(const char *, ...)
+ __attribute__((__noreturn__, __format__ (printf, 1, 2)));
+Source * pushs(int, Area *);
+void set_prompt(int, Source *);
+void pprompt(const char *, int);
diff --git a/bin/ksh/mail.c b/bin/ksh/mail.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3f64256
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/mail.c
@@ -0,0 +1,196 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: mail.c,v 1.22 2015/10/19 14:42:16 mmcc Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * Mailbox checking code by Robert J. Gibson, adapted for PD ksh by
+ * John R. MacMillan
+ */
+
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <string.h>
+#include <time.h>
+
+#include "config.h"
+#include "sh.h"
+
+#define MBMESSAGE "you have mail in $_"
+
+typedef struct mbox {
+ struct mbox *mb_next; /* next mbox in list */
+ char *mb_path; /* path to mail file */
+ char *mb_msg; /* to announce arrival of new mail */
+ time_t mb_mtime; /* mtime of mail file */
+} mbox_t;
+
+/*
+ * $MAILPATH is a linked list of mboxes. $MAIL is a treated as a
+ * special case of $MAILPATH, where the list has only one node. The
+ * same list is used for both since they are exclusive.
+ */
+
+static mbox_t *mplist;
+static mbox_t mbox;
+static time_t mlastchkd; /* when mail was last checked */
+static time_t mailcheck_interval;
+
+static void munset(mbox_t *); /* free mlist and mval */
+static mbox_t * mballoc(char *, char *); /* allocate a new mbox */
+static void mprintit(mbox_t *);
+
+void
+mcheck(void)
+{
+ mbox_t *mbp;
+ time_t now;
+ struct tbl *vp;
+ struct stat stbuf;
+
+ now = time(NULL);
+ if (mlastchkd == 0)
+ mlastchkd = now;
+ if (now - mlastchkd >= mailcheck_interval) {
+ mlastchkd = now;
+
+ if (mplist)
+ mbp = mplist;
+ else if ((vp = global("MAIL")) && (vp->flag & ISSET))
+ mbp = &mbox;
+ else
+ mbp = NULL;
+
+ while (mbp) {
+ if (mbp->mb_path && stat(mbp->mb_path, &stbuf) == 0 &&
+ S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode)) {
+ if (stbuf.st_size &&
+ mbp->mb_mtime != stbuf.st_mtime &&
+ stbuf.st_atime <= stbuf.st_mtime)
+ mprintit(mbp);
+ mbp->mb_mtime = stbuf.st_mtime;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Some mail readers remove the mail
+ * file if all mail is read. If file
+ * does not exist, assume this is the
+ * case and set mtime to zero.
+ */
+ mbp->mb_mtime = 0;
+ }
+ mbp = mbp->mb_next;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+void
+mcset(long int interval)
+{
+ mailcheck_interval = interval;
+}
+
+void
+mbset(char *p)
+{
+ struct stat stbuf;
+
+ afree(mbox.mb_msg, APERM);
+ afree(mbox.mb_path, APERM);
+ /* Save a copy to protect from export (which munges the string) */
+ mbox.mb_path = str_save(p, APERM);
+ mbox.mb_msg = NULL;
+ if (p && stat(p, &stbuf) == 0 && S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode))
+ mbox.mb_mtime = stbuf.st_mtime;
+ else
+ mbox.mb_mtime = 0;
+}
+
+void
+mpset(char *mptoparse)
+{
+ mbox_t *mbp;
+ char *mpath, *mmsg, *mval;
+ char *p;
+
+ munset( mplist );
+ mplist = NULL;
+ mval = str_save(mptoparse, APERM);
+ while (mval) {
+ mpath = mval;
+ if ((mval = strchr(mval, ':')) != NULL) {
+ *mval = '\0';
+ mval++;
+ }
+ /* POSIX/bourne-shell say file%message */
+ for (p = mpath; (mmsg = strchr(p, '%')); ) {
+ /* a literal percent? (POSIXism) */
+ if (mmsg[-1] == '\\') {
+ /* use memmove() to avoid overlap problems */
+ memmove(mmsg - 1, mmsg, strlen(mmsg) + 1);
+ p = mmsg + 1;
+ continue;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ /* at&t ksh says file?message */
+ if (!mmsg && !Flag(FPOSIX))
+ mmsg = strchr(mpath, '?');
+ if (mmsg) {
+ *mmsg = '\0';
+ mmsg++;
+ }
+ mbp = mballoc(mpath, mmsg);
+ mbp->mb_next = mplist;
+ mplist = mbp;
+ }
+}
+
+static void
+munset(mbox_t *mlist)
+{
+ mbox_t *mbp;
+
+ while (mlist != NULL) {
+ mbp = mlist;
+ mlist = mbp->mb_next;
+ if (!mlist)
+ afree(mbp->mb_path, APERM);
+ afree(mbp, APERM);
+ }
+}
+
+static mbox_t *
+mballoc(char *p, char *m)
+{
+ struct stat stbuf;
+ mbox_t *mbp;
+
+ mbp = alloc(sizeof(mbox_t), APERM);
+ mbp->mb_next = NULL;
+ mbp->mb_path = p;
+ mbp->mb_msg = m;
+ if (stat(mbp->mb_path, &stbuf) == 0 && S_ISREG(stbuf.st_mode))
+ mbp->mb_mtime = stbuf.st_mtime;
+ else
+ mbp->mb_mtime = 0;
+ return(mbp);
+}
+
+static void
+mprintit(mbox_t *mbp)
+{
+ struct tbl *vp;
+
+#if 0
+ /*
+ * I doubt this $_ overloading is bad in /bin/sh mode. Anyhow, we
+ * crash as the code looks now if we do not set vp. Now, this is
+ * easy to fix too, but I'd like to see what POSIX says before doing
+ * a change like that.
+ */
+ if (!Flag(FSH))
+#endif
+ /* Ignore setstr errors here (arbitrary) */
+ setstr((vp = local("_", false)), mbp->mb_path, KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+
+ shellf("%s\n", substitute(mbp->mb_msg ? mbp->mb_msg : MBMESSAGE, 0));
+
+ unset(vp, 0);
+}
diff --git a/bin/ksh/main.c b/bin/ksh/main.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c0e5f67
--- /dev/null
+++ b/bin/ksh/main.c
@@ -0,0 +1,838 @@
+/* $OpenBSD: main.c,v 1.79 2016/03/04 15:11:06 deraadt Exp $ */
+
+/*
+ * startup, main loop, environments and error handling
+ */
+
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <paths.h>
+#include <pwd.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "sh.h"
+
+extern char **environ;
+
+/*
+ * global data
+ */
+
+static void reclaim(void);
+static void remove_temps(struct temp *tp);
+static int is_restricted(char *name);
+static void init_username(void);
+
+const char *kshname;
+pid_t kshpid;
+pid_t procpid;
+uid_t ksheuid;
+int exstat;
+int subst_exstat;
+const char *safe_prompt;
+
+Area aperm;
+
+struct env *genv;
+
+char shell_flags[FNFLAGS];
+
+char null[] = "";
+
+int shl_stdout_ok;
+
+unsigned int ksh_tmout;
+enum tmout_enum ksh_tmout_state = TMOUT_EXECUTING;
+
+int really_exit;
+
+int ifs0 = ' ';
+
+volatile sig_atomic_t trap;
+volatile sig_atomic_t intrsig;
+volatile sig_atomic_t fatal_trap;
+
+Getopt builtin_opt;
+Getopt user_opt;
+
+struct coproc coproc;
+sigset_t sm_default, sm_sigchld;
+
+char *builtin_argv0;
+int builtin_flag;
+
+char *current_wd;
+int current_wd_size;
+
+#ifdef EDIT
+int x_cols = 80;
+#endif /* EDIT */
+
+/*
+ * shell initialization
+ */
+
+static const char initifs[] = "IFS= \t\n";
+
+static const char initsubs[] = "${PS2=> } ${PS3=#? } ${PS4=+ }";
+
+static const char *initcoms [] = {
+ "typeset", "-r", "KSH_VERSION", NULL,
+ "typeset", "-x", "SHELL", "PATH", "HOME", NULL,
+ "typeset", "-i", "PPID", NULL,
+ "typeset", "-i", "OPTIND=1", NULL,
+ "eval", "typeset -i RANDOM MAILCHECK=\"${MAILCHECK-600}\" SECONDS=\"${SECONDS-0}\" TMOUT=\"${TMOUT-0}\"", NULL,
+ "alias",
+ /* Standard ksh aliases */
+ "hash=alias -t", /* not "alias -t --": hash -r needs to work */
+ "type=whence -v",
+#ifdef JOBS
+ "stop=kill -STOP",
+#endif
+ "autoload=typeset -fu",
+ "functions=typeset -f",
+#ifdef HISTORY
+ "history=fc -l",
+#endif /* HISTORY */
+ "integer=typeset -i",
+ "nohup=nohup ",
+ "local=typeset",
+ "r=fc -s",
+ /* Aliases that are builtin commands in at&t */
+ "login=exec login",
+ NULL,
+ /* this is what at&t ksh seems to track, with the addition of emacs */
+ "alias", "-tU",
+ "cat", "cc", "chmod", "cp", "date", "ed", "emacs", "grep", "ls",
+ "mail", "make", "mv", "pr", "rm", "sed", "sh", "vi", "who",
+ NULL,
+ NULL
+};
+
+char username[_PW_NAME_LEN + 1];
+
+#define version_param (initcoms[2])
+
+/* The shell uses its own variation on argv, to build variables like
+ * $0 and $@.
+ * Allocate a new array since modifying the original argv will modify
+ * ps output.
+ */
+static char **
+make_argv(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ int i;
+ char **nargv;
+
+ nargv = areallocarray(NULL, argc + 1, sizeof(char *), &aperm);
+ nargv[0] = (char *) kshname;
+ for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
+ nargv[i] = argv[i];
+ nargv[i] = NULL;
+
+ return nargv;
+}
+
+int
+main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ int i;
+ int argi;
+ Source *s;
+ struct block *l;
+ int restricted, errexit;
+ char **wp;
+ struct env env;
+ pid_t ppid;
+
+ kshname = argv[0];
+
+ if (pledge("stdio rpath wpath cpath fattr flock getpw proc exec tty",
+ NULL) == -1) {
+ perror("pledge");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ ainit(&aperm); /* initialize permanent Area */
+
+ /* set up base environment */
+ memset(&env, 0, sizeof(env));
+ env.type = E_NONE;
+ ainit(&env.area);
+ genv = &env;
+ newblock(); /* set up global l->vars and l->funs */
+
+ /* Do this first so output routines (eg, errorf, shellf) can work */
+ initio();
+
+ initvar();
+
+ initctypes();
+
+ inittraps();
+
+ coproc_init();
+
+ /* set up variable and command dictionaries */
+ ktinit(&taliases, APERM, 0);
+ ktinit(&aliases, APERM, 0);
+ ktinit(&homedirs, APERM, 0);
+
+ /* define shell keywords */
+ initkeywords();
+
+ /* define built-in commands */
+ ktinit(&builtins, APERM, 64); /* must be 2^n (currently 40 builtins) */
+ for (i = 0; shbuiltins[i].name != NULL; i++)
+ builtin(shbuiltins[i].name, shbuiltins[i].func);
+ for (i = 0; kshbuiltins[i].name != NULL; i++)
+ builtin(kshbuiltins[i].name, kshbuiltins[i].func);
+
+ init_histvec();
+
+ def_path = _PATH_DEFPATH;
+ {
+ size_t len = confstr(_CS_PATH, NULL, 0);
+ char *new;
+
+ if (len > 0) {
+ confstr(_CS_PATH, new = alloc(len + 1, APERM), len + 1);
+ def_path = new;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Set PATH to def_path (will set the path global variable).
+ * (import of environment below will probably change this setting).
+ */
+ {
+ struct tbl *vp = global("PATH");
+ /* setstr can't fail here */
+ setstr(vp, def_path, KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+ }
+
+
+ /* Turn on nohup by default for now - will change to off
+ * by default once people are aware of its existence
+ * (at&t ksh does not have a nohup option - it always sends
+ * the hup).
+ */
+ Flag(FNOHUP) = 1;
+
+ /* Turn on brace expansion by default. At&t ksh's that have
+ * alternation always have it on. BUT, posix doesn't have
+ * brace expansion, so set this before setting up FPOSIX
+ * (change_flag() clears FBRACEEXPAND when FPOSIX is set).
+ */
+#ifdef BRACE_EXPAND
+ Flag(FBRACEEXPAND) = 1;
+#endif /* BRACE_EXPAND */
+
+ /* set posix flag just before environment so that it will have
+ * exactly the same effect as the POSIXLY_CORRECT environment
+ * variable. If this needs to be done sooner to ensure correct posix
+ * operation, an initial scan of the environment will also have
+ * done sooner.
+ */
+#ifdef POSIXLY_CORRECT
+ change_flag(FPOSIX, OF_SPECIAL, 1);
+#endif /* POSIXLY_CORRECT */
+
+ /* Check to see if we're /bin/sh. */
+ if (!strcmp(kshname, "sh") || !strcmp(kshname, "-sh") ||
+ (strlen(kshname) >= 3 &&
+ !strcmp(&kshname[strlen(kshname) - 3], "/sh"))) {
+ Flag(FSH) = 1;
+ version_param = "SH_VERSION";
+ }
+
+ /* Set edit mode to emacs by default, may be overridden
+ * by the environment or the user. Also, we want tab completion
+ * on in vi by default. */
+#if defined(EDIT) && defined(EMACS)
+ change_flag(FEMACS, OF_SPECIAL, 1);
+#endif /* EDIT && EMACS */
+#if defined(EDIT) && defined(VI)
+ Flag(FVITABCOMPLETE) = 1;
+#endif /* EDIT && VI */
+
+ /* import environment */
+ if (environ != NULL)
+ for (wp = environ; *wp != NULL; wp++)
+ typeset(*wp, IMPORT|EXPORT, 0, 0, 0);
+
+ kshpid = procpid = getpid();
+ typeset(initifs, 0, 0, 0, 0); /* for security */
+
+ /* assign default shell variable values */
+ substitute(initsubs, 0);
+
+ /* Figure out the current working directory and set $PWD */
+ {
+ struct stat s_pwd, s_dot;
+ struct tbl *pwd_v = global("PWD");
+ char *pwd = str_val(pwd_v);
+ char *pwdx = pwd;
+
+ /* Try to use existing $PWD if it is valid */
+ if (pwd[0] != '/' ||
+ stat(pwd, &s_pwd) < 0 || stat(".", &s_dot) < 0 ||
+ s_pwd.st_dev != s_dot.st_dev ||
+ s_pwd.st_ino != s_dot.st_ino)
+ pwdx = NULL;
+ set_current_wd(pwdx);
+ if (current_wd[0])
+ simplify_path(current_wd);
+ /* Only set pwd if we know where we are or if it had a
+ * bogus value
+ */
+ if (current_wd[0] || pwd != null)
+ /* setstr can't fail here */
+ setstr(pwd_v, current_wd, KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+ }
+ ppid = getppid();
+ setint(global("PPID"), (long) ppid);
+ /* setstr can't fail here */
+ setstr(global(version_param), ksh_version, KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+
+ /* execute initialization statements */
+ for (wp = (char**) initcoms; *wp != NULL; wp++) {
+ shcomexec(wp);
+ for (; *wp != NULL; wp++)
+ ;
+ }
+
+
+ ksheuid = geteuid();
+ init_username();
+ safe_prompt = ksheuid ? "$ " : "# ";
+ {
+ struct tbl *vp = global("PS1");
+
+ /* Set PS1 if it isn't set, or we are root and prompt doesn't
+ * contain a # or \$ (only in ksh mode).
+ */
+ if (!(vp->flag & ISSET) ||
+ (!ksheuid && !strchr(str_val(vp), '#') &&
+ (Flag(FSH) || !strstr(str_val(vp), "\\$"))))
+ /* setstr can't fail here */
+ setstr(vp, safe_prompt, KSH_RETURN_ERROR);
+ }
+
+ /* Set this before parsing arguments */
+ Flag(FPRIVILEGED) = getuid() != ksheuid || getgid() != getegid();
+
+ /* this to note if monitor is set on command line (see below) */
+ Flag(FMONITOR) = 127;
+ argi = parse_args(argv, OF_CMDLINE, NULL);
+ if (argi < 0)
+ exit(1);
+
+ if (Flag(FCOMMAND)) {
+ s = pushs(SSTRING, ATEMP);
+ if (!(s->start = s->str = argv[argi++]))
+ errorf("-c requires an argument");
+ if (argv[argi])
+ kshname = argv[argi++];
+ } else if (argi < argc && !Flag(FSTDIN)) {
+ s = pushs(SFILE, ATEMP);
+ s->file = argv[argi++];
+ s->u.shf = shf_open(s->file, O_RDONLY, 0, SHF_MAPHI|SHF_CLEXEC);
+ if (s->u.shf == NULL) {
+ exstat = 127; /* POSIX */
+ errorf("%s: %s", s->file, strerror(errno));
+ }
+ kshname = s->file;
+ } else {
+ Flag(FSTDIN) = 1;
+ s = pushs(SSTDIN, ATEMP);
+ s->file = "<stdin>";
+ s->u.shf = shf_fdopen(0, SHF_RD | can_seek(0), NULL);
+ if (isatty(0) && isatty(2)) {
+ Flag(FTALKING) = Flag(FTALKING_I) = 1;
+ /* The following only if isatty(0) */
+ s->flags |= SF_TTY;
+ s->u.shf->flags |= SHF_INTERRUPT;
+ s->file = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* This bizarreness is mandated by POSIX */
+ {
+ struct stat s_stdin;
+
+ if (fstat(0, &s_stdin) >= 0 && S_ISCHR(s_stdin.st_mode) &&
+ Flag(FTALKING))
+ reset_nonblock(0);
+ }
+
+ /* initialize job control */
+ i = Flag(FMONITOR) != 127;
+ Flag(FMONITOR) = 0;
+ j_init(i);
+#ifdef EDIT
+ /* Do this after j_init(), as tty_fd is not initialized 'til then */
+ if (Flag(FTALKING))
+ x_init();
+#endif
+
+ l = genv->loc;
+ l->argv = make_argv(argc - (argi - 1), &argv[argi - 1]);
+ l->argc = argc - argi;
+ getopts_reset(1);
+
+ /* Disable during .profile/ENV reading */
+ restricted = Flag(FRESTRICTED);
+ Flag(FRESTRICTED) = 0;
+ errexit = Flag(FERREXIT);
+ Flag(FERREXIT) = 0;
+
+ /* Do this before profile/$ENV so that if it causes problems in them,
+ * user will know why things broke.
+ */
+ if (!current_wd[0] && Flag(FTALKING))
+ warningf(false, "Cannot determine current working directory");
+
+ if (Flag(FLOGIN)) {
+ include(KSH_SYSTEM_PROFILE, 0, NULL, 1);
+ if (!Flag(FPRIVILEGED))
+ include(substitute("$HOME/.profile", 0), 0, NULL, 1);
+ }
+
+ if (Flag(FPRIVILEGED))
+ include("/etc/suid_profile", 0, NULL, 1);
+ else if (Flag(FTALKING)) {
+ char *env_file;
+
+ /* include $ENV */
+ env_file = str_val(global("ENV"));
+
+#ifdef DEFAULT_ENV
+ /* If env isn't set, include default environment */
+ if (env_file == null)
+ env_file = DEFAULT_ENV;
+#endif /* DEFAULT_ENV */
+ env_file = substitute(env_file, DOTILDE);
+ if (*env_file != '\0')
+ include(env_file, 0, NULL, 1);
+ }
+
+ if (is_restricted(argv[0]) || is_restricted(str_val(global("SHELL"))))
+ restricted = 1;
+ if (restricted) {
+ static const char *const restr_com[] = {
+ "typeset", "-r", "PATH",
+ "ENV", "SHELL",
+ NULL
+ };
+ shcomexec((char **) restr_com);
+ /* After typeset command... */
+ Flag(FRESTRICTED) = 1;
+ }
+ if (errexit)
+ Flag(FERREXIT) = 1;
+
+ if (Flag(FTALKING)) {
+ hist_init(s);
+ alarm_init();
+ } else
+ Flag(FTRACKALL) = 1; /* set after ENV */
+
+ shell(s, true); /* doesn't return */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void
+init_username(void)
+{
+ char *p;
+ struct tbl *vp = global("USER");
+
+ if (vp->flag & ISSET)
+ p = ksheuid == 0 ? "root" : str_val(vp);
+ else
+ p = getlogin();
+
+ strlcpy(username, p != NULL ? p : "?", sizeof username);
+}
+
+int
+include(const char *name, int argc, char **argv, int intr_ok)
+{
+ Source *volatile s = NULL;
+ struct shf *shf;
+ char **volatile old_argv;
+ volatile int old_argc;
+ int i;
+
+ shf = shf_open(name, O_RDONLY, 0, SHF_MAPHI|SHF_CLEXEC);
+ if (shf == NULL)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (argv) {
+ old_argv = genv->loc->argv;
+ old_argc = genv->loc->argc;
+ } else {
+ old_argv = NULL;
+ old_argc = 0;
+ }
+ newenv(E_INCL);
+ i = sigsetjmp(genv->jbuf, 0);
+ if (i) {
+ quitenv(s ? s->u.shf : NULL);
+ if (old_argv) {
+ genv->loc->argv = old_argv;
+ genv->loc->argc = old_argc;
+ }
+ switch (i) {
+ case LRETURN:
+ case LERROR:
+ return exstat & 0xff; /* see below */
+ case LINTR:
+ /* intr_ok is set if we are including .profile or $ENV.
+ * If user ^C's out, we don't want to kill the shell...
+ */
+ if (intr_ok && (exstat - 128) != SIGTERM)
+ return 1;
+ /* FALLTHROUGH */
+ case LEXIT:
+ case LLEAVE:
+ case LSHELL:
+ unwind(i);
+ /* NOTREACHED */
+ default:
+ internal_errorf(1, "include: %d", i);
+ /* NOTREACHED */
+ }
+ }
+ if (argv) {
+ genv->loc->argv = argv;
+ genv->loc->argc = argc;
+ }
+ s = pushs(SFILE, ATEMP);
+ s->u.shf = shf;
+ s->file = str_save(name, ATEMP);
+ i = shell(s, false);
+ quitenv(s->u.shf);
+ if (old_argv) {
+ genv->loc->argv = old_argv;
+ genv->loc->argc = old_argc;
+ }
+ return i & 0xff; /* & 0xff to ensure value not -1 */
+}
+
+/*
+ * spawn a command into a shell optionally keeping track of line
+